Table of contents for Encyclopedia of African American history, 1896 to the present : from the age of segregation to the twenty-first century / editor in chief, Paul Finkelman.

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Counter
 CONTENTS
List of Articles ix
Introduction 00
 Encyclopedia of African American History
 1896 to the Present
 
 FROM THE AGE OF SEGREGATION TO
 THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY
Chronology of African American History, 1896 to the Present
volume 5, 000
Topical Outline of Entries volume 5,
000
Directory of Contributors volume 5,
000
Index volume 5, 000
[page viii: blank]
[page ix: list of entries]
 LIST OF ENTRIES
 
Aaron, Hank
Abernathy, Ralph David
Abu-Jamal, Mumia
Abyssinian Baptist Church
Actors and Actresses
Adoption
Affirmative Action
Africa, Idea of
African Blood Brotherhood
African Diaspora
African Liberation Support Committee
Afro-American Council
Afrocentrism
Agriculture and Agricultural Labor
AIDS
Ailey, Alvin
Alabama
Alabama State University
Alaska
Albany Movement
Alcorn State University
Ali, Muhammad
Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater
AME Church
AME Church Review
Amenia Conferences: Amenia Conference of 1916
Amenia Conferences: Amenia Conference of 1933
American Colonization Society
American Dilemma, An
American Negro Academy
American Negro Labor Congress
AME Zion Church
Amos 'n' Andy
Amsterdam News
Anderson, Charles William
Anderson, Eddie
Anderson, Marian
Angelou, Maya
Anna T. Jeanes Fund
Antiapartheid
Anticommunism and Civil Rights
Antilynching Campaign
Antiwar Movement, Vietnam
Apollo Theater
Aptheker, Herbert
Architects and Architecture
Arizona
Arkansas
Armstrong, Louis
Asante, Molefi
Ashe, Arthur
Associated Negro Press
Association for the Study of African American Life and History
Astronauts
Atlanta
Atlanta Exposition Address (Atlanta Compromise)
Atlanta Life Insurance Company
Atlanta Riot
Atlanta University
Atlanta World
Baker, Ella
Baker, Josephine
Baker, Ray Stannard
Baldwin, James
Baltimore
Baltimore Afro-American
Bambara, Toni Cade
Banks, Ernie
Banks, Tyra
Banks, African American-Owned
Baptist Church, African Americans and
Baraka, Amiri
Barbershops
Barnett, Ferdinand L.
Barry, Marion
Barth¿, Richmond
Baseball: Integrated Professional Baseball
Baseball: Negro League
Basie, Count
Basketball
Basquiat, Jean-Michel
Bass, Charlotta
Bassett, Angela
Bates, Daisy Lee
Bearden, Romare
Belafonte, Harry
Bell, Cool Papa
Bell, Derrick
Belton, Sharon Sayles
Benevolent Societies
Benga, Ota
Bennett, Gwendolyn
Bennett, Lerone
Berry, Chuck
Berry, Halle
Berry, Mary F.
Bethune, Mary McLeod
Bethune-Cookman College
Beyonc¿
Biggers, John
Bing, Dave
Birmingham Campaign
Birth of a Nation, The
Birth of a Race, The
Black Arts Movement
Black Cabinets
Black Capitalism
Black Church
Black Coaches Association
Black Entertainment Television
Black-Jewish Relations
Black Liberation Army
Black Migration
Black Nationalism
Black Panther Party
Black Politics
Black Power Movement
Black Press
Black Radical Congress
Black Star Line
Black Studies
Black Towns
Black Workers Congress
Black Workers for Justice
Blake, Eubie
Blakey, Art
Blaxploitation Films
Blige, Mary J.
Blues
Boas, Franz
Bo Diddley
Bond, Horace Mann
Bond, Julian
Bonds, Barry
Bontemps, Arna
Boston
Boston Guardian
Boston Riot
Boxing
Bradley, Ed
Bradley, Tom
Braithwaite, William Stanley
Branton, Wiley
Brawley, Benjamin
Briggs, Cyril
Brimmer, Andrew F.
