Table of contents for Curriculum leadership : strategies for development and implementation / Allan A. Glatthorn, Floyd Boschee, Bruce M. Whitehead.

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Contents
Preface
PART I. FOUNDATIONS OF CURRICULUM
1.	The Nature of Curriculum
The Concept of Curriculum
The Types of Curricula
The Recommended Curriculum
The Written Curriculum
The Supported Curriculum
The Taught Curriculum
The Tested Curriculum
The Learned Curriculum
Components of the Curriculum
Curricular Policies
Curricular Goals
Fields of Study
Programs of Study
Courses of Study
Units of Study
Lessons
The Mastery, the Organic, and the Enrichment Curricula
The Hidden Curriculum
The Constants of the Hidden Curriculum
The Variables of the Hidden Curriculum
Summary
Applications
Case Study
Webliography
2. Curriculum History: The Perspective of the Past
Academic Scientism
The Temper of the Times
The Predominant Trends
The Exemplary Leaders
The Major Publications
Progressive Functionalism
The Temper of the Times
The Predominant Trends
The Exemplary Leaders
The Major Publications
Developmental Conformism
The Temper of the Times
The Predominant Trends
The Exemplary Leaders
The Major Publications
Scholarly Structuralism
The Temper of the Times
The Predominant Trends
The Exemplary Leaders
The Major Publications
Romantic Radicalism
The Temper of the Times
The Predominant Trends
The Exemplary Leaders
The Major Publications
Privatistic Conservatism
The Temper of the Times
The Predominant Trends
The Exemplary Leaders
The Major Publications
Technological Constructionism
The Temper of the Times
The Predominant Trends
The Exemplary Leaders
The Major Publications
Modern Conservatism
The Temper of the Times
The Predominant Trends
The Exemplary Leaders
The Major Publications
Conclusion: A Century of Curriculum Trends in Retrospect
Summary
Applications
Case Study
Webliography
3. Curriculum Theory
The Nature and Function of Curriculum Theory 
Leadership in Curriculum Theory
Classifying Curriculum Theories 
Structure-Oriented Theories
Value-Oriented Theories
The Major Value-Oriented Theorists
Content-Oriented Theories
Child-Centered Curricula
Knowledge-Centered Curricula
Society-Centered Curricula
Process-Oriented Theories
A System for Examining Curricular Processes
Alternative Curriculum Approaches
Curriculum as Transmission of Information
Curriculum as End Product
Curriculum as Process
Curriculum as Praxis/Awareness
Curriculum as Change
Technology as Catalyst of Curriculum Change
The Theoretical School of the Future
Summary
Applications
Case Study
Webliography
4. The Politics of Curriculum
An Overview of the Curriculum-Influence Process
The Role of the Federal Government
1957?1967: Scholarly Structuralism
1968?1974: Romantic Radicalism
1975?1989: Privatistic Conservatism
1990?1999: Technological Constructionism
2000?Present: New Privatistic Conservatism
State Role in Curriculum
The Role of Professional Organizations
National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education
The Courts
Local Educational Leaders
The Classroom Teacher
The Internal Pressures
The External Pressures
Summary
Applications
Case Study
Webliography
PART II. CURRICULUM PROCESSES
5. Curriculum Planning
A Goal-Based Model of Curriculum Planning 
Determine the Locus of Planning Decisions 
Determine the Organizational Structures Needed 
District Curriculum Advisory Council
School Curriculum Advisory Council
Curriculum Task Forces
Identify and Allocate Leadership Functions 
Align Educational Goals With Curricular Fields 
Develop a Curriculum Database
Develop a Planning Calendar
Conduct Needs Assessment
Organize, Evaluate, Change, Provide Resources 
Provide Staff Development
Summary
Applications
Case Study
Webliography
6. Improving the Program of Studies	
Reconceptualizing Programs of Study	
Interdisciplinary Courses
Restructured Programs of Study
Improving the Program of Studies	
