Table of contents for Colorado civil pretrial handbook / Mary Price Birk.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Dedication	iii
About the Author	v
Acknowledgements	vi
Introduction	1
Chapter 1: Bringing Suit¿Pre-Filing Considerations, Requirements, 
and Strategy	3
º 1.1 Pre-Suit Considerations	3
º 1.1.1 Setting Up the Attorney-Client Relationship	3
Conflict of Interest Check	3
Retainer Agreements	4
º 1.1.2 Pre-Filing Factual Investigation	5
º 1.1.3 Pre-Filing Legal Investigation	11
º 1.1.4 Declining Representation	12
º 1.2 Parties	12
º 1.2.1 Capacity to Bring Suit or Be Sued	12
Selecting the Parties to the Lawsuit	13
º 1.2.2 Actions By and Against Partnerships and Partners	14
º 1.2.3 Minors and Persons Under Incapacity	14
º 1.2.4 Unknown Parties	15
º 1.2.5 General Pre-Filing Requirements	16
º 1.2.6 Notice of Claim	16
Notice to State or Other Public/Governmental Entity or Employee Thereof	16
Notice to Insurer	17
Notice of Lis Pendens	17
Notice of Mechanic¿s Lien	17
º 1.2.7 Certificate of Review in Actions or Nonparty Designation Involving a Licensed Professional	18
º 1.2.8 Colorado Construction Defect Notice Requirements	19
Residential Property	19
Commercial Property	19
º 1.2.9 Security for Costs for Out-of-State Plaintiffs and for Colorado Resident Plaintiffs	20
º 1.2.10 Special Pre-Filing Requirements for Employment Cases	21
º 1.2.11 Special Pre-Filing Requirements for Actions Based on Dishonored Checks	21
º 1.2.12 Special Pre-Filing Requirements for Landlord Tenant Actions	23
º 1.3 Demand Letters	23
º 1.3.1 Letter to Represented Party	23
º 1.3.2 Letter to Unrepresented Party	24
º 1.3.3 Consumer Collections	24
º 1.4 Additional Ethical Considerations	24
º 1.4.1 Ghost-Writing	24
º 1.4.2 Pretrial Publicity	25
º 1.4.3 Lawyer Retained by Insurer to Represent Insured	25
º 1.4.4 Advising Client of Alternate Forms of Dispute Resolution	26
Appendix to Chapter 1: Forms	27
Form 1-1: Disclosure Statement Regarding Contingency Fees (C.R.C.P. ch 23.3, Form 1)	28
Form 1-2: Contingent Fee Agreement (C.R.C.P. ch 23.3, Form 2)	31
Form 1-3: Final Disbursement Statement (C.R.C.P. ch 23.3, Form 2)	34
Form 1-4: Fee Retainer Agreement¿With Standard Terms of Engagement	35
Form 1-5: New Client Questionnaire	42
Form 1-6: Authorization to Release Employment Records	43
Form 1-7: Authorization for Release of Educational Records	44
Form 1-8: Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Request Letter	45
Form 1-9: Consent for Release of Social Security Records (SSA Form)	46
Form 1-10: Request for Social Security Earnings Information 
(SSA Form)	48
Form 1-11: Request for Copy of Tax Return (IRS Form 4506)	52
Form 1-12: Request for Transcript of Tax Return (IRS Form 4506-T)	54
Form 1-13: Authorization for Release of Medical Records Under HIPAA	56
Form 1-14: Request for and Authorization to Release Medical Records (VA Form 10-5345)	60
Form 1-15: Authorization for Release of Workers¿ Compensation Information	62
Form 1-16: Authorization for Release of Criminal or Arrest Records	65
Form 1-17: Authorization to Release Insurance Information	66
Form 1-18: Authorization to Release Union Records	67
Form 1-19: Request for Military Records	68
Form 1-20: Authorization to Release Security Records	71
Form 1-21: General Financial Disclosure Authorization	72
Form 1-22: Client Letter¿Preservation of Evidence	74