Broadcast Industry, African Americans in the
Brooke, Edward
Brookins, H. Hartford
Brooks, Gwendolyn
Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters
Brown, Charlotte Hawkins
Brown, Clarence
Brown, H. Rap
Brown, James
Brown, Jim
Brown, Lee
Brown, Ron
Brown, Sterling
Brown, Tony
Brown, Willie
Brownies' Book, The
Brownsville Raid
Brown v. Board of Education
Broyard, Anatole
Bryant, Kobe
Buchanan v. Warley
Bullins, Ed
Bumstead, Horace
Bunche, Ralph Johnson
Burnham, Louis
Burns, Haywood
Burrell Communications
Bush, George H. W., Administration of
Bush, George W., Administration of
Butler, Octavia
Butts, Calvin
California
Campanella, Roy
Caribbean, The
Carmichael, Stokely
Carnegie Corporation
Carnegie Hall Conference
Carroll, Diahann
Carson, Benjamin
Carter, Benny
Carter, Betty
Carter, Jimmy, Administration of
Carter, Robert
Carter, Ron
Cartoonists
Carver, George Washington
Catlett, Elizabeth
Chamberlain, Wilt
Chambers, Julius
Charitable Institutions, African American
Charles, Ray
Charleston, Oscar
Chase, W. Calvin
Chase-Riboud, Barbara
Chavis-Muhammad, Benjamin
Chenault, Kenneth
Chesnutt, Charles W.
Cheyney University of Pennsylvania
Chicago
Chicago Defender
Chicago Riot
Childhood
Childress, Alice
Childress, Alvin
China
Chisholm, Shirley
Chitlin Circuit
Choreographers
Church, Robert R.
Church of God in Christ
Civil Disobedience
Civil Rights
Civil Rights, International
Civil Rights, State Actions and
Civil Rights, White Responses and Resistance to
Civil Rights Act of 1957
Civil Rights Act of 1960
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Civil Rights and the Media
Civil Rights Movement
Clansman, The
Clark, Mamie Phipps and Kenneth
Clark, Septima
Clark Atlanta University
Clarke, John Henrik
Class
Clay, William, Sr.
Cleage, Albert and Pearl
Cleaver, Eldridge
Cleaver, Kathleen Neal
Clemente, Roberto
Cleveland
Cleveland, Grover, Administration of
Clifton, Lucille
Clinton, Bill, Administration of
CME Church
Coalition of Black Trade Unionists
Cobb, Charles Sr., and Jr.
Cochran, Johnnie
COINTELPRO
Cold War
Cole, Bob
Cole, Johnnetta
Cole, Nat King
Collectibles, Black
Collins, Cardiss
Colorado
Colored American Magazine
Coltrane, John
Combs, Sean
Comedians
Comer, James
Commission on Interracial Cooperation
Committee of Twelve
Communism and African Americans
Composers
Conductors and Bandleaders
Congress, African Americans in
Congressional Black Caucus
Congress of African People
Congress of Racial Equality
Connecticut
Connerly, Ward
Conservatism and Conservatives, Black
Constitution, U.S.
Conyers, John
Cook, Will Marion
Cooke, Sam
Coolidge, Calvin, Administration of
Cooper, Anna J.
Cortez, Jayne
Cosby, Bill
Cotton Club
Council on African Affairs
Craft, Juanita
Criminal Justice
Crisis, The: A Record of the Darker Races
Crocker, Frankie
Crockett, George
Crothers, Scatman
Crown Heights Riot
Crummell, Alexander
Cruse, Harold Wright
Cruz, Celia
Cullen, Count¿e
Dallas
Dance
Dance Theatre of Harlem
Dandridge, Dorothy
Dash, Damon
Davis, Angela
Davis, Benjamin J., Jr.
Davis, Benjamin O., Jr.
Davis, Benjamin O., Sr.
Davis, John P.
Davis, Miles
Davis, Ossie
Davis, Sammy, Jr.
Deacons for Defense and Justice
DeCarava, Roy
Dee, Ruby
Delany, Hubert T.
Delaware
Dellums, Ronald V.
Democratic Party
Demographics
De Priest, Oscar
Desegregation and Integration: Overview
Desegregation and Integration: Armed Forces
Desegregation and Integration: Higher Education
Desegregation and Integration: Public Education
Desegregation and Integration: Professional Athletics
Detroit
Detroit Riots: Detroit Riots of 1943
Detroit Riots: Detroit Riots of 1967
Dexter Avenue Baptist Church
Diggs, Charles
Dillard University
Dinkins, David
Discrimination
Disfranchisement of African Americans
Divine, Father
Dixiecrat Party
Dixon, Julian
Dixon, Thomas, Jr.
