Table of contents for The Cold War presidency : a documentary history / Thomas S. Langston.

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About the Author
@CT:1. Origins: A Different Kind of War
@H1:From San Francisco to Potsdam
@H1:1946: A Year of Learning
@H1:All Over But the Shoutin?
1.1: Franklin Roosevelt Talks to the Press about the Shape of the Peace to Come, August 
29, 1944
1.2: Agreement at Yalta, February 11, 1945
1.3: United Nations Charter, June 26, 1945
1.4: Agreement at Potsdam, August 1, 1945
1.5: Stalin?s ?Campaign? Speech in Moscow, February 9, 1946
1.6: The ?Long Telegram,? February 22, 1946
1.7: ?The Sinews of Peace,? Churchill at Fulton, Missouri, March 5, 1946
1.8: Comrade Stalin Responds to Churchill?s Remarks, March 14, 1946
1.9: Nikolai Novikov, Soviet Ambassador in Washington, Telegram, September 27, 1946
1.10: United States Strategic Bombing Survey, Effects of the Atomic Bombs, July 1, 
@CT:2. Harry Truman: The President Decides on War
@H1:The Truman Doctrine
@H1:The Marshall Plan
@H1:Election Year Crises
@H1:Collective Security
@H1:The Two Evils: McCarthyism and Communist Subversion
@H1:Cold War Sticker Shock
@H1:The Korean War
@H1:Truman Fires MacArthur
@H1:Compromise in a War of Absolutes
2.1: The Truman Doctrine Speech, March 12, 1947
2.2: Truman Loyalty Oath, March 21, 1947
2.3: The Marshall Plan, June 5, 1947
2.4:The Deputy Foreign Minister of the U.S.S.R. responds to the Marshall Plan, 
September 25, 1947
2.5: Cominform Manifesto, October 5, 1947
2.6: Berlin Air Lift, June 24, 1948May 12, 1949
2.7: Desegregation of Armed Forces, July 26, 1948
2.8: The Vandenberg Resolution, June 11, 1948
2.9: North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), April 4, 1949
2.10: Inaugural Address, January 20, 1949
2.11: The President Unveils the Soviet Atom Bomb, September 23, 1949
2.12: The Founding of the People?s Republic of China, October 1, 1949
2.13: ?Enemies from Within,? Senator Joseph McCarthy?s speech to the Republican 
Women?s Club of Wheeling, West Virginia, February 9, 1950
2.14: National Security Council Report #68 (NSC 68), April 7, 1950
2.15: United Nations Security Council Resolution, June 25, 1950
2.16:White House Press Release on Korea, June 27, 1950
2.17: President Truman Addresses the Public about Korea, July 19, 1950
2.18: Soviet and Chinese Involvement in the Korean War, a View from the Former Soviet 
Union, August 9, 1966
2.19: ?No Substitute for Victory,? General Douglas MacArthur denounces the President?s 
Conduct of the War, April 5, 1951
2.20: Truman Fires MacArthur, April 11, 1951
2.21: The President Defends his Conduct of the War and the Dismissal of a War Hero, 
April 11, 1951
2.22: Truman on the Court, June 5, 1952
@CT:3. Dwight Eisenhower: Defense within Limits
@H1:Korea, the Cold War, and the Garrison State
@H1:The New Look
@H1:The New Look in Action: First-Term Crises
@H1:The Middle Way is Tested at Home and Abroad
@H1:Second Term D?j? vu
@H1:The Shock of the New
@H1:The Arms Race and the Sino-Soviet Split
3.1: Eisenhower Contemplates the Contradictions of Capitalism, July 2, 1953
3.2: ?The Chance for Peace,? April 16, 1953
3.3: National Security Council Report #162/2 (NSC #162/2), October 30, 1953
3.4: First Strike? Eisenhower to Dulles, September 8, 1953
3.5: ?Massive Retaliation,? January 12, 1954
3.6: The H-Bomb, Subversion, and ?Falling Dominoes,? April 7, 1954 
3.7: Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty, September 8, 1954
3.8: Formosa Resolution, January 29, 1955
3.9: ?Ridgway Sees Jeopardy in Army Cut,? February 1, 1955
3.10: The President Replies to General Ridgway, February 3, 1955
3.11: Bricker Amendment, [MISSING DATE]