Form 1-23: Plaintiff¿s Intracompany Memorandum Regarding Preservation of Evidence	76
Form 1-24: Notice of Potential Claims to Public Entities	78
Form 1-25: Notice of Potential Claim to Primary Insurer	81
Form 1-26: Notice of Potential Claim to Excess or Secondary Coverage Carrier	82
Form 1-27: Notice of Lis Pendens	83
Form 1-28: Certificate of Review¿Other Professional	84
Form 1-29: Cost Bond	86
Form 1-30: Notice to Landlord of Intent to Bring Suit	88
Form 1-31: Demand Letter	90
Form 1-32: Cease and Desist Letter	92
Chapter 2: Service of Process¿Summons and Complaint	93
º 2.1 Jurisdictional Structure of Colorado Courts	93
º 2.2 Procedures in State District Court	94
º 2.2.1 Summons	96
Personal Service Within Colorado	98
Personal Service Outside of Colorado	101
Service by Mail or Publication	101
Substituted Service	102
Waiver and Acceptance of Service	103
Time for Completing Service	103
º 2.2.2 The Complaint	103
Exhibits to a Complaint	106
Jury Demand	107
Punitive Damages	107
Use of a Verified Complaint	107
Procedure for an Agreed Case	108
Filing the Complaint	109
Civil Cover Sheets	109
º 2.2.3 Amendments to the Complaint	110
º 2.2.4 Return and Proof of Service	111
º 2.2.5 Delay Reduction Orders	111
º 2.2.6 Class Actions	111
The Four Class and Representative ¿Prerequisites¿ Under 
Rule 23(a)	111
The Rule 23(b) Hurdle	114
Procedure for Certifying Class	116
Notice in Class Actions	116
Court Procedures	117
Judgments and Orders	117
º 2.3 Procedures in County Court	118
º 2.3.1 Summons	118
º 2.3.2 The Complaint	118
º 2.3.3 Amendments to the Complaint	119
º 2.3.4 Return and Proof of Service	119
º 2.3.5 Answer and Appearance	119
º 2.4 Procedures in Small Claims Court	120
º 2.5 Technical Requirements	120
º 2.6 E-Filing	120
º 2.7 Ethical Considerations	121
Appendix to Chapter 2: Forms	123
Form 2-1: Summons¿District Court (JDF 600)	124
Form 2-2: Summons for Service by Publication (JDF Form 1.1)	127
Form 2-3: Affidavit of Service (JDF 98)	129
Form 2-4: Verified Motion for Service by Publication (JDF 1301)	131
Form 2-5: Waiver and Acceptance of Service of Summons, Complaint, and Temporary Restraining Order	133
Form 2-6: Waiver and Acceptance of Service	135
Form 2-7: Complaint	136
Form 2-8: Verified Complaint¿With Sample Claims for Breach of Employment Agreement and Injunctive Relief	138
Form 2-9: Motion and Order to Waive or Postpone Costs (JDF 403)	143
Form 2-10: Instructions for Completing Civil Cover Sheet (JDF 603)	145
Form 2-11: Civil Case Cover Sheet (JDF 601)	147
Form 2-12: Motion to Amend Complaint to Add Defendant Identified as Nonparty at Fault	149
Form 2-13: Motion to Amend Complaint to Add Claims¿Unopposed	151
Form 2-14: Summons (C.R.C.C.P. Form 1)	154
Form 2-15: Summons¿Forcible Entry and Unlawful Detainer 
(JDF Form 1A) (CRCCP Form 1A)	156
Form 2-16: Summons for Injunctive Relief for Breach of Covenants (CRCCP Form 1B)	161
Form 2-17: Summons by Publication (CRCCP Form 1C)	163
Form 2-18: County Court Instruction Sheet (JDF Form 110)	165
Chapter 3: Pre-Answer Motions and Strategy	169
º 3.1 Introduction	169
º 3.2 Notice to Insurer	169
º 3.3 Preservation of Evidence	170
º 3.4 Motions to Dismiss	170
º 3.4.1 Challenging Service	171
Special Appearance vs. General Appearance	172
º 3.4.2 Challenging Subject Matter Jurisdiction	172
º 3.4.3 Challenging Personal Jurisdiction	173