Doby, Lawrence Eugene
Domino, Fats
Douglas, Aaron
Douglass, Frederick, in American Memory
Dove, Rita
Drake, St. Clair
Dr. Dre
Drew, Charles Richard
Drugs
Du Bois, Shirley Graham
Du Bois, W. E. B.: Life and Career
Du Bois, W. E. B.: Historical Writing
Du Bois, W. E. B.: Literary Writing
Dunbar, Paul Laurence
Dunbar-Nelson, Alice
Dunham, Katherine
Dunjee, Roscoe
Dyer Antilynching Bill
Dymally, Mervyn
East Saint Louis Riot
Ebenezer Church
Ebony
Economic Life
Edelman, Marian Wright
Edison, Harry
Education
Educators and Academics
Edwards, Harry
Edwards, Harry
Eisenhower, Dwight D., Administration of
Elder, Lee
Elderly, The
Elders, Joycelyn
Ellington, Duke
Ellison, Ralph
Emperor Jones, The
Encyclopedia of the Negro
Entertainment Industry and African Americans
Entrepreneurship
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
Espy, Michael
Eugenics Movement
Europe, James Reese
Evers, Charles
Evers, Medgar Wylie
Evers-Williams, Myrlie
Executive Order 8802
Executive Order 9981
Expatriates
Fair Employment Practices Commission
Fair Housing Act
Family
Farmer, James
Farmers and Land Ownership
Farr, Mel
Farrakhan, Louis
Fauntroy, Walter
Fauset, Jessie Redmon
Federal Bureau of Investigation
Feminism
Ferguson, Roger
Film and Filmmakers
Film and Television Depictions of African Americans
Fire!!
Fishburne, Laurence
Fisher, Rudolph
Fisk Jubilee Singers
Fisk University
Fitzgerald, Ella
Flake, Floyd
Fletcher, Arthur
Flipper, Henry Ossian
Florida
Florida A&M University
Folklore
Football
Ford, Gerald, Administration of
Ford, Harold, Jr.
Ford, Harold, Sr.
Foreign Policy
Foreman, George
Forman, James
Fortune, Timothy Thomas
Foster, Rube
France
Frank, Leo
Franklin, Aretha Louise
Franklin, C. L.
Franklin, John Hope
Franks, Gary
Fraternal Organizations, African American
Fraternities, University and College
Frazier, E. Franklin
Freedom Rides
Freedomways
Freeman, Morgan
Fudge, Ann
Fuller, Meta Warrick
Gans, Joe
Gantt, Harvey
Garvey, Marcus
Gates, Henry Louis, Jr.
Gaye, Marvin
Gender
Genealogy
General Education Board
Georgia
Gibson, Althea
Gibson, Bob
Gibson, Joshua
Gillespie, Dizzy
Gillespie, Marcia
Giovanni, Nikki
Glover, Danny
Glover, Savion
Goldberg, Whoopi
Golf
Goode, Wilson
Gordon, Dexter
Gordone, Charles
Gordy, Berry, Jr.
Gospel Music
Grambling State University
Grandfather Clause
Grandmaster Flash
Graves, Earl G.
Great Depression
Great Migration
Great Migration, Second
Gregory, Dick
Grier, Pam
Griffey, Ken, Jr.
Griffith-Joyner, Florence
Griggs, Sutton E.
Grimk¿, Angelina Weld
Grimk¿, Archibald Henry
Grimk¿, Francis James
Guess Who's Coming to Dinner
Guinier, Lani
Gulf War
Guy, Rosa
Gwynn, Tony
Hair and Beauty Culture
Haiti
Haley, Alex
Hamer, Fannie Lou
Hampton, Fred
Hampton, Henry
Hampton, Lionel
Hampton Institute
Hampton Negro Conferences
Hancock, Herbie
Handy, W. C.
Hansberry, Lorraine
Harding, Warren G., Administration of
Harlem
Harlem Globetrotters
Harlem Hell Fighters
Harlem Renaissance
Harlem Riots: Harlem Riots of 1935
Harlem Riots: Harlem Riots of 1943
Harlem Riots: Harlem Riots of 1964
Harper, Frances Ellen Watkins
Harris, Abram, Jr.
Harris, E. Lynn
Harris, Joel Chandler
Harris, Patricia Roberts
Harvard, Beverly
Hastie, William Henry
Hastings, Alcee
Hatcher, Richard
Hate Crimes
Hate Groups
Hate Speech
Hawaii
Hayden, Palmer
Hayes, Isaac
Hayes, Rutherford B.
