Table of contents for Development across the life span / Robert S. Feldman.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


Counter
Chapter 1
Beginnings: An Introduction to Development Across the Lifespan
Prologue: New Conceptions
Looking Ahead
AN ORIENTATION TO LIFESPAN DEVELOPMENT
	Characterizing Lifespan Development: The Scope of the Field
Developmental Diversity ? How Culture, Ethnicity, and Race Influence Development
Cohort and Normative Influences on Development: Developing with Others in a Social 
World 
KEY ISSUES AND QUESTIONS: DETERMINING THE NATURE?AND NURTURE?OF 
LIFESPAN DEVELOPMENT
	Continuous Change Versus Discontinuous Change
 Critical and Sensitive Periods: Gauging the Impact of Environmental Events.
 Lifespan Approaches Versus a Focus on Particular Periods
 The Relative Influence of Nature and Nurture on Development
Review & Apply
THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES
	The Psychodymanic Perspective: Focusing on the Inner Person
		Freud?s Psychoanalytic Theory
		Erikson?s Psychosocial Theory
		Assessing the Psychodynamic Perspective
	The Behavioral Perspective: Focusing on Observable Behavior
		Classical Conditioning: Stimulus Substation
		Operant Conditioning
		Social-Cognitive Learning Theory: Learning Through Imitation
		Assessing the Behavioral Perspective
	The Cognitive Perspective: Examining the Roots of Understanding
		Piaget?s Theory of Cognitive Development
			Assessing Piaget?s Theory
		Information Processing Approaches
			Assessing Information Processing Approaches
		Cognitive Neuroscience Approaches
The Humanistic Perspective: Concentrating on the Unique Qualities of Human 
Beings 
	Assessing the Humanistic Perspective
	The Contextual Perspective: Taking a Broad Approach to Development
 The Bioecological Approach to Development
 	Assessing the Bioecological Approach
 Vygotsky?s Sociocultural Theory
			Assessing Vygotsky?s Theory
 Evolutionary Perspectives: Our Ancestor?s Contributions to Behavior
		Assessing the Evolutionary Perspective
	Why ?Which Approach is Right?? Is the Wrong Question
Review & Apply
RESEARCH METHODS
	Theories and Hypotheses: Posing Developmental Questions
	Choosing a Research Strategy: Answering Questions
	Correlational Studies
		The Correlation Coefficient
		Types of Correlational Studies
	Experiments: Determining Cause and Effect
		Independent and dependent variables
		Choosing a Research Setting
	Theoretical and Applied Research: Complementary Approaches
	From Research to Practice ? Using Developmental Research to Improve Public 
Policy
	Measuring Developmental Change
		Longitudinal Studies: Measuring Individual Change
		Cross-Sectional studies
		Sequential Studies
	Ethics and Research
Becoming an Informed Consumer of Development ? Thinking Critically About ?Expert? 
Advice 
Review & Apply
Epilogue
Looking Back
Chapter 2
The Start of Life: Genetics and Prenatal Development
Prologue: The Future is Now 
Looking Ahead
 EARLIEST DEVELOPMENT
		Genes and Chromosomes: The Code of Life
		Multiple Births: Two?or More?for the Genetic Price of One
		The Basics of Genetics: The Mixing and Matching of Traits
		Transmission of Genetic Information
		The Human Genome and Behavioral Genetics: Cracking the Genetic Code
Inherited and Genetic Disorders: When Development Deviates from the Norm
 Genetic Counseling: Predicting the Future from the Genes of the Present
 From Research to Practice 
 Review and Apply
 THE INTERACTION OF HEREDITY AND ENVIRONMENT
The Role of Environment in Determining the Expression of Genes: From 
Genotypes to Phenotypes 
		Studying Development: How Much Is Nature? How Much Is Nurture?
		Physical Traits: Family Resemblances
		Intelligence: More Research, More Controversy
Genetic and Environmental Influences on Personality: Born to Be Outgoing?
Developmental Diversity Cultural Differences in Physical Arousal: Might a Culture?s 
Philosophical Outlook Be Determined by Genetics?
 Psychological Disorders: The Role of Genetics and Environment
 Can Genes Influence the Environment?
 Review and Apply	
	
