Table of contents for Understanding the political world : a comparative introduction to political science / James N. Danziger.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


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CONTENTS
Preface 00
To the Reader 00
About the Author 00
PART ONE On Knowing the Political World
CHAPTER 1 Politics and Knowledge 00
On Politics 00
Types of Political Knowledge 00
Description 00
Where in the World? 00
Explanation 00
Prescription 00
Sources of Political Knowledge 00
Authority 00
General Authorities and Normative Knowledge: The
Role of Women in Politics 00
Personal Thought 00
Science 00
Political Science 00
Gender and Voting: Applying the Scientific Method to
Politics Using the Appendix 00
Political ¿Science¿? 00
Criticisms of Political Science as a ¿Science¿ 00
How¿s Your Bias? 00
Political Science as a Means of Understanding the
Political World 00
Where Is This Book Going? 00
Key Concepts 00
For Further Consideration 00
For Further Reading 00
On the Web 00
CONTENTS
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PART TWO Political Behavior
CHAPTER 2 Political Theory and Political Beliefs 00
Normative Political Theory 00
Thomas Hobbes 00
Political Ideology 00
Conservatism 00
Classical Liberalism 00
Whither Liberalism? Is That Liberal or
Conservative? 00
Socialism 00
Some Further Points About ¿Isms¿ 00
A Brief Primer on Political ¿Isms¿ 00
Individual Political Beliefs 00
Types of Orientations 00
Identifying Specific Beliefs 00
Belief Systems 00
Belief Systems Among Mass Publics 00
Belief Systems Among Elites 00
Political Culture 00
National Character Studies 00
Survey Research 00
Looking Ahead 00
Key Concepts 00
For Further Consideration 00
For Further Reading 00
On the Web 00
CHAPTER 3 Political Actions 00
Individual Political Actions 00
Modes of Political Activity 00
Political Activists 00
Political Participation Studies 00
Group Political Actions 00
Political Interest Groups 00
Activities of Political Interest Groups 00
Constraints on a Group¿s Behavior 00
The Debate in 3: How Interested Are Interest Groups
in Democracy? 00
Types of Interest Groups 00
The British Medical Association: An Effective
Associational Interest Group 00
Political Parties 00
Activities of Political Parties 00
Doing Politics 00
Let¿s Party! The Rise of the Green Party in Germany 00
Key Concepts 00
For Further Consideration 00
For Further Reading 00
On the Web 00
CHAPTER 4 Influences on Beliefs and Actions 00
The Environment 00
The Debate in 4: Should a ¿Rational¿ Person Vote? 00
Agents of Political Socialization 00
The Family 00
Schools 00
Peer Groups 00
The Media and Culture 00
What You See Is What You Get 00
Events 00
Personal Characteristics 00
You Go Your Way, I¿ll Go Mine 00
Political ¿Personality¿ 00
Personality 00
Human Nature 00
Concluding Observations 00
Key Concepts 00
For Further Consideration 00
For Further Reading 00
On the Web 00
PART THREE Political Systems
CHAPTER 5 States and Nations 00
The State 00
A Legal Definition 00
The States of the ¿State¿ 00
The Debate in 5: Does Humanitarian Intervention
Violate State Sovereignty? 00
A Structural-Functional Definition 00
The Domain of State Action 00
The Nation 00
State and Nations: The Indian Subcontinent 00
The Political System 00
Systems in General 00
The Political System Defined 00
Why Do People Accept Authority? 00
Conceptualization of the Political System 00
System Persistence 00
CONTENTS vii
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The Utility of the Political Systems Approach 00
Three Major Concepts: A Reprise 00
Key Concepts 00
For Further Consideration 00
For Further Reading 00
On the Web 00
CHAPTER 6 Political Institutions I: Structures 00
The Legislature 00
Roles of the Legislature 00
Legislative Structures 00
The Decline of Legislatures 00
The Problem of Defining Power 00
Executives 00
Roles of Executives 00
Structural Arrangements 00
The Age of the Executive? 00
The Administration 00
Bureaucracy as One Form of Administration 00
¿Dealing¿ with the Administration in Gamma and
Delta 00
Administrative Functions and Power 00
