Table of contents for Employment law : cases and materials / by Steven L. Willborn, Stewart J. Schwab, John F. Burton,JR., Gillian Lester.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
SUMMARY TABLE OF CONTENTS
Part I. INTRODUCTION TO EMPLOYMENT LAW
Chapter 1. THEMES OF EMPLOYMENT LAW . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 2. LEGAL BOUNDARIES OF THE EMPLOYMENT
RELATIONSHIP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Part II. THE RISE AND FALL OF EMPLOYMENT AT WILL
Chapter 3. HISTORICAL FOUNDATIONS OF
EMPLOYMENT AT WILL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 4. CONTRACT EROSIONS OF EMPLOYMENT AT
WILL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 5. TORT EROSIONS OF EMPLOYMENT AT
WILL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 6. GOOD FAITH LIMITATIONS ON EMPLOYMENT
AT WILL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 7. THE FUTURE OF WRONGFUL DISCHARGE
LAW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Part III. EMPLOYEE PRIVACY
Chapter 8. EMPLOYEE FREE SPEECH AND POLITICAL
PROTECTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 9. EMPLOYEE PRIVACY RIGHTS ON AND OFF
THE JOB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 10. EMPLOYER REFERENCES ? DEFAMATION
AND OTHER TORTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Part IV. EMPLOYEE DUTIES AND PROMISES
Chapter 11. DUTY OF LOYALTY AND TRADE
SECRETS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 12. ENFORCEMENT OF NONCOMPETITION
CLAUSES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 13. EMPLOYEE INVENTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Part V. PROHIBITIONS ON STATUS DISCRIMINATION
Chapter 14. LEGAL MODELS OF DISCRIMINATION . . . . .
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Chapter 15. APPLYING THE LEGAL MODELS OF
DISCRIMINATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Part VI. REGULATION OF COMPENSATION
Chapter 16. WAGES AND HOURS LEGISLATION . . . . . . .
Chapter 17. UNEMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT
INSURANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Part VII. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 18. LEAVE TIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 19. PENSIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 20. EMPLOYER-PROVIDED HEALTH
INSURANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Part VIII. WORKPLACE INJURIES AND DISEASES . . . . .
Chapter 21. THE PRESTATUTORY APPROACHES . . . . . .
Chapter 22. WORKERS? COMPENSATION . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 23. THE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
ACT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 24. RETHINKING THE APPROACHES TO
WORKPLACE
INJURIES AND DISEASES . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Part IX. ENFORCEMENT OF EMPLOYMENT RIGHTS . . . .
Chapter 25. COMMON ENFORCEMENT ISSUES . . . . . . . .
Chapter 26. ARBITRATION OF EMPLOYMENT
DISPUTES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TABLE OF CASES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . TC-1
INDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-1
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Part I. INTRODUCTION TO EMPLOYMENT LAW
Chapter 1. THEMES OF EMPLOYMENT LAW . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 2. LEGAL BOUNDARIES OF THE EMPLOYMENT
RELATIONSHIP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A. EMPLOYEES VERSUS INDEPENDENT CONTRACTORS . . .
Secretary of Labor v. Lauritzen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
B. COVERED EMPLOYEES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wolf v. Coca-Cola Co. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C. COVERED EMPLOYERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Zheng v. Liberty Apparel Company Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Part II. THE RISE AND FALL OF EMPLOYMENT AT WILL
Chapter 3. HISTORICAL FOUNDATIONS OF
EMPLOYMENT AT WILL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Statute of Labourers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Statute of Artificers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1 William Blackstone, Commentaries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Note . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Horace Gay Wood, Master and Servant . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sanford M. Jacoby, The Duration of Indefinite Employment
Contracts in the United States and England: An Historical
Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Jay M. Feinman, The Development of the Employment At Will
Rule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Note . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Skagerberg v. Blandin Paper Co. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 4. CONTRACT EROSIONS OF EMPLOYMENT AT
WILL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A. EXPRESS MODIFICATION OF AT-WILL CONTRACTS,
WRITTEN AND ORAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Chiodo v. General Waterworks Corp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hetes v. Schefman & Miller Law Office . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ohanian v. Avis Rent A Car System, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