Improving Low-Performing Schools
Common Findings at Low-Performing Schools
Developing Dynamic Knowledge
Developing Learner Interaction and Curriculum Integration
Operationalizing Change and Reform
Developing the Assessment Agenda
Using Standards and Outcome Statements
Aligning District Goals and the Curriculum
Correlating Curricula
Analyzing Resources Allocated to Curricula
Importance of Data Analysis in Assessment
Assessing Learner Needs
Improving the Program of Studies
Assessing Constituent Satisfaction
Summary
Applications
Case Study
Webliography
7. Improving a Field of Study	
Reconceptualizing Fields of Study	
Diagnostic-Prescriptive Models
Elective Models
Improving the Field of Study	
A Rationale for a Teacher-Centered Process	
Establish Project Parameters
Orient for Mastery
Refine the Map
Develop Curriculum Materials
Suggest Time Allocations
Select and Develop Tests
Electronic Testing
Select Instructional Materials
Provide for Staff Development
Setting Staff Development as Priority
Creative Staff-Development Strategies
Summary
Applications
Case Study
Webliography
8. Processes for Developing New Courses and Units	
The Technological Process of Curriculum Planning	
Determine Course Parameters
Assess the Needs of the Learners
Identify Course Objectives
Sequence and Cluster Course Objectives
Identify Learning Activities
Select Instructional Materials
Identify Assessment Methods
Develop the Curriculum Guide
The Technological Process Summarized
The Naturalistic Process of Curriculum Planning	
Assess the Alternatives
Stake Out the Territory
Develop a Constituency
Build the Knowledge Base
Block in the Unit
Plan Quality Learning Experiences
Develop the Course Examination
Develop the Learning Scenarios 
Adapting the Naturalistic Model for Elementary Grades
The Naturalistic Model Summarized
The Technological Model Summarized
Inverse Design Process
Developing Distance Learning Courses as an Alternative
Developing Technology as a Classroom Learning Scenario
Using Alternatives to Identify Learning Activities
Develop Acceptable Use Policy
Summary
Applications
Case Study
Webliography
PART III. CURRICULUM MANAGEMENT
9. Supervising the Curriculum: Teachers and Materials
Supervising the Taught Curriculum: Current Approaches
Hunter?s ?Essential Elements?
Glickman?s Developmental Supervision
Costa and Garmston?s Cognitive Coaching
Problems and Issues in Supervision
The Role of the Curriculum Supervisor
Differentiated Professional Development
Staff Development
Informal Observations
Rating
Individual Development
Motivating Staff
The Interrelationship of Processes
Maslow?s Theory of Human Needs
Supervising the Supported Curriculum
Develop a Statement of Board Policy and Administrative Procedures
Appoint the Textbook Adoption Committee
Textbook Adoption Committee Involving Distance Learning
Prepare the Committee
Provide the Committee With Selection Resources
Determine How Teachers Will Probably Use the New Materials
Determine How Teachers Will Allocate Space
Develop a Sharply Focused and Weighted Set of Criteria for Selection
Basing Selection on Research
Identify Five Texts That Best Meet the Requirements and the Criteria
Get Teacher Input on the Top Three Texts
Select the Best Text
Develop a Service Contract With the Publisher
Train the Teachers in the Use of the Textbooks and Provide Materials to Correlate the Texts With the Curriculum
Monitor the Use of the Texts
Summary
Applications
Case Study
Webliography
10. Curriculum Development and Implementation
Developing a Program Philosophy and Rationale Statement
Procedure
Sample Language Arts English Program Philosophy
Sample Language Arts English Program Rationale Statement
Methods for Choosing Teacher Representation
Developing a Scope and Sequence, Program Goals, Objectives, Learning Outcomes, and Authentic Tasks
The Committee Structure
Samples of Program Scope and Sequence
Indicators of Effective Curriculum Development
Summary