Haywood, Harry
Head Start
Health and Medicine
Hedgeman, Anna A.
Height, Dorothy
Hemphill, Essex
Henderson, Fletcher Hamilton, Jr.
Hendrix, Jimi
Henry, Aaron
Herman, Alexis
Herndon, Angelo, Case of
Herskovits, Melville
Higginbotham, A. Leon, Jr.
Higher Education
Highlander Folk School
Hightower, Dennis
Hill, Oliver W.
Hilliard, Earl
Hip Hop
Historians
Historically Black Colleges and Universities
Historiography
Holiday, Billie
Homelessness
Homosexuality and Transgenderism
Hooker, John Lee
hooks, bell
Hooks, Benjamin
Hoover, Herbert, Administration of
Hope, John
Hopkins, Sam Lightnin'
Horizon, The
Horne, Lena
Horseracing
Hose, Sam, Lynching of
House, Son
Houston, Charles Hamilton
Houston, Whitney
Houston
Houston Informer
Houston Mutiny
Howard University
Howlin' Wolf
Hudlin, Warrington and Reggie
Hughes, Langston
Hughes Brothers
Hunter, Alberta
Hunter-Gault, Charlayne
Hunton, Alphaeus
Hurricane Katrina
Hurston, Zora Neale
Hutson, Jean Blackwell
Ice Cube
Idaho
Identity
Ifill, Gwen
Illinois
Immigrants and African Americans
Immigration to the United States, Black
Indiana
Indianapolis Freeman
Industrial Education Movement
Industrialization and Deindustrialization
Innis, Roy
Insurance Companies, African American-Owned
Intellectuals
Intelligence Tests
Internet
Iowa
Iraq War
Jabbar, Kareem Abdul
Jack and Jill of America, Inc.
Jackson, George
Jackson, Janet
Jackson, Jesse
Jackson, Jesse, Jr.
Jackson, Mahalia
Jackson, Maynard
Jackson, Michael
Jackson, Reggie
Jackson, Samuel L.
Jackson, Shirley Ann
Jackson State University
Jacob, John
Jakes, T. D.
James, Daniel, Jr.
Jamison, Judith
Japan
Jay-Z
Jazz
Jefferson, Blind Lemon
Jefferson, William
Jemison, Mae
Jet
Jews, Black
Jim Crow Laws
Johnson, Charles S.
Johnson, Eddie Bernice
Johnson, J. Rosamond
Johnson, Jack
Johnson, James Weldon
Johnson, John H.
Johnson, Lyndon B.
Johnson, Lyndon B., Administration of
Johnson, Magic
Johnson, Michael
Johnson Publishing Company
Jones, Elaine
Jones, James Earl
Jones, K. C.
Jones, Lois Mailou
Jones, Nathaniel
Jones, Quincy
Jones, Roy
Joplin, Scott
Jordan, Barbara
Jordan, June
Jordan, Michael
Jordan, Vernon
Journalism, Print and Broadcast
Journal of Negro Education
Journal of Negro History
Journey of Reconciliation
Joyner-Kersee, Jackie
Judges and the Judiciary
Julian, Percy
Julius Rosenwald Fund
Juneteenth
Kansas
Karenga, Maulana Ron
Keith, Damon
Kennedy, Flo
Kennedy, John F., Administration of
Kennedy, Robert F.
Kentucky
Kerner Commission Report
Keyes, Alan
Kincaid, Jamaica
King, B. B.
King, Coretta Scott
King, Don
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
King, Martin Luther, Jr., Assassination of
King, Martin Luther, Jr., Philosophy of
King, Martin Luther, Sr.
King, Mel
King, Woodie
Kirk, Ron
Kitt, Eartha
Knight, Etheridge
Knight, Suge
Komunyakaa, Yusef
Korean War
Krigwa Players
Ku Klux Klan
Kwanzaa
Lampkin, Daisy
Language
Larsen, Nella
Last Poets
Latinos and Black Latinos
Lawrence, Jacob
Laws and Legislation
Lawson, James M.
Leadbelly
League of Revolutionary Black Workers
Lee, Barbara
Lee, Don L.
Lee, Sheila Jackson
Lee, Spike
Legal Profession
Leland, Mickey
Leonard, Buck
Leonard, Sugar Ray
Lewis, Carl
Lewis, Delano
Lewis, John
Lewis, Reginald
Liberation Theology
Liberia
Lincoln, Abraham, in African American Memory
Lincoln University (Missouri)
Lincoln University (Pennsylvania)
Literacy Tests
Literature
Little Richard
Little Rock, Arkansas
Locke, Alain
Logan, Adella Hunt
Logan, Rayford W.
