Table of contents for Corrections : a text/reader / [edited by] Mary Stohr, Anthony Walsh, Craig Hemmens.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


Counter
 Contents
Foreword
Preface
Acknowledgments
Introduction to the Book: The Philosophical and Ideological Underpinnings of Corrections
 What Is Corrections?
 A Short History of Punishment
 The Emergence of the Classical School
 The Emergence of Positivism: Should Punishment Fit the Offender or the Offense? 
 The Objectives of Punishment
 Retribution
 Deterrence
 Incapacitation
 Rehabilitation
 Reintegration
 Is the United States Soft on Crime?
 Summary
 References
 Key Terms
 Discussion Questions
 Internet Sites
Section I. History of American Corrections
Introduction: Not Much is New Under the Corrections Sun
 Themes: Truths that Underlie Correctional Practice
 Money, Money, Money, Labor and Technology 
 The Intersection of Class, Race and Gender 
 Religious Influence
 Architecture As It Is Associated with Supervision
 Overcrowding
 Good Intentions Do Not Always Translate Into Effective Practice
 Summary: Knowing Where We Have Been Helps Us Determine Where We Should Go
 References
 Key Terms
 Discussion Questions
 Internet Sites
Readings
 1. On the Penitentiary System in the United States and Its Application in France: Historical Outline of the Penitentiary System: Chapter 1
Gustave de Beaumont and Alexis de Tocqueville
 Examines the state of the American prison system in the 1800s and compares it with the French system.
 2. The World?s Most Influential Prison: Success or Failure?
Norman Johnston
 Discusses the history and development of Auburn prison.
 3. ?Much and Unfortunately Neglected?: Women in Early and Mid-Nineteenth Century Prisons
Nicole Hahn Rafter
 Examines the treatment of women in early American prisons.
Section II. The Corrections Experience for Inmates
Introduction
 Jails and Prisons
 The Promise of Reform
 Total Institutions, Importation/Prisonization and the Pains of Imprisonment
 The Correctional Subculture
 Mature Coping
 How Corrections Is Experienced Depends
 Offender Demographics
 Powerlessness and Inmate Status
 Summary
 References
 Key Terms
 Discussion Questions
 Internet Sites
How to Read a Research Article
Readings
 4. Ultramasculine Prison Environments and Inmates? Adjustment: It?s Time to Move Beyond the ?Boys Will Be Boys? Paradigm
Faith E. Lutze and David W. Murphy
 Examines how inmates adjust to prison life.
 5. Friend or Foe? Race, Age, and Inmate Perceptions of Inmate-Staff Relations
Craig Hemmens and James W. Marquart
 Examines how race and age affect inmates? views of their relationship with correctional staff.
 6. A Convict Perspective on the Classification of Prisoners
Stephen C. Richards and Jeffrey Ian Ross
 Provides a uniquely personal view of inmate life form a former inmate turned academic.
 7. Supermax Prisons: Their Rise, Current Practices, and Effect on Inmates
Jesenia Pizarro and Vanja M. K. Stenius
 Examines the development of high-security prisons and how these institutions affect the inmates living in them.
Section III. The Corrections Experience for Staff
Introduction: What Do You Want to Be When You Grow Up?
 How Corrections Could Become More Professional
 Some Truths About Corrections and Correctional Work
 The Truth Is: Some Correctional Facilities Have Not Been, and Are Not, Operating Well
 The Misleading Depiction of Corrections
 Why the Continued Fascination With Maximum Security and How That Preoccupation Hinders A True Understanding of Corrections 
 Management of Correctional Institutions and Programs
 Organizational and Individual Level Factors That Affect the Correctional Workplace
 Summary
 References
 Key Terms
 Discussion Questions
 Internet Sites
Readings
 8. Staff Management in Correctional Institutions: Comparing DiIulio?s ?Control Model? and ?Employee Investment Model? Outcomes in Five Jails
Mary K. Stohr, Nicholas P. Lovrich, Ben Menke, and Linda L. Zupan
 Applies two models of management theory to a study of jail staff.