º 3.4.4 Other Grounds for Motions to Dismiss	175
Failure to State a Claim	175
Failure to Plead with Particularity	175
Lack of Jurisdiction Because of Arbitration Agreement	176
Failure to Prosecute	177
Failure to Join an Indispensable Party	178
First Amendment Right	178
Motion to Dismiss Treated as Motion for Summary Judgment	178
Motion for More Definite Statement	179
Motion to Strike	179
º 3.4.5 Defendant Entitled to Costs and Attorney Fees	179
º 3.5 Venue and Transfer	179
º 3.5.1 Forum Non Conveniens	181
º 3.5.2 Consolidating Multidistrict Litigation	182
º 3.6 Disqualifying the Judge	183
º 3.7 Removal	184
º 3.7.1 Removing the Case to Another Court	184
Removal from State District Court to Federal Court	184
Diversity Jurisdiction	185
Amount in Controversy	186
Time for Removal	187
Consent of All Defendants	189
Federal Question Jurisdiction	189
Motions to Remand	190
Removal from County Court to District Court	191
Removal from Small Claims Court	191
º 3.8 Ethical Considerations	192
º 3.8.1 Forum Shopping	192
º 3.8.2 Representation of Multiple Parties	192
º 3.8.3 Insured-Insurer Representation: Identifying the Client	192
Appendix to Chapter 3: Forms	195
Form 3-1: Letter to Co-Defendant¿s Counsel¿Preservation of Documents	196
Form 3-2: Letter to Adverse Party or Potential Adverse Party¿Preservation of Evidence	197
Form 3-3: Defendant¿s Intracompany Memorandum¿Retention of Documents Relevant to Lawsuit	201
Form 3-4: Motion to Compel Arbitration or Dismiss	202
Form 3-5: Memorandum Supporting Motion to Compel Arbitration or Dismissal	204
Form 3-6: Order Granting Defendant¿s Motion to Compel Arbitration and Dismissing Action Without Prejudice	208
Form 3-7: Notice of Removal	210
Form 3-8: State Court Notice of Removal to Federal Court	213
Form 3-9: Supplemental Civil Cover Sheet for Notices of Removal	215
Form 3-10: Civil Cover Sheet	217
Form 3-11: Letter to Potential Client¿Joint Representation, Consent, and Waiver	219
Chapter 4: Pleadings, Motions, and Other Filed Papers	221
º 4.1 Introduction	221
º 4.2 Entry of Appearance	221
º 4.3 Answers	222
º 4.3.1 State District Court	222
Affirmative Defenses	223
Cross-Claims	226
Counterclaims	226
Compulsory Counterclaims	228
Permissive Counterclaims	230
Jury Demands	230
Third-Party Complaints	232
Notice of Nonparty Fault	233
Joining of Parties	234
Amendments	236
Relation Back of Amendments	237
Extensions of Time to Respond	238
Alternative Dispute Resolution	238
º 4.3.2 County Court	239
º 4.4 Motion Practice in District Court	239
º 4.4.1 Motion for Sanctions Under C.R.C.P. 11	239
º 4.4.2 Other Considerations	240
Mandatory Duty to Confer on All Motions	240
Motion Content; Briefs in Support of Motions	240
Responses and Replies	241
Hearings on Motions	241
Preparation of Orders; Objections to Form of Orders	243
º 4.4.3 Interpleader	244
º 4.4.4 Intervention	244
Substitution of Parties	245
º 4.5 Motion Practice in County Court	246
Appendix to Chapter 4: Forms	247
Form 4-1: Sample Answer	248
Form 4-2: Motion Regarding Exemption from Mediation/ADR 
(JDF 1307)	251
Form 4-3: Order Regarding Exemption from Mediation or ADR 
(JDF 609)	253
Form 4-4: Answer Under Simplified Procedure (CRCCP Form 3)	255
Form 4-5: Motion to Intervene	258
Form 4-6: Suggestion of Death	260
Chapter 5: Default¿Pleadings and Strategy	263
º 5.1 Default, Generally	263
º 5.2 Default Procedure	264
