Table of contents for International business : the challenge of global competition / Donald A. Ball ... [etal.].

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Table of Contents
 
CHAPTER 1 
The Rapid Change of International Business
Why You Need International Business Experience and How to Get It
 
WORLDVIEWVIEW 
Are You Really Buying American?
International Business Terminology
 Multinational, Global, International, and Transnational Companies
 Definitions Used in This Text
WORLDVIEW
Global Company? By Whose Definition? 
A Brief History of International Business
Building Your Global R?sum?
Finding International Job Opportunities and Job Listings or an International 
Internship
Globalization?What Is It?
	Globalization Forces
 
Mini MNE 
A Little Guy Makes Global Business Easier for the Little Guys 
 
	Explosive Growth
 The Globalization Debate and You
WORLDVIEWVIEW 
The Debate on Globalization of Trade and Investment
Why Is International Business Different?
 Forces in the Environments
 The Domestic Environment
 The Foreign Environment
 The International Environment
International Business Model
Organization of This Book
Summary
Key Words
Questions
Research Task globalEDGE? www.globaledge.msu.edu
MINICASE 1.1 OWNERSHIP OF COMPANIES AND BRANDS 
CHAPTER 2 
International Trade and Foreign Direct Investment
Large International Firms Invest Overseas, and They Also Export
Mini MNE 
How Important Are Small And Medium-Size Enterprises in Generating Export Sales?
International Trade
	Volume of Trade
 Direction of Trade
 Major Trading Partners: Their Relevance for Managers
WORLDVIEW
How Do Trade and Investment Impact Economic and Social Development?
Foreign Investment
 Portfolio Investment
 Foreign Direct Investment
 U.S. Foreign Direct Investment Abroad
 Foreign Direct Investment in the United States
WORLDVIEW 
Why Doesn?t More FDI Flow To Africa?
Why Enter Foreign Markets?
 Increase Profits and Sales
 Protect Markets, Profits, and Sales
Building Your Global R?sum?
Setting Realistic Job and Career Objectives
How to Enter Foreign Markets
Multidomestic or Global Strategy?
 The World Environment Is Changing
 Seven Global Dimensions
Summary
Key Words
Questions
Research Task globalEDGE? www.globaledge.msu.edu
MINICASE 2.1 JABIL CIRCUIT INC.?S GUADALAJARA FACTORY: GOING UPSCALE TO SURVIVE 
AGAINST LOW-COST COMPETITION FROM CHINA
CHAPTER 3 
Theories of International Trade and Investment
Free-Market Reforms Revive Chile?s Economy
International Trade Theory
 Mercantilism
 
Building Your Global R?sum?
Adopt a World View
 	Theory of Absolute Advantage
	Theory of Comparative Advantage
	Heckscher-Ohlin Theory of Factor Endowment
WORLDVIEW 
Comparative Advantage and Offshoring of Service Jobs to India
	How Money Can Change the Direction of Trade
 Some Newer Explanations for the Direction of Trade
 Summary of International Trade Theory
 Trade Restrictions
 Arguments for Trade Restrictions and Their Rebuttal
 
