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TABLE OF CONTENTS Preface Acknowledgments Introduction Torts Treatise: List of Chapters List of Abbreviations PART ONE. PHYSICAL AND MENTAL HARMS Chapter 1. Intentionally Inflicted Harm: The Prima Facie Case and Defenses Section A. Introduction Section B. Physical Harms 1. Trespass to Person, Land, and Chattels Vosburg v. Putney Dougherty v. Stepp Intel Corp. v. Hamidi 2. Conversion Poggi v. Scott Moore v. Regents of the University of California 3. Defenses to Intentional Torts a. Consensual Defenses Mohr v. Williams Canterbury v. Spence Hudson v. Craft b. Insanity McGuire v. Almy c. Self-defense Courvoisier v. Raymond d. Defense of Property Bird v. Holbrook e. Recapture of Chattels Kirby v. Foster f. Necessity Ploofv. Putnam Vincent v. Lake Erie Transportation Co. Thomson, The Trolley Problem Section C. Emotional and Dignitary Harms 1. Assault I. de S. and Wife v. W. de S. Tuberville v. Savage W. Blackstone, Commentaries 2. Offensive Battery Alcorn v. Mitchell 3. False Imprisonment Bird v. Jones Coblyn v. Kennedy¿s, Inc. 4. The Intentional Infliction of Emotional Distress:Extreme and Outrageous Conduct Wilkinson v. Downton American Law Institute, Restatement (Second) of Torts §46 Chapter 2. Strict Liability and Negligence: Historic and Analytic Foundations Section A. Introduction Section B. The Formative Cases The Thorns Case Weaver v. Ward Section C. The Forms of Action 1. The Significance of the Forms 2. Trespass and Case Scott v. Shepherd 3. The Breakdown of the Forms Section D. Strict Liability and Negligence in the Last Half of the Nineteenth Century Brown v. Kendall Fletcher v. Rylands Fletcher v. Rylands Rylands v. Fletcher Brown v. Collins Powell v.Fall Holmes, The Common Law Section E. Strict Liability and Negligence in Modern Times Stone v. Bolton Bolton v. Stone Hammontree v. Jenner Chapter 3. The Negligence Issue Thayer, Public Wrong and Private Action Green, Judge and Jury Section A. Introduction Section B. The Reasonable Person Vaughan v. Menlove Holmes, The Common Law Roberts v. Ring Daniels v. Evans Breunig v. American Family Insurance Co. Fletcher v. City of Aberdeen Robinson v. Pioche, Bayerque & Co. Denver & Rio Grande R.R. v. Peterson Section C. Calculus of Risk Blyth v. Birmingham Water Works Eckert v. Long Island R.R. Terry, Negligence Seavey, Negligence ¿ Subjective or Objective? Osborne v. Montgomery Cooley v. Public Service Co. United States v. Carroll Towing Co. Ross, Settled Out of Court Lyons v. Midnight Sun Transportation Services, Inc. Andrews v. United Airlines Section D. Custom Titus v. Bradford, B. &K.R. Co. Mayhew v. Sullivan Mining Co. The TJ. Hooper (1931) The TJ. Hooper (1932) Lama v. Borras Canterbury v. Spence Section E. Statutes and Regulations Anon. Thayer, Public Wrong and Private Action Osborne v. McMasters Restatement (Second) of Torts §286 Restatement of the Law of Torts: Liability for Physical Harm §14 California Evidence Code §669(a) Martin v. Herzog Brown v. Shyne Uhr v. East Greenbush Central School District Section F. Judge and Jury Holmes, The Common Law Baltimore and Ohio R.R. v. Goodman Pokora v. Wabash Ry. Section G. Proof of Negligence 1. Problems of Proof 2. Res Ipsa Loquitur Byrne v. Boadle Colmenares Vivas v. Sun Alliance Insurance Co. Ybarra v. Spangard Chapter 4. Plaintiff¿s Conduct Section A. Introduction Section B. Contributory Negligence 1. Basic Doctrine Butterfield v. Forrester Beems v. Chicago, Rock Island & Peoria R.R. Schwartz, Tort Law and the Economy in Nineteenth-Century America: A Reinterpretation Gyerman v. United States Lines Co. LeRoy Fibre Co. v. Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Ry. Derheim v. N. Fiorito Co. 2. Last Clear Chance Fuller v. Illinois Central R.R. American Law Institute, Restatement (Second) of Torts §§479, 480 Section C. Imputed Contributory Negligence Mills v. Armstrong (The Bernina) Section D. Assumption of Risk Lamson v. American Axe & Tool Co. Murphy v. Steeplechase Amusement Co. Dalury v. S-K-I Ld. Section E. Comparative Negligence 1. At Common Law Lombard Law, King Luitprand Beach, Contributory Negligence Prosser, Comparative Negligence Li v. Yellow Cab Co. of California Federal Employers¿ Liability Act New York Pennsylvania Wisconsin Restatement (Third) of Torts¿Apportionment of Liability §7 Chapter 5. Multiple Defendants: Joint, Several, and Vicarious Liability Section A. Introduction Section B. Joint and Several Liability Union Stock Yards Co. of Omaha v. Chicago, Burlington, & Quincy R.R. California Civil Procedure Code §§875-877.5 American Motorcycle Association v. Superior Court McDermott, Inc. v. AmClyde & River Don Castings, Ltd. Section C. Vicarious Liability 375 Ira S. Bushey & Sons, Inc. v. United States Petrovich v. Share Health Plan of Illinois, Inc. Chapter 6. Causation Section A. Introduction Section B. Cause in Fact New York Central R.R. v. Grimstad Zuchowicz v. United States General Electric Co. v. Joiner Herskovits v. Group Health Cooperative Kingston v. Chicago & N.W. Ry. Summers v. Tice Skipworth v. Lead Industries Association Section C. Proximate Cause (Herein of Duty) 1. Physical Injury Bacon, The Elements of the Common Lawes of England Street, Foundations of Legal Liability Ryan v. New York Central R.R. Berry v. Sugar Notch Borough Brower v. New York Central & H.R.R. Wagner v. International Ry. In re Polemis & Furness, Withy & Co. Palsgraf v. Long Island R.R. Marshall v. Nugent Overseas Tankship (U.K.) Ltd. v. Morts Dock & Engineering Co., Ltd. (Wagon Mound (No. 1)) Hebert v. Enos 2. Emotional Distress Mitchell v. Rochester Railway Dillon v. Legg Chapter 7. Affirmative Duties Section A. Introduction Section B. The Duty to Rescue Luke 10:30-37 (King James Translation) Buck v. Amorv Manufacturing Co. Hurley v. Eddingfield Bohlen, The Moral Duty to Aid Others as a Basis of Tort Liability Ames, Law and Morals Epstein, A Theory of Strict Liability Posner, Epstein¿s Tort Theory: A Critique Bender, A Lawyer¿s Primer on Feminist Theory and Tort Montgomery v. National Convoy & Trucking Co. Section C. Duties of Owners and Occupiers Robert Addie & Sons (Collieries), Ltd. v. Dumbreck Rowland v. Christian Section D. Gratuitous Undertakings Coggs v. Bernard Erie R.R. v. Stewart Marsalis v. LaSalle Moch Co. v. Rensselaer Water Co. Section E. Special Relationships Restatement (Second) of Torts §315 Kline v. 1500 Massachusetts Avenue Apartment Corp. Tarasoff v. Regents of University of California Chapter 8. Traditional Strict Liability Section A. Introduction Section B. Animals Gehrts v. Batteen Section C. Ultrahazardous or Abnormally Dangerous Activities Spano v. Perini Corp. American Law Institute, Restatement (Second) of Torts §§519, 520 American Law Institute, Restatement Third) of Torts: Liability for Physical arm §20 Indiana Harbor Belt R.R. v. American yanamid Co. Section D Nuisance 1. Private Nuisance Vogel v. Grant-Lafayette Electric Cooperative Michalson v. Nutting Fontainebleau Hotel Corp. v. Forty-Five Twenty-Five, Inc. Rogers v. Elliott Ensign v. Walls Boomer v. Atlantic Cement Co. 2. Public Nuisance Anonymous 532 Madison Avenue Gourmet Foods, Inc. . Finlandia Center, Inc. Camden County Board of Chosen Feeholders v. Beretta, U.S.A. Corp. Chapter 9. Products Liability Section A. Introduction Section B. Exposition Winterbottom v. Wright MacPherson v. Buick Motor Co. Escola v. Coca Cola Bottling Co. of Fresno Section C. The Restatements 