B. RELIANCE AND IMPLIED-IN-FACT CONTRACTS . . . . . . .
Grouse v. Group Health Plan, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Veno v. Meredith . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pugh v. See?s Candies, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C. EMPLOYMENT MANUALS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Woolley v. Hoffmann-La Roche, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Demasse v. ITT Corp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 5. TORT EROSIONS OF EMPLOYMENT AT
WILL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A. WRONGFUL DISCHARGE IN VIOLATION OF PUBLIC
POLICY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nees v. Hocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wright v. Shriners Hospital for Crippled Children . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Balla v. Gambro, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Johnston v. Del Mar Distributing Co. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes on Whistleblower Statutes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Kathleen F. Brickey, From Enron to Worldcom and Beyond:
Life and Crime after Sarbanes-Oxley . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Richard Moberly, Sarbanes-Oxley?s Structural Model to
Encourage Corporate Whistleblowers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
B. INTENTIONAL INFLICTION OF EMOTIONAL
DISTRESS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Agis v. Howard Johnson Co. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bodewig v. K-Mart, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 6. GOOD FAITH LIMITATIONS ON EMPLOYMENT
AT WILL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fortune v. National Cash Register Co. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Murphy v. American Home Products Corp. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 7. THE FUTURE OF WRONGFUL DISCHARGE
LAW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A. A RETURN TO EMPLOYMENT AT WILL . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Richard A. Epstein, In Defense of the Contract At Will . . . . .
B. RATIONALIZING THE CONTEMPORARY CASES . . . . . . . .
Stewart J. Schwab, Life-Cycle Justice: Accomodating Just
Cause and Employment At Will . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Note . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C. STATUTORY CHANGES TO THE AT-WILL DOCTRINE . . . .
D. DISMISSAL STANDARDS IN OTHER COUNTRIES . . . . . . .
Note . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Part III. EMPLOYEE PRIVACY
Chapter 8. EMPLOYEE FREE SPEECH AND POLITICAL
PROTECTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A. POLITICS AND SPEECH RIGHTS IN THE PUBLIC
WORKPLACE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rutan v. Republican Party . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Garcetti v. Ceballos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
B. POLITICS AND SPEECH RIGHTS IN THE PRIVATE
WORKPLACE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Novosel v. Nationwide Insurance Co. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Timekeeping Systems, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 9. EMPLOYEE PRIVACY RIGHTS ON AND OFF
THE JOB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A. ON-THE-JOB PRIVACY CLAIMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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O?Connor v. Ortega . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
K-Mart Corp. Store No. 7441 v. Trotti . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Konop v. Hawaiian Airlines, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
B. OFF-WORK PRIVACY CLAIMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Brunner v. Al Attar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rulon-Miller v. International Business Machine Corp. . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C. DRUG TESTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1. CONSTITUTIONAL CHALLENGES TO DRUG
TESTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2. PRIVATE EMPLOYEE CHALLENGES . . . . . . . . .
Sanchez v. Georgia Gulf Corp. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
D. HONESTY TESTS AND OTHER KINDS OF BACKGROUND
SCREENING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Soroka v. Dayton Hudson Corp. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Note on Negligent Hiring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Thatcher v. Brennan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 10. EMPLOYER REFERENCES ? DEFAMATION
AND OTHER TORTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Elbeshbeshy v. Franklin Institute . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Zinda v. Louisiana Pacific Corp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Note . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sigal Construction Corp. v. Stanbury . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Part IV. EMPLOYEE DUTIES AND PROMISES
Chapter 11. DUTY OF LOYALTY AND TRADE
SECRETS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A. THE THEORY OF TRADE SECRETS AND
NONCOMPETITION CLAUSES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Alan Hyde, Trade Secrets Practice in Silicon Valley . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