 PRENATAL GROWTH AND CHANGE
		Fertilization: The Moment of Conception
		The Stages of the Prenatal Period: The Onset of Development
		Pregnancy Problems 
		The Prenatal Environment: Threats to Development
Becoming an Informed Consumer of Development Optimizing the Prenatal Environment
	Review and Apply
Epilogue
Looking Back
Key Terms and Concepts
Chapter 3
Birth and the Newborn Infant
CHAPTER OVERVIEW
Prologue: A 22-Ounce Miracle
Looking Ahead
BIRTH
	Labor: The process of birth begins
	Birth: From fetus to neonate
		The Apgar scale
		Physical appearance and initial encounters
	Approaches to childbirth: Where medicine and attitudes meet
		Alternative birthing procedures
 Who Delivers?: Childbirth Attendants 
		Pain and childbirth
		Use of anesthesia and pain-reducing drugs
		Post-delivery hospital stay: Deliver, then depart?
Becoming an Informed Consumer of Development Dealing with Labor
	
	Review & Apply
BIRTH COMPLICATIONS
	Preterm infants: Too soon, too small
		Very-low-birthweight Infants: The Smallest of the Small
 		Causes of Preterm and Low-Birthweight Deliveries
 Careers in Development Diana Hegger, Neonatal Nurse and Educator
 Postmature Babies: Too Late, Too Large
 Cesarean Delivery: Intervening in the Process of Birth
 Infant Mortality and Stillbirth: The Tragedy of Premature Death
Developmental Diversity Overcoming Racial and Cultural Differences in Infant Mortality
 Postpartum Depression: Moving From the Heights of Joy to the Depths of Despair
	
Review & Apply
THE COMPETENT NEWBORN
Physical Competence: Meeting the Demands of a New Environment
Sensory Capabilities: Experiencing the World
 From Research to Practice Circumcision of Newborn Male Infants: The Unkindest Cut?
Early Learning Capabilities
Classical Conditioning
Operant Conditioning
Habituation
Are There Limits on Learning?
Social Competence: Responding to Others
 Review & Apply
Looking Back
Epilogue
Key Terms and Concepts
Epilogue
Chapter 4
Physical Development in Infancy
Prologue: First Steps
Looking Ahead
GROWTH AND STABILITY
Physical Growth: The Rapid Advances of Infancy
The Nervous System and Brain: The Foundations of Development
Integrating the Bodily Systems: The Life Cycles of Infancy
Rhythms and States
Sleep: Perchance to Dream?
	SIDS: The Unanticipated Killer
Review & Apply
MOTOR DEVELOPMENT
Reflexes: Our Inborn Physical Skills
The Basic Reflexes	
Ethnic and Cultural Differences and Similarities in Reflexes
Motor Development in Infancy: Landmarks of Physical Achievement
Gross Motor Skills
Fine Motor Skills
Dynamic systems theory: Motor Development in a Broader Context
Developmental Norms: Comparing the Individual to the Group
Developmental Diversity The Cultural Dimensions of Motor Development
Nutrition in Infancy: Fueling Motor Development
Malnutrition
Obesity
From Research to Practice Fast-Food Babies
Breast or Bottle?
Social Patterns in Breast-feeding
Introducing Solid Foods: When and What?
Review & Apply
THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE SENSES
Visual Perception: Seeing the World
Auditory Perception: The World of Sound
Smell and Taste
Sensitivity to Pain and Touch
	Contemporary views on infant pain
		Responding to touch
Multimodal Perception: Combining Individual Sensory Inputs
Becoming an Informed Consumer of Development Exercising Your Infant?s Body and Senses
Review & Apply
Epilogue
Looking Back
Key Terms and Concepts
Chapter 5
Cognitive Development in Infancy
Prologue: The Electric Nanny
Looking Ahead
 
	PIAGET?S APPROACH TO COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT
	
	Key Elements of Piaget?s Theory 
	The Sensorimotor Period: The Earliest Stage of Cognitive Growth
	Careers in Development Linda G. Miller, Toy Consultant
	Appraising Piaget: Support and Challenges
	
