Table of contents for Introduction to ergonomics / R.S. Bridger.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

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CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 
The focus of ergonomics
	Human machine systems
	A basic worksystem
	A brief history of ergonomics
	Modern ergonomics
	Generic tools in ergonomics
	Status of risk assessment and design tools
	Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of ergonomics in general
	Future directions for ergonomics
	Summary 
	Essays and exercises
	 
CHAPTER 2. BODY MECHANICS AT WORK. RISK ASSESSMENT AND DESIGN	 
	Some basic body mechanics
	Anatomy of the spine and pelvis related to posture
	Postural stability and postural adaptation
	Low back pain 
	Biomechanics of spinal loading
	Ergonomics and the musculoskeletal system in general 
	Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness
	Research directions
	Summary 
	Essays and exercises
CHAPTER 3: USER-CENTRED WORKSPACE DESIGN USING ANTHROPOMETRY 
	Designing for a population of users
	The statistical essentials
	Types of anthropometric data
	How to use anthropometric data
	Applications of anthropometry in design 
	Multiple workplace configurations 
	Status of anthropometry in ergonomics 
	Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness
	Research directions
	Summary 
	Essays and exercises
CHAPTER 4: STATIC WORK. PRINCIPLES FOR RISK ASSESSMENT AND DESIGN 
	Static posture
	Fundamental aspects of standing and sitting
	An ergonomic approach to workstation design
	Design for standing workers
	Design for seated workers
	Worksurface design
	Visual display terminals
	Static work risk assessment tools
	Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness
	Research directions
	Summary 
	Essays and exercises
CHAPTER 5: REPETITIVE TASKS. RISK ASSESSMENT AND TASK DESIGN 
	Introduction to work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs)
	Injuries to the upper body at work
	Review of tissue pathomechanics and WMSDs
	Disorders of the neck
	Carpal tunnel syndrome
	Tennis elbow
	Disorders of the shoulder
	Lower limbs
	Risk assessment for WMSDs
	Ergonomic design and the management of WMSDs
	Status of ergonomics tools in WMSd risk assessment and task design
	Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness
	Research directions
	Summary 
	Essays and exercises
	
CHAPTER 6: DESIGN AND EVALUATION OF MANUAL HANDLING TASKS 
	Anatomy and biomechanics of manual handling 
	Prevention of manual handling injuries in the workplace
	Design of manual handling tasks
	Carrying 
	Status of ergonomic tools in manual handling risk assessment and task design 
	Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness
	Research directions
	Summary 
	Essays and exercises
CHAPTER 7: PHYSICALLY DEMANDING WORK ¿ STRESS AND FATIGUE 
	Stress and fatigue
	Muscles, structure, function and capacity
	The cardiovascular system
	The respiratory system
	Physical work capacity
	Factors affecting work capacity
	The ageing population
	Status of physiological methods in risk assessment and task design 
	Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness
	Research directions
	Summary 
	Essays and exercises
CHAPTER 8: JOB DEMANDS, WORKPLACE STRESS AND HEALTH 
	Physiological demands
	Fitness for work
	Working hours and shiftwork
	Psychological work demands
	Status of physiological methods in risk assessment and task design 
	Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness
	Research directions
	Summary 
	Essays and exercises
CHAPTER 9: DESIGN AND ASSESSMENT OF HOT AND COLD WORKPLACES 
	Fundamentals of human thermoregulation
	Measuring the thermal environment 
	Thermoregulatory mechanisms
	Work in hot climates
	Work in cold climates
	Skin temperature
	Protection against climatic extremes 
	Comfort and the indoor climate
	ISO standards 
	Status of methods in risk assessment and task design 
	Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness
	Research directions
	Summary 
	Essays and exercises
CHAPTER 10: THE VISUAL ENVIRONMENT. MEASUREMENT AND DESIGN 
	Vision and the eye
	Measurement of light 
	Lighting design considerations 
	Visual fatigue, eyestrain and near work
	Psychological aspects of indoor lighting
	Status of methods in risk assessment and task design 
	Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness
	Research directions
	Summary 
	Essays and exercises
CHAPTER 11: HEARING, SOUND, NOISE AND VIBRATION 
	Terminology
	The ear
	Measurement of sound
	Hearing protection
	Design of the acoustic environment
	Industrial noise control
	Noise and communication
	Effects of noise on task performance
	Non auditory effects of noise on health
	Vibration 
	Status of methods in risk assessment and task design 
	Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness
	Research directions
	Summary 
	Essays and exercises
CHAPTER 12: HUMAN INFORMATION PROCESSING AND MENTAL WORKLOAD 
	A general information processing model of the user
	Cognitive systems
	Mental workload
	Status of mental workload methods used in ergonomics 
	Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness
	Research directions
	Summary 
	Essays and exercises
CHAPTER 13: DESIGN OF DISPLAYS AND CONTROLS			 
	Principles for the design of visual displays
	Design of controls
	Combining controls and displays
	Status of ergonomic principles used in control and display design 
	Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness
	Research directions
	Summary 
	Essays and exercises
CHAPTER 14: INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY, MEMORY AND LANGUAGE 
	Key concepts in usability: models and modes
	Human centred design processes for interactive systems
	Designing codes and keywords
	Human computer interaction
	Computer stress
	Memory and language in everyday life
	Status of ergonomic principles used in human computer interaction 		
	Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness
	Research directions
	Summary 
	Essays and exercises
CHAPTER 15: HUMAN ERROR, ACCIDENTS AND SAFETY 
	Micro-ergonomics, human error and accidents
	Prevention of error in human machine interaction
	Macro-ergonomics: performance-shaping factors in system operation
	Organisational aspects of safety
	Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness
	Research directions
	Summary 
	Essays and exercises
CHAPTER 16: SYSTEMS DESIGN AND ASSESSMENT 
	Systems design methods for ergonomics
	Organisational aspects: some macro-ergonomic examples
	Ergonomics and organisational effectiveness
	Psychosocial factors
	Questionnaire design for ergonomic studies
	Survey design for questionnaire studies in ergonomics
	Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness
	Research directions
	Summary 
	Essays and exercises
EPILOGUE
FURTHER READING 
GLOSSARY OF TECHNICAL TERMS 
APPENDIX 1
APPENDIX 2
REFERENCES

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Human engineering.
Human Engineering.
Interior Design and Furnishings.
Risk Assessment.
Workplace.