The Judiciary 00
Aspects of Adjudication 00
Judicial Structures
The Debate in 6: Is Judicial Review Democratic? 00
Packing the Supreme Court: FDR Versus the Judicial
Branch 00
Concluding Observations 00
Key Concepts 00
For Further Consideration 00
For Further Reading 00
On the Web 00
CHAPTER 7 Political Institutions II: Institutional
Arrangements 00
Broad Taxonomies 00
Democracies and Nondemocracies 00
Defining Democracy 00
How Much Is Your Vote Worth? Converting Votes
into Political Representation (via the Electoral
System) 00
Defining Nondemocracies 00
A Democracy¿Nondemocracy Continuum 00
Constitutional and Nonconstitutional Regimes 00
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Constitutions 00
Constitution by Fiat: Japan 00
Constitutional Regimes 00
Nonconstitutional Regimes 00
Areal Distribution of Power 00
Unitary State 00
Federation 00
Confederation 00
Forms of Executive¿Legislative Relations 00
Presidential Government 00
Parliamentary Government 00
Hybrid Systems 00
A Hybrid System in Action: France 00
Council Systems 00
Assembly Systems 00
Which Form Is Optimal? 00
Debate in 7: Which Form of Government Is
Preferable: Parliamentary, Presidential,
or Hybrid? 00
Political Party Systems 00
Two-Party Systems 00
Multiparty Systems 00
Dominant-Party Systems 00
One-Party Systems 00
No-Party Systems 00
Classification and Clarity 00
Key Concepts 00
For Further Consideration 00
For Further Reading 00
On the Web 00
CHAPTER 8 Political Economy 00
Politics and Economics 00
A Political-Economic Framework 00
Factors, Firms, and Households/Consumers 00
Getting and Spending 00
The State Joins In 00
The World Joins In 00
The Grand Total 00
Two Ideal-Type Political Economies 00
How Do You Measure Economic Prosperity? 00
The Market Economy: Total Private Control 00
The Command Economy: Total State Control 00
Key Problems for Each Ideal-Type Political
Economy 00
Market Economy 00
CONTENTS ix
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Command Economy 00
The Mixed Economy 00
Politics plus Political Economy: The Other
¿Isms¿ 00
The Three ¿Isms¿ 00
Communism Versus Socialism in Marxist
Theory 00
The Real World 00
From the ¿Ism¿ File: Corporatism 00
Concluding Observations 00
Key Concepts 00
For Further Consideration 00
For Further Reading 00
On the Web 00
PART FOUR Political Processes
CHAPTER 9 Public Policy, Power, and Decision 00
Public Policy 00
Taxonomies of Public Policies 00
Analysis of the Stages of the Policy Process 00
Policy Impact Analysis 00
Explaining Public Policy Decision Making 00
The Elite Approach 00
Key Concepts 00
Major Theorists 00
The Public Policy Process 00
The Prevalence of Elite-Based Political Systems 00
Elite Politics in Swaziland 00
The Class Approach 00
The Public Policy Process 00
The Group Approach 00
The Policy-Making Process 00
Group Politics in New Haven, Connecticut 00
The Debate in 9: Will the Communications
Revolution Revolutionize the Policy Process? 00
The Three Approaches Compared 00
Which Approach Is Correct? 00
Essential Similarities and Differences 00
Key Concepts 00
For Further Consideration 00
For Further Reading 00
On the Web 00
x CONTENTS
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CHAPTER 10 Change and Political Development 00
Change 00
Development 00
Characteristics of ¿More Developed¿ Human
Systems 00
The Process of Development 00
How Ideas Undermine Culture: Things Fall Apart in
Nigeria 00
The Dynamics of Economic Development 00
Big NIC? China 00
Political Development 00
Characteristics of Political Development 00
The Process of Political Development 00
Political Development and Modernization in
Turkey 00
Political Development as Democratization 00
Debate in 10: Is Economic Development a Necessary
Prerequisite for Democracy? 00
World of Changes 00
Multiple Transformations of a Political System:
Cambodia 00
Concluding Observations 00
Key Concepts 00
For Further Consideration 00
For Further Reading 00
On the Web 00
CHAPTER 11 Politics Across Borders 00
The Goals of States 00
Realist and Idealist Perspectives on the State¿s
¿Motives¿ 00
Major Goals 00
Mechanisms of Cooperation Between States 00
