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Contents Introduction: Genetic Resources and the Internationalisation of the State 1 The Regulation of Nature in Post-Fordism 1.1 Societal Relationships with Nature 1.2 The Formation of a Post-Fordist Mode of Regulation 1.3 The Knowledge-based Economy and "Knowledge Society" 1.3.1. Knowledge-based Industrialisation and a New Economic Imaginary 1.3.2 Intellectual Property 1.3.3 Lines of Conflict 1.4 Tendencies in the Emergence of Post-Fordist Relationships with Nature 1.5 The Transformation of the State and the System of States 1.5.1. Global Governance? 1.5.2 State and Institutions: Theoretical Considerations 1.5.3. The Internationalisation of the State 1.5.4. Internationalisation and the Problem of ¿Scale¿ 1.5.5 Hegemony and the Second Order Condensation of Power Relations 1.6 Questions of Method 2 On the Value of Nature The Convention on Biological Diversity and the Commercialisation of Genetic Resources 2.1 Biodiversity as a Political Concept 2.2 Functioning and Provisions of the CBD 2.3 Positions of the Most Important Actors 2.3.1 Governments of the Northern Countries 2.3.2 Governments of the Southern Countries 2.3.3 Biotechnological Companies and Business Associations 2.3.4 Non-governmental Organizations and Social Movements 2.3.5 Indigenous Peoples 2.3.6 The Importance of Gender Relations 2.3.7 Preliminary Summary 2.4 Problems and Fields of Conflict 2.4.1 Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-Sharing as the Central Conflict 2.4.2 Indigenous Rights 2.4.3 Intellectual Property Rights 2.4.4 Protection and Conservation 2.4.5 Participation and Capacity Building 2.4.6 Problems of National Implementation 2.4.7 A Multilateral System of Rules for Bilateral Policies? 2.5 The Bonn Guidelines on Access and Benefit-sharing 2.6 The Emerging International Regime on Access and Benefit-sharing 2.7 Summary: The Importance of the CBD in the International Process 3 Limits to Commercialisation? Genetic Resources in Agriculture and the Conflict over a Multilateral Exchange System 3.1 Structures of Problem and Conflicts 3.1.1 Plant Genetic Resources as a Cultural Product: the Concept of Farmers¿ Rights 3.1.2 The ¿Green Revolution¿ and the Erosion of Diversity 3.1.3 The ¿Seed Wars¿ and the International Undertaking 3.1.4 The Situation following the Conclusion of the CBD: "Environmentalisation"? 3.2 The Genesis of a Multilateral Exchange System 3.2.1 Negotiations on the Harmonization of the CBD and the International Undertaking 3.2.2 The International Seed Treaty: strengths and shortcomings 3.2.3 Strategies of Actors and the Relevance of the International Regulation System 3.3 Structural Selectivities and the Limits to the Multilateral Exchange System 4 Politicising Intellectual Property Rights The Conflicts around the TRIPS Agreement and the World Intellectual Property Organisation 4.1 Shaping an International Regime of Intellectual Property Protection: Evolution and Contradictions of the TRIPS Agreement 4.2 Intellectual Property Rights and Development: Politicising the TRIPS Agreement 4.3 Scale Jumping: Towards national and bilateral solutions of the IPR issue? 4.4 Forum-Shifting: Imposing higher IPR standards through WIPO¿s Patent Agenda? 4.5 Politicising a ¿technical¿ terrain: Conflicts about intellectual property, genetic resources and development in WIPO 4.6 Contested Terrains: Summary and Conclusions 5 The Relevance of the National and the Local The Disputes over a Valorization Paradigm in Mexico and Chiapas 5.1 A Megadiversity Country in the Process of Transformation into a Competition State 5.1.1 Democratization, Neoliberal Politics and NAFTA 5.1.2 Resource and Environmental Policies in Mexico 5.1.3 The Federal State of Chiapas: Competing Valorisation Strategies 5.2 The Formation of a Mexican Biodiversity Policy 5.2.1 Positions in Mexican Biodiversity Policy: Actors, Problem Interpretations and Interests 5.2.2 Hierarchy of the Positions: Dominance of the Valorization Interests 5.2.3 Conflicts over the Strategic and Institutional Formation of the Valorisation Paradigm 5.3 Local Conflicts over the Valorisation Paradigm in Chiapas 5.3.1 Central Actors and their Strategies 5.3.2 The Bioprospecting Agreement ICBG-MAYA 5.3.3 The Disputes over the Biosphere Reserve Montes Azules 5.4 Summary 5.4.1 Non-simultaneous Valorisation: Mexico and Chiapas 5.4.2 The Importance of International Politics 5.4.3 Dominance and Hegemony 6. Contested Terrains: Towards a Neo-Poulantzian Approach to International Political Economy 6.1 The Material Dimensions of Globalisation and the Importance of the Local 6.2 North-South Relations and the Reconfiguration of Scales 6.3 International Institutions as Condensations of Power Relations 6.4 The Question of Democracy List of Interviews List of Abbreviations 7 Bibliography
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
Biodiversity -- Political aspects.
International relations -- Environmental aspect.
Globalization -- Environmental aspects.
Biodiversity conservation -- Law and legislation.
World Trade Organization.