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Preface List of tables List of illustrations List of maps Acknowledgements Selected Roman emperors during late antiquity Selected Persian kings during late antiquity Table of important events Glossary Abbreviations INTRODUCTION 1. War and its causes in late antiquity: an overview 2. The evolution of the late Roman army: an outline 3. Ancient sources for war and the army in late antiquity: a guide 1 EMPERORS AND WARFARE 1. Changing patterns of imperial involvement in warfare 1.1 The later third century: the advent of soldier emperors 1.2 The fourth century: military experience vs. heredity 1.3 The fifth and sixth centuries: non-campaigning emperors 2. The unchanging ideology of victory 2.1 Verbal media 2.2 Visual media 2 CIVIL WAR AND MILITARY LOYALTIES 1. Retaining soldiers¿ loyalties 1.1 Rituals of initiation 1.2 Material incentives 1.3 Symbolic gestures of identification 2. Civil war, usurpation and mutiny 3 THE INFRASTRUCTURE OF WAR 1. Manpower 1.1 Making up the numbers: army size and its implications 1.2 Sources and mechanisms of recruitment 2. Supplying the army 2.1 Food and money 2.2 Matériel 2.3 Campaign logistics 3. Fortifications 4 THE ECONOMIC IMPACT OF WAR 1. Economic benefits of war 2. Economic costs of war 2.1 The costs of defeat 2.2 The costs of being invaded: A. Thrace and the lower Danube; B. Northern Mesopotamia and Syria; C. Northern Gaul; D. Italy; E. Summary 2.3 The costs of lost territory 2.4 The costs of peace 5 THE EXPERIENCE OF WAR 1. Soldiers 2. Urban communities 3. Rural communities 4. Women 6 SOLDIERS AND SOCIETY 1. Soldiers and their families 2. Interaction between military and non-military elites 3. Military/civilian interaction at non-elite levels 7 ARMY, WARFARE AND RELIGION 1. The changing religious complexion of the army 1.1 Before Constantine 1.2 The fourth century 1.3 The fifth and sixth centuries 2. The army and religious policy 2.1 The army and persecution 2.2 The army and church controversies 3. A Christian empire at war 3.1 Religiously-motivated warfare in late antiquity 3.2 Christianity and Roman military effectiveness Bibliography of ancient sources Bibliography of modern works Index of ancient sources General index
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
Military art and science -- Rome -- History.
Rome -- History, Military -- 30 B.C.-476 A.D.
War and society -- Rome.