B. TAKING CUSTOMERS AND EMPLOYEES . . . . . . . . . . . .
Jet Courier Service v. Mulei . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mai Systems Corp. v. Peak Computer, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C. TRADE SECRETS IN INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pepsico, Inc. v. Redmond . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 12. ENFORCEMENT OF NONCOMPETITION
CLAUSES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
REM Metals Corp. v. Logan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Karpinski v. Ingrasci . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Outsource International, Inc. v. Barton & Barton Staffing
Solutions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 13. EMPLOYEE INVENTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Francklyn v. Guilford Packing Co. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Note . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ingersoll-Rand Co. v. Ciavatta . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Part V. PROHIBITIONS ON STATUS DISCRIMINATION
Chapter 14. LEGAL MODELS OF DISCRIMINATION . . . . .
A. DISPARATE TREATMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1. INDIVIDUAL DISPARATE TREATMENT . . . . . . . .
McDonnell Douglas Corp. v. Green . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Price Waterhouse v. Hopkins . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Note . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Desert Palace, Inc. v. Costa . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2. SYSTEMIC DISPARATE TREATMENT . . . . . . . . .
Hazelwood School District v. United States . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3. THE BONA FIDE OCCUPATIONAL
QUALIFICATION DEFENSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Western Air Lines, Inc. v. Criswell . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
B. DISPARATE IMPACT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Griggs v. Duke Power Co. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C. REASONABLE ACCOMMODATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sutton v. United Air Lines, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
US Airways, Inc. v. Barnett . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 15. APPLYING THE LEGAL MODELS OF
DISCRIMINATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A. SEX DISCRIMINATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1. SEXUAL HARASSMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Harris v. Forklift Systems, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Oncale v. Sundowner Offshore Services, Inc. . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lyle v. Warner Brothers Television
Productions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Faragher v. City of Boca Raton . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2. SEX-BASED SOCIAL CONVENTIONS . . . . . . . . .
Jespersen v. Harrah?s Operating
Company, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
B. AGE DISCRIMINATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Smith v. City of Jackson . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Solon v. Gary Community School Corp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C. AFFIRMATIVE ACTION AND THE PROBLEMS OF
REMEDIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Johnson v. Transportation Agency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Taxman v. Board of Education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Part VI. REGULATION OF COMPENSATION
Chapter 16. WAGES AND HOURS LEGISLATION . . . . . . .
A. THE HISTORY OF WAGE AND HOUR REGULATION IN THE
UNITED STATES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lochner v. New York . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Jonathan Grossman, Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938:
Maximum Struggle for a Minimum Wage . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
B. THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1. SUBSTANTIVE OBLIGATIONS OF THE FLSA . . . .
a. Minimum Wages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
b. Premium Pay for Overtime Hours . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
c. Restrictions on the Use of Child Labor . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
d. Problems With Implementing the Substantive
Obligations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bright v. Houston Northwest Medical Center
Survivor, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Marshall v. Sam Dell?s Dodge Corp. . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dunlop v. Gray-Goto, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2. COVERAGE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Davis v. Mountaire Farms, Inc. . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C. WAGE PAYMENT LAWS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Beckwith v. United Parcel Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 17. UNEMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT
INSURANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A. SKETCHES OF THE UNEMPLOYED . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Louis Uchitelle, The Disposable American . . . . . . . . . . . .
H.G. Kaufman, Professionals in Search of Work: Coping with
the Stress of Job Loss and Underemployment . . . . . . . . . .
B. THE UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE PROGRAM . . . . . . . .
1. HISTORY AND FINANCIAL STRUCTURE OF
UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2. CAUSES OF UNEMPLOYMENT AND THE ROLE OF
UI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Gillian Lester, Unemployment Insurance and
Wealth Redistribution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
a. UI and Job Search Behavior . . . . . . . . . . . . .
b. Experience Rating and Employer Layoff
Behavior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Advisory Council on Unemployment
Compensation, Unemployment Insurance in
the United States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Note . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3. WORK SEARCH REQUIREMENTS . . . . . . . . . . .
Knox v. Unemployment Compensation Board of
Review . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C. DISQUALIFICATIONS FROM UI BENEFITS . . . . . . . . . . .
