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CONTENTS Foreword Acknowledgments Contributors About the Author Preface Introduction: Principles and Practice of Public Health Preview Notion of Public Health Public Health versus Medicine Public Health Approach to Disease and Disability and Injury Prevention Core Functions of Public Health and Essential Public Health Services Origin of Public Health . Modern Functions and Accomplishments of Public Health. Core Areas and Disciplines of Public Health. Challenges of Public Health References Chapter 1: Principles and Methods of Biostatistics in Public Health Core Competencies Learning objectives Preview Basic Notions of Statistics and Biostatistics Population Characteristics Descriptive Statistics Types of Distribution Performance and Screening Test Types of Variables, Random Variables, and Probability Distributions Sampling, Sample Size, and Power Research Questions, Hypothesis Testing, and Statistical Inference (Testing) Analysis Techniques for Epidemiologic Data Critique of Scientific Literature¿Interpreting Statistics in Public Health Research. References Chapter 2: Environmental Sciences in Public Health Core Competencies Learning objectives Preview Environmental Sciences and Public Health Health Hazards and Risk Assessment. Major Sources of Environmental Hazards and Their Health Impacts. Genetic, physiologic and psychological factors to environmental hazards susceptibility Mechanism of Disease Causation with Environmental Pollutants and Toxins Environmental Protection Agency and Regulatory Entities EPA, Environmental Justice and Public Health References Chapter 3: Principles and Methods of Epidemiology Core Competencies Learning objectives Preview Definition of Epidemiology Role of Epidemiology in Public Health History and Modern Concept of Epidemiology Models of Disease Causation. Measures of Disease Frequency Measures of Disease Occurrence Uses of Incidence and Prevalence Data Limitations of Prevalence Data in Public Health Types of Rates (Crude, Specific, Adjusted) Measures of Disease Comparison. Sources of Epidemiologic Data Epidemiologic Study Designs (Experimental and Observational) Study Validity (Bias, Confounding, Random Error) Epidemiologic Causal Inference Disease Screening: Principles, advantages and limitations Bias in disease screening and detection Ethical and legal duties of epidemiology in study design, data collection, analysis and dissemination of study findings References Chapter 4: Health Policy and Management Sciences in Public Health Core Competencies Learning objectives Preview Management and Policy Sciences and Public Health General Notion of Policy Formulation and Implementation. Health Policies and Governmental Role in Development and Implementation. Public Health Laws and Application to Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Public Health Ethics Health Disparities: Insurance and Race/Ethnicity Community Health safety and preparedness Organizational Problem Resolution: Organization and management theories Strategic Planning and Marketing in Public Health [PHCC.4.9] Quality and performance improvement Program planning, development, conduct and evaluation References Chapter 5: Social and Behavioral Sciences in Public Health Core Competencies Learning objectives Preview Notion of Behavioral Sciences and Its Role in Health Promotions and the Prevention of Health-Related Events Health Demographics and Health Disparities (Inequity) Health Surveys and Behavior Interventions to Promote Health and Prevent Diseases Health Theories and Health Beliefs Behavioral Risk Factors in Major Diseases Health Promotion Components and Levels of Disease Prevention Role of social and community factors in both the onset and solution of public health problems Social and behavioral factors that affect health of individuals and populations Ethical principles to public health program planning, implementation and evaluation Principles of evidence-based public health and public health resources References Index
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
Public Health -- methods.
Biometry -- methods.