Review and Apply
INFORMATION-PROCESSING APPROACHES TO COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT
Encoding, Storage, and Retrieval: The Foundations of Information Processing
 Memory During Infancy: They Must Remember This...
Individual Differences in Intelligence: Is One Infant Smarter than Another?
From Research to Practice Do Educational Media for Infants Enhance their Cognitive 
Development?: Taking the Einstein Out of Baby Einstein
Review and Apply
	THE ROOTS OF LANGUAGE
	The Fundamentals of Language: From Sounds to Symbols
		The Origins of Language Development
	Speaking to Children: The Language of Infant-directed Speech
	Developmental Diversity Is Infant-directed Speech Similar in All Cultures?
	Becoming an Informed Consumer of Development What Can You Do to Promote 
	Infants? Cognitive Development?
Review and Apply
Epilogue
Looking Back
Key Terms and Concepts
Chapter 6
Social and Personality Development in Infancy
Prologue: The Velcro Chronicles
Looking Ahead
DEVELOPING THE ROOTS OF SOCIABILITY
Emotions in Infancy: Do Infants Experience Emotional Highs and Lows?
Experiencing Emotions
Stranger Anxiety and Separation Anxiety
Smiling
Decoding Others? Facial and Vocal Expressions
Social Referencing: Feeling What Others Feel
	Facial Expressions
	Two Explanations of Social Referencing
The Development of Self: Do Infants Know Who They Are?
Theory of Mind: Infants? Perspectives on the Mental Lives of Others?and Themselves
Review & Apply
FORMING RELATIONSHIPS
Attachment: Forming Social Bonds
Producing Attachment: The Roles of the Mother and Father
Mothers and Attachment
Fathers and Attachment
Are There Differences in Attachment to Mothers and Fathers?
Developmental Diversity Does Attachment Differ Across Cultures?
Infant Interactions: Developing a Working Relationship
Infants? Sociability with Their Peers: Infant?Infant Interaction
Review & Apply
DIFFERENCES AMONG INFANTS
Personality Development: The Characteristics That Make Infants Unique
Temperament: Stabilities in Infant Behavior
Categorizing Temperament: Easy, Difficult, and Slow-to-warm Babies 
The Consequences of Temperament: Does Temperament Matter? 
The Biological Basis of Temperament	
Gender: Boys in Blue, Girls in Pink
	Gender Differences
	Gender Roles
Family Life in the 21st Century
From Research to Practice How Does Infant Child Care Affect Later Development?
Becoming an Informed Consumer of Development Choosing the Right Infant Care 
Provider
	Review & Apply
Epilogue
Looking Back
Key Terms and Concepts
Chapter 7
Physical and Cognitive Development in the Preschool Years
Prologue: Aaron
Looking Ahead
PHYSICAL GROWTH
The Growing Body
Individual Differences in Height and Weight
Changes in Body Shape and Structure
Nutrition: Eating the Right Foods
Health and Illness
		Injuries During the Preschool Year: Playing It Safe
		Silent Danger: Lead Poisoning in Young Children
The Growing Brain
	Brain Lateralization
	The Links Between Brain Growth and Cognitive Development
Motor Development
Gross Motor Skills
		Potty Wars: When?and How?Should Children Be Toilet Trained?
Fine Motor Skills
Handedness
	Becoming an Informed Consumer of Development Keeping Preschoolers Healthy 
	
	Review & Apply
INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT
Piaget?s Stage of Preoperational Thinking
The Relation Between Language and Thought
Centration: What You See Is What You Think
Conservation: Learning That Appearances Are Deceiving
Incomplete Understanding of Transformation
Egocentrism: The Inability to Take Others? Perspectives
The Emergence of Intuitive Thought
Evaluating Piaget?s Approach to Cognitive Development
Information-processing Approaches to Cognitive Development
Preschoolers? Understanding of Numbers
Memory: Recalling the Past
		Children?s Eyewitness Testimony: Memory on Trial
		Information Processing in Perspective
Vygotsky?s View of Cognitive Development: Taking Culture into Account
The Zone of Proximal Development and Scaffolding: Foundations of Cognitive 
Development.
Evaluating Vygotsky?s Contributions
Review & Apply
THE GROWTH OF LANGUAGE AND LEARNING
Language Development
Private Speech and Social Speech
Poverty and Language Development
Learning From the Media: Television and the Internet
	Television: Controlling Exposure
Sesame Street: A Teacher in Every Home?
Early Childhood Education: Taking the ?Pre? Out of the Preschool Period
The Varieties of Early Education
The Effectiveness of Child Care
Developmental Diversity Preschools Around the World: Why Does the United States Lag 
Behind?
Preparing Preschoolers for Academic Pursuits: Does Head Start Truly Provide a 
Head Start? 
	From Research to Practice The Montessori Approach: Is It Effective?
Are We Pushing Children Too Hard and Too Fast?
Should We Seek to Improve Cognitive Skills During the Preschool Years?
Review and Apply
Epilogue
Looking Back
Key Terms and Concepts
Chapter 8
Social and Personality Development in the Preschool Years
Prologue: Feeling His Mother?s Pain
Looking Ahead
FORMING A SENSE OF SELF
 
Psychosocial Development: Resolving the Conflicts
Self-Concept in the Preschool Years: Thinking About the Self
Developmental Diversity: Developing Racial and Ethnic Awareness
Gender Identity: Developing Femaleness and Maleness
 Review and Apply
FRIENDS AND FAMILY: PRESCHOOLERS? SOCIAL LIVES
 
