Table of contents for Drugs, society, and human behavior / Carl Hart, Charles Ksir, Oakley Ray.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


Counter
Contents
Section One
Drug Use in Modern Society 0
1 Drug Use: An Overview 0
"The Drug Problem" 0
Talking About Drug Use 0
Four Principles of Psychoactive Drugs 0
How Did We Get Here? 0
Have Things Really Changed? 0
Drugs and Drug Use Today 0
Extent of Drug Use 0
Trends in Drug Use 00
Correlates of Drug Use 00
Risk and Protective Factors 00
Race, Gender, and Level of Education 00
Personality Variables 00
Genetics 00
Antecedents of Drug Use 00
Motives for Drug Use 00
Summary 00
Review Questions 00
References 00
Check Yourself: Do Your Goals and Behaviors Match? 00
2 Drug Use as a Social Problem 00
Laissez-Faire 00
Toxicity 00
Categories of Toxicity 00
Drug Abuse Warning Network 00
How Dangerous Is the Drug? 00
Blood-Borne Diseases 00
Substance Dependence: What Is It? 000
Three Basic Processes 00
Changing Views of Dependence 00
Which Is More Important, Physical Dependence or Psychological Dependence? 00
Broad Views of Substance Dependence 00
Is Dependence Caused by the Substance? 00
Is Dependence Biological? 00
Is There an "Addictive Personality"? 00
Is Dependence a Family Disorder? 00
Is Substance Dependence a Disease? 00
Crime and Violence: Does Drug Use Cause 
Crime? 00
Why We Try to Regulate Drugs 00
Summary 00
Review Questions 00
References 000
Check Yourself: Are You Hooked on an 
Activity? 00
Check Yourself: What's Your Risk of Drug 
Toxicity? 00
3 Drug Products and Their Regulations 00
The Beginnings 000
Reformism 000
Issues Leading to Legislation 000
1906 Pure Food and Drugs Act 000
Harrison Act of 1914 000
Two Bureaus, Two Types of Regulation 000
Regulation of Pharmaceuticals 000
Purity 000
Safety 000
Effectiveness 000
Marketing a New Drug 000
Dietary Supplements 000
Controlled Substances 000
After the Harrison Act 000
Narcotic Control Act of 1956 000
Drug Abuse Control Amendments 
of 1965 000
Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention 
and Control Act of 1970 000
Anti-Drug Abuse Acts of 1986 and 1988 000
State and Local Regulations 000
Federal Support for Drug Screening 000
Military and Federal Employees 000
Transportation Workers 000
Private Employers 000
Public Schools 000
Testing Methods 000
The Impact of Drug Enforcement 00
Budget 00
International Programs 000
Other Federal Agencies 000
Other Costs 000
Effectiveness of Control 000
Summary 000
Review Questions 000
References 000
Check Yourself: Consider the 
Consequences 000
Section Two
How Drugs Work 000
4 The Nervous System 000
Chemical Messengers 000
Components of the Nervous System 000
Glia 000
Neurons 000
Neurotransmission 000
Action Potential 000
The Nervous System(s) 000
Somatic Nervous System 000
Autonomic Nervous System 000
Central Nervous System 000
The Brain 000
Major Structures 000
Chemical Pathways 000
Drugs and the Brain 000
Life Cycle of a Neurotransmitter 000
Examples of Drug Actions 000
Chemical Theories of Behavior 000
Brain Imaging Techniques 000
Summary 000
Review Questions 000
References 000
Check Yourself: What's Your Body's Natural 
Cycle? 000
5 The Actions of Drugs 000
Sources and Names of Drugs 000
Sources of Drugs 000
Names of Drugs 000
Categories of Drugs 000
Drug Identification 000
Drug Effects 000
Nonspecific (Placebo) Effects 000
Dose-Response Relationships 000
Potency 000
Time-Dependent Factors in Drug Actions 000
Getting the Drug to the Brain 000
A Little "Chemistry" 000
Routes of Administration 000
Transport in the Blood 000
More about the Blood-Brain Barrier 000
Mechanisms of Drug Actions 000
Effects on All Neurons 000
Effects on Specific Neurotransmitter 
Systems 000
Drug Deactivation 000
Mechanisms of Tolerance and Withdrawal 
Symptoms 000
Drug Disposition Tolerance 000
Behavioral Tolerance 000
Pharmacodynamic Tolerance 000
Summary 000
Review Questions 000
References 000
Check Yourself: How Do Drugs Work? 000
Section Three
Uppers and Downers 000
6 Stimulants 000
Cocaine 000
History 000
Coca Wine 000
Local Anesthesia 000
Early Psychiatric Uses 000
Early Legal Controls on Cocaine 000
Forms of Cocaine 000
Contemporary Legal Controls on Cocaine 000