Note . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1. VOLUNTARY QUITS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wimberly v. Labor & Industrial Relations
Commission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Note . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MacGregor v. Unemployment Insurance Appeals
Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Jones v. Review Board of Indiana Employment
Security Division . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2. WILLFUL MISCONDUCT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
McCourtney v. Imprimis Technology, Inc. . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
D. FEDERAL REGULATION OF PLANT CLOSINGS . . . . . . . .
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Barry Bluestone & Bennett Harrison, The Deindustrialization
of America . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Worker Adjustment and Retraining
Notification of 1988 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Roquet v. Arthur Andersen LLP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Part VII. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 18. LEAVE TIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A. THE RIGHT TO LEAVE TIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Whitaker v. Bosch Braking Systems Division . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Byrne v. Avon Products, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
B. THE CONDITIONS OF THE LEAVE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rogers v. City of San Antonio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 19. PENSIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A. THE PROBLEM WITH PENSIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
McNevin v. Solvay Process Co. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ralph Nader & Kate Blackwell, You and Your
Pension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
B. PROTECTING EMPLOYEES FROM FORFEITURE . . . . . . .
Hummell v. S.E. Rykoff & Co. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nemeth v. Clark Equipment Co. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C. GENDER EQUITY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lorenzen v. Employees Retirement Plan of the Sperry &
Hutchinson Co. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
D. FIDUCIARY DUTIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Beach v. Commonwealth Edison Company . . . . . . . . . . . .
Note . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Donovan v. Bierwirth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
E. PLANS OF DISTRESSED EMPLOYERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1. DEFINED BENEFIT PLANS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pension Benefit Guaranty Corp. v. LTC Corp. . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2. DEFINED CONTRIBUTION PLANS . . . . . . . . . . .
John H. Langbein, The Enron Pension Investment
Catastrophe: Why It Happened and How
Congress Should Fix It . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
F. RETIREMENT SECURITY AND EMPLOYER-SPONSORED
PENSIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Michael J. Graetz, The Troubled Marriage of Retirement
Security and Tax Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 20. EMPLOYER-PROVIDED HEALTH
INSURANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A. THINKING ABOUT AN EMPLOYMENT-BASED HEALTH
CARE SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Timothy Stoltzfus Jost, Private or Public Approaches to
Insuring the Uninsured: Lessons from International Experience
with Private Insurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
B. ERISA PREEMPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Metropolitan Life Insurance Co. v. Massachusetts . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Retail Industry Leaders Association v. Fielder . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C. PROBLEMS WITH ENFORCEMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Corcoran v. United Healthcare, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
D. PORTABILITY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Geissal v. Moore Medical Corp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
E. HEALTH CARE COVERAGE FOR INDIVIDUALS WITH
DISABILITIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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McGann v. H & H Music Co. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
F. RETIREE HEALTH CARE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sprague v. General Motors Corp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
G. PUBLIC POLICY INITIATIVES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lawrence H. Summers, Some Simple Economics of Mandated
Benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Part VIII. WORKPLACE INJURIES AND DISEASES . . . . .
Chapter 21. THE PRESTATUTORY APPROACHES . . . . . .
A. THE LABOR MARKET . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ronald G. Ehrenberg, Workers? Compensation, Wages, and the
Risk of Injury . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
B. TORT SUITS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Farwell v. Boston & Worcester Rail Road Corp. . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 22. WORKERS? COMPENSATION . . . . . . . . . . . .
A. THE ORIGINS OF WORKERS? COMPENSATION . . . . . . . .
C. Arthur Williams & Peter S. Barth, Compendium on
Workmen?s Compensation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
New York Central Railroad Co. v. White . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
B. AN OVERVIEW OF CURRENT WORKERS? COMPENSATION
PROGRAMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1. COVERAGE OF EMPLOYEES AND
EMPLOYERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2. COVERAGE OF INJURIES AND DISEASES . . . . . .
