Table of contents for Terrestrial vegetation of California / edited by Michael G. Barbour, Todd Keeler-Wolf, Allan A. Schoenherr.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


Counter
Preface and Introduction xi
 1	The History of Vegetation 
Classification and Mapping in California 1
	Todd Keeler-Wolf
	Introduction 1
	Early Mapping Efforts 4
	State Cooperative Soil-Vegetation Survey and Soil-Vegetation 
Survey 11
	Value of the Combined S-V 
Survey Maps 14
	Large Regional Remote Sensing Efforts 14
	Vegetation Classification in 
California 22
	Integrated Vegetation Mapping and Classification 29
	Developments and Future 
Directions 33
	References 38
 2	Climate, Paleoclimate, and 
Paleovegetation 43
	Richard A. Minnich
	Introduction 43
	Modern Climate 43
	Tertiary Climate Change and Development of California 
Vegetation 51
	Summary of Tertiary/
Quarternary Climate 
and Vegetation Change 63
	References 66
 3	California Soils and Examples 
of Ultramafic Vegetation 71
	Anthony T. O'Geen, Randall A. Dahlgren, and Daniel Sanchez-
Mata
	California Soils 71
	Soil Taxonomy 79
	A Medium for Plant Growth 83
	Geography of Soils in 
California 85
	Ultramafic Vegetation 93
	References 104
 4	Nonnative plants of 
California 107
	C.C. Bossard and J.M. Randall
	Introduction 107
	History 108
	Invisibility of Californian 
Habitats 112
	Control of Nonnative Invasive Plants and Restoration of 
California's Native 
Habitats 116
	Areas for Future Research 119
	References 119
 5	Estuarine Wetlands
	Brenda J. Grewell, John C. Callaway, and Wayne R. Ferren, Jr.
	Introduction 124
	Abiotic and Biotic Forcing 
Factors 134
	Distribution of Estuarine 
Wetland Systems 137
	Management and Conservation Issues 143
	Areas for Future Research 148
	References 149
 6	Beach and Dune 155
	Andrea J. Pickart and Michael 
G. Barbour
	Introduction 155
	Geologic Processes 156
	Vegetation of the Beach 157
	Vegetation of Nearshore 
Dunes 158
	Vegetation of Backdunes 160
	Naturalized Vegetation 162
	Physiological Ecology 164
	Conservation 168
	Areas for Future Research 173
	References 173
 7	Northern Coastal Scrup
and Coastal Prairie 180
	Lawrence D. Ford and 
Grey Hayes
	Introduction 180
	Northern Coastal Scrub 180
	Coastal Prairie 193
	Areas for Future 
Research 204
	References 205
 8	Sage Scrub 208
	Philip W. Rundel
	Introduction 208
	Environmental 
relationships 209
	Community Composition and Structure 213
	Ecophysiology 220
	Disturbance Regimes 223
	Restoration 225
	Areas for Future Research 225
	Reference 225
 9	The California Channel 
Islands 229
	Steve Junak, Denise A. Knapp, J. Robert Haller, Ralph Philbrick, 
Allan Schoenherr, and 
Todd Keeler-Wolf
	Introduction 229
	Overview of Flora and 
Vegetation 237
	Scrub Vegetation Types 238
	Island Chaparral 242
	Valley and Foothill 
Grassland 243
	Woodland and Forest 243
	Wetlands 245
	Conservation and 
Restoration 246
	Areas for Future 
Research 248
	References 248
10	Forests of Northwestern 
California 253
	John O. Sawyer
	Introduction to the Region's Floristic Richness 253
	Conifers with Limited 
Ranges 255
	Why Are There Localized Areas of Richness? 257
	The Parent Material 
Factor 267
	Terrain and Forests 269
	Dynamics of Northwestern Forests 281
	Summary: Classification, 
Conservation, Restoration, 
and Areas for Future 
Research 284
	References 291
11	Closed-Cone Pine and Cypress Forests 296
	Michael G. Barbour
	Introduction 296
	Cypress Forests 298
	Pine forests 303
	Areas for Future Research 309
	References 310
12	Oak Woodlands and Forests 313
	Barbara Allen-Diaz, Richard Standiford, and Randall D. Jackson
	Introduction 313
	California Oak Woodland Communities 314
	Spatial and Temporal Aspects 