WORLDVIEW 
Sugar Subsidies: Sweet for Producers, Not for Consumers
 
 Tariff Barriers
 Nontariff Barriers
Mini MNE 
A Small Business Fights the Standards Barrier
	From Multinational to Globally Integrated Manufacturing Systems
	Costs of Barriers to Trade
International Investment Theories 
 Contemporary Theories of Foreign Direct Investment
Summary
Key Words
Questions
Research Task globalEDGE? www.globaledge.msu.edu
Minicase 3.1 Is Your Chocolate the Result of Unfair Exploitation of Child Labor?
CHAPTER 4
International Institutions from an International Businesses Perspective
The United Nations Millennium Goals: A Call for Change
International Political Institutions
	The United Nations
mini MNE
Significance of the UN for International Businesspeople
	Cooperative Military and Security Agreements [3]
International Economic Institutions
	World Trade Organization
WORLDVIEW
Trade Benefits Uneven
Building Your Global R?sum?
Tips from Your Personal Global Mentor
	Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development
	Other Economic Institutions: OPEC and G8
Economic Integration
	North American Free Trade Agreement
	European Free Trade Agreement
	African Trade Agreements
	Mercosur (Mercosul)
	Central American Free Trade Agreement
	Other Central and South American Trade Agreements
	Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
The European Union
	EU Background
	EU Growth
	Evolving Purpose of the EU
	Institutions of the EU
	The EU Going Forward
	EU Achievements
	The EU?s Impact
Summary
Key Words
Questions
Research Task globalEDGE? www.globaledge.msu.edu
MINICASE 4.1 USE OF INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTIONS?SETTING UP A 100 PERCENT-OWNED 
SUBSIDIARY
CHAPTER 5
Understanding the International Monetary System
Money Laundering, Terrorism, and International Monetary Institutions
The Gold Standard: A Brief History
	Bretton Woods
International Monetary Fund
The World Bank
mini MNE
IFC Supports Small Loans to Entrepreneurs
Bank for International Settlements
The Emergence of a Floating Currency Exchange Rate System
Building Your Global R?sum?
Knowing How to Follow the International Money Trail
	Current Currency Arrangements
	The Euro
Balance of Payments
	BOP Accounts
	Deficits and Surpluses in BOP Accounts
	Special Drawing Right
WORLDVIEW
Central Reserve/National Currency Conflict
Summary
Key Words
Questions
Research Task globalEDGE? www.globaledge.msu.edu
MINICASE 5.1 SDR EXCHANGE RISK
CHAPTER 6
Sociocultural Forces
Six Rules of Thumb for Doing Business across Cultures
What Is Culture?
Culture Affects All Business Functions
	Marketing
WORLDVIEW
Cultural Success and Failure in Disneyland
	Human Resource Management
	Production and Finance
Sociocultural Components
Building Your Global R?sum?
Tips from Your Personal Global Mentor
Aesthetics
	Art
	Music and Folklore
Attitudes and Beliefs
	Attitudes toward Time
mini MNE
Cultural Habits Spread: In Vino, India?
	Attitudes toward Achievement and Work
Religion
	Work Ethic
	Asian Religions
	Islam
	Animism
Material Culture
	Technology
	The Information Technology Era
	Material Culture and Consumption
Language
	Spoken Language
	Unspoken Language
	The Language of Gift Giving
Societal Organization
	Kinship
	Pedro Diaz Marin
	Associations
	Entrepreneurial Spirit
Understanding National Cultures
	Individualism versus Collectivism
	Large versus Small Power Distance
	Strong versus Weak Uncertainty Avoidance
	Masculinity versus Femininity
	The Four Dimensions and Management Implications
Summary
Key Words
Questions
Research Task globalEDGE? www.globaledge.msu.edu
MINICASE 6.1 BE ATTUNED TO BUSINESS ETIQUETTE
CHAPTER 7
Natural Resources and Environmental Sustainability
Switzerland, Where Geography Drives Competitive Advantage: Geography, Watches, 
Chocolate, and Cheese
Location
	Political Relationships
	Trade Relationships
Topography
	Mountains and Plains
	Deserts and Tropical Forests
	Bodies of Water
WORLDVIEW
U.S. Inland Ports Offer Global Shippers a New Advantage
Climate
	Climate and Development
	Climate Implications
Natural Resources
	Energy
	Nonfuel Minerals
Mini MNE
Small Business: Ocean Mining and Environmental Impact
WORLDVIEW
LOST May Not Be Lost
	Innovation and Factor Conditions
WORLDVIEW
Why Europe Leads the Way: The Environment and Business
Environmental Sustainability
	Characteristics of Environmentally Sustainable Business
Building Your Global R?sum?
Have Geo-Savvy: Know about the World in Which You Live and Will Work
	The Stakeholder Model for Sustainable Business
	Examples of Sustainability in Business
Summary
Key Words
Questions
Research Task globalEDGE? www.globaledge.msu.edu
MINICASE 7.1 SUSTAINABILITY AND COLLABORATION: A NEW WAY OF THINKING
CHAPTER 8
Economic and Socioeconomic Forces
Of Zippies and the China-India Development Race
International Economic Analyses
Levels of Economic Development
Building Your Global R?sum?
Tips from Your Personal Global Mentor
	