3.12: ?Atoms for Peace,? December 8, 1953
3.13: Eisenhower Ruminates on ?Atoms for Peace,? December 10, 1953
3.14: The Eisenhower Doctrine, January 5, 1957
3.15: the Kitchen Debate, July 24, 1959
3.16: U2 Cover Story is Launched, May 3, 1960
3.17: Administration Refines Cover Statement, May 7, 1960
3.18: Eisenhower Takes Responsibility for U.S. Flight, May 11, 1960
3.19: Eisenhower?s Farewell Address, January 17, 1961
@CT:4. John F. Kennedy: Taking the Fight to the Enemy
@H1:Threat and Response
@H1:Beyond Crisis
4.1: ?Pay Any Price, Bear Any Burden,? January 20, 1961
4,2: ?More Difficult than War,? April 20, 1961
4.3: ?Defeat is an Orphan,? April 21, 1961
4.4: Off the Record on the Bay of Pigs, April 25, 1961
4.5: From Fallout Shelters to the Moon, May 25, 1961
4.6: Opportunities for Service, June 6, 1962
4.7: Gromyko and Kennedy Conceal What They Know, and Exchange Warnings, 
October 18, 1962
4.8: Telegram, ?Situation is Completely Satisfactory,? October 19, 1962
4.9: The President Informs the Public, October 22, 1962
4.10: Soviet Analysis of Kennedy?s Actions, October 23, 1962
4.11: Khrushchev Offers a Deal, October 26, 1962
4.12: A Second Letter Makes a New Demand, October 27, 1962
4.13: The Back Channel, October 27, 1962
4.14: The Formal Exchange of Letters, October 2627, 1962
4.15: Speech at American University, June 10, 1963
4.16: ?Ich bin ein Berliner,? June 26, 1963
@CT:5. Lyndon Johnson: The Credibility Gap
@H1:Crisis Management
@H1:Enduring Challenges
@H1:The Vietnam War
@H1: Conclusion
5.1: ?I Thought it was a Conspiracy,? President Lyndon Johnson Recalls the Day He 
Became President, November 22, 1963
5.2: Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, July 1, 1968
5.3: Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, August 7, 1964
5.4: Chairman Mao?s View of the War in Vietnam, October 5, 1964
5.5: Why We Fight: a Defense Planner?s Analysis of U.S. War Aims, November 29, 1964
5.6: Why We Fight, the View from the Other Side, March 30, 1965, and April 2, 1965
5.7: A Mekong River TVA: President Lyndon Johnson?s Speech at Johns Hopkins 
University, April 7, 1965
5.8: Walking a Tightrope in Vietnam, Notes of the 553rd meeting of the National 
Security Council, July 27, 1965
5.9: Hawks, Doves, and Vietnam, 1973
5.10: Public Opinion Supporting the Vietnam War, May 1965May 1971
5.11: The Federal Bureau of Investigation Sees a ?Grim? Outlook for the Summer, May 
23, 1967
5.12: The Mansfield Resolution, October 25, 1967
5.13: General Earl Wheeler, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Raises the Nuclear 
Issue with Combatant Commanders in Vietnam, February 1, 1968.
5.14: Telegram, ?FRACTURE JAW,? Admiral Alexander Sharp, Commander in Chief, 
Pacific Command, to General Earle Wheeler, Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff, Nuclear 
Planning Is Under Way, February 2, 1968
5.15: National Security Advisor Walt Rostow?s Memo to President Lyndon Johnson 
concerning the ?Nuclear Issue,? February 2, 1968
5.16: National Security Advisor Walt Rostow?s Mea Culpa: He Had Not Meant to Set in 
Motion Formal Staff Work for a Nuclear Contingency, February 3, 1968
5.17: President Lyndon Johnson?s Press Conference, February 16, 1968
5.18: The President?s Team Considers General Westmoreland?s Request for 200,000 
Additional Troops, March 26, 1968
5.19: The President Prepares his Generals to Brief the ?Wise Men,? March 26, 1968
5.20: President Lyndon Johnson Announces a Unilateral Bombing Halt, and Withdraws 
from the Presidential Election, March 31, 1968
@CT:6: Richard Nixon: D?tente and the China Card
@H1:A Secret Plan
@H1:A Secret War
@H1:The War at Home
@H1:The Opening to China
@H1:?Peace with Honor? 