Longview Riot
Lorde, Audre
Los Angeles
Louis, Joe
Louisiana
Louisville, Kentucky
Loury, Glenn
Loving v. Virginia
Lowery, Joseph
Lucy, William
Lynching and Mob Violence
Mabley, Moms
McCall, H. Carl
McCarthyism
McGruder, Aaron, and Boondocks
McKay, Claude
McKinlay, Whitefield
McKinley, William, Administration of
McKinney, Cynthia
McKissick, Floyd B.
McMillan, Terry
Maine
Malcolm X
Malcolm X, Memory of
Marches on Washington, D.C.: Overview
Marches on Washington, D.C.: 1941
Marches on Washington, D.C.: 1963
Marriage, Mixed
Marsalis Family
Marshall, Paule
Marshall, Thurgood
Martin, Louis
Martin Luther King Jr. Day
Martyrdom and Civil Rights
Maryland
Massachusetts
Massive Resistance
Mathis, Johnny
Matthews, Victoria Earle
Mayfield, Curtis
Mayors
Mays, Benjamin E.
Mays, Willie Howard
Medical Profession
Meharry Medical College
Memphis
Meredith, James H.
Meriwether, Louise
Messenger, The
Metcalfe, Ralph
Mfume, Kweisi
Miami
Micheaux, Oscar
Michigan
Middle Class
Military
Military, Racism in the
Miller, Dorie
Miller, Kelly
Million Man March
Mills, Florence
Milner, Ron
Mingus, Charles, Jr.
Minnesota
Minstrel Tradition
Miscegenation Laws
Mississippi
Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party
Mississippi Freedom Summer
Missouri
Missouri ex rel. Gaines v. Canada
Mitchell, Arthur
Mitchell, Arthur W.
Mitchell, Clarence
Mitchell, Parren
Models
Modern Jazz Quartet
Mohonk Conferences on the Negro Question
Monk, Thelonious
Montana
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Montgomery Conference
Monuments, Museums, and Public Markers
Moon Illustrated Weekly
Moore, Fred R.
Moore, Harry T.
Moore, Queen Mother
Moore, Richard
Morehouse College
Moreland, Mantan
Morgan State University
Morial, Ernest and Marc
Morrison, Toni
Morton, Jelly Roll
Mosaic Templars
Moseley Braun, Carol
Moses, Robert P.
Mosley, Walter
Motley, Archibald J., Jr.
Motley, Constance Baker
Moton, Robert Russa
Motown
MOVE Bombing
Muhammad, Elijah
Murphy, Eddie
Murphy, Isaac
Murray, Albert L.
Murray, Pauli
Music
Musical Theater
Music Industry
Muslims, Black
NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund
Nabrit, James M.
Nash, Diane
Nashville
National Alliance against Racist and Political Repression
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
National Association of Black Journalists
National Association of Colored Women
National Baptist Convention
National Baptist Publishing Board
National Bar Association
National Committee for the Advancement of the Negro
National Conference for Community and Justice
National Conference of Black Lawyers
National Council of Negro Women
National Federation of Afro-American Women
National Medical Association
National Negro Business League
National Negro Conference
National Negro Congress
National Newspaper Publishers Association
National Urban League
National Welfare Rights Organization
Nation of Islam
Naylor, Gloria
Neal, Larry
Nebraska
Negro: An Anthology
Negro History Week/Month
"""Negro in Art"" Symposium"
Negro in the South, The
Negro World
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Left, The
New Mexico
New Negro
New Negro, The (book)
New Orleans
New South
Newton, Huey P.
New York Age
New York City
New York City Riot
New York State
Niagara Movement
Nigger Heaven
Nix, Robert N. C.
Nixon, Edgar Daniel
Nixon, Richard, Administration of
No Child Left Behind
Norfolk State University
North Carolina
North Carolina A&T State University
North Dakota
Norton, Eleanor Holmes
Notorious B.I.G.
NWA
Obama, Barack
Ohio
Oklahoma
O'Leary, Hazel
Olympics
O'Neal, Shaquille
O'Neal, Stanley
Opportunity
Orangeburg Massacre
Oratory and Verbal Arts
Oregon
Organized Crime
Organized Labor
Ovington, Mary White
Owen, Chandler
Owens, Major
Page, Clarence
Paige, Rod
Paige, Satchel
Pan-African Conference, London
Pan-African Congresses, Paris and London
Pan-Africanism
Park, Robert E.
