Table of contents for Epidemiology for public health practice / by Robert H. Friis and Thomas Sellers.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


Counter
Contents
Preface
Acknowledgments
About the Authors
Introduction
Chapter 1 The History and Scope of Epidemiology
Introduction
Epidemiology Defined
Foundations of Epidemiology
Historical Antecedents of Epidemiology
Recent Applications of Epidemiology
Conclusion
Study Questions and Exercises
Chapter 2 Practical Applications of Epidemiology
Introduction
Applications for the Assessment of the Health Status of Populations and Delivery of Health Services	
Applications Relevant to Disease Etiology
Conclusion
Study Questions and Exercises
Appendix 2: Data for Study Question 5
Chapter 3 Measures of Morbidity and Mortality Used in Epidemiology	
Introduction	
Definitions of Count, Ratio, Proportion, and Rate	
Risk Versus Rate	
Interrelationship Between Prevalence and Incidence	
Applications of Incidence Data	
Crude Rates	
Specific Rates	
Adjusted Rates	
Conclusion	
Study Questions and Exercises	
Appendix 3: Data for Study Questions 2 Through 4	
Chapter 4 Descriptive Epidemiology: Person, Place, Time	
Introduction	
Characteristics of Persons	
Characteristics of Place	
Characteristics of Time	
Conclusion	
Study Questions and Exercises	
Appendix 4: Project: Descriptive Epidemiology of a Selected Health Problem	
Chapter 5 Sources of Data for Use in Epidemiology	
Introduction	
Criteria for the Quality and Utility of Epidemiologic Data	
Computerized Bibliographic Databases	
Confidentiality, Sharing of Data, and Record Linkage	
Statistics Derived from the Vital Registration System	
Reportable Disease Statistics	
Screening Surveys	
Disease Registries	
Morbidity Surveys of the General Population	
Insurance Data	
Hospital Data	
Diseases Treated in Special Clinics and Hospitals	
Data from Physicians¿ Practices	
Absenteeism Data	
School Health Programs	
Morbidity in the Armed Forces: Data on Active Personnel and Veterans	
Other Sources of Data Relevant to Epidemiologic Studies	
Conclusion	
Study Questions and Exercises	
Chapter 6 Ecologic, Cross-Sectional, Case-Control Study Designs	
Introduction	
Observational Versus Experimental Approaches in Epidemiology	
Overview of Study Designs Used in Epidemiology	
Ecologic Studies	
Cross-Sectional Studies	
Case-Control Studies	
Conclusion	
Study Questions and Exercises	
Chapter 7 Cohort Study Designs	
Introduction	
Cohort Studies Defined	
Sampling and Cohort Formation Options	
Temporal Differences in Cohort Designs	
Practical Considerations	
Measures of Interpretation and Examples	
Nested Case-Control Studies	
Comparisons of Observational Designs	
Conclusion	
Study Questions and Exercises	
Chapter 8 Experimental Study Designs	
Introduction	
Hierarchy of Study Designs	
Intervention Studies	
Clinical Trials	
Community Trials	
Conclusion	
Study Questions and Exercises	
Chapter 9 Measures of Effect	
Introduction	
Absolute Effects	
Relative Effects	
Statistical Measures of Effect	
Evaluating Epidemiologic Associations	
Models of Causal Relationships
Conclusion	
Study Questions and Exercises	
Appendix 9: Cohort Study Data for Coffee Use and Anxiety	
Chapter 10 Data Interpretation Issues	
Introduction	
Validity of Study Designs	
Sources of Error in Epidemiologic Research	
Techniques to Reduce Bias	
Methods To Control Confounding	
Bias in Analysis and Publication	
Conclusion	
Study Questions and Exercises	
Chapter 11 Screening for Disease in the Community	
Introduction	
Screening for Disease	
Appropriate Situations for Screening Tests and Programs	
Characteristics of a Good Screening Test	
Evaluation of Screening Tests	
Sources of Unreliability and Invalidity	
Measures of the Validity of Screening Tests	
Effects of Prevalence of Disease on Screening
Test Results	
Relationship Between Sensitivity and Specificity	
Evaluation of Screening Programs	
Issues in the Classification of Morbidity and Mortality	
Conclusion	
Study Questions and Exercises	
Appendix 11: Data for Problem 6	
Chapter 12 Epidemiology of Infectious Diseases	
Introduction	
Agents of Infectious Disease	
Characteristics of Infectious Disease Agents	
Host	
The Environment	
Means of Transmission-Directly or Indirectly from Reservoir	
Measures of Disease Outbreaks	
Procedures Used in the Investigation of Infectious Disease Outbreaks	
Epidemiologically Significant Infectious Diseases in the Community	
Conclusion	
Study Questions and Exercises	
Appendix 12: Data from a Foodborne Illness Outbreak in a College Cafeteria	
Chapter 13 Epidemiologic Aspects of Work and the Environment	
Introduction	
Health Effects Associated with Environmental Hazards	
Study Designs used in Environmental Epidemiology	
Toxicologic Concepts Related to Environmental Epidemiology	
Types of Agents	
Environmental Hazards Found in the Work Setting	
Noteworthy Community Environmental Health Hazards	
Conclusion	
Study Questions and Exercises	
Chapter 14 Molecular and Genetic Epidemiology	
Introduction	
Definitions and Distinctions: Molecular Versus Genetic Epidemiology	 
Epidemiologic Evidence for Genetic Factors	
Causes of Familial Aggregation	
Shared Family Environment and Familial Aggregation	
Gene Mapping: Segregation and Linkage Analysis	
Genome-Wide Association Studies (GWAS) 
Linkage Disequilibrium Revisited: Haplotypes 
Application of Genes in Epidemiologic Designs	
Genetics and Public Health	
Conclusion	
Study Questions and Exercises	
Chapter 15 Psychologic, Behavioral, and Social Epidemiology	
Introduction	
Research Designs Used in Psychologic, Behavioral, and Social Epidemiology	
Independent Variables	
Moderating Factors in the Stress-Illness Relationship	
Outcome Variables: Physical Health, Mental Health, Affective States	
Conclusion	
Study Questions and Exercises	
Chapter 16 Epidemiology as a Profession
Introduction
Specializations within Epidemiology 
Career Roles for Epidemiologists 	
Epidemiology Associations and Journals 	
Competencies Required of Epidemiologists 
Resources for Education and Employment 
Professional Ethics in Epidemiology 
Conclusion 
Study Questions and Exercises 
Glossary
Appendix A¿Guide to the Critical Appraisal of an Epidemiologic/Public Health Research Article	
Appendix B--Answers to Selected Study Questions	
Index

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Epidemiology.
Public health personnel.
Epidemiology.
Public Health.