Mechanism of Action 000
Absorption and Elimination 000
Beneficial Uses 000
Causes for Concern 000
Chronic Toxicity 000
Supplies of Illicit Cocaine 000
Current Patterns of Cocaine Use 000
Cocaine's Future 000
Amphetamines 000
History 000
Basic Pharmacology 000
Beneficial Uses 000
Causes for Concern 000
Summary 000
Review Questions 000
References 000
Check Yourself: Sensation-Seeking 
Scale 000
7 Depressants and Inhalants 000
History and Pharmacology 000
Before Barbiturates 000
Barbiturates 000
Meprobamate 000
Methaqualone 000
Bensodiazepines 000
Mechanisms of Action 000
Nonbenzodiazepine Hypnotics 000
Beneficial Uses 000
Anxiolytics 000
As Sleeping Pills 000
As Anticonvulsants 000
Causes for Concern 000
Dependence Liability 000
Toxicity 000
Patterns of Abuse 000
Inhalants 000
Gaseous Anesthetics 000
Nitrites 000
Volatile Solvents 000
GHB (Gamma Hydroxybutyric Acid) 000
Summary 000
Review Questions 000
References 000
8 Medication for Mental Disorders 000
Mental Disorders 000
The Medical Model 000
Classification of Mental Disorders 000
Treatment of Mental Disorders 000
Before 1950 000
Antipsychotics 000
Antidepressants 000
Electroconvulsive Therapy 000
Mood Stabilizers 000
Consequences of Drug Treatments for 
Mental Illness 000
Summary 000
Review Questions 000
References 000
Check Yourself: Track Your Daily Mood Changes 000
Section Four
Alcohol 000
9 Alcohol 000
Alcoholic Beverages 000
Fermentation and Fermentation Products 000
Distilled Products 000
Beer 000
Wine 000
Distilled Spirits 000
Alcohol Use and "The Alcohol Problem" 000
The Temperance Movement in America 000
Prohibition 000
Regulation after 1933 000
Taxation 000
Who Drinks? And Why? 000
Cultural Influences on Drinking 000
Trends in U.S. Alcohol Consumption 000
Regional Differences in the United States 000
Gender Differences 000
Drinking Among College Students 000
Alcohol Pharmacology 000
Absorption 000
Distribution 000
Metabolism 000
Mechanism(s) of Action 000
Behavioral Effects 000
Time-out and Alcohol Myopia 000
Driving Under the Influence 000
Sexual Behavior 000
Blackouts 000
Crime and Violence 000
Physiological Effects 000
Alcohol Toxicity 000
Hangover 000
Chronic Disease States 000
Brain Damage 000
Liver Disorders 000
Heart Disease 000
Cancer 000
The Immune System 000
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome 000
Alcohol Dependence 000
Withdrawal Syndrome 000
Dependent Behaviors 000
Summary 000
Review Questions 000
References 000
Check Yourself: Do You Have a Drinking 
Problem? 000
Section Five
Familiar Drugs 000
10 Tobacco 000
Tobacco History 000
Early Medical Uses 000
The Spread of Tobacco Use 000
Snuff 000
Tobacco in Early America 000
Chewing Tobacco 000
Cigars 000
Cigarettes 000
Tobacco Under Attack 000
The Quest for "Safer" Cigarettes 000
Current Cigarette Use 000
Smokeless Tobacco 000
Are Cigars Back? 000
Hookahs 000
Causes for Concern 000
Adverse Health Effects 000
Passive Smoking 000
Smoking and Health in Other 
Countries 000
Smoking and Pregnancy 000
Pharmacology of Nicotine 000
Absorption and Metabolism 000
Physiological Effects 000
Behavioral Effects 000
Nicotine Dependence 000
How to Stop Smoking 000
Summary 000
Review Questions 000
References 000
Check Yourself: Test Your Tobacco 
Awareness 000
11 Caffeine 000
Caffeine: The World's Most Common 
Psychostimulant 000
Coffee 000
Tea 000
Chocolate 000
Other Sources of Caffeine 000
Soft Drinks 000
"Energy" Drinks 000
Over-the-Counter Drugs 000
Caffeine Pharmacology 000
Time Course 000
Mechanism of Action 000
Physiological Effects 000
Behavioral Effects 000
Causes for Concern 000
Cancer 000
Reproductive Effects 000
Heart Disease 000
Caffeinism 000
Summary 000
Review Questions 000
References 000
Check Yourself: How Much Caffeine Do You 
Consume? 000
12 Dietary Supplements and 
Over-the-Counter Drugs 000
Dietary Supplements 000
Some Psychoactive Dietary 
Supplements 000
Saint John's Wort 000
SAMe 000
Ginkgo Biloba 000
Over-the-Counter Drugs 000
FDA Regulation of OTC Products 000
Simplifying Labels 000
Over-the-Counter versus Prescription 
Drugs 000
Behind-the-Counter Drugs 000
Some Psychoactive OTC Products 000
Stimulants 000
Weight-Control Products 000
Sedatives and Sleep Aids 000
