Table of contents for America on film : representing race, class, gender, and sexuality at the movies / Harry M. Benshoff and Sean Griffin.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


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Contents
Acknowledgments
How to Use This Book
Part I Culture and American Film 
1 Introduction to the Study of Film Form and Representation 			1
Film Form 										1
American Ideologies: Discrimination and Resistance 				5
Culture and Cultural Studies 								17
Case Study: The Lion King (1994) 							25
Questions for Discussion 								29
Further Reading 									30
2 The Structure and History of Hollywood Filmmaking				31
Hollywood vs. Independent Film							31
The Style of Hollywood Cinema							35
The Business of Hollywood								43
The History of Hollywood: The Movies Begin					47
The Classical Hollywood Cinema							50
World War II and Postwar Film 							55
¿New¿ Hollywood and the Blockbuster Mentality 					61
Questions for Discussion 								65
Further Reading									66
Further Screening									67
Part II Race and Ethnicity and American Film					68
Introduction to Part II: What is Race?						69
3 The Concept of Whiteness and American Film 					74
Seeing White 										75
Bleaching the Green: The Irish in American Cinema 				82
Looking for Respect: Italians in American Cinema					89
A Special Case: Jews and Hollywood						95
Case Study: The Jazz Singer (1927)							102
Veiled and Reviled: Arabs on Film in America					105
Conclusion: Whiteness and American Film Today					114
Questions for Discussion								116
Further Reading									116
Further Screening									118
4 African Americans and American Film						119
African Americans in Early Film							119
Blacks in Classical Hollywood Cinema						125
World War II and the Postwar Social Problem Film					128
The Rise and Fall of Blaxploitation Filmmaking					132
Sidebar: Blacks on TV 								135
Hollywood in the 1980s and the Arrival of Spike Lee				138
Black Independent Film vs. ¿Neo-Blaxploitation¿ Filmmaking			142
New Images for a New Century ¿ Or Not?						144
Case Study: Bamboozled (2000)							149
Questions for Discussion								152
Further Reading									153
Further Screening									154
5 Native Americans and American Film						155
The American ¿Indian¿ Before Film							157
Ethnographic Films and the Rise of the Hollywood Western				161
The Evolving Western								167
A Kinder, Gentler America?								173
Case Study: Smoke Signals (1998)							178
Conclusion: 21st-Century Indians?							180
Questions for Discussion								182
Further Reading									182
Further Screening									183
6 Asian Americans and American Film						184
Silent Film and Asian Images								186
Asians in Classical Hollywood Cinema						189
World War II and After: War Films, Miscegenation Melodramas, and Kung Fu	195
Contemporary Asian American Actors and Filmmakers				202
Case Study: Eat a Bowl of Tea (1989)						209
Questions for Discussion								211
Further Reading									212
Further Screening									213
7 Latinos and American Film								214
The Greaser and the Latin Lover: Alternating Stereotypes				218
World War II and After: The Good Neighbor Policy					222
The 1950s to the 1970s: Back to Business as Usual?					229
Expanding Opportunities in Recent Decades						232
Conclusion: A Backlash Against Chicanos?						239
Case Study: My Family/Mi Familia (1995)						241
Questions for Discussion								243
Further Reading									244
Further Screening									245
Part III Class and American Film							247
Introduction to Part III: What is Class?						248
8 Classical Hollywood Cinema and Class						255
Setting the Stage: The Industrial Revolution						255
Early Cinema: The Rise of the Horatio Alger Myth					258
Hollywood and Unionization								266
Class in the Classical Hollywood Cinema						270
Case Study: The Grapes of Wrath (1940)						274
Conclusion: Recloaking Class Consciousness					278
Questions for Discussion 								279
Further Reading									279
Further Screening									280
9 Cinematic Class Struggle After the Depression					281
From World War II to the Red Scare							281
From Opulence to Counterculture							287
New Hollywood and the Resurrection of the Horatio Alger Myth			294
