Table of contents for Global warming / Debra A. Miller, book editor.

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Contents
Foreword
Introduction (Theme: The history of global warming research and and role
of the United Nations’ Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
(IPCC)).
Chapter 1: Is Global Warming a Real Problem?
Chapter Overview
Jeff Severns Guntzel
It is indisputable that humans are releasing carbon dioxide into the
atmosphere, adding to the “greenhouse effect.” but for decades
there has been a debate inside the scientific community about what the
consequences will be for the planet.
Yes: Global Warming Is a Real Problem
Scientists Have Reached a Consensus About Global Warming
Sandy Doughton
Although most scientists originally did not believe in global
warming, every major scientific body to examine the evidence in recent years
has concluded that the planet is getting hotter due to human activities, and
that it is to get worse.
The United Nations Says the Evidence on Global Warming Is
Unequivocal
Environmental News Service
The United Nations’ Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change,
IPCC, in a 2007 report, concluded that changes in the Earth’s
atmosphere, oceans, glaciers, and ice caps show unequivocally that the Earth
is warming as a result of human activities.
Global Warming Deniers Are Politically Motivated and Funded by Oil
Corporations
Chris Mooney
Conservative think tanks, many funded by the oil company ExxonMobil,
are trying to undermine scientific evidence about global warming with a
disinformation campaign in order to promote their pro-business and
anti-regulation political agenda.
No: Global Warming Is Not a Real Problem
There Is No Scientific Consensus on Global Warming
Lawrence Solomon
Many distinguished scientists question the findings of the United
Nations’ Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) that the
science is settled on the issue of climate change, but the issue does deserve
further study.
Claims About Global Warming Are Based on Junk Science
Richard Lindzen
Claims that global temperatures have risen, that the levels of carbon
dioxide have increased, and that these carbon levels cause global warming do
not support predictions of a global catastrophe, but dissenting scientists who
speak out are intimidated and denied funding.
There Is Little Public Consensus on Global Warming
the Pew Research Center
Chapter 2: Is Global Warming Caused by Human Activities?
Chapter Preface
Yes: Global Warming Is Caused by Human Activities
Leading Scientists Are Certain That Global Warming Is Caused by
Human Activities
Lisa Bryant
In a 2007 report released by the United Nations Intergovernmental
Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), leading climate scientists from 113 countries
say that human activities, such as use of fossil fuels like oil and gas and
agricultural activities, are the principal cause of rising
temperatures.
Mounting Evidence Supports the View That Global Warming Is Caused by
Human Activities
Andrea Thompson
All science is fallible, but earlier predictions that greenhouse gas
emissions would cause carbon dioxide to build up in the atmosphere and cause
noticeable changes by the year 2000 have been borne out by numerous
studies.
Conservatives Must Accept the Reality That Human Activities Cause
Global Warming
Jim Manzi
It is no longer possible to deny that human activities are causing
global warming, and conservatives must accept this reality: the real question
is how much temperatures will rise and what should be done about it.
No: Global Warming Is Not Caused by Human Activities
Global Warming Is the Result of Natural Forces
Bob Carter
Global warming is not caused by human activities but rather by
natural fluctuations in temperature; in fact, since 1998 global temperatures
have remained stable despite our continuing release of greenhouse
gases.
Evidence Supports the Claim That Global Warming Trends Are Caused By
Solar Changes
Nick Calder
The main rival climate change hypothesis—that global warming is
the result of a hyperactive sun—is supported by evidence that Antartica
is getting colder and that overall global temperatures have leveled off since
1999.
Some Scientists Believe a Cooling Trend Is More Likely Than Global
Warming
Kate Ravilious
Data showing that Mars is also warming suggests that the current
global warming on Earth is being caused by changes in the sun rather than
greenhouse gases, and this warming is expected to drop and cause a steep
cooling of the Earth in 15 to 20 years.
Chapter 3: What Are the Potential Threats from Global
Warming?
