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outline contents Notes on Contributors xvii Introduction to the fourth edition xxi Guided tour of the Online Resource Centre xxvi part i criminology: history and theory 1 Sociological theories of crime Paul Rock 3 2 Criminological psychology Clive Hollin 43 3 Contemporary landscapes of crime, order, and control: governance, risk, and globalization Ian Loader and Richard Sparks 78 4 Cultural criminology Keith Hayward and Jock Young 102 5 Historical perspectives on crime Clive Emsley 122 6 Comparing criminal justice David Nelken 139 7 Diversity, crime, and criminal justice Barbara Hudson 158 part ii the social construction of crime and crime control 8 Legal constructions of crime Nicola Lacey 179 9 No turning back: the politics of law and order into the millennium David Downes and Rod Morgan 201 10 Crime data and statistics Mike Maguire 241 11 Media-made criminality: the representation of crime in the mass media Robert Reiner 302 part iii dimensions of crime 12 Political economy, crime, and criminal justice Robert Reiner 341 13 Gender and crime Frances Heidensohn and Loraine Gelsthorpe 381 14 Ethnicities, racism, crime, and criminal justice Coretta Phillips and Ben Bowling 421 15 Victims, victimization, and criminal justice Carolyn Hoyle and Lucia Zedner 461 16 Mentally disordered offenders, mental health, and crime Jill Peay 496 17 Place, space, crime, and disorder Anthony E. Bottoms 528 18 Youth crime and youth culture Tim Newburn 575 19 Childhood risk factors and risk-focused prevention David P. Farrington 602 20 Crime and the life course David Smith 641 part iv forms of crime 21 Violent crime Michael Levi, Mike Maguire, and Fiona Brookman 687 22 White-collar and corporate crime David Nelken 733 23 Organizing serious, transnational, and terrorist crimes Michael Levi 777 24 Drugs, alcohol, and crime Nigel South 810 part v reactions to crime 25 The governance of security: pluralisation, privatization, and polarization in crime control Trevor Jones 841 26 Crime prevention and community of safety Adam Crawford 866 27 Policing and the police Tim Newburn and Robert Reiner 910 28 From suspect to trial Andrew Sanders and Richard Young 953 29 Sentencing Andrew Ashworth 990 30 Youth Justice Rod Morgan and Tim Newburn 1024 31 Community penalties: probation, 'What Works', and offender management Peter Raynor 1061 32 Imprisonment: an expanding scene Rod Morgan and Alison Liebling 1100 Index 000 detailed contents Notes on contributors xvii introduction to the fourth edition xxi Mike Maguire, Rod Morgan, and Robert Reiner guided tour of the online resource centre xxvi part i criminology: history and theory 1 sociological theories of crime 3 Paul Rock Introduction: The Development of Criminology in Britain 3 Sociological Criminology 7 Crime and Control 8 Crime, Control, and Space 18 Radical Criminology 23 Functionalist Criminology 26 Signification 28 Criminology as an Eclectic Discipline 33 Prospects for the Future 34 2 criminological psychology 43 Clive Hollin Introduction 43 The Growth of Psychology 44 Psychology and Criminology: Early Accord 46 Psychology and Criminology: The Parting of the Ways 48 Psychology and Criminology: Little Common Ground 51 Psychology and Criminology: Not on Speaking Terms 57 Psychology and Criminology: Return to Cordiality? 65 Concluding Comment 70 3 contemporary landscapes of crime, order, and control: governance, risk, and globalization 78 Ian Loader and Richard Sparks Introduction 78 Governance 79 Risk 84 Globalization 88 Conclusion: Criminology, Culture, and Public Life 93 4 cultural criminology 102 Keith Hayward and Jock Young Introduction 102 For a Sociologically Inspired Criminology 103 This is 'What is Cultural' about Cultural Criminology 105 Inside the 'Hall of Mirrors': Media, Representation, Meaning 108 Transgressive Subjects: Uncovering the Meanings and Emotions of Crime 111 Dangerous knowledge 113 Conclusion 117 5 historical perspectives on crime 122 Clive Emsley Introduction 122 Theory 123 From Violence to Theft? 125 Statistical Data 128 Cultural History 131 Human Agency 132 Continuities, Discontinuities, and Connections 134 6 comparing criminal justice 139 David Nelken Why Study Criminal Justice Comparatively? 