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TABLE OF CONTENTS Preface 00 Introduction 1 Declaration of Independence (1776) John Dickinson?s Notes for a Speech in Congress John Adams?s Unrecorded Speech in Favor of the Declaration of Independence Articles of Confederation (1777) Thomas Jefferson?s Notes of Proceedings in Congress Northwest Ordinance (1781) Correspondence between James Monroe and Thomas Jefferson on the Debate over the Northwest Ordinance James Monroe to Thomas Jefferson, May 11, 1786 Thomas Jefferson to James Monroe, July 9, 1786 Bill of Rights (1789) House Debate on the Bill of Rights Judiciary Act of 1789 House Debate on the Judiciary Act of 1789 Jay Treaty (17941796) Speech of Representative James Madison of Virginia in Opposition to the Jay Treaty Speech of Representative Fisher Ames of Massachusetts in Support of Appropriating Funds to Implement the Jay Treaty War of 1812 (18111812) Representative Robert Wright Argues the Necessity of War Representative Daniel Sheffey Opposes the War of 1812 Missouri Compromise (18191821) Substance of Two Speeches in Opposition to the Missouri Compromise of 1820 by Senator Rufus King of New York on February 9 and February 11, 1820 Speech by Senator William Pinkney of Maryland in Support of the Missouri Compromise of 1820 Webster-Hayne Debate (1830) Senator Robert Y. Hayne?s Reply to Senator Daniel Webster Senator Daniel Webster?s Reply to Senator Robert Y. Hayne Veto of the Second Bank of the United States (1832) Senator Henry Clay of Kentucky Attacks President Jackson?s Veto of the Second Bank of the United States Senator Thomas Hart Benton of Missouri Defends President Jackson?s Veto of the Second Bank of the United States Force Bill (18321833) Senator John C. Calhoun?s Compact Theory of the Constitution Senator Daniel Webster?s Declares that the Constitution is Not a Compact between Sovereign States Censure of President Andrew Jackson (18331834) Senator Henry Clay Calls for the Censure of President Andrew Jackson Senator Thomas Hart Benton Defends President Andrew Jackson House Gag Rule (18361844) Representative Henry L. Pinckney?s Introduction of the House Gag Rule Representative John Quincy Adams Opposes the House Gag Rule Wilmot Proviso (1846-1847) Representative David Wilmot Defends His Proviso Senator John C. Calhoun Opposes Wilmot Proviso Compromise of 1850 Senator Henry Clay Argues for the Compromise of 1850 Senator Thomas Hart Benton Opposes the Compromise of 1850 Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854) Senator Stephen A. Douglas Argues for the Kansas-Nebraska Bill Senator Salmon P. Chase Opposes the Kansas-Nebraska Act Pacific Railroad Act (1862) Representative Aaron A. Sargent on the Necessity of a Pacific Rail Route Representative William F. Sheffield Voices Opposition to the Pacific Railroad Act Homestead Act (1862) Representative Stephen C. Foster?s ?Republican Land Policy--Homes for the Million? Senator James M. Mason Speaks Out Against the Homestead Act Fourteenth Amendment (18661868) Representative Andrew J. Rogers Declares that the Fourteenth Amendment Violates States? Rights Representative John A. Bingham Argues that the Fourteenth Amendment Does Not Violate States? Rights Impeachment of Andrew Johnson (1868) Representative James Brooks Implores the House against Impeaching President Andrew Johnson Representative Thaddeus Stevens on the Impeachment of President Andrew Johnson Fifteenth Amendment (1869) Senator William M. Stewart Introducing the Fifteenth Amendment Senator Thomas A. Hendricks Opposes the Fifteenth Amendment Civil Rights Act of 1875 Representative Alexander H. Stephens Opposes Civil Rights Act of 1875 Representative Robert B. Elliott Argues for the Civil Rights Act of 1875 Compromise of 1877 Representative George Frisbie Hoar Praises the Compromise of 1877 Representative James A. Garfield Criticizes the Compromise of 1877 Reed's Rules (1890) Representative Henry G. Turner?s Critique of Reed?s Rules Representative Benjamin Butterworth Defends Speaker Reed Revenue Act of 1894 Representative W. Bourke Cockran Opposes the Revenue Act of 1894 Representative William Jennings Bryan Replies to Representative W. Bourke Cockran Treaty of Paris (1898); American Policy Regarding the Philippines (1899-1901) Senator Albert J. Beveridge on U.S. Policy Regarding the Philippines Senator George Frisbie Hoar on Self-Government for the Philippines House Revolt Against Speaker Cannon (1910) Representative Jacob S. Fassett Declares that Those Who Reject Speaker Joseph G. Cannon are Rejecting the Republican Party Representative John W. Nelson Protests Speaker Joseph G. Cannon?s Domination Seventeenth Amendment: The Direct Election of the Senate (1913) Senator William E. Borah Supports the Direct Election of Senators Senator