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Contents Page Contents List of Figures Preface Acknowledgments by Arlene G. Taylor Acknowledgments by Daniel N. Joudrey Chapter 1: Organization of Recorded Information The Need to Organize The Nature of Information Organization of Information in Different Contexts Conclusion Notes Suggested Readings The Nature of the Organization of Recorded Information Libraries Archives Museums (Art and Object Collections) The Internet Digital Libraries and Archives Information Architecture Indexing and Abstracting Records Management Knowledge Management Indexing Abstracting Chapter 2: Retrieval Tools The Need for Retrieval Tools The Basic Retrieval Tools, Their Formats, and their Functions Conclusion Notes Suggested Readings Bibliographies Catalogs Indexes Finding Aids Registers and Other Museum Databases Search Engines and Directories Pathfinders Purposes of Catalogs Forms of Catalogs Arrangements within Catalogs Chapter 3: Development of the Organization of Recorded Information in Western Civilization Inventories, Bibliographies, Catalogs, and Codification Twentieth Century Conclusion Notes Suggested Readings Antiquity Middle Ages European Renaissance From Inventories to Finding Lists to Collocating Devices Period of Codification Description Subject Access Special Materials Mechanization of Bibliography Verbal Subject Access Classification Archives Museums (Art and Object Collections) Subject Access to Special Materials The Documentation Movement Library Automation Chapter 4: Metadata The Basics of Metadata Metadata Schemas Metadata Characteristics Categories of Metadata Metadata Models Metadata Management Tools Metadata and Cataloging Conclusion Notes Suggested Readings Administrative Metadata Structural Metadata Descriptive Metadata Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR) Resource Description Framework (RDF) DCMI Abstract Model (DCAM) Application Profiles Metadata Registries Crosswalks Harvesting Tools and Templates Technical Metadata Preservation Metadata Rights and Access Metadata Meta-Metadata Implementations of Structural Metadata User Tasks FRBR Entities and Attributes FRBR Relationships [[NtE: TCH4 is not shown in template, hence we have captured as Tx Text. Please review]] METS (Metadata Encoding & Transmission Standard) Chapter 5: Encoding Standards Encoding of Characters Encoding of Records Conclusion Notes Suggested Readings MARC (MAchine-Readable Cataloging) SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language) MARC 21 UNIMARC The Future of MARC HTML (HyperText Markup Language) XML (Extensible Markup Language) TEI (Text Encoding Initiative) Schema EAD (Encoded Archival Description) DTD and Schema ONIX (Online Information eXchange) DTD and Schema MARCXML Schema and MODS Chapter 6: Systems and System Design Systems System Design Conclusion Notes Suggested Readings Databases Organization of Information and System Design Searching Methods Retrieval Models Standardization and Systems Federated searching and Z39.50 User-Centered System Design Authority-Control Integration Bibliographic Networks Integrated Library Systems (ILSs) Development of Online Public Access Catalogs (OPACs) Display Basic Search Queries Initial Articles Truncation, Boolean Operators, and Proximity Punctuation Z39.50 Universal Design Multiple Languages/Scripts Other Aids for Users History of the ILS ILS Developments Display of Retrieved Results Display of Records Display Guidelines Chapter 7: Metadata: Description Units to be Described Creation of Surrogate Records Environmental Influences in Descriptive Metadata Creation Conclusion Notes Suggested Readings Finite vs. Continuing Resources FRBR's Entities Bibliographic and General Metadata Schemas Domain-Specific Metadata Schemas Other Surrogate Record Types International Standard Bibliographic Description (ISBD) Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules, Second Edition, 2002 Revision (AACR2R) The Dublin Core (DC) Metadata Object Description Schema (MODS) General International Standard Archival Description (ISAD(G)) Describing Archives: A Content Standard (DACS) Encoded Archival Description (EAD) TEI (Text Encoding Initiative) Headers FGDC (Federal Geographic Data Committee) Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (CSDGM) VRA (Visual Resources Association) Core Categories for the Description of Works of Art (CDWA) Cataloging Cultural Objects (CCO) ONIX (ONline Information eXchange) Index and