1. A Tale of Two Texts American Law Institute, Restatement (Second) of Torts §402A The American Law Institute, Restatement (Third) of the Law of Products Liability §§1, 2 2. The Theory of Products Liability: Tort or Contract? Casa Clara Condominium Association, Inc. v. Charley Toppino & Sons, Inc. 3. Proper Defendants under Section 402A Cafazzo v. Central Medical Health Services, Inc. Section D. Product Defects 1. Manufacturing Defects Restatement (Third) of Torts: Products Liability §3 Speller v. Sears, Roebuck and Co. 2. Design Defects Campo v. Scofield 2 Harper and James, Torts §28.5 Wade, On the Nature of Strict Tort Liability for Products Volkswagen of America, Inc. v. Young Barker v. Lull Engineering Co. Linegar v. Armour of America Halliday v. Sturn, Ruger & Co. 3. The Duty to Warn MacDonald v. Ortho Pharmaceutical Corp. Vassallo v. Baxter Healthcare Corp. Hood v. Ryobi America Corp. Section E. Plaintiffs Conduct Daly v. General Motors Corp. Section F. Federal Preemption United States Constitution, Article VI, Section 2 Bates v. Dow Agrosciences LLC Chapter 10. Damages Sullivan v. Old Colony Street Ry. Zibbell v. Southern Pacific Co. Section A. Introduction Section B. Recoverable Elements of Damages 1. Pain and Suffering McDougald v. Garber 2. Economic Losses O¿Shea v. Riverway Towing Co. Duncan v. Kansas City Southern Railway Section C. Contingency Fees, Fee-Shifting Devices, Sales of Tort Claims, and Litigation Insurance 1. Contingency Fees 2. Fee-Shifting 3. Sales of Tort Claims 4. Litigation Insurance Section D. Collateral Benefits Harding v. Town of Townshend Section E. Wrongful Death and Loss of Consortium 1. Wrongful Death a. History b. Measure of Damages 2. Survival of Personal Injury Actions 3. Actions for Loss of Consortium Section F. Punitive Damages Kemezy v. Peters State Farm Mutual Automobile Insurance Co. v. Campbell Chapter 11. The Institution of Insurance Section A. Introduction Section B. The Scope of Insurance Coverage 1. Modern Tort Litigation Dimmitt Chevrolet, Inc. v. Southeastern Fidelity Insurance Corp. 2. Automobile Insurance Coverage a. The March to Compulsory Insurance b. The Standard Provisions of the Automobile Insurance Contract Section C. Ambiguities in the Position of the Liability Insurer 1. The Duty to Defend 2. The Obligation to Act in Good Faith Crisci v. Security Insurance Co Chapter 12. The No-Fault Systems Section A. Introduction Section B. Workers¿ Compensation 1. Historical Origins 2. The Scope of Coverage: ¿Arising out of and in the Course of Employment¿ Clodgo v. Industry Rentavision, Inc. Wilson v. Workers¿ Compensation Appeals Board 3. Benefits Under the Workers¿ Compensation Statutes 4. Exclusive Remedy Rainer v. Union Carbide Corporation Section C. No-Fault Insurance 1. Automobile No-Fault Insurance American Bar Association, Special Committee on Automobile Insurance Legislation, Automobile No-Fault Insurance Epstein, Automobile No-Fault Plans: A Second Look at First Principles Pinnick v. Cleary 2. No-Fault Insurance for Medical and Product Injuries Pafford v. Secretary of Health and Human Services Section D. The 9/11 Compensation Fund Section E. The New Zealand Plan Report of the Royal Commission of Inquiry, Compensation for Personal Injury in New Zealand Accident Compensation: Options for Reform 9-12 PART TWO. TORTS AGAINST NONPHYSICAL INTERESTS Chapter 13. Defamation Section A. Introduction Section B. Publication Doe v. Gonzaga University Firth v. State of New York Section C. False or Defamatory Statements Parmiter v. Coupland American Law Institute, Restatement (Second) of Torts §559 Muzikowski v. Paramount Pictures Corp. Wilkow v. Forbes, Inc. Section D. Libel and Slander 1. The Common Law Distinction 