Table of contents for Scholarship in the digital age : information, infrastructure, and the Internet / Christine L. Borgman.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


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Contents
Dedication	
Preface	
Acknowledgements	
Chapter 1: Scholarship at a Crossroads	
Introduction	
Content and Connectivity	
An Opportune Moment	
Scholarship in Social and Technical Context	
The Data Deluge: Push and Pull	
Problems of Scale	
Influences on Scholarship and Learning	
Networks of Data, Information, and People	
Chapter 2: Building the Scholarly Infrastructure	
Introduction	
Technologies of Information Infrastructure	
The Internet	
The World Wide Web	
The Grid	
Digital Libraries	
Information Infrastructure for Scholarship	
Terminology	
National and International Initiatives on Scholarly Infrastructure	
United Kingdom Infrastructure Initiatives	
United States Infrastructure Initiatives	
International Initiatives	
Exemplar Projects and Programs	
Where Can the Greatest Benefits be Realized?	
Big Science, Little Science, Non-Science	
What¿s New about e-Research?	
Conclusions	
Chapter 3: Embedded Everywhere	
Introduction	
Theory and Policy Frameworks	
Basic, Applied, and Use-Inspired Research	
Open Science	
Mertonian Norms	
Socio-Technical Systems	
Taking an Information Perspective	
Information	
Information Systems	
Data vs. Information	
Infrastructure of or for Information	
Infrastructure of Information	
Infrastructure for Information	
Setting a Research Agenda	
Chapter 4: The Continuity of Scholarly Communication	
Introduction	
The Many Forms of Scholarly Communication	
Public and Private, Formal and Informal	
The Role of Preprints	
The Role of Conferences	
Informal and Formal Purposes of Conferences	
Conflicts between Informal and Formal Purposes	
Uses of Technology in Scholarly Conferences	
Scholarly Communication as a Socio-Technical System	
Process vs. Structure	
Quality Control	
Quality Control of Scholarly Content	
Problems with Peer Review	
Publication Indicators as Proxies for Quality	
The Functions of Scholarly Communication	
Legitimization	
Dissemination	
Access, Preservation, and Curation	
Author Roles and Functions	
Authors as Writers	
Authors as Citers and Linkers	
Authors as Submitters	
Authors as Collaborators	
Summary	
Chapter 5: The Discontinuity of Scholarly Publishing	
Introduction	
New Technologies, New Tensions	
The Pull of New Technologies	
The Push of Institutional Restructuring	
Stakeholder Roles in Print Publishing	
Legitimatization in Print	
Dissemination in Print	
Access, Preservation, and Curation of Print	
Stakeholder Roles in Internet Access to Scholarly Documents	
Legitimatization in Digital Form	
Whom do you trust?	
Registration and Certification	
Legitimacy via Selection	
Dissemination in Digital Form	
Access, Preservation, and Curation in Digital Form	
A Bit of Digital History	
Searching, Discovering, and Retrieving	
Following the Scholarly Trail	
What will be saved, and by whom?	
Convergence and Collision	
What Constitutes a ¿Publication¿?	
Open Repositories, Open Archives, Open Access	
Definitions of Open Access	
Motivations for Open Access	
Technology and Services for Open Access	
Intellectual Property	
Copyright and Rights Management	
Copyright and the Public Domain	
Fair Use and Orphan Works	
Commons-Based Approaches	
Economics and Business Models	
Economics of Scholarly Publishing	
Business Models for Scholarly Publishing	
Chapter 6: Data: Input and Output of Scholarship	
Introduction	
The Value Chain of Scholarship	
Value of Data	
Definitions of Data	
Levels of Data	
Sources of Data	
Policies to Encourage Data Sharing	
Generation of New Forms of Data	
Data Collections	
Growth of Data	
Interpreting Data	
The Role of Data in Scholarly Communication	
Legitimization of Data	
Trust in Data	
Registration of Data	
Certification of Data	
Dissemination of Data	
Access, Preservation, and Curation of Data	
Some History	
Searching and Finding	
Permanent Access	
Weak Links in the Value Chain	
Reuse of Data	
Technology and Services	
Intellectual Property and Economics	
Profit vs. Value	
Public Domain for Data	
Open Access, Open Data	
Chapter 7: Building an Infrastructure for Information	
Introduction	
Scholarly Disciplines	
Disciplinarity and Interdisciplinarity	
Disciplines, Communities, and Cultures	
Boundaries, Barriers, and Bridges	
Professional Identity	
Scholarly Practices	
Seeking and Using Information	
Information-seeking behavior	
Temporal factors	
Scholarly Artifacts	
Forms and genres	
Reading between the lines	
Constructing Knowledge	
Representing knowledge	
Tacit knowledge	
Making knowledge mobile	
Collaboration and Social Networks	
Characteristics of collaboration	
Distributed collaboration	
Information in collaboration	
Sharing information artifacts	
Chapter 8: Disciplines, Documents, and Data	
Introduction	
Sciences	
Information Artifacts in the Sciences	
Scientific Documents	
Scientific Data	
Description and organization in the sciences	
Information Practices in the Sciences	
Practices associated with scientific documents	
Practices associated with scientific data	
Incentives and Disincentives to Build the Content Layer for the Sciences	
Incentives for scientists to share information	
Disincentives for scientists to share information	
Social Sciences	
Information Artifacts in the Social Sciences	
Social scientific documents	
Social scientific data	
Description and organization in the social sciences	
Information Practices in the Social Sciences	
Practices associated with social scientific documents	
Practices associated with social scientific data	
Incentives and Disincentives to Build the Content Layer for the Social 
Sciences	
Incentives for social scientists to share information	
Disincentives for social scientists to share information	
Humanities	
Information Artifacts in the Humanities	
Humanistic and cultural documents	
Humanistic and cultural data	
Description and organization in the humanities	
Information Practices in the Humanities	
Practices associated with humanistic and cultural documents	
Practices associated with humanistic and cultural data	
Incentives and Disincentives to Build the Content Layer for the 
Humanities	
Incentives for humanities scholars to share information	
Disincentives for humanities scholars to share information	
Conclusions	
Chapter 9: The View from Here	
Introduction	
Content and Context	
The Socio-Technical Nature of Information	
Malleable, Mutable, and Mobile	
Building the Content Layer	
Information Institutions	
Organization and Business Models	
Publishers	
Universities	
Funding agencies	
Information Commons	
Some Solutions and Some Questions	
Legacy Content: Past, Present, and Future	
The new becomes the old	
Investing in digital content	
Digital surrogates as insurance	
Capacity building for the content layer	
Rights to preserve	
Balancing the Local and the Global	
Flexible infrastructure design	
Personal digital libraries	
Personalizing discovery	
Separating Content, Services, and Tools	
Distributed, heterogeneous content	
Rethinking resource description	
Coherence and Control	
Generic and specialized tools	
Searching, discovery, retrieval, and navigation	
Maintaining coherence	
Trust in content	
Conclusions	
References
Index	

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Communication in learning and scholarship -- Technological innovations -- United States.
Scholarly electronic publishing -- United States.
Information technology -- United States.
Learning and scholarship -- Social aspects -- United States.