Parker, Charles
Parks, Gordon, Sr.
Parks, Henry
Parks, Rosa
Parsons, Richard
Passing
Paterson, David A.
Patrick, Deval
Patterson, William
Patton, Charlie
Payton, Walter
Peabody Education Fund
Peace Movements, International
Peacock Records
Pennsylvania
Peonage
Petry, Ann
Phelps-Stokes Fund
Philadelphia
Philanthropy
Photography and Photographers
Phylon
Pickett, William
Pittsburgh Courier
Plessy v. Ferguson and Segregation
Poitier, Sidney
Political Participation
Political Parties and Civil Rights
Politics and Politicians
Pollard, Fritz
Poll Taxes
Poor People's Campaign
Populist Party
Port Chicago Naval Magazine Explosion
Porter, Dorothy
Poussaint, Alvin
Poverty, Culture of
Powell, Adam Clayton, Jr.
Powell, Adam Clayton, Sr.
Powell, Colin
Prairie View A&M University
Pratt, Geronimo
Price, Leontyne
Pride, Charley
Primus, Pearl
Prince
Prisoners' Rights and Reform Movements
Professional Organizations, African American
Progressive National Baptist Convention
Progressive Party (1948)
Prohibition and Temperance
Prophet, Nancy Elizabeth
Pryor, Richard
Public Assistance
Public Enemy
Quakers
Quarles, Benjamin
Queen Latifah
Race, Theories of
Racial Profiling
Racism
Radicalism
Radio
Radio and Television Stations, African American
Ragtime
Railroad Segregation
Raines, Franklin
Rainey, Ma
Randolph, A. Philip
Rangel, Charles
Reagan, Ronald, Administration of
Redman, Joshua
Reed, Ishmael
Reggae
Reid, Ira De Augustine
Religion
Religious Communities and Practices
Reparations
Republican Party
Republic of New Afrika
Restrictive Covenants
Rhode Island
Rhythm and Blues
Rice, Condoleezza
Rice, Jerry
Richards, Lloyd
Rickey, Wesley Branch
Riggs, Marlon
Riles, Wilson
Riots and Rebellions: Overview
Riots and Rebellions: Riots during World War I
Riots and Rebellions: Riots of 1919
Riots and Rebellions: Riots during World War II
Riots and Rebellions: Riots and Rebellions of the 1960s
Roach, Max
Roberts, Marcus
Robeson, Paul
Robinson, Bill
Robinson, Eddie
Robinson, Frank
Robinson, Jackie
Robinson, Max
Robinson, Randall
Robinson, Ruby Doris Smith
Rock, Chris
Rodney King Riots
Rogers, Joel Augustus
Rollins, Sonny
Roosevelt, Eleanor, and African Americans
Roosevelt, Franklin D., Administration of
Roosevelt, Theodore, Administration of
Roots
Rowan, Carl T.
Rudolph, Wilma G.
Ruffin, Josephine St. Pierre
Run DMC
Russell, Bill
Rustin, Bayard
Saar, Alison
Saar, Betye
Saint Louis
Sampson, Edith
Sanchez, Sonia
Sanders, Barry
San Francisco
Savage, Augusta
Sayers, Gale
Schmoke, Kurt
Schomburg, Arthur A.
Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture
Schuyler, George Samuel
Science and Scientists
Scott, Emmett J.
Scott-Heron, Gil
Scottsboro Incident
Seale, Bobby
Segregation
Segregation in Federal Government
September 11
Sexuality
Shabazz, Betty
Shakur, Assata
Shakur, Tupac
Shange, Ntozake
Sharecropping
Sharpton, Al
Shaw, Bernard
Shuttlesworth, Fred L.