Applications
Case Study
Webliography
11. Aligning the Curriculum
A Rationale for Curriculum Alignment
Curriculum Design
Goal-Based Design
Unit and Lesson Design
Interventions
Organizing the Alignment Project
Organizational Strategies
Standards-Based Versus Curriculum Integration
Sequence
Required Versus Elective
Coordination and Integration
Identifying the Mastery Objectives
Developing Curriculum-Based Tests
Correlating the Mastery List and Instructional Materials
Developing Instructional Planning Aids
Yearly Planning Matrix
Management Planning Matrix
Unit-Planning Guide
Importance of Scientific Research
Developing Reporting Materials
Providing Staff Development for the Alignment Project
Monitoring and Evaluating the Alignment Project
Understanding the Importance of Curriculum
Summary
Applications
Case Study
Webliography
12. Curriculum Evaluation
Curriculum Evaluation Defined
Evaluation Models
Tyler?s Objectives-Centered Model
Stufflebeam?s Context-Input-Process-Product Model
Scriven?s Goal-Free Model
Stake?s Responsive Model
Eisner?s Connoisseurship Model
Developing an Eclectic Approach
Challenges to Program Evaluation 
Leadership and Evaluation
Technology and Evaluation
Evaluating a Field of Study
Preparing for the Evaluation
Assessing the Context
Identifying the Evaluation Issues
Developing the Evaluation Design
Evaluation Strategies
Implementing the Evaluation Design
Summary
Applications
Case Study
Webliography
PART IV. CURRENT TRENDS IN THE CURRICULUM
13. Current Developments in the Subject Fields	
Developments in English/Language Arts/Reading	
Issues Facing K?12 English Language Arts
Standards for English Language Arts
English/Language Arts
Trends in English and Language Arts
Differentiating Curriculum
Critical Literacy
Reading
Trends in Reading
Brain Research
Technology and Reading Improvement
Recommendations for Curriculum Leaders
Social Studies	
Trends in Social Studies
Mathematics	
Trends in Mathematics
The Standards 2000 Project
The Equity Principle
Science
Trends in Science
Foreign Language
Trends in Foreign-Language Education
Education in the Arts	
Trends in Art Education
Physical Education and Health
Trends in Physical Education
Global Education
Multicultural Education
Summary
Applications
Case Study
Webliography
14. Current Developments Across the Curriculum
Using Writing to Learn
Learning to Write by Writing
Thinking
Speaking
Listening
Technology and the Curriculum
Changing Contexts
School Technology Realities
Technology as a Tool in the Curriculum
Technology as an Integral Part of the Curriculum
Technology as the Curriculum
Student Achievement and Technology
Classroom Technology
Web-Based Applications
Developing Local Community Awareness
School Technology Goals
State and National Levels of Awareness
E-Learning
Strategies for Success	
Future Challenges
Media Technology
Summary
Applications
Case Study
Webliography
15. Individualizing the Curriculum
Types of Individualized Programs
Previous Attempts to Individualize
Providing Elective Courses
Curriculum Tracking
Offering ?Mini-Courses?
Open Classrooms
Self-Paced Instruction
Current Adaptive Approaches
Adaptive Learning Environments Model
Cooperative Learning Models
Learning-Styles Models
Mastery Learning Models
Adaptive Programs for the Gifted
Parallel Curriculum for the Gifted
Compacting
Discovery Method
Brain-Based Learning
Special Pace: Acceleration
Special Curricula
Special Resources
Staffing for Gifted and Talented Students
Providing for Academically Challenged Learners
Early Intervention
Early Intervention Programs
Special Curricula
Bilingual Education
What Is Bilingual Education?
How Extensive Is the Need?
Is Bilingual Education Effective?
Summary
Applications
Case Study
Webliography
Glossary
References
Author Index
Subject Index
About the Authors

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Curriculum planning -- United States.
Educational leadership -- United States.