Bibliography Records On-the-Fly Records Chapter 8: Metadata: Access and Authority Control Access Bibliographic Relationships Authority Control General Bibliographic Standards Standards for Archives Standards for Art and Museums Semantic Web Conclusion Notes Suggested Readings Authority Work Authority Files International Authority Control Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR) Functional Requirements for Authority Data (FRAD) Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules, Second Edition, 2002 Revision (AACR2R) Statement of International Cataloguing Principles and RDA: Resource Description and Access Dublin Core Agents Metadata Authority Description Schema (MADS) International Standard Archival Authority Record for Corporate Bodies, Persons, and Families (ISAAR (CPF)) Encoded Archival Context (EAC) Describing Archives: A Content Standard (DACS) Cataloging Cultural Objects (CCO) Categories for the Description of Works of Art (CDWA) VRA (Visual Resources Association) Core Primary Access Point Additional Access Points Headings for Access Points Main Entry Controversy Justification for Choice of Primary Access Point AACR2 Principles for Choosing Primary Access Point Principles for Choice and Form of Heading of Personal Name Principles for Choice and Form of Heading of Corporate Name Principles for Choice and Arrangement of Uniform Title Chapter 9: Subject Analysis What is Subject Analysis? Challenges in Subject Analysis Conceptual Analysis Process Next Steps in Subject Analysis Conclusion Notes Suggested Readings Cultural Differences Consistency Nontextual Information Exhaustivity Objectivity Differences in Methods Used Item Examination Content Examination Stages in Aboutness Determination Langridge's Approach Wilson's Approaches Use-based Approaches Identification of Concepts Content Characteristics Content Examination Strategies Topics Used as Subject Concepts Names Used as Subject Concepts Chronological Elements Research Methods Point of View Language, Tone, Audience, and Intellectual Level Form and Genre Chapter 10: Systems for Vocabulary Control Controlled Vocabularies Controlled Vocabulary Challenges Precoordination vs. Postcoordination General Principles for Creating Controlled Vocabularies General Principles for Applying Controlled Vocabulary Terms Index Terms for Names Mechanics of Controlled Vocabularies Types of Controlled Vocabularies Natural Language Approaches to Subjects Conclusion Notes Suggested Readings Specific vs. General Terms Synonymous Concepts Word form for One-Word Terms Sequence and form for Multiword Terms and Phrases Homographs and Homophones Qualification of Terms Abbreviations and Acronyms Popular vs. Technical Terms Subdivision of Terms Specificity Literary Warrant Direct Entry Specific Entry and Coextensive Entry Number of Terms Assigned Concepts Not in Controlled Vocabulary Subject Heading Lists Thesauri Ontologies Natural Language Processing (NLP) Keywords Tagging and Folksonomies Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH) Sears List of Subject Headings (Sears) Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) Art & Architecture Thesaurus (AAT) Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors Chapter 11: Systems for Categorization What are Categories, Classifications, and Taxonomies? Theory of Categorization Bibliographic Classification Classification Concepts Systems for Categorization and the Internet Conclusion Notes Suggested Readings The Rise and Fall of the Classical Theory of Categories Hierarchical, Enumerative, and Faceted Classifications Major Bibliographic Classification Schemes Broad vs. Close Classification Classification of Knowledge vs. Classification of a Particular Collection Integrity of Numbers vs. Keeping Pace With Knowledge Fixed vs. Relative Location Closed vs. Open Stacks Location Device vs. Collocation Device Classification of Serials vs. Alphabetical Order of Serials Classification of Monographic Series (Classified Separately vs. Classified as a Set) Categories and Taxonomies on the Web Classification on the Internet Clustering Search Results Cracks in the Classical Theory Prototype Theory Conclusion Note Appendix A: An Approach to Subject Analysis Example Appendix B: Arrangement of Physical Information Resources Appendix C: Arrangement of Metadata Displays Filing History General Rules for Arrangement Filing/Display Dilemmas Glossary Selected Bibliography Index
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