Table of contents for Ethics : theory and practice / Jacques P. Thiroux, Keith W. Krasemann.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


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Contents
Preface xiii
Chapter 1	The Nature of Morality	1
Objectives 1
What is Philosophy and Ethics¿ Relationship to It? 1
Key Terms 2
Approaches to the Study of Morality 6
Morality and Its Applications 7
Where Does Morality Come From? 13
Customary or Traditional and Reflective Morality 17
Morality, Law, and Religion 18
Why Should Human Beings Be Moral? 24
Kohlberg¿s Theory of Moral Development 
Chapter Summary 27
Exercises for Review 30
Discussion Questions 31
Notes 31
Research Navigator¿ 32
Chapter 2	Consequentialist (Teleological) Theories of Morality	33
Objectives 33
Psychological Egoism 34
Ethical Egoism 36
Utilitarianism 41
Difficulty with Consequentialist Theories in General 46
Care Ethics 47
Chapter Summary 48
Exercises for Review 50
Discussion Questions 50
Notes 51
Research Navigator¿ 52
Chapter 3	Nonconsequentialist (Deontological) Theories of Morality	53
Objectives 53
Act Nonconsequentialist Theories 54
Rule Nonconsequentialist Theories 57
General Criticisms of Nonconsequentialist Theories 64
Conclusions 65
Chapter Summary 66
Exercises for Review 68
Discussion Questions 69
Notes 70
Research Navigator¿ 70
Chapter 4	Virtue Ethics	71
Objectives 71
Definition of Terms 72
Aristotle¿s Nichomachean Ethics 72
Confucian Moral Self-Cultivation 74
Confucian Role Ethics
Contemporary Analysis of Virtue Ethics 77
Who Is the Ideal Virtuous Person? 81
Vice and Virtue 82
Conclusions 84
Chapter Summary 85
Excersices for Review 87
Discussion Questions 87
Notes 87
Research Navigator¿ 88
Chapter 5	Absolutism versus Relativism	89
Objectives 89
The Meanings of Absolute 90
The Meaning of Relative 90
Cultural Relativism and Cultural Absolutism 91
Propositions and Truth 93
Conclusion 100
Chapter Summary 101
Exercises for Review 103
Discussion Questions 103
Notes 104
Research Navigator¿ 104
Chapter 6	Freedom versus Determinism	105
Objectives 105
The Meaning of Determinism 106
Types and Theories of Determinism 106
Fatalism and Hard and Soft Determinism 111
Indeterminism 114
Criticisms of Hard Determinism and Arguments for Freedom 115
Conclusion: Soft Determinism 118
Chapter Summary 119
Exercises for Review 121
Discussion Questions 121
Notes 122
Research Navigator¿ 122
Chapter 7	Reward and Punishment	123
Objectives 123
Definition of Key Terms 123
Reward and Punishment in Relationship to Justice 124
Elements of Justice 124
Reward 125
Theories of How to Reward 131
John Rawls and His Theory of Justice 133
Punishment 135
Theories of Punishment 136
Is a Synthesis Possible? 146
Human Rights 
Chapter Summary 148
Exercises for Review 152
Discussion Questions 153
Notes 153
Research Navigator¿ 154
Chapter 8	Setting Up a Moral System: Basic Assumptions and Basic Principles	155
Objectives 155
Conflicting General Moral Issues 156
Basic Assumptions 157
Basic Principles, Individual Freedom, and Their Justification 162
Priority of the Basic Principles 171
A General Way of Determining Priority¿Two Categories 172
How the System of Humanitarian Ethics Works 175
Conclusion 177
Chapter Summary 178
Exercises for Review 180
Discussion Questions 180
Note 181
Research Navigator¿ 181
Chapter 9	The Taking of Human Life	182
Objectives 182
The Taking of Human Life 183
Suicide 183
Defense of the Innocent (the Self Included) 187
Cases for Study and Discussion 188
War 188
Terrorism 191
Cases for Study and Discussion 194
Capital Punishment 195
Cases for Study and Discussion 199
Chapter Summary 200
Exercises for Review 203
Views of Major Ethical Theories on the Taking of Human Life 203
Suicide 203
Defense of the Innocent 205
War and Terrorism 206
Capital Punishment 208
Reader Reactions 209
Notes 209
Research Navigator¿ 210
Chapter 10	Allowing Someone to Die, Mercy Death, and Mercy Killing	211
Objectives 211
Definition of Terms 212
Current Legal Status of Mercy Death and Mercy Killing 213
Allowing Someone to Die 215
Cases for Study and Discussion 236
Mercy Death 238
Cases for Study and Discussion 246
Mercy Killing 247
Cases for Study and Discussion 250
Chapter Summary 251
Exercises for Review 255
Views of the Major Ethical Theories on Allowing Someone to Die, Mercy Death, and Mercy Killing 255