Simmons, Russell
Simmons, Ruth
Simone, Nina
Simpson, O. J., Trial of
Sims, Naomi
Single-Parent Households
Singleton, John
Sissle, Noble
Sit-ins
Sixteenth Street Baptist Church
Slater Fund
Smiley, Tavis
Smith, Anna Deavere
Smith, Barbara
Smith, Bessie
Smith, Emmett
Smith, Will
Smith v. Allwright
Snipes, Wesley
Socialist Party
Social Sciences and Civil Rights
Sororities, University and College
Soul Food
Soul Music
Souls of Black Folk, The
South Carolina
South Dakota
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Southern Conference for Human Welfare
Southern Education Board
Southern Politics and Race
Southern Poverty Law Center
Southern Regional Council
Southern University
Southern Workman
Sowell, Thomas
Space Program, U.S., African Americans in
Spanish-American War
Spelman College
Spingarn, Arthur Barnett
Spingarn, Joel Elias
Spirituals
Sports: College and Amateur Sports
Sports: Professional Sports
Springfield, Illinois, Riot
Stereotypes of African Americans
Still, William Grant
Stokes, Carl B.
Stokes, Louis
Storey, Moorfield
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
Sullivan, Louis
Sundown Towns
Sun Ra
Sun Records
Supreme Court
Supremes, The
Sutton, Percy
Sweatt v. Painter
Sweet, Ossian
Taft, William Howard, Administration of
Talented Tenth
Tanner, Henry Ossawa
Taylor, Susan
Technology and Engineering
Television
Temptations, The
Tennessee
Tennessee State University
Tennis
Terrell, Mary Church
Texas
Texas Southern University
Theater
Thomas, Clarence
Thornton, Willie Mae
Thurgood Marshall Law School
Thurman, Howard
Thurman, Wallace
Thurmond, Strom
Till, Emmett, Lynching of
Tolson, Melvin
Toomer, Jean
To Secure These Rights
Towns, Edolphus
Track and Field
Trotter, William Monroe
Truman, Harry S., Administration of
Tulsa Riot
Turner, Henry M.
Turner, Tina
Tuskegee Airmen
Tuskegee Experiment
Tuskegee Farmers' Conference
Tuskegee Institute
Tuskegee Model Abroad
Tyler, Ralph W.
Tyson, Mike
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
United Negro College Fund
Universal Negro Improvement Association
Up from Slavery
Urbanization
Utah
VanDerZee, James A.
Vann, Robert L.
Vaudeville, African Americans in
Vaughan, Sarah
Vermont
Vietnam War
Villard, Oswald Garrison
Violence against African Americans
Virginia
Visual Arts
Voting Rights
Voting Rights Act
Waco Lynching
Walker, A'Lelia
Walker, Alice
Walker, Madam C. J.
Walker, Margaret
Walker, Wyatt Tee
Wallace, George
Waller, Fats
Ward, Clara, and the Ward Singers
War on Poverty
Washington, Booker T.
Washington, Denzel
Washington, Forrester
Washington, Harold
Washington, Kenny
Washington, Margaret James Murray
Washington, D.C.
Washington State
Washington, D.C., Riot
Washington Bee
Washington-Du Bois Conflict
Waters, Ethel
Waters, Maxine
Waters, Muddy
Watts, Andre
Watts, J. C.
Watts Riot
Weaver, Robert C.
Wells-Barnett, Ida B.
West, Cornel
West, Dorothy
West Indians in the United States
West Virginia
Wharton, Clifton
White, Lulu
White, Walter: Life and Career
White, Walter: Novels and Other Writings
White Citizens' Council
Whiteness
White Primary
White Supremacy
Wideman, John Edgar
Wilberforce University
Wilder, Douglas
Wiley College
Wilkins, Roy O.
Williams, Bert
Williams, Fannie Barrier
Williams, George Washington
Williams, Robert F.
Williams, Samuel Laing
Williams, Serena
Williams, Venus
Williams v. Mississippi
Wilmington, North Carolina, Riot
Wilson, August
Wilson, William Julius
Wilson, Woodrow, Administration of
Winfield, Dave
Winfrey, Oprah
Wisconsin
Women
Women's Clubs
Women's Suffrage
Wonder, Stevie
Woodruff, Hale
Woods, Tiger
Woodson, Carter G.
Work, Monroe N.
Work
Works Progress Administration Slave Narratives
World's Columbian Exposition
World War I
World War I and African American Women
World War II
World War II and African American Women
Wright, Richard
Wu-Tang Clan
Wyoming
Xavier University of Louisiana
Yerby, Frank
Young, Andrew
Young, Charles
Young, Coleman
Young, Lester
Young, Whitney

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

African Americans -- History -- Encyclopedias.
African Americans -- History -- 1877-1964 -- Encyclopedias.
African Americans -- History -- 1964- -- Encyclopedias.
African Americans -- Biography -- Encyclopedias.