@H1:The Imperial Presidency
6.1: President Richard M. Nixon Asks the Support of the ?Silent Majority? for 
?Vietnamization,? Address to the Nation, November 3, 1969
6.2: President Richard M. Nixon?s Address to the Nation on the Cambodian Incursion, 
April 30, 1970
6.3: The Supreme Court?s Per Curiam Opinion on the Pentagon Papers Case, June 30, 
6.4: The Cooper-Church Amendment to the Foreign Military Sales Act, June 29, 1970
6.5: President Richard Nixon Tells National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger to ?Get 
the Hell Out? of Vietnam and Hope for the Best, Oval Office Conversation, March 11, 
6.6: President Richard M. Nixon and National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger Discuss 
the Fate of Vietnam and the 1972 Election Campaign, Telephone Conversation, March 
19, 1971
6.7: President Richard Nixon and National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger Discuss 
Diversionary Benefits of a China Opening, April 14, 1971
6.8: National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger Spells Out U. S. Aims in Vietnam for the 
Chinese, Excerpt from Kissinger?s Briefing Book, July 1971
6.9: Chairman Mao Zedong Lays the Groundwork for Rapprochement, Biographical 
Excerpt, April 4, 1971
6.10: ?Ping Pong Diplomacy,? New York Times Editorial, April 10, 1971
6.11: Deputy National Security Assistant Alexander Haig Offers U.S. Intelligence on 
Soviet Threat to the People?s Republic of China and Lobbies Prime Minister Chou En-
Lai to Help Make the President?s Visit a Success, Memorandum of Conversation, January 
3, 1972
6.12: Chairman Mao Zedong Likens U.S. Diplomatic Moves to ?a Cat Feeling Sad for a 
Mouse,? Conversation with Prime Minister Chou En-Lai, January 4, 1972
6.13: The Shanghai Communiqu?, Joint Statement, February 27, 1972
6.14: ?Additional Measures to Expose Imperialist Policies,? Document Produced by the 
Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, January 21, 1971
6.15: Quadripartite Agreement on Berlin, September 3, 1971
6.16: Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT I) Interim Agreement, May 26, 1972
6.17: Treaty between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist 
Republics on the Limitation of Anti-Ballistic Missile Systems, May 26, 1972
6.18: Senator Henry ?Scoop? Jackson Proposes to Amend United States/Soviet Trade 
Bill, October 4, 1972
6.19: President Richard Nixon Announces the End of the (American) War in Vietnam, 
Televised Address, January 23, 1973
6.20: The War Powers Resolution, November 7, 1973
6.21: President Richard Nixon Discusses the Arab-Israeli War Amidst the Impeachment 
Crisis, News Conference, October 26, 1973
6.22: Former President Richard Nixon Speaks on Presidential Power, May 9, 1977
@CT:7: Gerald Ford: The Caretaker President
@H1:The President Stumbles
@H1:Proxy Wars, Large and Small
@H1:Congress Resurgent
@H1:A Farewell to Arms?
