Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.
Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.
CONTENTS Table of Abbreviations used 12 Introduction 13 Part One THE BIRTH OF THE GESTAPO 1933-34 1 THE NAZIS BECOME MASTERS OF GERMANY 27 Hitler's cabinet - The Brown Terror - Goering takes over and purges the Prussian police - Despotism and a series of decrees - The terrible month of February 1933 - The burning of the Reichstag - The "emergency measures" - Rounding up the Opposition - The apathy of the trade unions - The electoral campaign and the March 5 elections - The new Reichstag - Full powers - Gleichschaltung - The comedy of Labor Day - The dissolution of the unions - Dr. Ley's Labor Front - The dissolution of the parties - The sole Party. 2 GOERING HAS RECOURSE TO THE POLICE 38 Hermann Goering - Goering the S.A. man - Goering and Roehm - Rivalry - Goering wounded in Munich - Flight and exile - Morphinomania, obesity, and psychological evolution - Return to Munich in 1927 - Goering, a deputy and then President of the Reichstag - Goering and Papen - Rivalry and chicaneries - Diels the policeman - Diels against the Nazis - The wind changes - Diels buys himself back into favor - Goering seduced by the political police - The opening of the first concentration camp - Goering's directives to the police. 3 THE GESTAPO IS CREATED 51 Amnesty for the Nazi criminals - The decree of April 26, 1933, creates the Gestapo in Prussia - The beginning of the Gestapo under Diel's direction - The S.A. cries for blood - Internal rivalries between S.A., S.S., and Gestapo - Diels is overthrown only to return in triumph - The Gestapo becomes Goering's personal property - The trial of van der Lubbe - Rail and Reineking. Part Two THE GESTAPO PERFECTS ITS METHODS 1934-1936 4 HIMMLER TAKES OVER THE GESTAPO 74 The police forces of the German Laender are placed under the jurisdiction of the Reich - The Nazi administrative imbroglio - Diels quits the Gestapo for good - Himmler succeeds him - Himmler's career - His deputy, Heydrich - A biography of Himmler - The nature of the S.S. "Order" - The S.S. before Himmler - What he made of it - A portrait of Himmler the man. 5 HIMMLER'S "BLACK ORDER" 92 The birth and development of Nazi racist principles - The racist philosophy - Racialism and the S.S. - The curious S.S. honor - The S.S. and the law - Himmler and racialism - The Lebensborn - Special rights for the S.S. - The Hitler Jugend, a recruiting reservoir for the S.S. and the Gestapo - The S.S. organization. 6 THE GESTAPO IS EVERYWHERE 103 Himmler organizes the Gestapo on the S.S. model - Heydrich chief of the Gestapo head office - The State, the Gestapo, and the Party - The Fuehrerprinzip - The Gestapo's sources of information - The responsible figures and the leaders of the Party - The Blockleiter, the principal informer of the Gestapo - The organizations of the Party and spying at home - Political espionage abroad: the Ausland Organization, the Volksdeutsche Mittelstelle, and the Fifth Column - The surveillance of refugees - Nazi propaganda abroad, another source of information - The Hermann Goering Research Institute and wire-tapping. 7 THE STRANGE PERSONALITY OF HEYDRICH 115 Heydrich, biography and portrait - Heydrich organizes the Gestapo services technically - The prerogatives of the Gestapo - The Gestapo escapes from all control - It enlarges its domain - The "patriotic duty of silence" - Nazism an empty policy. 8 THE GESTAPO VERSUS ROEHM 125 Himmler and Goering versus Roehm - Roehm in 1931 - Physical and moral portrait - The S.A. between 1931 and 1933 - Unemployment and recruitment - The "Socialist principles" of the Nazis and the help of the big industrialists - Roehm and the "second revolutionary wave" - Roehm dares to defy Hitler - The S.S. of 1933 opposes the S.A. - The Gestapo spreads its nets - The Army abandons Roehm - Hitler buys the loyalty of the Army by sacrificing Roehm and the S.A. 9 "THE NIGHT OF THE LONG KNIVES" 132 Roehm revives the Socialist orders of the day - Papen, the conservative spokesman - Veiled warnings - The murder of Dr. Jung - Himmler and Goering prepare the attack against Roehm and the S.A. - The June 30 "purge" - The death of Roehm - The terrible purge of the S.A. - Repression in Berlin - The Nazis legalize the murders of June 30 - Lutze succeeds Roehm - Hindenburg congratulates Hitler - Blomberg and the Army approve and thank Hitler - The death of Hindenburg - Hitler is appointed President - Blomberg and the Army ratify the appointment and take the oath. 10 THE NEW ORGANIZATION OF THE POLICE 151 The swindle of June 30 - The Gestapo's discreet triumph - Himmler and Heydrich make themselves feared and hated - the S.S. becomes an independent organization - Heydrich organizes the S.D. - Official