Case Study: Bulworth (1998)								303
Conclusion: Corporate Hollywood and Labor Today					306
Sidebar: Class on Television								310
Questions for Discussion								313
Further Reading									313
Further Screening									314
Part IV Gender and American Film							316
Introduction to Part IV: What is Gender?						317
10 Women in Classical Hollywood Filmmaking 					324
Images of Women in Early Cinema 							325
Early Female Filmmakers 								331
Images of Women in 1930s Classical Hollywood 					337
World War II and After 								343
Case Study: All that Heaven Allows (1955) 						348
Questions for Discussion								352
Further Reading									352
Further Screening									353
11 Exploring the Visual Parameters of Women in Film				354
Ways of Seeing									354
¿Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema¿						358
Case Study: Gilda (1946)								370
Conclusion: Complicating Mulvey¿s Arguments					373
Questions for Discussion								378
Further Reading									378
Further Screening									379
12 Masculinity in Classical Hollywood Filmmaking					380
Masculinity and Early Cinema							385
Masculinity and the Male Movie Star							388
World War II and Film Noir								395
Case Study: Dead Reckoning (1947)							401
Masculinity in 1950s American Film							403
Questions for Discussion								408
Further Reading									409
Further Screening									409
13 Gender in American Film Since the 1960s 					411
Second Wave Feminism and Hollywood 						411
Sidebar: Women and American Television 						419
Into the 1980s: A Backlash against Women? 					424
A New Generation of Female Filmmakers 						429
Case Study: The Ballad of Little Jo (1993) 						436
Conclusion: Gender at the Turn of the Millennium 					439
Questions for Discussion 								444
Further Reading									445
Further Screening									446
Part V Sexuality and American Film							447
Introduction to Part V: What is Sexuality?						448
14 Heterosexuality, Homosexuality, and Classical Hollywood			455
(Hetero)Sexuality on Screen								455
(Homo)Sexuality in Early Film							459
Censoring Sexuality during the Classical Hollywood Era				463
Postwar Sexualities and the Weakening of the Production Code			470
Camp and the Underground Cinema							477
Case Study: Queen Christina (1933)							481
Case Study: The Celluloid Closet (1995)						483
Questions for Discussion								485
Further Reading									486
Further Screening									487
15 Sexualities on Film Since the Sexual Revolution 					488
Hollywood and the Sexual Revolution						488
Film and Gay Culture from Stonewall to AIDS 					491
The AIDS Crisis 									498
Sidebar: Queer TV									503
Queer Theory and New Queer Cinema 						506
Case Study: Go Fish (1995) 								513
Hollywood Responds to New Queer Cinema						514
(Hetero)Sexualities in Contemporary American Cinema 				519
Questions for Discussion								523
Further Reading									524
Further Screening									525
Part VI Disability and American Film						526
Introduction to Part VI: What is Disability?						526
16 Cinematic Images of Disability							532
Disabled People in Early American Film: Curiosities and Freaks 			533
Romanticizing Disability in Classical Hollywood Melodramas 			539
Disability in War Movies and Social Problem Films 				543
Disability and the Counterculture							549
Case Study: Children of a Lesser God (1986)					556
A More Enlightened Age? 								560
Question for Discussion								566
Further Reading									567
Further Screening									568
Chapter 17: Making Connections							569
Case Study 1: Queen Christina (1933)						570
Case Study 2: The Old Maid (1939)							573
Case Study 3: The Gang¿s All Here (1943)						577
Case Study 4: Erin Brockovich (2000)						581
Case Study 5: 8 Mile (2002)								584
Case Study 6: Better Luck Tomorrow (2003)						590
Case Study 7: Saving Face (2004)							593
Case Study 8: Crash (2004)								597
Case Study 9: The Prize Winner of Defiance, Ohio (2005) 				600
Case Study 10: Brokeback Mountain (2005)						603
Case Study 11: Quinceañera (2006)							607
Glossary										611
Index

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Minorities in motion pictures.
Motion pictures -- United States -- History.