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[p. v: CONTENTS] CONTENTS SECTION I: History To understand contemporary formations of identity and community clustering around sex and sexuality, it is important to have an historical understanding of sexuality has been produced, constructed, and contested. This section surveys the various ways in which sexuality has been configured in a variety of cultural, scientific, and psychological arenas from ancient Greek and Roman culture to the contemporary world. Chapter 1: Before Identity: The Ancient World through the 19th Century This chapter focuses on same-sex relationships, gender bending, and other aspects of queerness from antiquity to the 19th century, focusing specifically on elucidating the complex pre-identity history of queerness that either helped shape or stood in opposition to later, more formal claims to queer identity. Readings: Sappho, ?To a Maiden? and ?To Atthis? Abu Nuwas, ?In the Bath-House? and ?My Lover Has Started to Shave? Zulali Khwansari, from Masnavi Ihara Saikaku, ?Bamboo Clappers Strike the Hateful Number? Wu Meicun, ?Song of Beau Wang? Spell, Upper Egypt, c. 3rd/4th C. CE Hymn to Sts. Serge and Bacchus Office of Same Sex Union Comic limericks from England Chapter 2: Sexology: Constructing the Modern Homosexual In the 19th C. the sin model of homosexuality gave way to a medical model which pathologized a wide variety of sexual ?deviances.? This chapter explores some of the pressures that led to the development of this model. Readings: Ellis, from Studies in the Psychology of Sex, ?History VII? and ?History XXXVI? John D?Emilio, ?Capitalism and Gay Identity? Chapter 3: Toward Liberation In the context of the pathologization of homosexuality by the psychological establishment in the early 20th C., this chapter examines the rise of queer liberation movements. We end with the removal of homosexuality from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Readings Anna Rüling, ?What Interest does the Women?s Movement have in Solving the Homosexual problem?? Clayton J. Whisnant, ?Styles of Masculinity in the West German Gay Scene, 1950?65? Chapter 4: Stonewall and Beyond Recognizing that many LGBT people in the English-speaking world view the Stonewall riots in New York City as a kind of turning point in LGBT history, this chapter focuses on queer Americans as we integrated the lessons learned from other liberation movements into our own struggles for human/civil rights. Readings Radicalesbians, ?The Woman-Identified Woman.? The Combahee River Collective statement SECTION II: Politics Sex and sexuality?particularly queer sexualities?remain a ?hot? topic in contemporary political arenas, and this section challenges students to think deeply and critically about the political dimensions of LGBT life and culture. Discussions in this section range from a careful consideration of LGBT identity politics to a consideration of the challenges queer theory poses to such identity politics. These chapters also provide an examination of the uses (and abuses) of strategies of assimilation, and an exploration of intersections among LGBT and other marginalized identities and communities. Chapter 5: Nature, Nurture, and Identity One of the central ongoing debates about queerness deals with whether homosexuality is a biological essence or a social construction. This chapter examines arguments relative to that debate. Readings Brown et al. ?Differences in Finger Length Ratios Between Self-Identified ?Butch? and ?Femme? Lesbians Mohler, ?Is Your Baby Gay?? Norton, from ?Essentialism? Chapter 6: Inclusion and Equality There are a number of highly visible debates regarding the integration or exclusion of queers in society. This chapter highlights some of these debates, focusing particularly on the complex and sometimes conflicting attitudes that create the tensions within the discussion. Readings Excerpts from the South African Constitution Marquis, ?Military Discharges of Gays Rise, and So Do Bias Incidents? Rohter, ?Lesbian Judge Fights Chilean Court for Taking Her Children? Excerpts from Rev. Willie Wilson?s sermon 7?3-05 Volin and Chibbaro, ?Minister?s fiery anti-gay sermon riles activists? GLAAD Position Statement Regarding NAMBLA Chapter 7: Queer Diversities Within queer communities, intense debates have raged over who is OK, who belongs under the queer umbrella. This chapter details some of the parameters of those debates. Readings Hollibaugh, ?Queers Without Money? Aravosis, ?How did the T get in LGBT?? Stryker, ?Why the T in LGBT is here to stay? Chapter 8: Intersectionalities Race, social class, gender, and sex are aspects of identity that intersect with queerness. This chapter highlights common struggles across aspects of identities. Readings Moraga, excerpt from ?Queer Aztl