members and well-disposed agents - Dr. Best and Dr. Mehlhorn organize the network of "honorary agents" - The card index of the S.D. - Best and Mehlhorn are dismissed - Heydrich's personal views - the "Kitty Salon" - Eichmann enters the S.D. - Schellenburg, Nebe, and Mueller - The Gestapo services specialize - The first structure of the edifice - The Gestapo and the S.D. in the Sarre - The Sarre plebiscite - The reestablishment of military service - The Gestapo elaborates the rules of the Secret Service - The fundamental law of February 10, 1936, gives judicial status to the Gestapo and defines its task - Himmler appointed Supreme Head of all the German Police Forces on June 17, 1936 - Concentration of the powers - The Nazis conception of the police. Part Three THE GESTAPO PREPARES FOR THE INVASION 1936-39 11 THE GESTAPO TACKLES THE ARMY 169 The remilitarization of the Rhineland - General rearmament and preparations for war - Himmler and Heydrich prepare the Nazification of the soldiers - Herr Mueller, performer of the dirty work - A Gestapo machination: the Blomberg-Fritsch affair - Hitler suppresses the Ministry of War and appoints himself supreme leader of the Army - The creation of the O.K.W. - The purge in the Army and the diplomatic corps - The appointment of Keitel - The military inquiry into the Fritsch affair - The court-martial - The military definitively conquered by the Party - The triumph of Himmler and the Gestapo. 12 THE GESTAPO INSTALLS ITSELF IN EUROPE 186 The resignation of General Beck - The political situation in Austria - Secret agents in Austria - Nazi terrorism and the abortive putsch of July 25, 1934 - The murder of Chancellor Dollfuss - The infiltration of the Nazi organizations - Shuschnigg continues the Dollfuss policy - Shuschnigg's last attempt - Dismissal of Shuschnigg - The Anschluss - Himmler, Schellenberg, and Heydrich in Vienna - The Gestapo moves in - The bloody purge - Preparations for the conquest of Czechoslovakia - The situation in Czechoslovakia - The Nazi organizations in Sudetenland - Conrad Henlein, the Sudeten Germany party, and the Fifth Column - Summer 1938 - The Czechoslovakian S.S. - Gestapo and S.D. - Frontier incidents - The Munich Agreement and the occupation of Sudetenland - The liquidation of Czechoslovakia - Himmler, Heydrich, and Schellenberg in Prague - The role of police organizations in Nazi strategy. 13 HIMMLER SHAPES HIS ORGANIZATION 200 The aggression against Poland - The Gleiwitz incident - Naujocks and "Operation Himmler" - The role of the Abwehr in organizing the machination - Herr Mueller, the provider of corpses - The invasion of Poland - Himmler's special train - The Einsatzgrupper - The generals and the purge in Poland - National Socialism and militarism - The evolution of the Gestapo organization after the 1936 decree - Creation of the R.S.H.A. on September 27, 1939 - The Gestapo Bureau IV - The evolution of the R.S.H.A. from 1939 to 1945. Part Four THE GESTAPO AT WAR 1940 14 IN POLAND 217 The Polish people reduced to slavery - The status of the Polish workers in Germany - The spoliation of the land - The A.B. action - The war starts in the West - The Venlo coup - The appearance of Knochen - Schellenberg and the intelligence service - The attempt of November 9, 1939 - The Rape of Venlo - Elser and his accomplices. 15 THE GESTAPO IN FRANCE 231 The French campaign - The Occupation of Paris - The arrival of Dr. Knochen's clandestine commando on June 14, 1940 - Knochen hoodwinks the soldiers - Helmuth Knochen and the men of the Sonderkommando - Knochen, a biography and portrait - Installation in Paris - The first assaults by the soldiers - The first branches of the Gestapo in the provinces - Conflicts with the diplomats, the Army, and the Rosenberg service - Dr. Thomas and the collaborationist parties - The Nazis subventions - The anti-Semites and collaboration - The Abwehr in France - Knochen and the Paris salons - Thomas and the Cagoulard killers - Thomas is liquidated by the soldiers - Knochen remains sole master in Paris. 16 THE GESTAPO AND THE ARMY 244 The military High Command and the armistice - Dannecker and his first anti-Semitic measures - Von Stulpnagel's "code of hostages" - Knochen organizes his services - Oberg replaces Thomas - Karl Oberg, biography and portrait - Heydrich installs Oberg in Paris - Heydrich's directions - Secretary General Bousquet rejects the German demands in France - Dannecker and Eichmann attend to the French Jews - The subsections of the Gestapo in Paris - The French auxiliaries - Boemelburg - The S.D. in France - The Funkspielkommando - The buying offices, centers of espionage - The Otto organization - Brandl and Poeschl. Part Five THE HELL OF THE GESTAPO 1940-44 17 THE GESTAPO AT WORK IN FRANCE 267 The police raids in France - The Gestapo interrogations - The transports to Germany - Arrival at the concentration camps - The W.V.H.A. - The camps a source of profit - The political section, the camp Gestapo - The presentation of prisoners to visitors to the camp - The German military tribunal in Paris - The reserve of hostages in Fort Romainville - Classification of the prisoners - The "bunker inmates" - Captain Pom-Pom - How the hostages to be shot were chosen. 