	Categories Based on Levels of Economic Development
 
WORLDVIEW 
Characteristics of Developing Nations
Dimensions of the Economy and Their Relevance for International Business
	Economic Dimensions 
 
WORLDVIEWVIEW 
Telephones: An Economic Indicator?
WORLDVIEW 
New Approaches to Economic Development
	Socioeconomic Dimensions 
	Industry Dimensions
mini MNE 
Using the Internet for Economic Research
Summary
Key Words
Questions
Research Task globalEDGE? www.globaledge.msu.edu
MINICASE 8.1 THE IMPACT OF GALAWI?S DEVELOPMENT POLICY
MINICASE 8.2 WORLD LABORATORIES
CHAPTER 9
Political Forces
There Are Two Polands?Which One Joined the EU?
Ideological Forces
	Communism
	Capitalism
	Socialism
	Conservative or Liberal
WORLDVIEW
Getting Nationalization Right
Government Ownership of Business
	Why Firms Are Nationalized
	Unfair Competition?
	Government?Private Firm Collaboration Difficult
Privatization
	Airports, Garbage, Postal Services, and . . . ?
	Private Buyers Do Well, but an American Needs a Passport
	Privatization Anywhere and Any Way
	The Super Bowl: Government versus Private
Government Protection
Building Your Global R?sum?
Your Understanding of the Impact of Geopolitics on Business
	Terrorism
	Security in the Future
Government Stability
	Stability and Instability: Examples and Results
Traditional Hostilities
	Arab Countries and Israel
	Hutus and Tutsis in Burundi and Rwanda
mini MNE
Businesses?and People?Are Resilient
	Tamils and Sinhalese in Sri Lanka
	Albanians, Bosnians, Croats, and Serbs in the Former Yugoslavia
International Companies
Country Risk Assessment
	Types of Country Risks
	Information Content for CRA
	Who Does Country Risk Assessing?
Summary
Key Words
Questions
Research Task globalEDGE? www.globaledge.msu.edu
MINICASE 9.1 COMPANY PRIVATIZATION
CHAPTER 10
Legal Forces
When a Local Issue Can Have International Ramifications
International Legal Forces
	Rule of Law
	What Is International Law?
	Sources of International Law
	Extraterritoriality
International Dispute Settlement
	Litigation
	Performance of Contracts
	Despite Legal Uncertainties, International Business Grows
Building Your Global R?sum?
Earn a Law Degree with Specialization in International Law
Intellectual Property: Patents, Trademarks, Trade Names, Copyrights, and Trade 
Secrets
	Patents
	Trademarks
	Trade Names
	Copyrights
	Trade Secrets
mini MNE
A New Understanding of Patent Theory
Common Law or Civil Law?
	European Practice
	United States Practice
	Differences between the United States and England
Standardizing Laws around the World
Some Specific National Legal Forces
	Taxation
	Antitrust Laws
	Bankruptcy
	Tariffs, Quotas and Other Trade Obstacles
	Torts
WORLDVIEW
Americans Accused in Film Piracy in China
	Miscellaneous Laws
U.S. Laws That Affect the International Business of U.S. Firms
	Federal Employment Laws
	Foreign Corrupt Practices Act
	Accounting Law
Summary
Key Words
Questions
Research Task globalEDGE? www.globaledge.msu.edu
MINICASE 10.1 ITALIAN LAW
CHAPTER 11
Financial Forces
U.S. Consumers Credited with Saving the World from Recession: Heavy Lifting May 
Be Over
Fluctuating Currency Values
WORLDVIEW
<<titl to come>>
Foreign Exchange
	Exchange Rate Quotations
	Causes of Exchange Rate Fluctuation
	Exchange Rate Forecasting
Other Financial Factors
	Currency Exchange Controls
Building Your Global R?sum?
A Career in International Finance?Where Do You Look for a Job?
	Tariffs
	Taxation
	Inflation
WORLDVIEW
The Financial Force of Foreign Aid for Developing Countries
	Balance of Payments
Summary
Key Words
Questions
Research Task globalEDGE? www.globaledge.msu.edu
MINICASE 11.1 MANAGEMENT FACES A BOP DEFICIT
CHAPTER 12
Labor Forces
Differences in Labor Conditions: Examples of Japan and China
Worldwide Labor Conditions and Trends
	Overall Size and Sector of Work Force
 