of Oak Woodland 
Sustainability 324
	Oak Woodland Ecosystem Processes 326
	Conservation and Restoration Issues 329
	Economic Values and Utilization of Oak Woodlands 332
	Areas for Future Research 333
	References 333
13	Chaparral 339
	Jon E. Keeley and Frank W. Davis
	Introduction 339
	Biogeographical Patterns 339
	Fire 350
	Community and Ecosystem Processes 355
	Evolutionary and Geological 
History 360
	Areas for Future Research 362
	References 362
14	Valley Grassland 367
	James W. Bartolome, W. James Barry, Tom Griggs, and 
Peter Hopkinson
	Introduction 367
	Replacement of the Original Grassland 372
	The Annual Grassland 373
	Conservation and Restoration Issues 385
	Areas for Future Research 388
	References 388
15	Vernal Pools 394
	A. I. Solomeshch, M.G. Barbour, and R.F. Holland
	Introduction 394
	Landforms, Geologic Formations, and 395
	Distribution 397
	Evolution of the Vernal Pool Flora 398
	Vegetation Classification 405
	Conservation and 
Management 417
	Restoration and Mitigation 418
	Areas for Future Research 420
	Acknowledgments 421
	References 421
16	Riparian Vegetation of the Great Valley 425
	Mehrey G. Vaghti and 
Steven E. Greco
	Introduction 425
	Ecosystem Processes and 
Landscape Characteristics 428
	Historical and Contemporary Management 433
	Vegetation Ecology 435
	Conservation and 
Rehabilitation 447
	References 451
17	Montane and Subalpine 
Vegetation of the Sierra Nevada and Cascade Ranges 456
	Jo Ann Fites-Kaufman, Phil Rundel, Nathan Stephenson, and 
Dave A. Weixelman
	The Sierra Nevada 456
	The Cascade Range 487
	Productivity and Carbon and Nutrient Cycles 490
	Conservation and 
Restoration 491
	Areas for Future Research 493
	References 493
18	Southern California Coniferoud Forests 498
	Richard A. Minnich
	Introduction to the Distribution and Species Composition of 
the Region's Forest 498
	Historical Descriptions 503
	Water Relations and 
Microclimate 505
	Fire, Forest Dynamics, and 
Biogeography 507
	Disturbance From Insects, Pathogens, and Air Pollutants 523
	Catastrophic Dieback in Record Drought 525
	Forest Decline or Punctuated Equilibrium 528
	Acknowledgments 529
	References 529
19	Alpine Vegetation 535
	John O. Sawyer and 
Todd Keeler-Wolf
	Introduction 535
	Floristic Relationships of the High Sierra Nevada 536
	Treeline 543
	Vegetation Patterns 546
	Areas for Future Research 565
	References 565
20	Transmontane Coniferous 
Vegetation 570
	Robert F. Thorne, Allan A. Schoenherr, Charlie D. Clements, and 
James A. Young
	Introduction 570
	Mountain Juniper 
Woodlands 574
	Pinyon-Juniper Woodlands 575
	Desert Montane and Subalpine Woodlands 578
	Subalpine Woodland 579
	Areas for Future Research 580
	References 581
21	Sagebrush Steppe 583
	James A. Young, Charlie D. Clements, and Henricus 
C. Jansen
	Introduction 583
	Characteristics of 
Vegetation 585
	Environmental Relations 585
	Succession 588
	Native Animals 589
	Plant Communities 590
	Areas for Future Research 601
	References 601
22	Mojave Desert Scrub 
Vegetation 605
	Todd Keeler-Wolf
	Introduction 605
	Analysis of Mojave 
Vegetation 608
	General Vegetation Types of the Mojave Desert 616
	Mojave Desert Vegetation 
Age, Persistence, and 
Conservation 642
	Areas for Future Research 643
	References 644
23	Colorado Desert Vegetation 653
	Allan A. Schoenherr and 
Jack H. Burk 
	Introduction 653
	Vegetation 655
	Growth Form and Physiological Response 666
	Drought- and Winter-
Deciduous 670
	Areas for Future Research 672
	References 672
24	Epilogue 679
	Allan A. Schoenherr, 
Michael G. Barbour, and 
Todd Keeler-Wolf

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Plant ecology -- California.
Phytogeography -- California.