18 THE MARTYRDOM OF THE EASTERN TERRITORIES 281 Himmler in charge of maintaining order in the Eastern-occupied territories - The Einsatzgruppen - The Gestapo-German High Command agreements - The nature of an Einsatzgruppe - The action of the Einsatzgruppe - Operation "Cottbus" - The massacres of Rovno - The "S" trucks - The Gestapo in Czechoslovakia - The Protectorate of Bohemia-Moravia - Heydrich becomes deputy Protector - Heydrich in Prague - The policy of the "sugar and the whip" - The attempt of May 22, 1942 - The death of Heydrich - The repression - Lidice - The successor to Heydrich - Ernst Kaltenbrunner - Biography and portrait - Kaltenbrunner the purveyor to the camps - The R.S.H.A. on Kaltenbrunner's arrival - The communal lunches of the section leaders - Eichmann and Kaltenbrunner - The regulations for the extermination of Jews in the camps - Commissioner Wirth and the faked city of welcome. 19 THE EXPERIMENTS OF THE NAZI SCIENTISTS 307 The Gestapo and the prisoners of war - The extermination of Russian prisoners - The orders of Mueller - The plan to assassinate General Weygand - Reprisals after the escape of General Giraud - The murder of General Mesny - The "Kugel" decree - The "K" prisoners at Mauthausen - The career of Mauthausen - The affair of the Sagan escapes - The Gestapo and foreign workers in Germany - Himmler and the medical experiments in the camps - The Ahnenerbe - Dr. Rascher - Experiments on the effects of a vacuum and cold - Medical resistance to the experimentation on human beings - The troubles of Dr. Rascher's family - The arrest and death of the Raschers - Experiments with viruses, diseases, and sterilization - The Gestapo selects the human guinea pigs - The Kaiser Wilhelm Institute - Dr. Hirt's anatomical collections. 20 THE GESTAPO OPERATES THROUGHOUT THE WHOLE OF FRANCE 328 The policy of Himmler and of Otto Abetz in Paris - Oberg and the creation of the L.V.F. - Oberg's hold on the collaborationist parties - Bousquet tries to have the Hostages Code abrogated - The Oberg-Bousquet agreements - The execution of hostages in August and September 1942 - The extension of the powers of the Gestapo in France - Maulaz and the world of the Parisian salons - Knochen and discipline - The latent conflict between Mueller and Knochen - Oberg "covers" Knochen - "Intensified" interrogations - Operation "Donar" - The nature of a Funkspiel - Funkspiel with England - The invasion of the southern zone - The Gestapo opens six new services in the southern zone - The organization of the Gestapo in France at the beginning of 1943 - The creation of the militia - The Waffen S.S. recruits in France - Oberg at Vichy - Operation "Fuchsbau" - Oberg impresses Darnand - The departure and arrest of Bousquet - The militia becomes an auxiliary police force - The number of arrests increase - The courts-martial. Part Six COLLAPSE OF THE GESTAPO 1944 21 RESISTANCE IN THE ARMY 355 The Normandy landings and the collapse of the West front - The last "protective measures" ordered by Oberg - The awakening of a kernel of resistance in the Army - The Weisse Rose - The Abwehr conspirators - Gestapo versus Abwehr - The resignation of Canaris - The Gestapo absorbs the Abwehr - Colonel Hansen - Stauffenberg enters into the conspiracy - The abortive attempts - The attempt of July 20, 1944 - July 20 in Paris - The setback and the repression - The abortive suicide of Stulpnagel - The hangings in Plotzensee prison - The last convoys of deportees - The departure of Oberg and the Nordling mission - The Nosek commando - Oberg and Knochen take up their quarters at Vittel. 22 THE WOLVES DEVOUR EACH OTHER 373 The final disappearance of the Abwehr - Disgrace and the subsequent return of Knochen - Oberg at St. Di¿ - Skorzeny's special schools - The collapse - The final maneuvers of Goering and Himmler - Their destitution - Himmler's attempts at negotiation - Schellenberg the intermediary - Hitler's will - Bormann's role - The mediation of the Doenitz Government - A certain Heinrich Hitzinger - The arrest and suicide of Himmler - The disappearance of Mueller - The end of Kaltenbrunner and Goering - The arrest of Oberg and Knochen - Their trial - Conclusion. Appendices 397 Bibliography 404 Index 408
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
Germany. Geheime Staatspolizei -- History.