3. MEDICAL CARE AND REHABILITATION
SERVICES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4. CASH BENEFITS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
a. Temporary Total Disability Benefits . . . . . . . . .
b. Temporary Partial Disability Benefits . . . . . . . .
c. Permanent Partial Disability (PPD) Benefits . . . .
d. Permanent Total Disability Benefits . . . . . . . . .
e. Death Benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5. FINANCING OF BENEFITS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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6. ADMINISTRATION OF WORKERS?
COMPENSATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
a. The Initial Responsibility for Payment . . . . . . .
b. The Functions of the Administrative Agency . . . .
c. Closing of Cases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
d. Extent of Litigation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C. THE EXCLUSIVITY OF WORKERS? COMPENSATION . . . . .
1. TORT SUITS AND OTHER LEGAL ACTIONS
AGAINST THE EMPLOYER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Millison v. E.I. du Pont De Nemours & Co. . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2. NO REMEDY AGAINST THE EMPLOYER? . . . . . .
Livitsanos v. Superior Court . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3. TO WHOM DOES THE EXCLUSIVE REMEDY
PROVISION APPLY? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
D. WHICH INJURIES ARE COMPENSABLE? . . . . . . . . . . . .
1. TEST ONE: ?IN THE COURSE OF
EMPLOYMENT? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
a. Activity: Mixed Social and Business Activities . . .
Ezzy v. Workers? Compensation Appeals
Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Note . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
b. Activity: Horseplay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Prows v. Industrial
Commission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Note . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
c. Time and Place: Going and Coming Rule . . . . . .
Santa Rosa Junior College v. Workers?
Compensation Appeals Board . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2. TEST TWO: ?ARISING OUT OF
EMPLOYMENT? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Donahue v. Maryland Casualty Co. . . . . . . . . .
Katz v. A. Kadans & Co. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hanson v. Reichelt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nippert v. Shinn Farm Construction Co. . . . . . .
Note . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3. TRADEOFFS BETWEEN TESTS ONE AND
TWO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Technical Tape Corp. v. Industrial Commission
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4. TEST THREE: ?ACCIDENT? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Matthews v. R.T. Allen & Sons . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5. TEST FOUR: ?PERSONAL INJURY? . . . . . . . . . . .
Note . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
E. WHICH DISEASES ARE COMPENSABLE? . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tisco Intermountain v. Industrial Commission . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
F. INJURIES AND DISEASES FOR WHICH COMPENSABILITY
IS PROBLEMATIC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1. WORKPLACE STRESS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chicago Board of Education v. Industrial
Commission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2. RECENT TRENDS IN COMPENSABILITY . . . . . . .
Emily A. Spieler & John F. Burton, Jr.,
Compensation for Disabled Workers: Workers?
Compensation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
G. CASH BENEFITS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1. TEMPORARY DISABILITY BENEFITS . . . . . . . . .
a. Temporary Total Disability Benefits . . . . . . . . .
Tobin v. Shore All Star . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Note . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
b. Temporary Partial Disability Benefits . . . . . . . .
Carr v. Virginia Electric & Power Co. . . . . . .
2. PERMANENT PARTIAL DISABILITY
BENEFITS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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a. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
b. Scheduled Permanent Partial Disability
Benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
c. Category I: Nonscheduled PPD Benefits Based on
Impairment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
d. Category II: Nonscheduled PPD Benefits Based on
Loss of Earning Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sjoberg?s Case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
e. Category III: Nonscheduled PPD Benefits Based on
Actual Wage Loss . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leeber v. Lilco . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3. PERMANENT TOTAL DISABILITY BENEFITS . . . .
Guyton v. Irving Jensen Co. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4. DEATH BENEFITS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
H. MEDICAL AND REHABILITATION BENEFITS . . . . . . . . .
Petrilla v. Workmen?s Compensation Appeal Board (People?s
Natural Gas) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Shawnee Management Corp. v. Hamilton . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 23. THE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
ACT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A. AN OVERVIEW OF THE ACT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1 COVERAGE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2. OSHA?S ADMINISTRATIVE STRUCTURE . . . . . . .
