Table of contents for Congressional procedures and the policy process / Walter J. Oleszek.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


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Contents
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	Tables, Figures, and Boxes	__
	Preface	__
1	Congress and Lawmaking	1
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	The Constitutional Context	3
	Functions of Rules and Procedures	5
	Rules and Policy Making in Congress	11
	Congressional Decision Making	17
	The House and Senate Compared	23
	Pressures on Members	29
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2	The Congressional Budget Process	40
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	Authorization-Appropriations Process	42
	Prelude to Budget Reform	56
	The 1974 Budget Act	57
	Evolution of the Budget Process	70
	A Brief Surplus Era	72
	The Challenge Ahead	73
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3	Preliminary Legislative Action	78
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	Categories of Legislation	79
	Bill Referral Procedure	81
	Consideration in Committee	89
	The Committee Chair's Role	90
	Committee Hearings	93
	The Markup	98
	The Report	105
	Bypassing Committees	107
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4	Scheduling Legislation in the House	113
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	The House Legislative Calendars	115
	Minor and Noncontroversial Bills	116
	Privileged Legislation	122
	Major Legislation	123
	Legislation Blocked in Committee	143
	Final Scheduling Steps	147
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5	House Floor Procedure	153
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	Adoption of the Rule	155
	Committee of the Whole	156
	General Debate	158
	The Amending Process	165
	Voting	176
	Final Procedural Steps	180
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6	Scheduling Legislation in the Senate	188
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	Flexible Scheduling System	188
	Noncontroversial Bills	197
	Major Legislation	197
	Unanimous Consent Agreements	203
	The Track System	212
	Scheduling Procedures Compared	212
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7	Senate Floor Procedure	217
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	Legislative and Calendar Days	
	Daily Order of Business	
	Debate in the Modern Senate	
	Bills Considered by Unanimous Consent	
	The Amending Process	
	Bills without Unanimous Consent	
	Procedures to Circumvent Committees	
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8	Resolving House-Senate Differences	
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	Obscurity of the Process	
	Agreement without a Conference	
	Preconference Considerations	
	Conference Committee Process	
	Presidential Approval or Veto	
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9	Legislative Oversight	
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	Oversight: An Overview	
	Techniques of Oversight	
	Impeachment	
	Oversight Trends and Incentives	
	Lack of Consensus on Oversight	
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10	A Dynamic Process	
	Glossary of Congressional Terms	
	Selected Bibliography	
	Selected Internet Sources	
	Index	
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Tables, Figures, and Boxes
TABLES
1-1	Several Major Differences Between the House and Senate	24
2-1	Authorization-Appropriations Rules Compared (not included¿query)	50
3-1	Procedural Differences at Preliminary Stages of the Legislative Process	102
		115
4-1	Motions to Suspend the Rules in the House, by Party of Sponsor, 100th to 108th Congresses(updated)
	117
4-2	Committees with Direct Access to the Floor for Selected Legislation	120
4-3	Open versus Restrictive Rules, 100th to 108th Congresses	128
5-1	Major Characteristics, House and Committee of the Whole	157
6-1	House and Senate Scheduling Compared	190
6-2	Purposes and Features of a Complex Unanimous Consent Agreement	205
6-3	Comparison of House Special Rule and Senate Unanimous Consent Agreement	214
7-1	Selected Bicameral Differences in the Amendment Process	229
7-2	Longest Filibusters in Senate History	241
8-1	Bicameral Reconciliation of Legislation, 103d (1993-1995), 105th (1997-1999), 106th (1999-2001), 
107th (2001-2003), and 108th (2003-2005) Congresses	258
FIGURES
1-1	How a Bill Becomes Law	15
1-2	A Daily Message for House Republicans (not included¿query)	33
2-1	Federal Spending by Major Category, Fiscal 1965 and 2006	46
3-1	House Committee Report (updated)	105
4-1	Calendars of the United States House of Representatives and History of Legislationupdated)	113
4-2	House Whip Notice(updated)	148
5-1	Floor Plan of the House of Representatives	154
5-2	The Basic Amendment Tree	171
6-1	Distribution of Senate and House Votes, 102d Congress, by Day of Week	191
6-2	Senate Calendar of Business (updated)	195
6-3	Senate GOP Whip Notice Friday, September 12, 2003(update)	197
7-1	Senate Floor Plan and Seating Chart	218
7-2	Amendment to Insert	231
8-1	Conference Report	277
8-2	Public Law(updated)	284
BOXES
1-1	Major Sources of House and Senate Rules	6
1-2	Leadership Structure of Congress	20
2-1	Authorization of Appropriations Language	43
2-2	Structure of a Regular Appropriations Act (updated)	45
2-3	Congressional Budget Process Timetable	59
2-4	The House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees	64
2-5	Budget Reconciliation Process	65
3-1	For the Record (updated)	79
3-2	Jurisdiction of House Committee on Education and the Workforce	81
3-3	Standing Committees, 109th Congress (2005-2007)	82
3-4	A Jurisdictional Accommodation (updated)	87
3-5	Selected Formal Rules Governing Hearing Procedures(not included¿query)	94
4-1	Reading a Special Rule	126
		131
4-2	A Scheduling Ritual(update)	146
5-1	Some Tests of Germaneness	169
5-2	Methods of Voting in the House	176
	182
6-1	Schedule of Sen. Susan Collins, R-Maine(will be updated)	188
6-2	Setting the Daily Schedule(updated)	196
6-3	Wrapping Up the Senate's Day(updated)	198
	202
	211
7-1	Unanimous Consent Agreement(updated)	226
7-2	A Second-Degree Strategy	234
7-3	A Cloture Motion(updated)	243
7-4	Ending a Senate Filibuster	244
7-5	Placing a Measure on the Calendar(updated)	250
8-1	Instruction of Conferees(updated)	268
8-2	Senate Procedure Change on Appropriations Bills	274
8-3	Picking Procedural Locks	279
8-4	Calling Up a Conference Report: Unanimous Consent Agreement(updated)	280
8-5	Calling Up a Conference Report by Special Rule(updated)	281
9-1	A Committee Veto	296

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

United States. Congress -- Rules and practice.
Legislation -- United States.
Parliamentary practice -- United States.