 9. Affirmative Action and the ?Level Playing Field?: Comparing Perceptions of Own and Minority Job Advancement Opportunities
Scott D. Camp, Thomas L. Steiger, Kevin N. Wright, William G. Saylor, and Evan Gilman
 Examines staff perceptions of prison affirmative action policies.
 10. Fatal Attraction: An Analysis of Employee Boundary Violations in a Southern Prison System, 1995?1998
James W. Marquart, Madeline B. Barnhill, and Kathy Balshaw-Biddle
 Examines how and why some staff become intimately/romantically involved with inmates.
 11. Predicting Work-Related Stress in Correctional Officers: A Meta-Analysis
Craig Dowden and Claude Tellier
 Provides an overview of the research on how stress affects correctional officers.
Section IV. Legal Issues in Corrections
Introduction
 Historical Background: Prisoners as Slaves of the State
 The Beginning of Prisoner?s Rights
 First Amendment
 Fourth Amendment
 Eighth Amendment
 Fourteenth Amendment
 The Civil Commitment of Sex Offenders
 A Return to a Modified Hands-Off Doctrine
 Legal Issues in Probation and Parole
 The Death Penalty: Legal Challenges to the Ultimate Sanction
 Summary
 References
 Key Terms
 Discussion Questions
 Internet Sites
Readings
 12. Civil Liability Against Prison Officials for Inmate-on-Inmate Assault: Where Are We and Where Have We Been?
Michael S. Vaughn and Rolando V. del Carmen
 Provides an overview of the case law on correctional staff liability for failure to protect inmates from other inmates
 13. Constitutional Issues in Cross-Gender Searches and Visual Observation of Nude Inmates by Opposite-Sex Officers: A Battle Between and Within the Sexes
Katherine Bennett
 Examines the legal issues surrounding correctional officers supervising inmates of another gender
 14. Who Has the Body? The Paths to Habeas Corpus Reform
Cary Federman
 Examines the history and development of habeas corpus law and recent efforts to restrit the use of habeas corpus by inmates
 15. Sex Offender Laws: Can Treatment, Punishment, Incapacitation, and Public Safety Be Reconciled?
Mary Ann Farkas and Amy Stichman
 Discusses the competing interests at play in the development and implementation of sexual offender laws
Section V. Treatment Programming and Rehabilitation Research
Introduction
 The Rise and Fall (and Rise Again) of Rehabilitation
 Rehabilitation Under the Justice Model: The Cognitive-Behavioral Approach
 Substance Abuse
 Therapeutic Communities
 Pharmacological Treatment
 Sex Offenders and Their Treatment
 The Responsivity Principle and Treatment
 Mentally Ill Offenders
 Summary
 References
 Key Terms
 Discussion Questions
 Internet Sites
Readings
 16. Comparing Inmate Perceptions of Two Residential Substance Abuse Treatment Programs
Mary K. Stohr, Craig Hemmens, Brian Shapiro, Brian Chamber, and Laura Kelly
 Examines inmate reactions to drug and alcohol treatment programs in prison.
 17. The Effects of Behavioral/Cognitive-Behavioral Programs on Recidivism
Frank S. Pearson, Douglas S. Lipton, Charles M. Cleland, and Dorline S. Yee
 Examines how effective behavior modification programs are at reducing recidivism
 18. Five-Year Outcomes of Therapeutic Community Treatment of Drug-Involved Offenders After Release From Prison
James A. Inciardi, Steven S Martin, and Clifford A. Butzin
 Examines the effectiveness of prison drug treatment programs on reducing recidivism
 19. The Recent Past and Near Future of Risk and/or Needs Assessment
D. A. Andrews, James Bonta, and J. Stephen Wormith
 Reviews the efficacy of inmate needs and risk assessment procedures
Section VI. Probation/Community Corrections
Introduction
 The Origins of Probation
 Why Do We Need Community Corrections?
