Table of contents for Mechatronics : a multidisciplinary approach / William Bolton.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


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Contents
Preface	ix
	1.	Introducing Mechatronics	1
1.1	What is mechatronics? 	1
1.2	The design process	3
1.3	Systems 	4
1.4	Measurement systems	6
1.5	Control systems	7
1.6	Programmable logic controller	17
1.7	Examples of mechatronic systems 	18
	Summary	20
	Problems	21
	2.	Sensors and Transducers	22
2.1	Sensors and transducers	22
2.2	Performance terminology	23
2.3	Displacement, position and proximity 	28
2.4	Velocity and motion 	39
2.5	Force	42
2.6	Fluid pressure	42
2.7	Liquid flow	46
2.8	Liquid level	47
2.9	Temperature	48
2.10	Light sensors	53
2.11	Selection of sensors 	54
2.12	Inputting data by switches	55
	Summary	58
	Problems	58
	3.	Signal Conditioning	62
3.1	Signal conditioning 	62
3.2	The operational amplifier	63
3.3	Protection	73
3.4	Filtering	75
3.5	Wheatstone bridge	76
3.6	Pulse modulation 	81
	Summary	82
	Problems	82
	4.	Digital Signals	84
4.1	Digital signals	84
4.2	Analogue and digital signals	84
4.3	Digital-to-analogue and analogue-to-digital converters	88
4.4	Multiplexers	94
4.5	Data acquisition	95
4.6	Digital signal processing	98
	Summary 	99
	Problems	99
	5.	Digital Logic	101
5.1	Digital logic	101
5.2	Logic gates	102
5.3	Applications of logic gates	108
5.4	Sequential logic	114
	Summary	121
	Problems	121
	6.	Data Presentation Systems	123
6.1	Displays	123
6.2	Data presentation elements	124
6.3	Magnetic recording	129
6.4	Optical recording	133
6.5	Displays	134
6.6	Data acquisition systems	138
6.7	Measurement systems	141
6.8	Testing and calibration	145
	Summary	146
	Problems	147
	7.	Pneumatic and Hydraulic Actuation Systems	150
7.1	Actuation systems	150
7.2	Pneumatic and hydraulic systems	150
7.3	Directional control valves	154
7.4	Pressure control valves	158
7.5	Cylinders	160
7.6	Servo and proportional control valves	163
7.7	Process control valves	165
7.8	Rotary actuators	170
	Summary	171
	Problems	171
	8.	Mechanical Actuation Systems	173
8.1	Mechanical systems 	173
8.2	Types of motion 	174
8.3	Kinematic chains 	176
8.4	Cams 	179
8.5	Gears 	181
8.6	Ratchet and pawl 	184
8.7	Belt and chain drives 	184
8.8	Bearings	186
8.9	Mechanical aspects of motor selection 	188
	Summary 	190
	Problems 	190
	9.	Electrical Actuation Systems	192
9.1	Electrical systems	192
9.2	Mechanical switches 	192
9.3	Solid-state switches 	194
9.4	Solenoids 	200
9.5	D.C. motors 	201
9.6	A.C. motors 	208
9.7	Stepper motors 	210
	Summary 	216
	Problems 	216
 10. Basic System Models	218
10.1	Mathematical models 	218
10.2	Mechanical system building blocks	219
10.3	Electrical system building blocks	226
10.4	Fluid system building blocks 	230
10.5	Thermal system building blocks	237
	Summary 	239
	Problems	240
 11. System Models	243
11.1	Engineering systems	243
11.2	Rotational-translational systems	243
11.3	Electromechanical systems 	244
11.4	Linearity	247
11.5	Hydraulic-mechanical systems	249
	Summary	252
	Problems	252
 12. Dynamic Responses of Systems	253
12.1	Modelling dynamic systems 	253
12.2	Terminology	254
12.3	First-order systems 	256
12.4	Second-order systems	262
12.5	Performance measures for second-order systems 	268
12.6	System identification	271
	Summary 	271
	Problems 	273
 13. System Transfer Functions	275
13.1	The transfer function 	275
