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Contents PREFACE INTRODUCTION The Materials of Music: Sound and Time Sound Vibration Compression and Rarefaction Frequency The Four Properties of Sound Pitch Intensity Duration Timbre Summary PART A The Fundamentals of Music CHAPTER 1 Notation Important Concepts The Staff Letter Names The Clefs Octave Identification Accidentals Intervals Enharmonic Equivalents Half-Step Motion Notation of Duration The Tie The Dot Irregular Division of Notes Rhythm Meter Signatures Dynamic Markings History Applications Some Directions for Notation Assignments CHAPTER 2 Scales, Tonality, Key, Modes Important Concepts Scale Pitch Class Diatonic Scales Scale Degree Names Major Scale Tetrachord Transposition Key Signature Minor Scale Scale Relationships Tonality Key Other Scales History Applications Pitch Inventory Assignments CHAPTER 3 Intervals and Transposition Important Concepts Intervals Perfect, Major, and Minor Intervals Consonance and Dissonance Augmented and Diminished Intervals Enharmonic Intervals Inversion of Intervals Compound Intervals and Simple Intervals History Applications Fluency with Intervals Melodic and Harmonic Intervals Transposition Methods of Transposition Assignments CHAPTER 4 Chords Important Concepts Harmony Chord Triad Triad Root Major Triad Minor Triad Diminished Triad Augmented Triad Triad Stability Triad Names Primary Triads Triad Position Root Position Triad Inversion First Inversion Second Inversion Other Tertian Chords Seventh Chords History Applications Roman Numeral Analysis Triad Position Symbols Seventh-Chord Position Symbols Figured Bass Figured-Bass Symbols Macro Analysis Popular Music Symbols Summary Assignments PART B The Structural Elements of Music CHAPTER 5 Cadences and Nonharmonic Tones Important Concepts Phrase Harmonic Cadence Rhythmic Cadence History Nonharmonic Tones Unaccented Nonharmonic Tones Accented Nonharmonic Tones Accented versus Unaccented Nonharmonic Tones Nonharmonic Tones Involving More than Three Pitches Summary of Nonharmonic Tones Assignments CHAPTER 6 Melodic Organization Important Concepts The Motive Sequence Phrase Period Modification of the Phrase Melodic Structure History Assignments CHAPTER 7 Texture and Textural Reduction Important Concepts Texture Texture Types History Applications Analysis of Texture Textural Reduction Assignments CHAPTER 8 Species Counterpoint Important Concepts Species Counterpoint The Cantus Firmus The Counterpoint First Species Counterpoint Second Species Counterpoint Third Species Counterpoint Fourth Species Counterpoint Fifth Species Counterpoint History Applications Modal Scales Melodic Characteristics Writing First Species Counterpoint Writing Second Species Counterpoint Writing Third Species Counterpoint Writing Fourth Species Counterpoint Writing Fifth Species Counterpoint Assignments CHAPTER 9 Voice Leading in Four Voices Important Concepts Four-Voice Texture History Applications Analysis of the Chorale Phrases Stylistic Practices Root Position First-Inversion Triads Second-Inversion Triads Exceptions to Stylistic Practices Unstylistic Departures Voice Ranges Voice Spacing Assignments CHAPTER 10 Harmonic Progression and Harmonic Rhythm Important Concepts Harmonic Progression The Relationship of Chords Chord Progressions Harmonic Rhythm History Applications How to Harmonize a Tonal Melody Assignments CHAPTER 11 The Dominant Seventh Chord Important Concepts Dominant Seventh Chord Macro Analysis Symbol History Applications Resolution of the Dominant Seventh Chord Circle Progression Noncircle Progressions with Resolution Nonresolution of Seventh Factor Stylistic Practices for Voice Leading in V7Chords Assignments CHAPTER 12 The Leading-Tone Seventh Chords Important Concepts Leading-Tone Seventh Chords Progressions from viiO7 and viio7 Resolution of Tritone and Seventh Factors Macro Analysis Symbols History Applications Voice Leading and the viiO7 and viio7 Some Pitfalls to Avoid Assignments CHAPTER 13 Nondominant Seventh Chords Important Concepts Nondominant Seventh Chords Roman Numeral Symbols Seventh Chords in Major and Minor Keys Macro Analysis Symbols History Applications Nondominant Seventh Chords in Circle Progressions Resolution of Seventh Factor Noncircle Treatment Voice Leading of Nondominant Seventh Chords Assignments CHAPTER 14 Secondary Dominants and Leading-Tone Chords Important Concepts Secondary Dominants Secondary Leading-Tone Chords Macro Analysis History Assignments CHAPTER 15 Modulation Important Concepts 243 Modulation Closely Related Keys Common Chord Modulation Chromatic Modulation Phrase Modulation Other Modulation Types Modulations in Period Construction Analytical Symbols for Modulations Macro Analysis History Applications Harmonizing Melodies that Modulate Assignments CHAPTER 16 Two-Part (Binary) Form Important Concepts Formal Divisions Open versus Closed Formal Divisions Simple versus Compound Forms Two-Part Form History Assignments CHAPTER 17 Three-Part (Ternary) Form Important Concepts Three-Part Form Expanded Ternary Form Rounded Binary Form History Assignments APPENDIXES A. Summary of Part-Writing Practices B. Macro Analysis Symbols C. Popular Music Chord Symbols D. History E. Expression Marks F. Instrument Ranges, Transpositions, and Foreign Names GLOSSARY CREDITS INDEXES Musical Example Index Subject Index
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