 The Decreasing Probation/Inmate Ratio
 The Probation/Prison Decision
 Community Corrections Assessment Tools
 Probation Officer Stress
 Engaging the Community to Prevent Recidivism
 Intermediate Sanctions
 Intensive Supervision Probation
 Work Release
 Shock Probation/Parole and Boot Camps
 Victim-Offender Reconciliation Programs (VORPs)
 Summary
 References
 Key Terms
 Discussion Questions
 Internet Sites
Readings
 20. Community Supervision, Prosocial Activities, and Recidivism
Doris Layton MacKenzie and Robert Brame 
 Examines the relationship between community supervision procedures and recidivism.
 21. Opening the Manager?s Door: State Probation Officer Stress and Perceptions of Participation in Workplace Decision Making
Risdon N. Slate, Terry L. Wells, and W. Wesley Johnson
 Examines probation officer attitudes about their work and the amount of stress involved in the job.
 22. The ?Effectiveness? of Differential Supervision
Patricia M. Harris, Raymond Gingerich, and Tiffany A. Whittaker
 Examines several different forms of community supervision.
 23. Examining the Effectiveness of Boot Camps: A Randomized Experiment With a Long-Term Follow Up
Jean Bottcher and Michael E. Ezell
 Reviews the impact of boot camp on recidivism
Section VII. Parole and Prisoner Reentry
Introduction
 What Is Parole?
 Brief History of Parole
 The Modern Parole System
 What Goes in Must Come Out: Prisoner Reentry
 The Impact of Imprisonment and Reentry on Communities
 What Is Reentry, and What Makes for a Successful One?
 Determining Parole ?Success?
 Halfway Houses
 House Arrest, Electronic Monitoring, and Global Positioning Systems
 Concluding Remarks on Reentry and Recidivism
 Summary
 References
 Key Terms
 Discussion Questions
 Internet Sites
Readings
 24. Prisoner Reentry: What Works, What Does Not, and What Is Promising
Richard P. Seiter and Karen R. Kadela
 Provides an overview and analysis of the various reentry programs.
 25. Effectiveness of Community-Based Correctional Programs: A Case Study
Nancy Marion
 Examines in detail how one community supervision program operates.
 26. The Electronic Monitoring of Offenders Released From Jail or Prison: Safety, Control, and Comparisons to the Incarceration Experience
Brian K. Payne and Randy R. Gainey
 Compares electronic monitoring and incarceration as potential sanctions.
 27. Incarceration and the Community: The Problem of Removing and Returning Offenders
Todd R. Clear, Dina R. Rose, and Judith A. Ryder
 Provides an overview and analysis of the issues involved in prisoner reentry.
Section VIII. Jails
Introduction
 Overcrowding
 Jail Inmates: Gender, Juveniles, Race and Ethnicity
 Jail Inmates: The Poor and the Mentally Ill
 Jail Inmates: Medical Problems
 Jail Inmates: Substance Abuse and Treatment in Jails
 Suicides and Sexual Violence in Jails
 Suicides
 Sexual Violence
 Innovations in Jails: New Generation/Podular Direct Supervision Jails, Community Jails, Co-Equal Staffing, Reentry Programs for Jails
 New Generation/Podular Direct Supervision Jails
 Community Jails
 Co-Equal Staffing
 Reentry Programs for Jails
 Jail Research
 Summary
 References
 Key Terms
 Discussion Questions
 Internet Sites
Readings
 28. Gang Intervention in Jails: A National Analysis
Rick Ruddell, Scott Decker, and Arien Egley, Jr.
 Provides an overview of gang activity in jails.
 29. Recent Incarceration History Among a Sheltered Homeless Population
Stephen Metraux and Dennis P. Culhane
 Examines the relationship between incarceration and homelessness.
 30. Inmate Assaults in Texas County Jails
Mark Keller and Hsiao-Ming Wang
 Examines the type and frequency of inmate on inmate assaults in Texas jails.
 31. Examining Implementation Issues With New Generation Jails
Christine Tartaro
 Examines the problems associated with implementing the ?new generation jail.?