3. PROMULGATIONS OF STANDARDS . . . . . . . . . .
4. INTERIM STANDARDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5. EMERGENCY TEMPORARY STANDARDS . . . . . . .
6. PERMANENT STANDARDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7. VARIANCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8. THE GENERAL DUTY CLAUSE . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9. ENFORCEMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10. PROCEDURE IN CONTESTED CASES . . . . . . . .
11. IMMINENT DANGER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12. STATE PLANS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
13. OTHER PROVISIONS OF THE OSHACT . . . . . . .
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14. THE SMALL BUSINESS REGULATORY
ENFORCEMENT FAIRNESS ACT . . . . . . . . . . .
B. SUBSTANTIVE CRITERIA FOR OSHA STANDARDS . . . . . .
1. THE FIRST AND SECOND CRITERIA:
TECHNOLOGICAL AND ECONOMIC
FEASIBILITY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AFL-CIO v. Brennan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Note . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2. THE THIRD CRITERION: BENEFITS TO WORKERS?
HEALTH OR SAFETY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3. THE FOURTH CRITERION: COST-BENEFIT
ANALYSIS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C. LEGAL CHALLENGES TO PERMANENT STANDARDS . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
American Textile Manufacturers Institute v. Donovan . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Generic Rulemaking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AFL-CIO v. OSHA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
D. THE GENERAL DUTY CLAUSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
National Realty & Construction Co v. OSHRC . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
E. ENFORCEMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Marshall v. Barlow?s, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chao v. OSHRC (Erik K. Ho) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Note . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
F. EMPLOYEE RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES . . . . . . . . .
Atlantic & Gulf Stevedores, Inc. v. OSHA . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Whirlpool Corp. v. Marshall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
G. FEDERAL VERSUS STATE AUTHORITY FOR WORKPLACE
SAFETY AND HEALTH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1. STATE AUTHORITY CEDED UNDER OSHA . . . . .
2. OTHER SOURCES OF STATE AUTHORITY . . . . . .
Gade v. National Solid Wastes Management
Association . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3. CRIMINAL PROSECUTIONS OF EMPLOYERS . . . .
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People v. Chicago Magnet Wire Corp. . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4. TORT SUITS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 24. RETHINKING THE APPROACHES TO
WORKPLACE INJURIES AND DISEASES . . . .
A. THE LABOR MARKET . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Economic Report of the President . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Note . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
B. TORT SUITS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Economic Report of the President . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
John F. Burton, Jr. & James R. Chelius, Workplace Safety &
Health Regulations: Rationale & Results . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C. WORKERS? COMPENSATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Economic Report of the President . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Note . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
H. Allan Hunt, Adequacy of Earnings Replacement in Workers?
Compensation Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Monroe Berkowitz & John F. Burton, Jr., Permanent
Disability Benefits in Workers? Compensation . . . . . . . . . . .
John F. Burton, Jr. & James R. Chelius, Workplace Safety &
Health Regulations: Rationale & Results . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Terry Thomason, Economic Incentives & Workplace
Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Note . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
D. THE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT . . . . . .
Economic Report of the President . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Note . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
John F. Burton, Jr. & James R. Chelius, Workplace Safety &
Health Regulations: Rationale & Results . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Part IX. ENFORCEMENT OF EMPLOYMENT RIGHTS . . . .
Chapter 25. COMMON ENFORCEMENT ISSUES . . . . . . . .
A. WHO ENFORCES? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Christianburg Garment Co. v. EEOC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
B. WHO BENEFITS? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bahramipour v. Citigroup Global Markets, Inc. . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C. REMEDIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Balbuena v. IDR Realty LLC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 26. ARBITRATION OF EMPLOYMENT DISPUTES
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ITNYTPREO4D"dUoCt"T ISOTNYLE .4 . "5. ".> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Gilmer v. Interstate/Johnson Lane Corp. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A. STATE CLAIMS AND THE FAA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Little v. Auto Stiegler, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
B. IMPLEMENTATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Richard A. Bales, Compulsory Arbitration: The Grand
Experiment in Employment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TABLE OF CASES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . TC-1
INDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-1
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Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Labor laws and legislation -- United States -- Cases.