The Development of Friendships
Playing by the Rules: The Work of Play
Preschoolers? Theory of Mind: Understanding What Others Are Thinking
Preschoolers? Family Lives
	Effective Parenting: Teaching Desired Behavior
		Cultural Differences in Child Rearing Practices
From Research to Practice: Parenting Coaches: Teaching Parents to Teach Their 
Children
Child Abuse and Psychological Maltreatment: The Grim Side of Family Life
		Physical Abuse
		Psychological Maltreatment
	Resilience: Overcoming the Odds
 Careers in Lifespan Development: Debra Littler
 
	Becoming an Informed Consumer of Development Disciplining Children
 Review and Apply
 MORAL DEVELOPMENT AND AGGRESSION
Developing Morality: Following Society?s Rights and Wrongs
Aggression and Violence in Preschoolers: Sources and Consequences
Becoming an Informed Consumer of Development: Increasing Moral Behavior and 
Reducing Aggression in Preschool-Age Children
Review and Apply
Looking Back
Epilogue
Key Terms and Concepts
 
 Chapter 9
Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle Childhood
Prologue: La-Toya Pankey and The Witches
Looking Ahead
PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT
	The Growing Body
		Height and Weight Changes
			Cultural Patterns of Growth
Promoting Growth with Hormones: Should Short Children Be Made to Grow?
Nutrition
Childhood Obesity
 Motor Development
		Gross Motor Skills
		Fine Motor Skills
	Health During Middle Childhood
		Asthma
		Accidents
		Safety in Cyberspace
	Psychological Disorders
	Children With Special Needs
		Sensory Difficulties: Visual, Auditory, and Speech Problems
Learning Disabilities: Discrepancies Between Achievement and Capacity to Learn
	Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
The Informed Consumer of Development Keeping Children Fit
	Review & Apply
INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT
	Piagetian Approaches to Cognitive Development
		The Rise of Concrete Operational Thought
		Piaget in Perspective: Piaget Was Right, Piaget Was Wrong
	Information Processing in Middle Childhood
		Memory
		Improving Memory
 Vygotsky?s Approach to Cognitive Development and Classroom Instruction
 Language Development: What Words Mean
 	Mastering the Mechanics of Language
 	Metalinguistic Awareness
 	How Language Promotes Self-Control
 Bilingualism: Speaking in Many Tongues
	Review & Apply
SCHOOLING: THE THREE Rs (AND MORE) OF MIDDLE CHILDHOOD
	Schooling Around the World and Across Genders: Who Gets Educated?
	What Makes Children Ready for School?
	Reading: Learning to Decode the Meaning Behind Words
	Educational Trends: Beyond the Three Rs
From Research to Practice Making the Grade: Are We Pushing Too Hard?
Developmental Diversity Multicultural Education
		Cultural Assimilation or Pluralistic Society?
		Fostering a Bicultural Identity
	Intelligence: Determining Individual Strengths
	Intelligence Benchmarks: Differentiating the Intelligent from the Unintelligent
		Measuring IQ: Present-Day Approaches to Intelligence
		What IQ Tests Don?t Tell: Alternative Conceptions of Intelligence
		Group Differences in IQ
		Explaining Racial Differences in IQ
		The Bell Curve Controversy
Below and Above Intelligence Norms: Mental Retardation and the Intellectually Gifted	
		Ending Segregation by Intelligence Levels: The Benefits of Mainstreaming
		Below the Norm: Mental Retardation
	Careers in Lifespan Development Vikas M. Darji, Special Education Teacher
		Above the Norm: The Gifted and Talented.
	
	Review & Apply
Looking Back
Epilogue
Key Terms and Concepts
Chapter 10
Social and Personality Development in Middle Childhood
Prologue: Play Time
Looking Ahead
THE DEVELOPING SELF
 Psychosocial Development in Middle Childhood: Industry Versus Inferiority
 Understanding One?s Self: A New Response to ?Who Am I??
 	The Shift in Self-Understanding from the Physical to the Psychological
 	Social Comparison
 Self-Esteem: Developing a Positive?or Negative?View of Oneself
 	Change and Stability in Self-Esteem
 	Race and Self-Esteem
Developmental Diversity Are Children of Immigrant Families Well Adjusted?
	Moral Development
		Moral Development in Girls
	