Section IX. Gender
Introduction
 Feminism
 Females in Corrections: Growth, History, Needs, Programming, and Abuse
 Growth and History
 Needs and Programming
 Abuse
 Female Correctional Officers
 Overcoming Employment Obstacles
 Current Status: Equal Employment Versus Privacy Interests of Inmates, Qualifications for the Job, and Sexual and Gender Harassment
 The Research
 Summary
 References
 Key Terms
 Discussion Questions
 Internet Sites
Readings
 32. Predicting the Prison Misconducts of Women Offenders
Emily M. Wright, Emily J. Salisbury, and Patricia Van Voorhis
 Examines the factors that affect misconduct by female inmates.
 33. Parenting Programs for Incarcerated Parents: Current Research and Future Directions
Ann Booker Loper and Elena Hontoria Tuerk
 Provides an overview and analysis of prison parenting programs.
 34. Gender Differences in Treatment Engagement Among a Sample of Incarcerated Substance Abusers
Michele Staton-Tindall, Bryan R. Garner, Janis T. Moey, Carl Leukefeld, Jennifer Krietmeyer, Christime A. Saum, and Carrie B. Oser
 Provides an overview and analysis of prison parenting programs.
 35. Gender, Ethnicity, and Offending Over the Life Course: Women?s Pathways to Prison in the Aloha State
Marilyn Brown
 Examines the factors that contribute to women committing crimes and being incarcerated.
Section X. The Juvenile Justice/Corrections System
Introduction
 Juvenile Delinquency
 The Extent of Delinquency
 History and Philosophy of Juvenile Justice
 Childhood in the United States
 The Beginning of the Juvenile Courts
 Juvenile Waiver to Criminal Court
 Extending Due Process to Juveniles
 Juvenile Community Corrections
 Intensive Probation
 Institutional Corrections
 Summary
 References
 Key Terms
 Discussion Questions
 Internet Sites
Readings
 36. Juvenile Justice: The Legacy of Punitive Policy
Peter Benekos and Alida Merlo
 Discusses the consequence (both intended and unintended) of increasingly harsh punishment for juvenile offenders.
 37. Juvenile Waiver, Boot Camp, and Recidivism in a Northwest State
Ben Steiner and Andrew Giacomazzi
 A case study of how one state uses differential sanctions for serious juvenile offenders.
 38. A Quasi-experimental Evaluation of a Shock Incarceration and Aftercare Program for Juvenile Offenders
James B. Wells, Kevin I. Minor, Earl Angel, and Kelli D. Stearmen
 Examines the impact of shock incarceration on juvenile offenders.
 39. Management of Juvenile Correctional Facilities
Tory J. Caeti, Craig Hemmens, Francis T. Cullen, and Velmer S. Burton
 Examines the attitudes of juvenile facility directors and compares these attitudes with those of prison staff.
Section XI. Corrections in the 21st Century
Introduction: Learning From the Past So That We Have Hope for the Future
 Punitive Policies Yield Overuse of Corrections
 Professionalization
 Corrections Is a Relationship Business
 Current Directions: Privatization, Correctional Programming, Religion, Health Care, Older Inmates
 Summary
 References
 Key Terms
 Discussion Questions
 Internet Sites
Readings
 40. Prison Privatization: An Environmental Catch-22
Robbin S. Ogle
 Examines the problems associated with the increased use of private prisons.
 41. The Challenge of Change: Correctional Programs and Evidence-Based Practices
Edward J. Latessa
 Discusses the need for more research on ?what works? in corrections and the importance of basing correctional practices on evidence rather than anecdote.
 42. Revisiting the Literature on Prisoners Who Are Older: Are We Wiser?
Catherine M Lemieux, Timothy B. Dyeson, and Brandi Castiglione
 Reviews the literature on the impact of prison on elderly inmates and the impact of aging inmates on prisons.
 43. Thinking About the Relationship Between Health Dynamics in the Free Community and the Prison
James W. Marquart, Dorothy E. Merianos, Steven J. Cuvelier, and Leo Carroll
 Discusses the impact of health care in prison and outside prison on inmates and correctional practices.
Glossary
Index
About the Authors

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Corrections -- United States.
Criminal justice, Administration of -- United States.
Punishment -- United States.