º 5.2.1 Prosecuting a Default Judgment	264
º 5.2.2 Defending Against a Default Judgment	267
Appendix to Chapter 5: Forms	269
Form 5-1: Motion for Entry of Judgment (JDF 104)	270
Form 5-2: Motion and Order to Set Aside Default Judgment¿District or County Court (JDF 78)	272
Form 5-3: Motion and Order to Set Aside Default Judgment¿Small Claims Court (JDF 253)	274
Chapter 6: Injunctions	277
º 6.1 Injunctions and Temporary Restraining Orders, Generally	277
º 6.2 Temporary Restraining Orders	280
º 6.2.1 Standards for Issuance	280
º 6.2.2 Pleadings	280
º 6.2.3 Notice	281
º 6.2.4 Hearing	281
º 6.2.5 Entry of Temporary Restraining Order Without Notice	282
º 6.2.6 Security	282
º 6.2.7 Form of Order	283
º 6.2.8 Duration and Scope	283
º 6.3 Preliminary Injunctions	284
º 6.3.1 Standards for Issuance	284
º 6.3.2 Notice	284
º 6.3.3 Security	284
º 6.3.4 Recovery of the Bond	285
º 6.3.5 Hearing	286
º 6.3.6 Form of Order	287
º 6.4 Discovery in an Injunction Setting	287
º 6.5 Evidence	288
Appendix to Chapter 6: Forms	289
Form 6-1: Motion for Temporary Restraining Order and Preliminary Injunction	290
Form 6-2: Brief Supporting Motion for Temporary Restraining Order and Preliminary Injunction¿With Notice	292
Form 6-3: Letter Notifying Defendant of Action Seeking Temporary Restraining Order	296
Chapter 7: Case Management Orders, Plans, and Procedures	299
º 7.1 District Court	299
º 7.1.1 Non-Simplified Procedure Cases¿C.R.C.P. 16	299
º 7.1.2 Non-Domestic Simplified Procedure Cases¿C.R.C.P. 16.1	303
º 7.1.3 Domestic Relations Cases¿C.R.C.P. 16.2	305
º 7.2 County Court	306
º 7.3 Request for Absentee Testimony	307
Appendix to Chapter 7: Forms	309
Form 7-1: Rule 16 Timeline	310
Form 7-2: Notice to Set Trial	314
Form 7-3: Notice to Set Case Management Conference	316
Form 7-4: Rule 16.1 Timeline	318
Form 7-5: Notice to Elect Exclusion from Rule 16.1 (JDF 602)	323
Form 7-6: Pretrial Timeline for Dissolution of Marriage Cases Proceeding Under C.R.C.P. 16.2	325
Form 7-7: Stipulated Case Management Plan (JDF 1127)	327
Form 7-8: Order Regarding Stipulated Case Management Plan 
(JDF 1128)	330
Chapter 8: Disclosures and Discovery	333
º 8.1 Disclosures in State District Court	333
º 8.1.1 Non-Simplified Procedure Civil Cases¿C.R.C.P. 26(a)(1) Disclosures	333
Mandatory Disclosures	333
Expert Disclosures	335
º 8.1.2 Domestic Relations Case Disclosures and Special Discovery Provisions¿C.R.C.P. 16.2(e)	336
º 8.1.3 Non-Domestic Simplified Civil Procedure Cases	338
º 8.2 Disclosures in County Court	339
º 8.3 Informal Discovery	339
º 8.3.1 Using Releases to Obtain Information from Third Parties	340
Medical	340
Employment	340
Social Security	341
Workers¿ Compensation	341
Military	341
Income Tax	341
Educational	342
Financial	342
Veterans Administration	342
Freedom of Information Act	342
º 8.3.2 Interviews with Third-Party Lay Witnesses	343
º 8.3.3 Ethical Considerations	343
º 8.4 Formal Discovery in State District Court	344
º 8.4.1 E-Discovery in State District Court	345
º 8.4.2 Privilege Log	346
º 8.4.3 Trial Preparation Materials	346
º 8.4.4 Interrogatories	347
Non-Pattern Interrogatories	347
Pattern Interrogatories	348
º 8.4.5 Physical and Mental Examination of Persons	348
º 8.4.6 Requests for Production and for Inspection	349
Requests for Production	349
Requests for Entry upon Land for Inspection and Other Purposes	350
Objections	351