Mini MNE
Small Businesses and Jobs
 
 Aging of Populations
 Rural to Urban Shift
 Unemployment
 
Building Your Global R?sum?
Consider International Jobs and Careers Other Than in Business
 Immigrant Labor
 Child Labor
 Forced Labor
 Brain Drain
 Reverse Brain Drain 
 Guest Workers
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Guest Workers in Japan?
Considerations in Employment Policies
 Social Status
 
WORLDVIEW
Social Status in the United Kingdom, India, and Japan
 Sexism
 Racism
 Minorities in Traditional Societies
 Labor in Developing Nations
Employer-Employee Relationships
 Importance of Proper Preparation When Entering a Market
 Labor Unions: Europe, United States, and Japan 
 Multinational Labor Activities
Summary
Key Words
Questions
Research Task globalEDGE? www.globaledge.msu.edu
MINICASE 12.1 STAFFING YOUR OPERATIONS ABROAD
CHAPTER 13
International Competitive Strategy
Thinking Strategically about the Future in an Uncertain World
The Competitive Challenge Facing Managers of International Businesses
What Is International Strategy, and Why Is It Important?
Global Strategic Planning
 Why Plan Globally?
 Global Strategic Planning Process
 
Building Your Global R?sum?
Tips from Your Personal Global Mentor
Worldview
Regional Strategies for Competing Globally
WORLDVIEW
Scenarios: Improving Strategic Planning by Telling Stories
	Strategic Plan Features and Implementation Facilitators
 Kinds of Strategic Plans
 Methods of Planning
 New Directions in Planning
 Summary of the International Planning Process
Analysis of the Competitive Forces
 Is Competitor Assessment New?
 Sources of Information
 Using Competitor Assessment to Look Forward, Not Back 
Benchmarking 
 
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Using Industrial Espionage to Assess Competitors
Summary
Key Words
Questions
Research Task globalEDGE? www.globaledge.msu.edu
MINICASE 13.1 WAL-MART TAKES ON THE WORLD
CHAPTER 14 
Organizational Design and Control
Kraft Foods?Reorganizing to Become a ?Best of Global and Best of Local? Company
What Is Organizational Design, and Why Is It Important for International 
Companies?
 Organizational Design Concerns
 
Building Your Global R?sum?
Tips from Your Personal Global Mentor
 Evolution of the International Company
 Changes in Organizational Forms
 Current Organizational Trends
WORLDVIEW 
Accenture?s ?Virtual? Global Structure
 Corporate Survival into the 21st Century
 
WORLDVIEW 
How to Become More Globally Competitive
Control
	Subsidiaries
 Subsidiaries 100 Percent Owned: Where Are Decisions Made?
 Joint Ventures and Subsidiaries Less than 100 Percent Owned
	Reporting
	?De-Jobbing?
 Managing in a World out of Control
Control: Yes and No
Summary
Key Words
Questions
Research Task globalEDGE? www.globaledge.msu.edu
MINICASE 14.1 ELECTREX, INC.?MUST IT REORGANIZE?
MINICASE 14.2 COMPETITION WITHIN THE INTERNATIONAL COMPANY
CHAPTER 15
Assessing and Analyzing Markets
Grassroots Marketing Research
Market Screening
	Two Types of Screening
	Initial Screening
	Second Screening?Financial and Economic Forces
Building Your Global R?sum?
Acquiring and Using Your Global Analytical Tool Kit
	Third Screening?Political and Legal Forces
	Fourth Screening?Sociocultural Forces
	Fifth Screening?Competitive Forces
	Final Selection of New Markets
mini MNE
Some Tips on Market Research
Segment Screening
WORLDVIEW
?Demon Wife,? Blooks, YouTube
	
	Two Screening Methods, Reconsidered
Summary
Key Words
Questions
Research Task globalEDGE? www.globaledge.msu.edu
MINICASE 15.1 THE SUGAR DADDY CHOCOLATE COMPANY
Appendix: Sources of Information Used in Screenings
CHAPTER 16 
Entry Modes
EBay: An Early Entrant in International Markets
Entering Foreign Markets
 Nonequity Modes of Entry
Building Your Global R?sum?
Tips from Your Personal Global Mentor
mini MNE 
Where Will Your Cargo End Up?
 
