Table of contents for Just trade : a new covenant linking trade and human rights / Berta Esperanza Hernãaandez-Truyol and Stephen J. Powell.

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Acknowledgments xiii
Acronyms xiv
Getting Started: A General Introduction 1
 Nature of the Intersections
 Human Rights Criticism of Trade Rules
 Origin of this Volume
Chapter 1	Global Concepts: International Law Primer 17
1.1	Overview
1.2	International Law and International Law-Making: General Concepts
1.3	International Law-Making: Specific Provisions
1.4	International Law as U.S. Law
Chapter 2	Pillars and Escape Hatches: Basic Concepts of International Trade Law in the 
Americas 34
2.1	Overview of the GATT and WTO
2.2	Economic Underpinnings: Comparative Advantage
2.3	Four Pillars of GATT
2.4	Exceptions to the Pillars
2.5	WTO Dispute Settlement
2.6	Trade in the Americas
Chapter 3	Local Laws, Global Lives: Basic Concepts and Legal Regimes of Human Rights 
Law in the Americas 64
3.1	Introduction
3.2	Theoretical Underpinnings of Human Rights Law
3.3	Origins of International Human Rights Law: General Concepts
3.4	Modern Human Rights Developments
3.5	Classification of Specific Human Rights
3.6	Human Rights and Trade
Chapter 4	Splendid Isolation?s Progeny: The Intersections of Trade and Human Rights 82
4.1	Central Dilemma: Lack of Purposeful Correlation
4.2	Philosophical and Structural Divides
4.3	Legal Hierarchy of Trade and Human Rights Norms
4.4	Indispensable Role of Government
Chapter 5	Who Belongs, Who Rules: Citizenship--Voice and Participation in the Global 
Marketplace 100
 5.1	Overview
 5.2	Human Rights Framework
 5.3	Citizenship in a Globalized World
 5.4	Transnationalization of the Individual
 5.5	The Transnational Corporation and the Rise of Economic Citizenship
 5.6	Final Thoughts
Chapter 6	Ecosystem Degradation and Economic Growth: Trade?s Unexploited Power to 
Improve Our Environment 115
6.1	Overview
6.2	Human Rights Framework
6.3	International Trade Framework
6.4	Processes or Production Methods (PPMs)
6.5	GATT?s Public Health and Welfare Clause
6.6	Harmonization of Product Standards: TBT Agreement
6.7	From Rio to Johannesburg: Sustainable Development Sues for Peace with Trade 
6.8	Natural Capitalism and the Equator Principles
6.9	Final Thoughts
Chapter 7	Not Just a Question of Capital: Health and Human Well-Being 154
7.1	Overview
7.2	Human Rights Framework
7.3	International Trade Framework
7.4	SPS Agreement
7.5	Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety
7.6	Using the WTO and Biosafety Protocol?s Health Provisions for Human Rights 
7.7	Health in the Americas and WTO?s TRIPS Agreement
7.8	Colorism and Health in the Americas
7.9	GATT?s General Exceptions and the Right to Health
7.10	Final Thoughts
Chapter 8	Exploitation or Progress?: Terms and Conditions of Labor 183
8.1	Overview
8.2	Human Rights Framework
8.3	International Trade Framework
8.4	How May GATT?s General Exceptions Heighten Labor Rights Compliance?
8.5	Relevance of the TBT Agreement
8.6	Trade and Labor in the Americas
8.7	Trade and Immigration
8.8	Colorism and Labor Rights
8.9	Role of Corporate Governance
8.10	Soft Landings: Retraining Assistance
8.11	They Started It!
Chapter 9	Human Bondage: Trafficking 230
9.1	Overview
9.2	Human Rights Framework
9.3	International Trade Framework
9.4	The Reality of Trafficking
9.5	The Ubiquity of Trafficking
9.6	The Faces of Trafficking
9.7	Final Thoughts
Chapter 10	Bebel Redux: The Woman Question 261
 10.1	Overview
 10.2	Human Rights Framework
 10.3	International Trade Framework
 10.4	The Woman Question
 10.5	Women and Culture in the Americas
 10.6	Women and Work
 10.7	Final Thoughts
Chapter 11	First Peoples First: Indigenous Populations 281
 11.1	Overview
 11.2	Human Rights Framework
 11.3	International Trade Framework
 11.4	Enter WTO?s TRIPS Agreement: From Bad to Worse?
 11.5	Role of TRIPS in the Abuse of Traditional Knowledge
 11.6	Convention on Biological Diversity to the Rescue
 11.7	Trade Causes Overuse of Resources on Which Indigenous Peoples Rely
 11.8	Modernization: Not Always the Best Approach
 11.9	Efforts to Bridge the Divide
 11.10	Final Thoughts
Chapter 12	From Excess to Despair: The Persistance of Poverty 316
 12.1	Overview
 12.2	Human Rights Framework
 12.3	International Trade Framework
 12.4	The Reality of Poverty
 12.5	Agricultural Reform Integral to Reducing Poverty
 12.6	Poverty and Immigration
 12.7	Changing Paradigms
Chapter 13	Freedom from Famine and Fear: Democracy 344
 13.1	Overview
 13.2	Human Rights Framework
 13.3	International Trade Framework
 13.4	Democracy, Trade, and Human Rights
 13.5	Final Thoughts
Chapter 14	Imperial Rules: Economic Sanctions 359
 14.1	Overview
 14.2	Human Rights Framework
 14.3	International Trade Framework
 14.4	Judging Economic Sanctions
 14.5	Human Rights Impact of Economic Sanctions
 14.6	Conundrum of Cuba
 14.7	Value of Economic Sanctions
Chapter 15	Recognizing Indivisibility, Bridging Divides: Visions and Solutions for the Future 
of the Trade and Human Rights Relationship 378
 15.1	Overview
 15.2	Human Rights Approach to Trade, Trade Approach to Human Rights
 15.3	Small Steps: Ending Trade?s Splendid Isolation from Human Rights
 15.4	Reparations for Human Rights Violations
 15.5	Mr. Ricardo, Meet the 21st Century
 15.6	Linking Trade and Human Rights in the Americas
 15.7	Afterword
Notes 408
Index 000
About the Authors 520

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Human rights -- Economic aspects.
Foreign trade regulation -- Political aspects.
International trade -- Social aspects.