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PREFACE Who the Book is For - and What it is About How the Book is Organised How to Use This Book Acknowledgements 1. POLITICS Politics in Everyday Life What Is Politics? Approaches to the Study of Politics Traditional Scholarship Social Science and Politics Schools of Political Science Theories, Models, Paradigms Radical and Postmodernist Criticism 2. SYSTEMS States and Societies Politics without the State: Tribal Societies Feudalism States without Nations: Kingdoms States without Nations: Empires Nations and States The Nation State and Sovereignty Politics between States Politics beyond the State: International Institutions Multinational Enterprises and 'Globalization' Politics as a Universal Activity 3. CONCEPTS Human Nature and Politics Is the State Necessary? Why Should I Obey the State? The Nature of Authority What Is Justice? Individualism versus Collectivism Rights: Natural, Human, Legal Equality Positive and Negative Freedom Analysing Political Concepts 4. IDEOLOGIES Ideology Right versus Left The Old Right: Monarchism The Radical Right: Nazism and Fascism Marxism Leninism and Stalinism Other Marxisms Radicalism Radical Theism - Catholic, Protestant and Islamic Ecology as Political Radicalism Feminism as Political Radicalism Liberalism Conservatism Thatcherism and Neo-Conservatism Christian Democracy Socialism and Social Democracy Communitarianism and the ¿Third Way¿ 5. PROCESSES Political Identity Political Socialization and Political Culture Localism, Nationalism, and Ethnicity Racial and Ethnic Conflict Dominance, Assimilation, and Social Pluralism Elites, Classes and Political Pluralism Political Change Coups D' Etat and Revolutions Terror and Terrorism Class-Conflict in the Twenty-first Century Post-Industrial Politics: the Information Polity? ¿North' versus 'South'? 6. STATES Types of State Democracy, The Welfare State and the Market Forms of Representative Democracy Military Autocracy Civil Autocracy Totalitarian Governments Nazi Government Soviet Government Islamic Government - Breaking the Mould? Multi-Level Government European Political Institutions Local Government 7. DEMOCRACY How Can Government Be 'Democratic'? Participation and Direct Democracy Choosing Rulers Electoral Systems The Executive The Legislature The Judiciary Constitutions and Constitutionalism Rights and Constitutions Pluralist Policy-Making Corporatism and Policy Networks Centralization Political Communication Political Parties ¿Spin¿ and Political Marketing The Permanent Campaign Interest Groups The Mass Media The Internet Democracy and Communication 8. POLICIES Public Policy Problems and Solutions The Choice of Social Decision Making Mechanisms The Case for the Market Problems of Market Decision Making Voluntary Organisation Rational Policy-Making: Bureaucracy Problems with 'Rational' Policy Making Incremental Decision Making The Policy Process Implementing Public Policy Managing Local Public Policy Multi-Level Governance Evaluating Public Policy Monitoring Performance in Public Policy Evaluating Policy Outcomes: The Distribution of Wealth and Income The Political Policy Making Process A Crisis in Democratic Politics? Taking Political Action APPENDIX: SOURCES ON POLITICS Books Newspapers Journals Official Sources Other Printed Sources Videos / Television / Radio CD-ROM On-Line Databases The Internet Courses on Politics Associations for Politics Students REFERENCES INDEX BOXES Box 1.1: Definitions of 'Politics' & 'Power' Box 1.2: Assessing the Use of Methodology in Politics Box 2.1: Definition of 'State' Box 2.2: Definitions of Globalization Box 2.3: Globalization - Challenges to the Nation State:- Box 3.1: Definitions of Anarchism Box 3. 2: Justice Box 3.3: Concepts of Equality: Summary Box 3.4: Definitions of Freedom, Box 4.1: Ideology as a Political Concept Box 5.1: Definitions of Political Socialization Box 5.2: Political Culture Box 5.3: Propositions from Pluralist, Elite & Marxist Models of Power Box 5.4: North v South: A New Fault Line in International Relations? Box 5. 5: Major Political Divisions Box 6.1: Republican, Autocratic, & Totalitarian States Box 6.2: Capitalism Box 6.3: The Welfare State Box 6.4: Forms of Representative Democracy Box 6.5: The Principle of Subsidiarity Box 6.6: Relations Between Levels of Government Box 7.1: Political Parties Box 7.2: Pressure or Interest Groups Box 8.1: Choice of Social Decision-Making Mechanism Box 8.2: Weber's Characteristics of Bureaucracy Box 8.3: A Rational - Comprehensive Model Of Decision-Making Box 8.4: Why Organisations Are Not Always Rational Box 8.5: Hogwood & Gunn's Model of The Policy Process Box 8.6: 10 Principles for Re-inventing Government Box 8.7: The 3 'E's: Economy; Efficiency; Efficacy TABLES Table 1.1: Major Contemporary Approaches to Politics Table 2.1: Multinationals & Countries Compared Table 4.1: Attitudes to Gender Differences Table 5.1 A: Typical Socialization Research Findings: Attitudes to President: Table 5.1 B: Typical Socialization Research Findings: Most Popularly Used Sources of Information about Foreign People Table 5.2: Typical Research Findings:: Political Culture Table 5.3: Summary: Critics of Pluralism Table 5.4: From Public Administration to Information Polity Table 6.1: Trend to Democracy 1984 ¿ 2000 Table 6.2: Parliamentary versus Presidential Systems Table 7.1: Political Marketing and New Labour Table 8.1: Marketable Wealth in Britain Table 8.2: World Population Below International Poverty Line (2001) FIGURES Figure 4.1: Classifying Ideologies Figure 8.1: Levels of Inter-Organizational Bargaining Figure 8.2: Managing Local Public Service Provision
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