Table of contents for Troy / Nick McCarty.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


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Table of Contents
Prologue 		
Cast of Characters 	
Map of Homer's Troy 	
Chapter 1: Who was Homer? 	 
Chapter 2: Schliemann's Quest 	
Chapter 3: The Roots of War 	
Chapter 4: Schliemann's Dream Begins 	
Chapter 5: A Terrible Quarrel 	
Chapter 6: The First Dig 	
Chapter 7: The Gods of Olympus 		
Chapter 8: Hector: A Trojan Hero 	
Chapter 9: Mortal Combat	
Chapter 10: The Tower of Troy	
Chapter 11: Paris Meets Menelaus	
Chapter 12: Gold		
Chapter 13: A Bloody Battle	
Chapter 14: Achilles the Avenger	
Chapter 15: The Nine Cities of Troy	
Chapter 16: A Bloody Duel				
Chapter 17: The Wooden Horse			
Chapter 18: The Fall of Troy			
Epilogue					
Index						
Acknowledgements	
Prologue
This is a story of war. It is also the story of one man's dream. It is a story from the 
deepest past, and yet it is a story as close to us as the wind.
Across the marsh and scrub that lie along the edge of the Kara Menderes, the modern 
name for the river that was known in ancient times as the Scamander, stands a 
nondescript hillside called Hissarlik. In the nineteenth century it was overgrown, the 
haunt of owls, foxes, vipers, hawks and other predators. But this hill was transformed 
because of the dream of a German businessman called Heinrich Schliemann. He believed 
that The Iliad, the epic poem written by Homer that takes as its subject the last days of 
the siege of Troy, was based on real historical events. Academics poured scorn on 
Schliemann's idea / for centuries scholars had believed that both the place depicted and 
the events in the epic were mere fables. But nothing would change the mind of this man / 
he was determined to find the city of Troy.
The narrative of the epic is set in the period around 1250BC, shortly before the 
Mycenaean civilization of the Mediterranean began to crumble and city states such as 
Thebes, Knossus and Tiryns fell victim to a period when settled life broke down. It took 
centuries to rebuild the glory that had been lost. It was a true dark age, but through 
travelling storytellers and the oral tradition, the stories of old heroes and gods, among 
them tales of the siege of Troy, were kept alive.
For centuries scholars believed that both the place depicted and the events in the epic 
were mere fables. It took an unscholarly German indigo salesman to make the connection 
between the text of The Iliad, as written down by Homer, and the truth. He discovered 
site of an ancient city that could have been the real Troy.
On one side of the channel that was once called the Hellespont, and is now known as the 
Dardanelles, the Scamander winds across the plain and opens out into the sea. Across the 
channel and the Aegean Sea, the waters over which Greek warriors sailed to avenge the 
wrong done to Menelaus of Sparta, lies northern Greece, while at the opposite end, the 
strait emerges into the Sea of Marmara. Beyond the Scamander there is a ridge of hills 
that have witnessed a more modern conflict, for these hills lead on to Gallipoli, where 
one of the most brutal episodes of the First World War took place.
A city certainly existed at Hissarlik at the time in which the epic is set, as it had done for 
centuries before. Heinrich Schliemann was convinced that the city he uncovered was the 
city of Troy. The site is a place of magic. It is a place where you can listen to the wind 
and hear the sound of shield on shield, bronze on bronze, sword on sword and the cries of 
dying men.
The story seems as old as time and yet it is as fresh as the poppies covering the land like 
gouts of blood. Hawks hurtle down to shatter the skulls of their prey on the fallen stones 
that are all that is left of the city / except for the story. Listen to the wind and you may 
hear a tale in which myth and history mix, a tale that has been told again and again for 
more than three thousand years. This book tells the story of that epic and of the discovery 
of the real city called Troy.
cast of characters
Mythical characters refuse to be pinned down. You may read one mythological dictionary 
and find a set of references re-telling a Greek myth, only to find that the characters 
behave in quite a different way in another version. But that, in its way, is the glory of 
these stories. Nothing is set in stone, which ensures that Greek mythology is rich terrain 
for a storyteller. 
Troy does not re-tell every tale in The Iliad, instead relating some of the epic's key 
episodes. This is a brief guide to some of the characters (both mortal and immortal) 
mentioned in this book / there are many more that make up the tapestry of Greek 
mythology. 
Heroes, men and women
Achilles
Son of Thetis and Peleus, Achilles is the greatest Greek hero. His wrath, caused when 
Agamemnon steals his companion, Briseis, is one of the major themes of The Iliad.
Aeneas
Aeneas is the son of Aphrodite and Anchises. He comes from Dardania to fight against 
the Greeks and is related to Priam of Troy. Married to Creusa, he survives the fall of Troy 
to found the city of Rome. 
Agamemnon
The King of Mycenae and leader of the Greek army, Agamemnon is the brother of 
Menelaus. He is married to Clytemnestra.
Ajax
Greek hero, sometimes known as Aias. 
Anchises
King of Dardania, Anchises is father of Aeneas and kinsman of Priam. 
