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Contents Preface Additional resources Chapter 1: Why Eat? 1.1 The need for energy 1.2 Metabolic fuels 1.3 Hunger and appetite Chapter 2: Enzymes and Metabolic Pathways 2.1 Chemical reactions: breaking and making covalent bonds 2.2 Enzymes 2.3 Factors affecting enzyme activity 2.4 Coenzymes and prosthetic groups 2.5 The classification and naming of enzymes 2.6 Metabolic pathways 2.7 Enzymes in clinical chemistry and medicine Chapter 3: The Role of ATP in Metabolism 3.1 The adenine nucleotides 3.2 Functions of ATP 3.3 The phosphorylation of ADP to ATP Chapter 4 : Digestion and Absorption 4.1 The gastro-intestinal tract 4.2 Digestion and absorption of carbohydrates 4.3 Digestion and absorption of fats 4.4 Digestion and absorption of proteins 4.5 The absorption of vitamins and minerals Chapter 5: Energy Nutrition ¿ the Metabolism of Carbohydrates and Fats 5.1 Estimation of energy expenditure 5.2 Energy balance and changes in body weight 5.3 Metabolic fuels in the fed and fasting states 5.4 Energy-yielding metabolism 5.5 The metabolism of fats 5.6 Tissue reserves of metabolic fuels 5.7 Gluconeogenesis ¿ the synthesis of glucose from non-carbohydrate precursors Chapter 6: Diet and Health ¿ Nutrition and Chronic Diseases 6.1 Chronic diseases (the ¿diseases of affluence¿) 6.2 Types of evidence linking diet and chronic diseases 6.3 Guidelines for a prudent diet 6.4 Nutritional genomics: interactions between diet and genes 6.5 Free radicals, oxidative damage and antioxidant nutrients 6.6 Other protective compounds in foods Chapter 7: Overweight and obesity 7.1 Desirable body weight 7.2 The problems of overweight and obesity 7.3 The causes and treatment of obesity Chapter 8: Protein-energy Malnutrition ¿ Problems of Undernutrition 8.1 Problems of deficiency 8.2 Protein-energy malnutrition 8.3 Marasmus 8.4 Cachexia 8.5 Kwashiorkor Chapter 9: Protein Nutrition and Metabolism 9.1 Nitrogen balance and protein requirements 9.2 Protein synthesis 9.3 The metabolism of amino acids Chapter 10: The integration and control of metabolism 10.1 Patterns of metabolic regulation 10.2 Intracellular regulation of enzyme activity 10.3 Responses to fast acting hormones by covalent modification of enzyme proteins 10.4 Slow-acting hormones: changes in enzyme synthesis 10.5 Hormonal control in the fed and fasting states 10.6 Selection of fuel for muscle activity 10.7 Diabetes mellitus ¿ a failure of regulation of blood glucose concentration Chapter 11: Micronutrients ¿ the vitamins and minerals 11.1 The determination of requirements and reference intakes 11.2 Vitamin A 11.3 Vitamin D 11.4 Vitamin E 11.5 Vitamin K 11.6 Vitamin B1 (thiamin) 11.7 Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) 11.8 Niacin 11.9 Vitamin B6 11.10 Vitamin B12 11.11 Folic acid 11.12 Biotin 11.13 Pantothenic acid 11.14 Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) 11.15 Minerals Appendix ¿ units of physical quantities, multiples and sub-multiples of units Glossary Index
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
Metabolism -- physiology.