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Brief Table of Contents Research Methods in Psychology Spatz & Kardas Preface Chapter 1 Science Chapter 2 Research in Psychology Chapter 3 Ethics Chapter 4 Measurement Chapter 5 Data Exploration and Description Chapter 6 Statistical Tests Chapter 7 Design I: Between-Subjects Designs Chapter 8 Design II: Within-Subjects Designs and Pretests Chapter 9 Complex Designs Chapter 10 Observational, Qualitative, and Small-N Research Chapter 11 Planning Research Chapter 12 Conducting and Reporting Research APPENDIXES Appendix A Annotated APA manuscript Appendix B Ethical Standards of the APA Appendix C Statistical tables Appendix D Glossary of Terms References Index Contents Preface Chapter 1 Science Science Today Characteristics of Science A Brief History of Science Science and Technology Philosophy of Science Theory in Science Theory in Psychology Research Methods and You Chapter 2 Research in Psychology An Example of Psychological Research Categories of Research in Psychology An Overview of the Research Process Experimental Research in Psychology Two Example Experiments Elements of Experimental Research Populations and Samples Internal and External Validity Statistical Methods Publication and Persuasion Conclusion Chapter 3 Ethics Lost in the Mall Prison Guards and Prison Inmates Would You Shock a Stranger? History of Ethics The Institutional Review Board (IRB) The Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct (Ethics Code) Scientific Integrity and Scientific Misconduct Return to Shocking Strangers, the Prison, and the Mall Ethics and Your Personal Research Chapter 4 Measurement Operational Definitions Variables Errors in Measurement Trustworthy Measures Tests and Measurements Chapter 5 Data Exploration and Description Descriptive and Inferential Statistics Scaled and Categorical Data Exploring and Describing Scaled Data Exploring and Describing Categorical Variables Exploring and Describing Ranked Data Chapter 6 Statistical Tests A Study With Categorical data Sampling Fluctuation A Negative Inference Logic Problem Chi-Square Logic Null Hypothesis Statistical Testing (NHST) Logic NHST Techniques Statistical Tests for Ranked Data Confidence Intervals About a Mean Difference A Student?s Guide to Analyzing Data Power Meta-Analysis Chapter 7 Design I: Between-Subjects Designs A Conclusion Requires a Comparison A Model Experiment An Actual Experiment The Quasi-Experimental Design Extraneous Variables The Extraneous Variable of Selection The Random Assignment Design The Extraneous Variable of Differential Attrition The Extraneous Variable of Diffusion of Treatment A Comparison of Random and Quasi-Experimental Designs Independent Variable Values Between-Subjects and Within-Subjects Designs Distinguished Chapter 8 Design II: Within-Subjects Designs and Pretests A Within-Subjects Experiment in Cognitive Processing Analyzing the Cognitive Processing Experiment One-Group Two-Treatment Design Extraneous Variables in the Cognitive Processing Experiment Interpretation of the Cognitive Processing Experiment Additional Extraneous Variables One-Group Pretest?Posttest Design Assessing One-Group Designs Two-Group Designs Controlling the Effects of Extraneous Variables Between-Subjects and Within-Subjects Designs Compared External Validity Conclusion Chapter 9 Complex Designs Multilevel Experiments Factorial Experiments Chapter 10 Observational, Qualitative, and Small-N Research Naturalistic Observation Participant Observation Qualitative Research Small-N Research Summary Chapter 11 Planning Research Getting an Idea The Prospectus An Example Literature Search Advantages of a Literature Search Accessing the Scientific Literature in Psychology Brainstorming for Ideas Other Sources of Information Making Personal Contact The Research Community Further Development of the Prospectus Chapter 12 Conducting and Reporting Research A Big Party Preliminary Steps in Research Collecting Data Project Etiquette and Responsibilities Analyzing Data Preparing to Write The APA Publication Manual Writing Other Ways to Report Your Research Summary Appendix A A Sample Student Manuscript in APA Style Appendix B Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct (2002) Appendix C Tables Glossary References Index
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
Psychology -- Research -- Methodology -- Textbooks.