º 8.4.7 Requests for Admission	351
º 8.4.8 Depositions	353
Fact Witness Depositions	355
Expert Witness Depositions	360
30(b)(6) Depositions	361
º 8.4.9 Motions to Compel	362
º 8.4.10 Motions for Protective Orders	362
º 8.4.11 Ethical Considerations	363
Preparing a Witness for Deposition	363
Objections in Deposition	363
Abusive Deposition Conduct	363
Protecting Drafts of Expert Reports	363
Extensions of Time	364
Preservation of Evidence	364
Inadvertent Disclosure of Privileged or Work Product Protected Documents	364
º 8.5 Formal Discovery in County Court	364
º 8.6 Out-of-State Depositions	366
º 8.6.1 Depositions in Colorado Cases Taken Out-of-State	366
º 8.6.2 Depositions in Colorado Being Taken in Out-of-State Cases	367
º 8.7 Appellate Rights on Discovery Decisions	367
Appendix to Chapter 8: Forms	369
Form 8-1: Mandatory Disclosure Pursuant to Form 35.1 (JDF 1125)	370
Form 8-2: Sworn Financial Statement (JDF 1111)	372
Form 8-3: Supporting Schedules to Sworn Financial Statement 
(JDF 1111SS)	379
Form 8-4: Instructions for Issuing a Subpoena (JDF 79)	381
Form 8-5: Subpoena to Appear and Produce (JDF 80)	383
Form 8-6: Privilege Log	385
Form 8-7: Pattern Interrogatories Under Rule 33 (C.R.C.P. Form 20)	386
Form 8-8: Notice of Deposition	407
Form 8-9 Rule 30(b)(6) Notice of Deposition	409
Form 8-10: Response to Rule 30(b)(6) Deposition Notice	411
Form 8-11: Stipulated Motion for Protective Order	413
Form 8-12: Stipulated Protective Order	415
Form 8-13: Motion for Issuance of Subpoena Pursuant to Commission	419
Form 8-14: Order Issuing Subpoena Ducas Tecum¿Out-of-State 
(JDF 88)	422
Form 8-15: Subpoena¿Out-of-State	424
Chapter 9: Summary Judgments and Declaratory Judgments	425
º 9.1 Summary Judgments, Generally	425
º 9.1.1 Determining Whether to File a Summary Judgment Motion	426
º 9.1.2 Summary Judgment Standard	426
º 9.1.3 Timing of Motion	427
º 9.2 Pleadings	427
º 9.2.1 Affidavits	428
º 9.2.2 Responding to a Motion for Summary Judgment	428
º 9.2.3 Oral Argument	429
º 9.3 Determination of a Question of Law	429
º 9.4 Declaratory Judgment	430
Chapter 10: Trial Management Orders, Certificates, and Procedures	433
º 10.1 Trial Management Orders and Procedures in Non-Simplified Procedure District Court Cases	433
º 10.1.1 Trial Management Orders	433
Statement of Claims and Defenses	434
Stipulated Facts	434
Pretrial Motion	435
Trial Brief	435
Itemization of Damages or Other Relief Sought	435
Identification of Witnesses and Exhibits¿Juror Notebooks	435
Trial Efficiencies and Other Matters	437
Effect and Amendment of Trial Management Orders	437
º 10.1.2 Pretrial Procedures Not Set Forth in the Trial Management Order	437
Jury Instructions and Verdict Forms	437
Motions in Limine	438
º 10.2 Trial Management in Simplified Procedure District Court Cases	439
Deposition Testimony	439
Trial Exhibits	439
Limitations on Witnesses and Exhibits at Trial	440
Juror Notebooks and Jury Instructions	440
Motions in Limine	440
º 10.3 Trial Management Certificates in Domestic Cases	440
º 10.4 Procedures in County Court Cases	441
Appendix to Chapter 10: Forms	443
Form 10-1: Joint Trial Management Order	444
Form 10-2: Trial Management Order	448
Form 10-3: Notice to Set Trial Management Conference	454
Index	457

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Pre-trial procedure -- Colorado.
Civil procedure -- Colorado.