Augustus O. Bacon Argues against Direct Election of Senators Federal Reserve Act (1913) Representative Charles A. Lindbergh Criticizes the Federal Reserve Act Senator Robert Owen Speaks in Support of the Federal Reserve Act Eighteenth Amendment (1917) Senator William S. Kenyon Supports the Eighteenth Amendment Senator John W. Weeks Opposes the Eighteenth Amendment Nineteenth Amendment (Women's Suffrage) (1919) Representative Adolphus P. Nelson Argues for the Nineteenth Amendment Representative Frank Clark Opposes the Nineteenth Amendment League of Nations (1919) Senator Gilbert M. Hitchcock on the Trouble with Senators Who Oppose the League of Nations Senator William E. Borah Opposes the League of Nations Smoot-Hawley Tariff (1930) Senator Robert M. LaFollette Opposes the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Senator James M. Watson Speaks in Support of the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Supreme Court Nomination of John J. Parker (1930) Senator William W. Hastings Supports the Nomination of John J. Parker to the Supreme Court Senator Robert F. Wagner Opposes the Nomination of John J. Parker to the Supreme Court Roosevelt's Court-Packing Plan (1937) Senator Joseph T. Robinson Supports President Roosevelt?s Court-Packing Plan Senator Joseph C. O?Mahoney Opposes Roosevelt?s Court-Packing Plan Fair Labor Standards Act (1938) Representative Edward E. Cox Opposes the Fair Labor Standards Act Representative George Schneider Supports the Fair Labor Standards Act Burke-Wadsworth Bill (Selective Training and Service Act of 1940) Senator Morris Sheppard Argues for the Burke-Wadsworth Bill Senator Robert A. Taft Opposes the Burke-Wadsworth Bill Lend-Lease Act (1941) Senator Alben W. Barkley Supports the Lend-Lease Act Senator Arthur H. Vandenberg Opposes the Lend-Lease Act Atomic Energy Act of 1946 Representative Clare Boothe Luce Supports the Atomic Energy Act of 1946 Representative Charles H. Elston Opposes the Atomic Energy Act of 1946 McCarthyism (19501954) Senator Joseph R. McCarthy on Communists in Government Service Senator Margaret Chase Smith?s Declaration of Conscience "Great Debate" of 1951 Senator Robert A. Taft Opposes Assignment of Additional U.S. Forces to Europe Senator Thomas T. Connally Favors Assignment of Additional U.S. Forces to Europe Civil Rights Act of 1964 Senator Everett McKinley Dirksen Supports the Civil Rights Act of 1964 Senator Richard Russell Opposes the Civil Rights Act of 1964 Medicare and Medicaid (1965) Representative Wilbur Mills Presents His Plan for Financing Hospital Care for the Aged Over 65 Representative John W. Byrnes Opposes Representative Mill?s Plan for Financing Hospital Care for the Aged Over 65 Voting Rights Act of 1965 Senator Everett McKinley Dirksen Supports the Voting Rights Act of 1965 Senator Sam Ervin Opposes the Voting Rights Act of 1965 War Powers Resolution of 1973 (1973) Senator Thomas F. Eagleton Opposes Override of President?s Veto of War Powers Act Senator Jacob Javits Favors Overriding the President?s Veto of War Powers Act Impeachment of President Richard M. Nixon (1974) Representative Peter W. Rodino Jr., Chairman of the House Judiciary Committee, Speaks on Impeachment Representative Lawrence J. Hogan Protests Impeachment Representative Trent Lott Finds Grounds for Impeachment Lacking Representative Barbara Jordan Argues in Favor of Impeachment Panama Canal Treaties (1978) Senator Robert P. Griffin Opposes Panama Canal Treaties Senator Robert C. Byrd Supports Panama Canal Treaties Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1981; Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981 Representative David R. Obey Opposes Gramm-Latta II (House Fiscal 1982 Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Budget) Representative Delbert L. Latta Supports Gramm-Latta II (House Fiscal 1982 Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Cuts) Supreme Court Nomination of Robert H. Bork (1987) Senator Edward M. Kennedy Opposes the Supreme Court Nomination of Robert H. Bork Senator William L. Armstrong Supports the Supreme Court Nomination of Robert H. Bork North American Free Trade Agreement (1993) Representative Lee H. Hamilton Supports North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) Representative David Bonior Opposes North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) Line-Item Veto (1996) Senator Robert C. Byrd Opposes the Line-Item Veto Senator John McCain Favors the Item Veto Iraq War Resolution (2002) Senator Patrick Leahy Opposes the Iraq War Resolution Senator Chuck Hagel Supports the Iraq War Resolution Selected Bibliography Index
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
Legislation -- United States -- History.
Parliamentary practice -- United States -- History.
United States. Congress.