Analgesics 000
People and Pain 000
Aspirin 000
Acetaminophen 000
Ibuprofen and Other NSAIDs 000
Cold and Allergy Products 000
The All-Too-Common Cold 000
Treatment of Cold Symptoms 000
Allergy and Sinus Medications 000
Choosing an OTC Product 000
Summary 000
Review Questions 000
References 000
Check Yourself: Can You Guess What These OTC 
Products Are Used For? 000
Section Six
Restricted Drugs 000
13 Opioids 000
History of Opioids 000
Opium 000
Morphine 000
Heroin 000
Opioid Abuse Before the Harrison Act 000
Abuse After the Harrison Act 000
Abuse of Prescripton Opioids 000
Pharmacology of the Opioids 000
Chemical Characteristics 000
Mechanism of Action 000
Beneficial Uses 000
Pain Relief 000
Intestinal Disorders 000
Cough Suppressants 000
Causes for Concern 000
Dependence Potential 000
Toxicity Potential 000
Patterns of Abuse 000
Summary 000
Review Questions 000
References 000
Check Yourself: Street Slang 000
14 Hallucinogens 000
Animism and Religion 000
Terminology and Types 000
Phantastica 000
Indole Hallucinogens 000
Catechol Hallucinogens 000
Deliriants 000
PCP 000
Anticholinergic Hallucinogens 000
Belladonna 000
Mandrake 000
Henbane 000
Datura 000
Synthetic Anticholinergics 000
Amanita Muscaria 000
Salvia Divinorum 000
Summary 000
Review Questions 000
References 000
Check Yourself: Hallucinogens from Plants 000
15 Marijuana 000
Cannabis, the Plant 000
Preparations from Cannabis 000
History 000
Early History 000
The 19th Century: Romantic Literature and
the New Science of Psychology 000
"Marijuana, Assassin of Youth" 000
The Marijuana Tax Act of 1937 000
After the Marijuana Tax Act 000
Pharmacology 000
Cannabinoid Chemicals 000
Absorption, Distribution, and 
Elimination 000
Mechanism of Action 000
Physiological Effects 000
Behavioral Effects 000
Medical Uses of Cannabis 000
Causes for Concern 000
Abuse and Dependence 000
Toxicity Potential 000
Marijuana and American Society 000
Summary 000
Review Questions 000
References 000
Check Yourself: Short-term Memory 000
16 Performance-Enhancing Drugs 000
Historical Use of Drugs in Athletics 000
Ancient Times 000
Early Use of Stimulants 000
Amphetamines 000
International Drug Testing 000
American Football 000
Steroids 000
The BALCO Scandal 000
The Battle over Testing 000
Stimulants as Performance Enhancers 000
Steroids 000
Psychological Effects of Steroids 000
Adverse Effects on the Body 000
Regulation 000
Other Hormonal Manipulations 000
Beta-2 Agonists 000
Creatine 000
Getting "Cut" 000
Summary 000
Review Questions 000
References 000
Check Yourself: How Would You Run
 the Race? 000
Section Seven
Prevention and Treatment 000
17 Preventing Substance Abuse 000
Defining Goals and Evaluating Outcomes 000
Types of Prevention 000
Prevention Programs in the Schools 000
The Knowledge-Attitudes-Behavior Model 000
Affective Education 000
Anti-drug Norms 000
Development of the Social Influence
 Model 000
DARE 000
Programs That Work 000
Peers, Parents, and the Community 000
Peer Programs 000
Parent and Family Programs 000
Community Programs 000
Prevention in the Workplace 000
What Should We Be Doing? 000
Summary 000
Review Questions 000
References 000
Check Yourself: Does Your Family Function 
Well? 000
18 Treating Substance Abuse and 
Dependence 000
Behavioral/Psychosocial Treatments 000
Defining Treatment Goals 000
Alcoholics Anonymous 000
Motivational Enhancement 
Therapy 000
Contingency Management 000
Relapse Prevention 000
Pharmacotherapies (Medication Treatments) 000
Detoxification and Maintenance Phase 000
Alcohol 000
Nicotine 000
Opioids 000
Cocaine 000
Cannabis 000
Treatment: The Big Picture in the United States 000
Is Treatment Effective? 000
Summary 000
Review Questions 000
References 000
Appendix A Drug Names A1
Appendix B Resources for Information 
and Assistance A7
Glossary G1
Credits C1
Index I1

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Psychotropic drugs.
Drug abuse.
Drug abuse -- Social aspects.
Neuropsychopharmacology.
Behavior -- drug effects.
Psychopharmacology.
Central Nervous System Agents -- adverse effects.
Central Nervous System Agents -- pharmacokinetics.
Social Problems -- prevention & control.
Substance-Related Disorders -- prevention & control.