 Equity-Based Modes of Entry
 Wholly Owned Subsidiary 
 Joint Venture 
 Strategic Alliances 
Channels of Distribution
International Channel of Distribution Members
 Indirect Exporting
 Direct Exporting
WORLDVIEW 
Piracy as Product Diffusion
Summary
Key Words
Questions
Research Task globalEDGE? www.globaledge.msu.edu
MINICASE 16.1 METHOD OF ENTRY?THE MCGREW COMPANY
CHAPTER 17
Export and Import Practices
How a Box Transformed the World
Export?Why and Why Not?
Worldview
The 12 Most Common Mistakes Made by New Exporters
Locating Foreign Markets and Developing a Plan
	Sources of Export Information, Counseling, and Support
Building Your Global R?sum?
Consider a Job in Import-Export Management for Entry into International Business
Worldview
The Long and the Short of Exporting
	Export Marketing Plan
mini MNE
Experts Help Small Firms Export
Payment and Financing Procedures
	Export Payment Terms
mini MNE
Dump the L/Cs; Pay with Plastic!
	Export Financing
Export Procedures
	Export Documents
	Export Shipments
Worldview
Shoes for People with Two Left Feet
Importing
	Sources for Imports
	Customhouse Brokers
	Import Duties
Summary
Key Words
Questions
Research Task globalEDGE? www.globaledge.msu.edu
MINICASE 17.1 STATE MANUFACTURING EXPORT SALES PRICE
MINICASE 17.2 MORGAN GUARANTY TRUST COMPANY CONFIRMATION LETTER
Appendix: Sample Outline for the Export Business Plan
CHAPTER 18
Marketing Internationally
Procter & Gamble?s Path to Globalization
Added Complexities of International Marketing
The Marketing Mix (What to Sell and How to Sell It)
	Standardize, Adapt, or Formulate Anew?
	Product Strategies
WORLDVIEW
On Global Marketing
WORLDVIEW
Will ?Smart Mobs? Dictate Consumer Trends?
	Promotional Strategies
Building Your Global R?sum?
Consider a Career in International Marketing
	Pricing Strategies
	Distribution Strategies
	Channel Selection
	Foreign Environmental Forces and the Marketing Mix Matrix
Summary
Key Words
Questions
Research Task globalEDGE? www.globaledge.msu.edu
MINICASE 18.1 U.S. PHARMACEUTICAL OF KOREA
MINICASE 18.2 AN ETHICAL SITUATION
CHAPTER 19 
Global Operations and Supply Chain Management
Zara: Transforming the International Fashion Industry through Innovative Supply 
Chain Management
Managing Global Supply Chains
Design of Products and Services
Sourcing Globally
 Reasons for Sourcing Globally
Building Your Global R?sum?
Consider a Career in Global Logistics and Supply Chain Management
 Global Sourcing Arrangements
 Importance of Global Sourcing
 Finding Global Sources
 The Increasing Use of Electronic Purchasing for Global Sourcing
mini MNE 
Cognizant Technology Solutions: Sourcing Low-Cost Talent Internationally to 
Achieve Global Competitive 
Advantage
Problems with Global Sourcing
Manufacturing Systems
 Advanced Production Techniques to Enhance Quality and Lower Costs
Worldview 
Chasing the Sun
Worldiew
Johnson Controls: Exploiting Design and Manufacturing Excellence for Global 
AdvantageVI VIEW 
hnson 
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J
Logistics
Standardization and the Management of Global Operations
 Organization and Staffing
 Control
 Planning
WorldviewVIEW 
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NestleN Nestl?: 
Standardizing Processes and Systems to Exploit Global Opportunity
Impediments to Standardization of Global Operations
 Environmental Forces
 Some Design Solutions
Local Manufacturing System
 Basis for Organization
 Horizontal and Vertical Integration
 Design of the Manufacturing System
 Operation of the Manufacturing System