Chapter Preface
Global Warming Will Cause Severe Effects for the Environment in All
Regions of the World
Jürg Rohrer
An April 2007 report from the United Nations’ Intergovernmental
Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) predicts that the consequences of global
warming will be severe and will include: increased deaths from heat waves,
floods, and droughts; more forest fires; water shortages; decreased biological
diversity; higher sea levels; reductions in agricultural yields; and the
reemergence of diseases such as malaria.
By 2050, Global Warming Could Cause the Extinction of More Than a
Million Species
Shaoni Bhattacharya
Unless current carbon emissions are significantly reduced, scientists
predict that climate change will drive a quarter of plants and animals to the
edge of extinction by 2050.
Global Warming is Destroying Our Oceans
Canada and the World Backgrounder
There are many signs that the oceans—the world’s biggest
ecosystem—is sick, and many problems, such as the dying off of the coral
reefs and a sharp decline in plankton, are likely caused by global
warming.
Global Warming Will Likely Bring a Rise in Infectious
Diseases
American Society for Microbiology
As the Earth’s temperatures rise, scientists expect to see
changes in infectious disease patterns, such as an increase in cases of
malaria, year-round influenza, and an increased transmission of a variety of
other diseases.
Global Warming May Cause Food Shortages
Martin Mittelstaedt
Agricultural experts are increasingly worried that global warming may
cause food shortages, especially in developing countries, because the
world’s most widely eaten grains—rice, wheat, and corn—are
very sensitive to higher temperatures.
Global Warming Could Cause Resource Wars
Brad Knickerbocker
Many military experts see global warming as a “threat
multiplier”—a factor that could intensify instability and conflict
around the world by creating pressures—such as water shortages, food
insecurity, disease, and flooding—on some of the world’s most
fragile governments.
Global Warming Could Make the Earth Unlivable for Humans
Dale Allen Pfeiffer
Some prominent scientists worry that once the atmosphere has warmed
past some unknown trigger point, the planet may undergo rapid climate change
that could push temperatures beyond the point that would be hospitable for
human life.
Chapter 4: What Action Should Be Taken to Reduce Global
Warming?
Chapter Preface
The United Nations Calls for Urgent International Action on Global
Warming
Environmental News Service
Following reports that conclude that the evidence on global warming
is unequivocal, the United Nations is urging member nations to take decisive
action and agree on a global plan to reduce human carbon emissions.
The United States Must Reduce Its Carbon Emissions by 80 Percent by
2050
Emily Robinson
To prevent dangerous temperature increases, the United States must
decrease its carbon emissions by 80 Percent by mid-century—a goal that
will require new policies for mandatory emissions caps, less-polluting cars,
renewable energy sources, and anti-deforestation measures.
An Energy Revolution Is Needed to Create a Sustainable Energy
System
Greenpeace International and European Renewable Energy Council
A complete change in the way that energy is produced and consumed is
needed to phase out unsustainable energy sources, implement renewable energy
solutions, protect the environment, and decouple economic growth from reliance
on fossil fuels.
Individuals Can Also Help Reduce Global Warming
Larry West
Individuals can reduce the demand for fossil fuel energy, and help
reduce global warming, by taking actions such as recycling, installing home
insulation, using compact fluorescent light bulbs, driving less, buying
energy-efficient appliances, using less hot water and electricity, and
planting trees.
New Technologies May Reduce Global Warming
Robert J. Samuelson
Given the world’s growing population and the need to sustain
global economic growth, and even assuming that governments shift to nuclear
and renewable energy sources, the reality is that temperature will still
increase significantly by 2050.
Most Americans Believe Immediate Government Action on Global Warming
Is Unnecessary
Jon Cohen and Gary Langers
Six in ten Americans accept that human activities are causing global
warming, but few think it will affect their own lives, and a majority believe
further study instead of immediate government action is necessary to deal with
the problem.
Humans Must Learn to Adapt to Global Warming
Roger A. Pielke, Jr.
Efforts to reduce carbon emission will not have any perceptible
effect for decades, so adaptation to global warming is a far more effective
approach and should be considered by global warming policy
advocates.
Organizations to Contact
Bibliography
Index

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Global warming.