139 On Methods of Comparative Research 143 Approaches to Comparison 147 7 diversity, crime, and criminal justice 158 Barbara Hudson Introduction: From Difference to Diversity 158 Diversity and Crime 159 Difference, Diversity and Justice 166 Community, Diversity, and Human Rights 171 part ii the social construction of crime and crime control 8 legal constructions of crime 179 Nicola Lacey The Relationship between Criminal Law, Criminology, and Criminal Justice Studies 180 Criminal Law 182 Contextualizing Criminal Law: Criminological Perspectives 192 The Doctrinal Structure of Criminal Law: Questions for the Social Sciences 194 From Critical Criminal Law to Criminalization 196 9 no turning back: the politics of law and order into the millennium 201 David Downes and Rod Morgan Introduction 201 British General Elections and 'Law and Order', 1945-2005 203 Pressure-Group and Interest-Group Politics 222 Matters of Scandal and Concern 231 Conclusions 234 10 crime data and statistics 241 Mike Maguire Introduction 241 Historical Overview: The Rise and Fall of Official Statistics 243 Interpreting the Statistics 254 Alternatives and Challenges to the Official Picture 276 Recent Developments and Emerging Issues 290 11 media-made criminality: the representation of crime in the mass media 302 Robert Reiner Crime in the Media: Subversion, Social Control, or Mental Chewing Gum? 302 The Content of Media Images of Crime 303 The Consequences of Media Images of Crime 315 The Causes of Media Representations of Crime 323 Observers or Players? The Media and Crime in Postmodernity 327 part iii dimensions of crime 12 political economy, crime, and criminal justice 341 Robert Reiner Introduction: Political Economy and Crime: A One-Sided Accentuation? 341 Political Economy and Criminological Theory 345 Economic Factors and Crime: What is the Empirical Evidence? 355 Political Economies, Crime, and Criminal Justice: Comparative and Historical Perspectives 363 Conclusion: Markets, Meanings, Morals 372 13 gender and crime 381 Frances Heidensohn and Loraine Gelsthorpe Introduction 381 Feminist Contributions to Criminology 381 The Early Feminist Critique of Criminology 383 Methodological Issues and Developments 385 Theoretical Work on Masculinity 387 Women, Men, and Crime 391 Gender, Crime, and Justice in Late Modernity 406 14 ethnicities, racism, crime, and criminal justice 421 Coretta Phillips and Ben Bowling Setting the Context: Historical, Conceptual, and Contemporary 422 Redrawing the Parameters of the 'Race and Crime' Debate: Victimization and Offending 424 The Social Construction of Ethnicity and Criminality 429 Criminological Research on Ethnicity and Crime 430 The Police and Policing Minority Communities 434 Explaining Disproportionality 436 Prison and Probation 445 Minority Ethnic Employment in the Criminal Justice System 448 Conclusion: Challenges for Theory, Research, and Practice 450 15 victims, victimization, and criminal justice 461 Carolyn Hoyle and Lucia Zedner Introduction 461 The Nature and Distribution of Victimization 462 Victims' Movements and Victims' Justice 470 Victims in the Criminal Justice Process 473 The Rise of Restorative Justice 481 Conclusion 487 16 mentally disordered offenders, mental health, and crime 496 Jill Peay Policy Development in England and Wales: A Context of Conflicting Themes 497 Mental Disorder and Offenders: A Case for Special Provision? 501 The Problem of Definition 503 Mentally Disordered Offenders: A Minority Group? 504 Mental Disorder, Offending Behaviour, and Treatment 511 Protective Sentencing: Procedural Safeguards versus Treatment 519 Conclusions 522 17 place, space, crime, and disorder 528 Anthony E. Bottoms Place, Space, and Crime: A Brief History 530 Preliminary Methodological Issues 533 Explaining the Location of Offences 535 Socio-Spatial Dimensions of Incivilities and Disorder 550 Explaining the Location of Offender Residence 557 Integrating Socio-Spatial Criminology 567 Macro-Level Issues 568 18 youth crime and youth culture 575 Tim Newburn Youth and Crime in Historical Context 575 Youth in Post-War Britain 577 Young People, Crime, and Victimization 585 Conclusion 595 19 childhood risk factors and risk-focused