Summary
Key Words
Questions
Research Task globalEDGE? www.globaledge.msu.edu
MINICASE 19.1 PENWICK?EL PAIS
CHAPTER 20
Human Resource Management
Becoming an Expatriate, or Expat, as They Are Sometimes Called
The International Human Resource Management Approach
Recruitment and Selection of Employees
WORLDVIEW
Executives with the Right Stuff Are in Big Demand
	Ethnocentric Staffing Policy
	Polycentric Staffing Policy
	Regiocentric Staffing Policy
	Geocentric Staffing Policy
WORLDVIEW
Are Women Appropriate for International Assignments?
Training and Development
	Home or Parent Country National
	Host Country National
	Third Country National
Expatriates
WORLDVIEW
Culture Shock
	The Expatriate?s Family
	Language Training
Building Your Global R?sum?
Speak a Foreign Language
	Repatriation?The Shock of Returning Home
	Expatriate Services
Compensation
	Salaries
	Allowances
	Bonuses
	Compensation Packages Can Be Complicated
	Compensation of Third Country Nationals
	International Status
	Perks
	What?s Important to You?
Summary
Key Words
Questions
Research Task globalEDGE? www.globaledge.msu.edu
MINICASE 20.1 CASEY MILLER: SHOULD SHE ACCEPT AN INTERNATIONAL ASSIGNMENT?
CHAPTER 21
Financial Management and Accounting
Chinese IPOs Abandon New York
Capital Structure of the Firm
Mini MNE
Microloans: Debt That Is Almost Always Paid in Full
Cash Flow Management
	Multilateral Netting
	Leading and Lagging
Foreign Exchange Risk Management
Mini MNE
An Integrated Approach to Risk
	Transaction Exposure
	Translation Exposure
	Economic Exposure
WORLDVIEW
U.S. Law Has Unintended Consequences for Overseas Funding
Swaps and Derivatives
	Swaps
Building Your Global R?sum?
Earn Your MBA with a Specialization in International Business
	Hedges and Swaps as ?Derivatives?
	Networking to Find Partners
Sales without Money
	Countertrade
	Industrial Cooperation
Taxation and Transfer Pricing
International Accounting
	Accounting and Foreign Currency
	Accounting and Culture
	Convergence of Accounting Standards
	Triple-Bottom-Line Accounting
WORLDVIEW
Sarbanes-Oxley Not a Good Export
International Finance Center
Summary
Key Words
Questions
Research Task globalEDGE? www.globaledge.msu.edu
MINICASE 21.1 DEALING WITH TRANSACTION RISK IN A YUAN CONTRACT
Video Cases
Chapter 1 Video Case: Cirque du Soleil
Chapter 2 Video Case: China Syndrome, China Brands
Chapter 3 Video Case: Wal-Mart in China
Chapter 4 Video Case: U.S. Farmers and CAFTA
Chapter 5 Video Case: International Monetary Fund: Economic Aid in South Korea 
and Uganda
Chapter 6 Video Case: The Peace Corps
Chapter 7 Video Case: Clearing the Air
Chapter 8 Video Case: Three Billion New Capitalists
Chapter 9 Video Case: Controversy over U.S. Port Security
Chapter 10 Video Case: The Challenge of Illegal Immigration
Chapter 11 Video Case: China: Changing the Yuan/Dollar
Chapter 12 Video Case: Outsourcing
Chapter 13 Video Case: GM Global Research Network
Chapter 14 Video Case: DHL Global Delivery Service
Chapter 17 Video Case: Cretors & Co.
Chapter 18 Video Case: Domino?s Pizza in Mexico
Chapter 19 Video Case: Starbucks: Building Relationships with Coffee Growers
Chapter 20 Video Case: Johnson & Johnson: Creating a Global Learning 
Organization
CESIM: Global Challenge Simulation <<Comp: This section may not exist, Thanks 
Marlena>>
Endnotes
Glossary
Name Index
Company Index
Subject Index

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

International business enterprises -- Management.
International business enterprises.
International economic relations.