Table of contents for Representing Europe's citizens? : electoral institutions and the failure of parliamentary representation / David M. Farrell and Roger Scully.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


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Contents 
List of Figures x 
List of Tables xi 
1 Introduction: Representing Europe's Citizens? 1 
2 Giving the People What They Want: Public Attitudes to Representation in the EU 17 
3 Electoral Institutions and Political Representation 41 
4 Representation and Electoral Systems in Europe 63 
5 Representation in Europe: The Institutions and the Individuals 93 
6 Electoral Institutions and Geographical Representation 119 
7 Electoral Reform and the British MEP 139 
8 Life Under List: Representing a Region 163 
9 Conclusion: The Failure of Parliamentary Representation in Europe 197 
Appendices 209 
Bibliography 217 
Index 229 
List of Figures 
2.1 Trends in attitudes to the EU over time on three general questions 21 
2.2 Perceived importance of the EP (%), 1987--2000 31 
3.1 Electoral systems and parliamentary representation 51 
3.2 Degrees of `openness' in ballot structure design 53 
4.1 Variations in the ballot structures used for EP elections in 2004 78 
4.2 Disproportionality trends in EP elections, 1979--2004 80 
4.3 The ratio of MEPs to the electorate in the EP, 1979--2004 81 
4.4 The effective number of (parliamentary) parties trends in EP Elections,
1979--2004 83 
4.5 The proportions of women MEPs in the EP, 1979--2004 84 
4.6 The consequences of variations in EP electoral systems design in 2004 85 
7.1 Locating Britain's electoral reform in the context of the existing EP
electoral systems in 1999 149 
7.2 Conceptualizing Britain's EP electoral system change and its
consequences for the representative function of MEPs 151 
List of Tables 
1.1 The growth of the EP 6 
2.1 Support for EU membership by member state, 1991 and 2003 25 
2.2 EU referendums, 1972--2005 27 
2.3 Perceived importance of EU institutions, 2005 30 
2.4 Public trust in EU institutions, 2005 30 
2.5 Levels of voter contact during the 2004 EP election 36 
3.1 The five main families of electoral systems 44 
4.1 Electoral systems for national and EP elections in 1979 70 
4.2 The EP's electoral systems, 2004 75 
4.3 The representativeness of EP electoral systems in 2004 79 
4.4 The effects of effective threshold and delegation size on
disproportionality: OLS regression 86 
5.1 MEPs' opinions (%) on the powers of the EP 96 
5.2 Bivariate correlation coefficients (r) for EP powers items 97 
5.3 OLS regression coefficients (standard errors) for EP powers scale and
location of EP plenaries 100 
5.4 How important is it to you to represent the following groups of people
in the EP? (%) 105 
5.5 `When thinking about your work as an MEP, how important are the
following aspects of your work?' 106 
5.6 Correlations of MEP individual role items 108 
5.7 Rotated factor loadings for MEPs' responses to attitudinal items
(varimax rotation) 109 
5.8 Regression estimates (standard errors) for three representation factors 111 
6.1 Time spent on electioneering by MEPs 121 
6.2 Types and degrees of campaign activity 122 
6.3 Time spent by MEPs in member states 123 
6.4 Forms of voter contact 124 
6.5 MEP contacts with organized groups and individuals (%) 125 
6.6 Scoring the EP's electoral systems on the intra-party dimension 130 
6.7 Regression estimates (standard errors) for eight dependent variables 133 
7.1 The 11 British regions for the 1999 and 2004 EP elections 148 
7.2 Elections to the EP in Britain, 1994--2004 150 
7.3 British MEPs' view on representation: 1996 and 2000 compared 156 
8.1 The representative role of MEPs 166 
8.2 Team-related matters 167 
8.3 Regional variation in British representation in the 1999--2004 EP 169 
8.4 The representative role: regional features (%) 179 
8.5 The representative role: party-level features (%) 180 
8.6 The representative role: individual-level features (%) 182 
8.7 Team-related matters: regional features (%) 190 
8.8 Team-related matters: party-level features (%) 190 
8.9 Team-related matters: individual-level features (%) 191 
9.1 Electoral system design and elements of voter linkage: evidence from
the 2004 EP elections 202

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

European Parliament -- Elections.
Representative government and representation -- European Union countries.
Political participation -- European Union countries.