@H1:The Final Slip
7.1: Helsinki Accord, Final Act of the Conference on Security and Co-Operation in 
Europe, August 1, 1975		
7.2: ?Ominous Developments in Vietnam,? NSC Staffer William L. Stearman?s 
Memorandum to Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, March 12, 1975		
7.3: President Gerald Ford Answers Questions about Defeat in Vietnam, Interview with 
Walter Cronkite, Eric Sevareid, and Bob Schieffer of CBS News, April 21, 1975		
7.4: President Gerald Ford Breaks Free of Vietnam (and Henry Kissinger), Address at 
Tulane University, April 23, 1975
7.5: President Gerald Ford Announces the End of the American War in Vietnam, April 
29, 1975	
7.6: U.S. Congress Reveals CIA Cold War Assassination Plots, Church Committee 
Interim Report, November 11, 1975	
7.7: Summary of CIA Plots Against Cuban President Fidel Castro, 19601965	
7.8: The Church Committee Report on Internal Intelligence and the Rights of Americans 
in the Cold War, April 26, 1976
7.9: President Gerald Ford?s Executive Order 11905 Prohibiting U.S. Participation in 
Assassination, February 18, 1976	
7.10: President Gerald Ford Answers Questions about the Battle for the Mayaguez, April 
7.11: Intelligence Community Experiment in Competitive Analysis, Soviet Strategic 
Objectives: An Alternate View (Report of Team ?B?), December 1, 1976
7.12: President Gerald Ford and Jimmy Carter Debate the Status of Eastern Europe, the 
Second Presidential Debate, October 6, 1976
@CT:8: Jimmy Carter: Human Rights and a Mid-Course Reversal
@H1:Human Rights
@H1:Arms Control and Deterrence
@H1:A ?Killer Rabbit? and a ?Peacock Throne?
@H1:Presidential Ineptitude and Cold War Menace
8.1: President Jimmy Carter Telegrams his Support to Andrei Sakharov, February 6, 1977
8.2: President Jimmy Carter Advocates a Foreign Policy to Promote Human Rights, 
Commencement Address at the University of Notre Dame, May 22, 1977
8.3: President Jimmy Carter?s Speech at the United States Naval Academy, June 7, 1978
8.4: President Jimmy Carter?s New Year?s Greetings to the People?s Republic of China, 
January 1, 1979
8.5: SALT II Treaty between the United States and the Soviet Union on Arms 
Limitations, June 18, 1979
8.6: NATO Agrees to Deploy Cruise Missiles at Special Meeting of Foreign and Defense 
Ministers, December 12, 1979
8.7: Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin and Afghan Prime Minister Nur Mohammed Taraki 
Discuss Islamic Rebellion and Soviet Intervention in Afghanistan, March 17 or 18, 1979
8.8: President Jimmy Carter?s Personal Reaction to the Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan, 
ABC News Interview, December 31, 1979
8.9: President Jimmy Carter?s State of the Union Address, January 21, 1980
8.10: Report to the Central Committee, Communist Party of the Soviet Union on the 
Situation in Afghanistan, January 27, 1980
8.11: President Jimmy Carter Condemns the Banishment of Andrei Sakharov, January 23, 
8.12: KGB Chairman Yuri Andropov Analyzes the Western Response to Andrei 
Sakharov?s Punishment, Report to the Central Committee of the Communist Party, 
January 24, 1980
8.13: President Jimmy Carter Defends His Decision to Resume Selective Service 
Registration in a Question-and-Answer Session with Student Leaders, February 15, 1980
8.14: Army Chief of Staff General Edward Meyer Declares U.S. Has a ?Hollow Army,? 
