Table of contents for Chemical and energy process engineering / Sigurd Skogestad.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


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Contents 
Contents. 111 
Preface .. vii 
1 Notation, concepts and numbers . . . . . . . . . 1 
1.1 Notation......... . . 1 
1.2 Always check the units! .. . . 7 
1.3 Some conversion factors . . . . 8 
1.4 Some important numbers . 15 
1.5 Some important concepts . 18 
1.6 Unitoperations....... . . 21 
1.7 Batch versus continuous process . 26 
1.8 A little about economy . 28 
1.9 Some fun and useful energy exercises . 30 
2 Derivation of balance equations 35 
2.1 The balance principle . . 35 
2.2 The balance equation. . . . .. . 38 
2.3 Mass balances without accumulation . . . . . . 43 
2.4 Recycle . 51 
2.5 Systematic formulation and solution of mass balances 54 
2.6 Use of a spreadsheet . 55 
2.7 Examples of recycle without reaction . . . . . . . . . . . 58 
2.8 Summary: Procedure for derivation of balance equations 60 
2.9 Degrees of freedom and solvability . 62 
2.10 Simulation versus design . 70 
2.11Summary .......... . . 70 
3 Mass balances with reaction 73 
3.1 Introduction. 73 
3.2 The component balance 73 
3.3 Steady-state component balance 74 
3.4 Conversion and extent of reaction 75 
3.5 Selectivity and yield 78 
3.6 Reaction and recycle 81 
3.7 Atomic balances 83 
3.8 Independent reactions and matrix formulation. . 
3.9 Reaction with chemical equilibrium . 
3.10Summary ..... . . 
4 The energy balance 
4.1 The general energy balance (open system) 
4.2 Energyforms ........ .. . 
4.3 Formsofwork. . . . . . . . .. . 
4.4 Forms of the energy balance .. . 
4.5 Calculation of enthalpy . 
4.6 Energy balance for mixing processes . 
4.7 Valve: Isenthalpic pressure relief . 
4.8 Thermodynamic state diagrams . . . . . . . . . 
4.9 Energy balance with chemical reaction . 
4.10 Energy balance with kinetic and potential energy 
4.11 Summary of energy balance . . . . . . . 
5 Heatexchange ......... ....... 
5.1 Introduction......... . . 
5.2 Calculation (design) of heat exchangers 
5.3 Simulation of heat exchangers . . 
6 Compression and expansion . .. . 
6.1 Introduction........... . . 
6.2 Compression (increase of pressure) . 
6.3 Expansioninturbine............... 
6.4 Reversible shaft work . 
6.5 Reversible shaft work for ideal gas . 
6.6 Actualworkandexamples............ 
6.7 Pump work . 
6.8 Compression and expansion of real gases . . 
7 Entropy and equilibrium . . . .. . 
7.1 The laws of thermodynamics . 
7.2 Calculation of entropy . . . .. . . 
7.3 Equilibrium........... . . 
7.4 Introduction to vapor/liquid equilibrium. 
8 Work from heat . . 
8.1 History of thermodynamics .. . . 
8.2 Heatengineandthefirstlaw ....... 
8.3 Heatengineandthesecondlaw . . . . . . . . . 
8.4 Cooling engine and heat pump: Heat from cold 
8.5 Efficiency ........ . . 
8.6 Ideal work and exergy . 
8.7 Gas power plant . 
8.8 Summary ........ ....... 
85 88 90 
93 93 94 96 98 103 105 112 113 116 123 126 
127 127 129 137 
141 141 142 142 143 146 147 152 153 
157 157 159 170 176 
193 193 193 194 199 203 206 218 229 
9 Mechanical energy balance . . . . . . . 231 
9.1 The "regular" energy balance . . . . . . . 231 
9.2 Mechanical energy . . . . . .. 232 
9.3 Reversible shaft work and friction. . . . . . . . 232 
9.4 The mechanical energy balance . . . . . . . . . 233 
9.5 Compressible flow in pipe (gases) . . . . . . . . 240 
9.6 Aremarkonfriction . . . . . . . 243 
9.7 Summary .......... .. 244 
10 Chemical reaction engineering . . . . . . . 245 
10.1 Reaction kinetics . . . . . . .. 245 
10.2 Reactor calculations and reactor design 252 
11Process dynamics . . . . . . . .. 265 
11.1 Introduction. . . . . . . . . .. 265 
11.2 Modeling: Dynamic balances . . . . . . . 266 
11.3 Dynamic analysis and time response . . . . . . 276 
11.4 Additional examples of step responses for first-order systems 282 
11.5 Time response for more complex systems 292 
11.6Linearization ................... 293 
11.7 Dynamic simulation with examples . . . . . . . 295 
11.8 Process control . . . . . . . 314 
11.9Summary ..................... 317 
A Some thermodynamics and physical chemistry . 319 
A.1 Concept of mole 319 
A.2 Balancing chemical reactions . . . . . . . 320 
A.3 Thermodynamic concepts . . . . . . . 321 
A.4 Thermodynamic diagrams . . . . . . . . 325 
A.5 Equations of state ..... . . . . . . . 326 
A.6 Work,heatandenergy. . . . . . . . . . 335 
A.7 Volume change work for closed system . . . . . 337 
A.8 Internal energy . . . . . . . 338 
A.9 Enthalpy ....... 339 
A.10Heatcapacity . . . . . . . . 340 
A.11 Adiabatic reversible expansion of ideal gas . 341 
A.12 Pressure independence of internal energy and enthalpy for ideal gas: Joule'sexperiment . . . . . . . . . . 344 
A.13 Calculation of enthalpy . . . . . . . 346 
A.14 Thermochemistry. . . . . . . . . . . 349 
A.15 Reference state for enthalpy . . . . . . . 355 
B More thermodynamics: Entropy and equilibrium 359 
B.1 Entropy and the second law of thermodynamics. 359 
B.2 The definition of entropy. . .. . . 360 
B.3 Carnot cycle for ideal gas . .. . . 363 
B.4 Calculation of system's entropy . 367 
B.5 Mixture (variable composition) . 371 
B.6 Equilibrium ................................. 
B.7 The fundamental equation of thermodynamics and total differentials . 
C Differential balances: Examples . 
C.1 Emptying of gas tank . 
C.2 Logarithmic mean temperature difference 
C.3 Batch (Rayleigh) distillation.. . . 
D Summary of the whole book 
E Additional problems 
E.1 Test exam . 
E.2 Solution . 
E.3 Some more exercises 
F Data . . 
INDEX . . 
373 379 
383 383 384 386 
389 
395 395 397 401 
407 
415 

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Chemical engineering.
Power resources.
Power (Mechanics).