n? Nichols, ?The Friday Night Bunch: A Lesbian Community in West Texas? Seo, ?Mapping the Vicissitudes of Homosexual Identities in South Korea? SECTION III: Literature and the Arts The arts have long been a space in which homo-, bi-, and trans-erotic desires and identities have been explored and interrogated. This section provides students with a number of primary texts?both literary and graphical?that highlight how many artists, working in a variety of forms and genres, have grappled with the meaning of queer sexualities. Critical introductions and discussions of all artworks frame each ?text.? Chapter 9: History of Homo-sexed Art and Literature This chapter gives an overview of homosexed art and literature, spanning from Donatello to Ester Hern ndez, from Walt Whitman to Yulisa Amadu Maddy. The focus will be on art and literature that is well-known in LGBT communities. We include examples of political and activist art in addition to purely aesthetic work. Readings Whitman, ?We Two Boys Together Clinging? Hughes, ?I, Too, Sing America? Baldwin, from ?Preservation of Innocence? Ginsberg, ?A Supermarket in California? O?Hara, ?Ode: Salute to the French Negro Poets? Grahn, ?A History of Lesbianism? Jordan, ?Poem About My Rights? H.D., ?Sea Rose? Lorde, ?A Woman Speaks? Allison, ?The Women Who Hate Me? Chapter 10: Lesbian Pulp Novels and Gay Physique Pictorials Focusing on the two main forms of popular homosexed entertainment during the early part of the 20th century in the United States, this chapter illustrates the manner in which popular culture helps solidify a sense of identity. Readings Barr, excerpt from ?Spur Piece? Bannon, excerpt from I Am a Woman Chapter 11: Queer Transgressive Aesthetics Transgressive art and literature challenge our understanding of sexuality with highly provocative images and rhetoric. This chapter presents material that encourages analysis of sexuality that runs deeper than traditional distinctions among sexual preferences. This is work that questions normalizing assumptions for both gays and straights. Readings Ensler, ?The Little Coochi Snorcher That Could? Allison, from ?A Question of Class? Chapter 12: Censorship and Moral Panic Controversies about homosexed art?the Mapplethorpe controversy in Cincinnati, for instance?will be highlighted, as will particular cases of censorship motivated by homophobia. Beyond censorship, we also examine attempts to mainstream queer art. Readings Dubin, from ?Art?s Enemies: Censors to the Right of Me, Censors to the Left of Me? Biron, Judgment regarding The Well of Loneliness Sapphire, ?Wild Thing? Gopinath, from ?Local Sites/Global Contexts: The Transnational Trajectories of Fire and ?The Quilt?? SECTION IV: Media The mass media, including television, movies, the Internet, and underground publication venues, remains a powerful force in both expressing and shaping public opinion and private musing about sex and sexuality. This section prompts students to explore in greater depth the ways in which queer sexuality is constructed, produced, disseminated, and argued about through a variety of mass media. Chapter 13: Film and Television Images of queers in film and TV have had a long and complicated history in the 20th C. The explosion of lesbian and gay images beginning in the 1990s represents a turning point in queer visibility. This chapter examines how visibility can operate as a double-edged sword, diluting the power of underground community while ostensibly promoting mainstream acceptance. Readings Pramaggiore, ?Fishing for Girls? Kara Keeling, ??Joining the Lesbians?: Cinematic Regimes of Black Lesbian Visibility? Chapter 14: Queers and the Internet Contemporary LGBT people find representation and community through many forms of media. The Internet can provide queer community in a virtual world. This chapter discusses myths about the Internet, as well as social networking and activist sites and their uses. Readings Julie Rak, ?The Digital Queer: Weblogs and Internet Identity? Chapter 15: The Politics of Location: Alternative Media and the Search for Queer Space A variety of media have assisted LGBT people in developing both identity and community. As well, these media have at turns facilitated and hindered political activism and consciousness. Readings Excerpt from Michael Sibalis, ?Urban Space and Homosexuality: The Example of the Marais, Paris? ?Gay Ghetto?? Patricia Leigh Brown, ?Gay Enclaves Face Prospect of Being Pass¿? Alison Bechdel, ?Where?s Mo?? and ?The Game of Alternative Life? from The Indelible Alison Bechdel Alison Bechdel, ?Demographic Rift? from Split-Level Dykes to Watch Out For Glossary References Index About the Authors
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
Homosexuality -- History.
Gays -- History.
Bisexuals -- History.
Transgender people -- History.