2. Libel Per Quod and Libel Per Se Section E. Basis of Liability: Intention, Negligence, and Strict Liability in Defamation E. Hulton & Co. v. Jones Section F. Damages 1. Special Damages Terwilliger v. Wands Ellsworth v. Martindale-Hubbell Law Directory, Inc. 2. General Damages McCormick, Damages Faulk v. Aware, Inc. (1962) Faulk v. Aware, Inc. (1963) 3. Other Remedies a. Injunctions b. Retraction c. Reply Statutes Section G. Nonconstitutional Defenses 1. Truth Auvil v. CBS 60 Minutes 2. Privileges in the Private Sphere Watt v. Longsdon 3. Privileges in the Public Sphere a. Legal Proceedings and Reports Thereon Kennedy v. Cannon b. Reports of Public Proceedings or Meetings Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp. v. Jacobson c. Fair Comment: Artistic and Literary Criticism Veeder, Freedom of Public Discussion Section H. Constitutional Privileges 1. Public Officials and Public Figures New York Times Co. v. Sullivan Curtis Publishing Co. v. Butts 2. Private Parties Gertz v. Robert Welch, Inc. Philadelphia Newspapers v. Hepps Chapter 14. Privacy Section A. Introduction Section B. Historical Background Warren and Brandeis, The Right to Privacy Prosser, Privacy Kalven, Privacy in the Tort Law¿Were Warren and Brandeis Wrong? Prosser, Privacy Section C. Intrusion Upon Seclusion American Law Institute, Restatement (Second) of the Law of Torts §652B Nader v. General Motors Corp. Desnick v. American Broadcasting Co., Inc. Section D. Public Disclosure of Embarrassing Private Facts American Law Institute, Restatement (Second) of the Law of Torts §652D Sidis v. F-R Publishing Corp. Cox Broadcasting Corp. v. Cohn Haynes v. Alfred A. Knopf Inc. Section E. False Light American Law Institute, Restatement (Second) of the Law of Torts §652E Time, Inc. v. Hill Section F. Commercial Appropriation of Plaintiff¿s Name or Likeness, or the Right of Publicity New York Civil Rights Law §§50, 51 American Law Institute, Restatement (Second) of the Law of Torts §652C Restatement (Third): Unfair Competition §46 Doe a/k/a Twist v. TCI Cablevision Factors Etc., Inc. v. Pro Arts, Inc. Chapter 15. Misrepresentation Section A. Introduction Section B. Fraud Pasley v. Freeman Vulcan Metals Co. v. Simmons Manufacturing Co. Swinton v. Whitinsville Savings Bank Laidlaw v. Organ Edgington v. Fitzmaurice Laborers Local 17 Health and Benefit Fund v. Philip Morris, Inc. Section C. Negligent Misrepresentation Ultramares Corp. v. Touche Chapter 16. Economic Harms Section A. Introduction Section B. Inducement of Breach of Contract The Statute of Labourers (1351) Lumley v. Gye Section C. Interference with Prospective Advantage Tarleton v. M¿Gawley People Express Airlines, Inc. v. Consolidated Rail Corp. Section D. Unfair Competition Mogul Steamship Co. v. McGregor, Gow, &Co. International News Service v. Associated Press The National Basketball Assn. v. Motorola, Inc. Ely-Norris Safe Co. v. Mosler Safe Co. Mosler Safe Co. v. Ely-Norris Safe Co. Chapter 17. Tort Immunities Section A. Introduction Section B. Domestic or Intrafamily Immunities 1. Parent and Child a. Suits Between Parent and Child b. Third Party Actions 2. Husband and Wife Section C. Charitable Immunity Section D. Municipal Corporations 1. At Common Law 2. By Statute 745 Illinois Compiled Statutes Annotated 3. Under the Constitution Section E. Sovereign Immunity Federal Torts Claims Act §§2674, 2680 United States v. Olsen Berkowitz v. United States Section F. Official Immunity Clinton v. Jones Table of Cases Table of Restatement Sections Table of Secondary Authorities Index
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
Torts -- United States -- Cases.
Liability (Law) -- United States -- Cases.
Damages -- United States -- Cases.