Diplomacy and Interstate Agreements
The More We Are Together: The European
Union 00
International Law 00
International Organizations 00
The WTO: Nasty Business? 00
Competition Among States 00
Balance of Power 00
Balance of Terror 00
Domination and Dependence 00
The Faces of Colonialism: Congo 00
Globalization? 00
CONTENTS xi
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The Debate in 11: Is Globalization a Positive
Development? 00
Competition in the Globalized World 00
Key Concepts 00
For Further Consideration 00
For Further Reading 00
On the Web 00
CHAPTER 12 Political Violence 00
Violence 00
Political Society 00
Types of Political Violence 00
State Violence Against Individuals or Groups 00
Individual Violence Against an Individual 00
Group Violence Against an Individual 00
The Debate in 12: Is Terrorism Ever a Justifiable
Form of Political Violence? 00
Group Violence Against a Group 00
Individual or Group Violence Against the State 00
Terrorism Makes It Worse: Uruguay 00
Conditions for Revolution 00
Use of Force Between States 00
War 00
Ultraviolence Among the Children of Abraham:
Israelis and Palestinians 00
What Causes War? 00
Evaluating Political Violence: Means and Ends 00
Key Concepts 00
For Further Consideration 00
For Further Reading 00
On the Web 00
PART FIVE Politics Among States
CHAPTER 13 The Developed Countries 00
Grouping the States in the Contemporary World 00
The Developed Countries of the Global North 00
The Developing Countries of the Global South 00
The Transitional Developed Countries 00
Images of the Developed Countries 00
Political Culture 00
Goal: Prosperity 00
Mixed Economy 00
The Social Market System: Sweden 00
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Performance 00
Challenges to Prosperity 00
The Debate in 13: Is Continued Integration Within
the European Union Likely? 00
Goal: Stability 00
Political Institutionalization 00
Order Maintenance 00
Welcome to the Brave New World: Singapore 00
Challenges to Stability 00
Media Mogul Murdoch 00
Goal: Security 00
The Era of Colonialism 00
The Cold War Period 00
Challenges to Security in the Post¿Cold War
Period 00
The Developed Countries Overall 00
Key Concepts 00
For Further Consideration 00
For Further Reading 00
On the Web 00
CHAPTER 14 The Developing Countries
Images of the Developing World 00
Developmental Classification 00
Regional Classification 00
Goal: Prosperity 00
Obstacles to Prosperity 00
Can the Population Bomb Be Disarmed? 00
The Quest for Prosperity: Strategic Choices 00
Poor Women and Development: Microcredit in
Bangladesh 00
Current Outcomes 00
Prognosis 00
Goal: Security 00
Interstate Violence 00
The Third World War: Iran and Iraq 00
Economic Security 00
Goal: Stability 00
Challenges to Political System Effectiveness 00
The Decline of Political Order 00
A Model of Hope, Decay, and Renewed Hope:
Ghana 00
Democratization 00
Political Approaches 00
It¿s Getting Better All the Time? 00
CONTENTS xiii
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Key Concepts 00
For Further Consideration 00
For Further Reading 00
On the Web 00
CHAPTER 15 The Transitional Developed Countries 00
The Postcommunist Developed Countries 00
Political Culture 00
Under Communism 00
Postcommunism 00
Goal: Prosperity 00
Under Communism 00
Postcommunism 00
Russian Roller Coaster 00
Goal: Stability 00
Under Communism 00
Postcommunism 00
Out of Many, One; and Then Many Again:
Yugoslavia 00
Goal: Security 00
Under Communism 00
Postcommunism 00
The Newly Industrializing Countries 00
Political Culture 00
Confucius Says...: Culture and Development 00
Goal: Prosperity 00
Order and Progress in Brazil: Sometimes 00
Goal: Stability 00
Goal: Security 00
The Future of the Transitional Developed
Countries 00
The Postcommunist Developed Countries 00
The NICs 00
Next? 00
The Final Debate: What Time Is It? 00
Key Concepts 00
For Further Consideration 00
For Further Reading 00
On the Web 00
APPENDIX: Political Analysis 00
Glossary 00
References 00
Credits 00
Index 00

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Political science.
Comparative government.