Andromache
Wife of Hector and mother of Astyanax, Andromache's father and brothers are killed by 
the Greeks during the siege of Troy. She is emblematic of the suffering of women during 
war. 
Briseis
Concubine of Achilles, she is stolen by Agamemnon at the beginning of The Iliad, 
causing Achilles to withdraw from fighting the Trojans.
Calchas
The seer who accompanies the Greek army to Troy.
Chryseis
Daughter of Chryses, she is brought to the Greek camp by Agamemnon. Her abduction 
and the subsequent treatment of her father by the Greek High King bring pestilence on 
the troops, so she is returned to her home. In return Agamemnon steals Briseis from 
Achilles, incurring his wrath.
Chryses
Priest of Apollo and father of Chryseis, he begs for the return of his daughter when she is 
abducted by Agamemnon. When the Greek king refuses, he prays to Apollo and brings 
plague on the Greeks. 
Deiphobus
The son of Priam and the brother of Paris and Hector.
Diomedes
Greek hero and friend of Odysseus. He was one of the failed suitors of Helen and one of 
the Greeks who stole into Troy within the Wooden Horse.
Hector
Son of Priam, Hector is one of the bravest of the Trojan heroes. His killing of Patroclus 
brings Achilles back into the field of battle and ends in his slaughter by the Greek hero.
Helen
"The most beautiful woman in the world", Helen is the daughter of Zeus, who came to 
her mother, Leda (or in some versions Nemesis), disguised as a swan. Helen is the wife 
of Menelaus and is abducted by Paris, who takes her to Troy. 
Idomeneus
A Greek warrior and King of Crete.
Memnon
An Ethiopian warrior who fights on the side of the Trojans and is killed by Achilles.
Menelaus
King of Sparta, Menelaus is brother of Agamemnon and husband of Helen. He competes 
for the hand of Helen with many suitors, who then band together to support him when she 
is abducted by Paris.
Nestor
The King of Pylos, Nestor is a wise Greek warrior.
Odysseus
A Greek hero and the King of Ithaca, in some versions of the myths Odysseus is 
responsible for the idea of the Wooden Horse. Married to Penelope, his ten-year journey 
home from the Trojan War is the subject of The Odyssey. In Latin his name is Ulysses.
Paris
Son of Priam, Paris is brought up by a shepherd on Mount Ida after a prophecy reveals 
that he will bring about the destruction of Troy. When he names Aphrodite "the fairest" 
in a challenge, the goddess promises Paris the hand of Helen. He abducts Helen while on 
a mission to Sparta, triggering the siege of Troy. 
Patroclus
Beloved friend of Achilles, Patroclus is slain by Hector. Achilles, who has withdrawn 
from battle, returns to the conflict as a result of his friend's death. 
Peleus
Greek hero and king of Phthia, Peleus is the father of Achilles and husband of Thetis.
Priam
The King of Troy and father of many sons, including Hector, Paris and Deiphobus, Priam 
is the husband of Hecuba.
Gods and goddesses
Names in brackets refer to the Roman names for some of the Greek deities.
Aphrodite (Venus)
Aphrodite represents love; in some versions of the myths she is the daughter of Zeus, in 
others she is born of the ocean. She is a pivotal in the story of Troy, as her promise to 
Paris that he shall have the hand of Helen brings about the war. She is married to 
Hephaestus, but takes many lovers including Ares and Anchises, with whom she has a 
son, Aeneas.
Apollo
Represented by the Sun, Apollo "the brilliant" is the son of Zeus and Leto. He is the god 
of prophecy and of music. 
Ares (Mars)
The god of war, Ares is the son of Zeus and Hera, and the lover of Aphrodite. 
Athena (Minerva)
A virgin goddess, Athena is known as the "grey-eyed". She is a war goddess, but is also 
the guardian of cities / the Trojans worshipped her. The capital of Greece takes her 
name. 
Hephaestus (Vulcan)
The lame god of fire, Hephaestus is the son of Zeus and Hera and the husband of 
Aphrodite. Brought up by Thetis, Hephaestus is a superb craftsman, making the magical 
shield with which Achilles goes into battle.
Hera (Juno)
The wife, and perhaps sister, of Zeus, Hera is one of the most powerful of the gods of 
Olympus and is the mother of many children including Ares and Hephaestus.
Hermes (Mercury)
The winged messenger of the gods, Hermes is the son of Zeus. He leads the goddesses, 
Aphrodite, Hera and Athena, to Paris on Mount Ida.
Poseidon (Neptune)
God of the sea, and brother of Zeus, Poseidon is a powerful and mighty deity, second 
only to his brother. He has the power to make earthquakes and lives beneath the ocean.
Thetis
A sea goddess, Thetis is the mother of Achilles and the wife of Peleus.
Zeus (Jupiter, Jove)
The greatest of the Greek gods, Zeus, the "thunder maker", is the husband of Hera and 
father, among others, to Helen, Ares and Athena. Zeus stands for balance and justice and 
holds ultimate power over all Greek deities and mortals.

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Trojan War -- Juvenile literature.
Troy (Extinct city) -- Juvenile literature.