Table of contents for Living at micro scale : the unexpected physics of being small / David B. Dusenbery.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


Counter
Contents
List of Figures
List of Tables and Boxes
Preface
List of Symbols
1. Introduction
Origins
Size matters
Universal assumptions
Part I: Background
2. Microscopy
Invention
Eyeglasses
Microscopes
Observation
Structure of tissues
Microscopic organisms
Brownian motion
Bacteria
Characterizations
Classifications
Measurements
Sizes
Shapes
Adaptations
3. Fluids
Some History
Viscosity
Basic Theory
Reynolds number
Concept
Examples
Creeping flow
Simplicity of flow
Flow through tubes
Flow around cylinders
Slow moving spheres
Stokes' law for speed
Frictional coefficient
Deviations
Interactions
4. Molecules
The atomic view of matter
Gas laws
Chance breakthroughs
Probability
Normal distribution
Poisson distribution
The Kinetic theory
Avogadro's number
Diffusion
Osmotic pressure
Perspective
5. Brownian Motion
Observations
Theory
Experimental tests
Random walks
A model of diffusion
Constrained angles
Perspective
6. Ellipsoids
Plots of ellipsoidal shape parameters
Contours
Special plots
Calculations
Translation
Translational friction coefficients
Translational diffusion coefficient
Rotation
Rotational friction coefficient
Rotational diffusion coefficient
Rotational time constant
7. Information
Shannon's concepts
Signal-to-noise ratio
Noise is ubiquitous
What is information?
Perspective
8. Energy
Energy flows
Power density
Speed of swimming
Part II: Physical consequences
9. Chemical Transport
Flow
Diffusion faster than flow at small scale
Diffusion faster in gas than liquid
Diffusion from sources
Instantaneous source
Steady point source
Steady line source
Diffusion to sinks
Stationary sink
Moving sink
Distributed sinks
Nutrients and waste
10. Signal Detection
Time and size are important
Light
Chemicals
Temperature
Orientation information
Rotational Brownian motion limits time for detection
Magnetic bacteria
Size for detecting gravity
Part III: Consequences for Locomotion
11. Dispersal
The importance of Dispersal
Dispersal by Diffusion
Effect of shape on Brownian motion
Dispersal by random swimming
Size
Shape
Dispersal by collimated swimming
12. Sedimentation
Speed
Composition
Size
Shape
Orientation
Inclination
Gliding
Asymmetric density
Rotation
Opposing rotational Brownian motion
Consequences
Enhancing nutrient uptake and waste disposal
Loss of light and oxygen
13. Swimming
Resistance to movement
Propulsion
Motion of a propulsive appendage
Shape of a propulsive appendage
Cilia and flagella of eukaryotes
Flagella of Prokaryotes
Rotation
Mechanical efficiency
Helical swimming paths
Useful distance to move
Part IV: Consequences for Orientation to Stimulus Gradients
14. Gradient Guiding
Environmental Gradients
Determination of direction
Gradient decay length
S/N for gradient determination
Spatial comparisons
Temporal comparisons
Response
15. Size Limit for Locomotion
Minimum Signal-to-noise Ratio
Chemical gradients
Light gradients
Heat gradients
Light direction
Comparisons
Condensed formulas
Plots
Conclusion
16. Optimal Shapes
Nutrient uptake
Locomotion
Dispersal
Sedimentation
Swimming efficiency
Orientation
Gradient guiding
Light direction
Comparison
Predictions
Observations
Part V: Consequences for Interactions Between Organisms
17. Encounter Rates
Collision theory
Search theory
Encounter rates in three dimensions
Straight movement
Diffusion
Encounter distances
Overview
18. Predation
Modifying factors
Community structure
Maximal predation
Minimal predation
Combined theory
Size of top predator
Viruses
Waste
Flux
Size limit
Discrete elimination
19. Pheromone Attraction
Flux
Search rates
Pheromone use
20. Gametes
The problem
The gamete model
Density
Speed
Gamete encounter rates
Isogamy & anisogamy: encounter by contact
Oogamy: encounter by pheromone
Pheromone use
Male and female
Summary
Appendixes
Appendix 1. Approximation rules
Appendix 2. Calculus
Derivatives
Integrals
Appendix 3. Acceleration of plates
Appendix 4. Justifications
Criterion of incompressible flow
Reynolds number of Brownian motion
Appendix 5. Sedimentation equilibrium
Appendix 6. Ellipsoid Math
Description
Curvature
Plots
Surface area
Hydrodynamic calculations
Translation
Rotation
Appendix 7. Bending Beams
Appendix 8. Chemical potential energy
Water
Ions
Appendix 9. Calculation of S/N
S/N for Chemical gradient
Temporal comparison
Spatial comparison
S/N for Light
Light gradients
Light direction
Appendix 10. Calculating Flow Velocities
Flow around point sources and sinks
Flow around a solid sphere
Flow around a gas bubble
Appendix 11. High Reynolds numbers: Navier-Stokes equations
Continuity
Momentum
Viscosity
Appendix 12. Drag
Notes
References
Index

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Microorganisms.
Physics.