Congressional Hearing, May 29, 1980
8.15: President Jimmy Carter and Governor Ronald Reagan?s Presidential Debate, 
October 28, 1980
@CT:9: Ronald Reagan: Reviving the Cold War and the Presidency
@H1:Rebels, Dissidents, and Allies: The Building Blocks of a New Cold War 
@H1:?Star Wars? and an Arms Buildup
@H1:The Freeze Movement and a Desire to Improve Superpower Relations
@H1:The Use of Force
@H1:Second Term?Second Chances
Document 9.1: President Ronald Reagan Approves Covert Action to Overthrow a 
Communist Government in Latin America, December 1, 1981
Document 9.2: A Cold-War Christmas, President Ronald Reagan Responds to the 
Imposition of Martial Law in Poland, December 23, 1981
Document 9.3: America?s NATO Allies Condemn the Soviet-Directed Crackdown in 
Poland, but Decline to Join a US Embargo against the Soviet Union, NATO Ministerial 
Communiqu?, January 11, 1982
Document 9.4: NATO and Warsaw Pact Force Comparisons, 1982-1983
Document 9.5: The Reagan Administration?s National Security Strategy, National 
Security Decision Directive 32, May 20, 1982
Document 9.6: President Ronald Reagan Proclaims before the British Parliament that 
Communism will be Placed on the ?Ash Heap of History,? June 8, 1982
Document 9.7: The Reagan Administration Puts Forth a Long-Range Plan for 
Confronting the Soviet Union, National Security Decision Directive 75, January 17, 1983
Document 9.8: President Ronald Reagan attests that the Soviet Union is the Focus of Evil 
in the World, March 8, 1983	
Document 9.9: President Ronald Reagan Announces the Strategic Defense Initiative, or 
?Star Wars,? Program, March 23, 1983		
Document 9.10: The House of Representatives Passes a Nuclear Freeze Resolution, H.J. 
Res. 13, May 4, 1983		
Document 9.11: President Ronald Reagan?s Address to the Nation and Other Countries 
on United States-Soviet Relations, January 16, 1984		
Document 9.12: Secretary of Defense Casper Weinberger Announces a Restrictive 
Doctrine on the Use of Force, November 28, 1984		
Document 9.13: President Ronald Reagan Acknowledges Fault in the Iran-Contra Affair, 
March 4, 1987		
Document 9.14: ?Mr. Gorbachev: Tear Down This Wall!? President Ronald Reagan 
Makes a Prescient Rhetorical Demand in Berlin	June 12	1987
Document 9.15: The Intermediate Nuclear Forces Treaty, December 8, 1987		
Document 9.16: Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev Implicitly Renounces the 
Use of Force to Retain the Soviet?s Hold on Eastern Europe, December 7, 1988		
@CT:10: George Bush: Caution in the Face of Victory
@H1:Order, Prudence, and a Red, White, and Blue Campaign
@H1:A Policy of Caution
@H1:?Awkward and Uncomfortable:? The Fall of the Berlin Wall
@H1:German Reunification and Brief Soviet-American Condominium of Powers
@H1:Baltic Independence and the End of the Soviet Union
Document 10.1: Soviet Leaders Discuss their National Economic Crisis, and Speculate 
on the Policies of the Incoming President, George Bush, December 27-28, 1988
Document 10.2: National Security Directive 23, United States Relations with the Soviet 
Union, September 22, 1989
Document 10.3: President George Bush and German Chancellor Helmut Kohl Discuss 
Events in Eastern Europe, October 23, 1989
Document 10.4: Soviet Leader Mikhail Gorbachev Advises East German President Egon 
Krenz on How to Manage the Crisis in Communist Germany, November 1, 1989
Document 10.5: Senior Communist Party Member A.S. Chernyaev Reflects on the Fall of 
the Wall, November 10, 1989
Document 10.6: President George Bush and Soviet Chairman Mikhail Gorbachev Meet 
the Press after an Informal Summit off the Coast of Malta, December 3, 1989
Document 10.7: The Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START I), July 31, 1991
Document 10.8: President George Bush?s Address to the Nation on the Dissolution of the 
Soviet Union, December 25, 1991
Document 10.9: ?By the Grace of God, America Won the Cold War,? President George 
Bush?s State of the Union Address, January 28, 1992
@CT:11: Aftermath: Legacies of a Fifty-Years War
@H1:A Post-Cold War President
@H1:The End of Another Era?
Document 11.1: The National Security Strategy of Engagement and Enlargement, 
February 1995		
Document 11.2: Joint Statement by President George W. Bush and President Vladimir V. 
Putin on a New Relationship Between the United States and Russia, November 13, 2001
Selected Bibliography
Appendix A: Notable Figures of the Cold War
Appendix B: Key Events in the Cold War

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Presidents -- United States -- History -- 20th century -- Sources.
United States -- Foreign relations -- 1945-1989 -- Sources.
United States -- Politics and government -- 1945-1989 -- Sources.
Cold War -- Sources.