13.2	First-order systems	278
13.3	Second-order systems 	280
13.4	Systems in series	282
13.5	Systems with feedback loops	283
13.6	Effect of pole location on transient response	284
	Summary 	288
	Problems	288
 14. Frequency Response	290
14.1	Sinusoidal input 	290
14.2	Phasors	291
14.3	Frequency response 	293
14.4	Bode plots 	296
14.5	Performance specifications 	305
14.6	Stability 	306
	Summary	307
	Problems	308
 15. Closed-loop Controllers	309
15.1	Continuous and discrete control processes	309
15.2	Terminology 	310
15.3	Two-step mode 	312
15.4	Proportional mode 	313
15.5	Derivative control	315
15.6	Integral control 	317
15.7	PID controller	319
15.8	Digital controllers 	320
15.9	Control system performance	322
15.10	Controller tuning	323
15.11	Velocity control	325
15.12	Adaptive control	325
	Summary 	328
	Problems 	329
 16. Artificial Intelligence	331
16.1	What is meant by artificial intelligence? 	331
16.2	Perception and cognition 	331
16.3	Reasoning 	333
16.4	Learning	336
	Summary	337
	Problems	337
 17. Microprocessors	338
17.1	Control	338
17.2	Microprocessor systems 	338
17.3	Microcontrollers	350
17.4	Applications	367
17.5	Programming	369
	Summary	372
	Problems	372
 18. Assembly Language	373
18.1	Languages	373
18.2	Instruction sets	374
18.3	Assembly language programs 	380
18.4	Subroutines	385
18.5	Look-up tables 	388
18.6	Embedded systems	391
	Summary 	395
	Problems 	395
 19. C Language	397
19.1	Why C? 	397
19.2	Program structure 	397
19.3	Branches and loops	404
19.4	Arrays 	408
19.5	Pointers 	409
19.6	Program development 	411
19.7	Examples of programs 	412
	Summary	414
	Problems	415
 20. Input/Output Systems	417
20.1	Interfacing	417
20.2	Input/output addressing	417
20.3	Interface requirements 	420
20.4	Peripheral interface adapters	427
20.5	Serial communications interface	432
20.6	Examples of interfacing	435
	Summary 	438
	Problems 	439
 21. Programmable Logic Controllers	440
21.1	Programmable logic controller	440
21.2	Basic PLC structure	440
21.3	Input/output processing	444
21.4	Ladder programming	445
21.5	Instruction lists 	449
21.6	Latching and internal relays	452
21.7	Sequencing	454
21.8	Timers and counters 	455
21.9	Shift registers 	458
21.10	Master and jump controls	459
21.11	Data handling	460
21.12	Analogue input/output 	462
	Summary 	464
	Problems	465
 22. Communication Systems	467
22.1	Digital communications 	467
22.2	Centralised, hierarchical and distributed control 	467
22.3	Networks	470
22.4	Protocols	472
22.5	Open Systems Interconnection communication model 	473
22.6	Serial communication interfaces	476
22.7	Parallel communication interfaces	480
22.8	Wireless protocols 	484
	Summary 	484
	Problems 	485
 23. Fault Finding	486
23.1	Fault-detection techniques	486
23.2	Watchdog timer	487
23.3	Parity and error coding checks	488
23.4	Common hardware faults	489
23.5	Microprocessor systems	491
23.6	Emulation and simulation	494
23.7	PLC systems	496
	Summary 	498
	Problems	499
 24. Mechatronic Systems	500
24.1	Mechatronic designs	500
24.2	Case studies	511
	Summary 	525
	Problems and assignments	525
	Research assignments	526
	Design assignments	526
Appendices
A.	The Laplace Transform	527
B.	Number Systems	537
C.	Boolean Algebra	543
D.	Instruction Sets	552
E.	C Library Functions	557
F.	Matlab and Simulink	560
Further Information	566
Answers	568
Index	583

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Mechatronics.