prevention 602 David P. Farrington Introduction 602 Individual Risk Factors 608 Family Risk Factors 613 Explaining Development and Risk Factors 619 Risk-Focused Prevention 623 Conclusions 629 20 crime and the life course 641 David Smith Problems of Method 642 The Extent of Specialization in Offending 646 The Extent of Stability and Change over the Life Course 651 Explaining Stability 662 Explaining Desistance 669 Conclusion 674 part iv forms of crime 21 violent crime 687 Michael Levi, Mike Maguire, and Fiona Brookman Introduction 687 Attitudes to Violence and Constructions of Blame 689 Extent of Violent Crime and Risks of Victimization 692 Predicting and Explaining Violent Behaviour 703 Making Sense of Homicide 716 Responses to Violence: Recent Trends 718 Conclusions 722 22 white-collar and corporate crime 733 David Nelken Introduction 733 Seven Types of Ambiguity 736 White-Collar Crime as a Contested Concept 738 Is White-Collar Crime Really Crime? 741 Explaining the Causes of White-Collar Crime 742 White-Collar Crime in its Everyday Settings 748 The Ambivalent Response to White-Collar Crime 752 White-Collar Crime as an Index of Social Change 758 The Collateral Costs of Control 760 23 organizing serious, transnational, and terrorist crimes 771 Michael Levi Introduction 771 Analytical Issues in Defining the Nature of 'Organized Crime' 777 The Nature of Organized Crime and 'its' Markets 782 Terrorism and the Alleged Organized Crime-Terrorism Nexus 791 The Evolution of Crime and Terrorism Organization: Some Tentative Conclusions 794 24 drugs, alcohol, and crime 810 Nigel South Introduction 810 A Review of Trends in Drug and Alcohol Use: 1950s to 2005 811 The Control of Drugs: Britain and the Global Context 818 Conclusions 832 part v reactions to crime 25 the governance of security: pluralization, privatization, and polarization in crime control 841 Trevor Jones Clarifying Key Terms 842 Key Features of Contemporary Security Governance 846 Prospects for Democratic Security Governance: Nodal Governance or Re-stating Security? 856 Conclusion 861 26 crime prevention and community of safety 866 Adam Crawford The Fall and Rise of Prevention 867 Conceptualizing Prevention 870 Situational Crime Prevention 872 Developmental Crime Prevention 882 Community Crime Prevention 884 Policy Developments in the UK 889 Conclusions 904 27 policing and the police 910 Tim Newburn and Robert Reiner Introduction: Criminology and Policing 910 The Development of Police Research 911 'Police' and 'Policing' 912 Police Discretion: Its Nature, Operation, and Control 915 'New Tricks': Innovative Policing Strategies 927 Pluralization 932 Internationalization 937 Conclusion: Futures of Policing 941 28 from suspect to trial 953 Andrew Sanders and Richard Young Models of Criminal Justice 953 Police Decisions 'on the Street' 956 Detention in the Police Station 963 Whether or Not to Prosecute 971 Pre-Trial Processes 976 Conclusion 981 29 sentencing 990 Andrew Ashworth Sentencing and Politics 990 Rationales for Sentencing 992 The Mechanics of Sentencing 998 Custodial Sentencing 1007 Non-Custodial Sentencing 1014 Review of Policies and Practice 1018 30 youth justice 1024 Rod Morgan and Tim Newburn The Background to the 1998 Reforms 1024 New Labour, New Youth Justice? 1032 The Reformed System in Practice 1042 Conclusion: Whither Youth Justice? 1055 31 community penalties: probation, 'what works', and offender management 1061 Peter Raynor Introduction: Catching the Slippery Fish 1061 Current Community Penalties in England and Wales 1063 Origins: From Religious Mission to Social Casework 1066 'Nothing Works' and 'Alternatives to Custody' 1069 Just Deserts and 'Punishment in the Community' 1074 Community Penalties and Crime Reduction: The Rediscovery of Rehabilitation 1075 What Worked and what Didn't? 1079 After 'What Works', What Next? NOMS and the Future 1083 Some Critical Choices for the Future 1086 A Future for Probation? 1090 32 imprisonment: an expanding scene 1100 Rod Morgan and Alison Liebling Setting the Scene 1100 The Purpose of Imprisonment 1107 Who Are the Prisoners? 1118 The Sociology of Prisons 1126 Index 000
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
Criminology -- Handbooks, manuals, etc.