Notes 256
Research Navigator¿ 256
Chapter 11	Abortion	257
Objectives 257
Introduction to the Abortion Issue 258
When Does Human Life Begin? 261
Arguments Against Abortion 263
Arguments for Abortion 267
The More Moderate Positions on Abortion 271
Cases for Study and Discussion 274
Chapter Summary 276
Exercises for Review 279
Views of the Major Ethical Theories on Abortion 279
Notes 279
Research Navigator¿ 280
Chapter 12	Lying, Cheating, Breaking Promises, and Stealing	281
Objectives 281
Introduction 281
Definitions of Key Terms 282
Nonconsequentialist and Consequentialist Views 283
Lying 285
Cases for Study and Discussion 291
Cheating 293
Cases for Study and Discussion 296
Breaking Promises 297
Cases for Study and Discussion 301
Stealing 302
Cases for Study and Discussion 306
Chapter Summary 307
Exercises for Review 310
Views of the Major Ethical Theories on Lying, Cheating, Breaking Promises, and Stealing 310
Notes 310
Research Navigator¿ 311
Chapter 13	Morality, Marriage, and Human Sexuality	312
Objectives 312
Major Aspects of Human Sexuality 312
The Meaning and Purposes of Human Sexuality 313
Premarital Sex 317
Sex in Marriage-Type Relationships (Including Nonlegal) 321
Masturbation 329
Pornography 330
Prostitution 332
Sexual Perversion or ¿Unnatural¿ Sexual Activity 333
Cases for Study and Discussion 334
Chapter Summary 335
Exercises for Review 339
Views of the Major Ethical Theories on Morality, Human Sexuality, and Mar-riage 340
Notes 340
Research Navigator¿ 340
Chapter 14	Bioethics¿Ethical Issues in Medicine	341
Objectives 341
Introduction and Definition of Terms 341
Health Care Professionals and Patients and Their Families¿Rights and Obliga-tions 342
Truth Telling and Informed Consent 346
Confidentiality 351
Guilt and Innocence in Treating Patients 353
Ethical Issues in Medicine 354
Stem Cell Research 358
Cases for Study and Discussion 360
Chapter Summary 363
Exercises for Review 369
Views of the Major Ethical Theories on Bioethical Issues 370
Notes 370
Research Navigator¿ 371
Chapter 15	Business and Media Ethics	372
Objectives 372
Introduction 372
Rights and Obligations in Business 373
Two Ways of Approaching Rights and Obligations in Business 374
The Moderate Position 376
Justice, Truth Telling, and Honesty in Business 377
Ethical Issues in Business 378
Sexual Harassment 384
The New Global Economy and the International Business Scene 387
Media Ethics 389
Corporate Greed¿Enron 392
Cases for Study and Discussion 394
Chapter Summary 399
Exercises for Review 404
Views of the Major Ethical Theories on Business and Media Ethics 405
Notes 405
Research Navigator¿ 405
Chapter 16	Environmental Ethics	406
Objectives 406
Key Terms 406
Nature and Morality 407
Environmental Ethical Issues 407
Our Attitude Toward Nature and What Lies Behind It 410
Arguments for Use and Exploitation of the Natural Environment 412
Arguments Against the Use and Exploitation of Nature 414
Moderate Position 415
Criteria for Animal Rights 416
Ways of Dealing with Animal Rights 417
Use of Animals for Food 418
Use of Animals for Experimentation 419
Killing Animals for Sport 421
Protection of Endangered Species 423
Non-Western Perspectives on Environmental Issues 424
Conclusion 428
Cases for Study and Discussion 428
Chapter Summary 430
Exercises for Review 435
Views of Major Ethical Theories on Environmental Ethics 435
Notes 435
Research Navigator¿ 436
Appendixes	437
Introduction 437
Appendix 1: Applying Humanitarian Ethics to the Moral Problems of the Taking of Human Life 438
Appendix 2: Applying Humanitarian Ethics to the Moral Problems of Allowing Someone to Die, Mercy Death, and Mercy Killing 449
Appendix 3: Applying Humanitarian Ethics to the Moral Problems of Abor-tion 458
Appendix 4: Applying Humanitarian Ethics to the Moral Problems of Lying, Cheating, Breaking Promises, and Stealing 469
Appendix 5: Applying Humanitarian Ethics to the Moral Problems of Human Sexuality 477
Appendix 6: Applying Humanitarian Ethics to Moral Problems in Medicine (Bio-ethics) 483
Appendix 7: Applying Humanitarian Ethics to Moral Problems in Business (Busi-ness and Media Ethics) 490
Appendix 8: Applying Humanitarian Ethics to Environmental Ethics 497
Supplementary Reading	501
Glossary	513
Index	525

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Ethics.
Ethical problems.