	Review & Apply
RELATIONSHIPS: BUILDING FRIENDSHIP IN MIDDLE CHILDHOOD
	Stages of Friendship: Changing Views of Friends
 Individual Differences in Friendship: What Makes a Child Popular?
 	Status Among School-Age Children: Establishing One?s Position
 	What Personal Characteristics Lead to Popularity?
 	Social Problem-Solving Abilities
 	Teaching Social Competence
 Bullying: Schoolyard and Online Victimization
 Gender and Friendships: The Sex Segregation of Middle Childhood
 Cross-Race Friendships: Integration In and Out of the Classroom
Becoming an Informed Consumer of Development Increasing Children?s Social Competence
	Review & Apply
FAMILY AND SCHOOL: SHAPING CHILDREN?S BEHAVIOR IN MIDDLE CHILDHOOD
	Family: The Changing Home Environment
		Family Life
From Research to Practice Learning to Get Along: How Children are Influenced by their 
Siblings
		When Both Parents Work Outside the Home: How Do Children Fare?
 Home and Alone: What Do Children Do?
 Divorce
		Single Parent Families
		Living in Blended Families
		Families with Gay and Lesbian Parents
		Race and Family Life
		Poverty and Family Life
		Group Care: Orphanages in the 21st Century
	School: The Academic Environment
		How Children Explain Academic Success and Failure
		Cultural Comparisons: Individual Differences in Attribution
Developmental Diversity Explaining Asian Academic Success
Expectation Effects: How Others? Expectancies Influence Children?s Behavior
		Beyond the 3Rs: Should Schools Teach Emotional Intelligence?
	Review & Apply
Looking Back
Epilogue
Key Terms and Concepts
Chapter 11
Cognitive Development in Adolescence
Prologue: A Teenager?s Day
Looking Ahead
PHYSICAL MATURATION
	Growth During Adolescence: The Rapid Pace of Physical and Sexual Maturation
	Puberty: The Start of Sexual Maturation
		Puberty in Girls
		Puberty in Boys
	Body Image: Reactions to Physical Changes in Adolescence
 The Timing of Puberty: The Consequences of Early and Late Maturation
	Nutrition, Food, and Eating Disorders: Fueling the Growth of Adolescence
 Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia
	Brain Development and Thought: Paving the Way for Cognitive Growth
From Research to Practice the Immature Brain Argument: Too Young for the Death Penalty?
		Sleep Deprivation
	Review & Apply
COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT AND SCHOOLING
	Piagetian Approaches to Cognitive Development: Using Formal Operations
		Using Formal Operations to Solve Problems
		The Consequences of Adolescents? Use of Formal Operations
		Evaluating Piaget?s Approach
	Information Processing Perspectives: Gradual Transformations in Abilities
	Egocentrism in Thinking: Adolescents? Self-Absorption
	School Performance
Socioeconomic Status and School Performance: Individual Differences in Achievement
	Ethnic and Racial Differences in School Achievement
Cyberspace: Adolescents Online
	Dropping Out of School
	Review & Apply
THREATS TO ADOLESCENTS? WELL-BEING
	Illegal Drugs
Speaking of Development Daniel W. Prior, Counselor
	Alcohol: Use and Abuse
The Informed Consumer of Development Hooked on Drugs or Alcohol?
 Tobacco: The Dangers of Smoking
Developmental Diversity Selling Death: Pushing Smoking to the Less Advantaged
 Sexually Transmitted Infections
 	AIDS
 	Other Sexually Transmitted Infections
 	Avoiding STIs
 
 Review & Apply
Looking Back
Epilogue
Key Terms and Concepts
Chapter 12
Social and Personality Development in Adolescence
Prologue: Adolescent Trio
Looking Ahead
IDENTITY: ASKING ?WHO AM I??
	Self-Concept: What Am I Like?
	Self-Esteem: How Do I Like Myself?
		Gender Differences in Self-Esteem
		Socioeconomic Status and Race Differences in Self-Esteem
	Identity Formation: Change or Crisis?
	Marcia?s Approach to Identity Development: Updating Erikson
	Identity, Race, and Ethnicity
	Depression and Suicide: Psychological Difficulties in Adolescence
		Adolescent Depression
		Adolescent Suicide
The Informed Consumer of Development Preventing Adolescent Suicide 
	Review & Apply
RELATIONSHIPS: FAMILY AND FRIENDS
	Family Ties: Changing Relations with Relations
		The Quest for Autonomy
		The Myth of the Generation Gap
		Conflicts with Parents
		Cultural Differences in Parent-Child Conflicts During Adolescence
	Relationships with Peers: The Importance of Belonging
		Cliques and Crowds: Belonging to a Group
		Gender Relations
Developmental Diversity Race Segregation: The Great Divide of Adolescence
	Popularity and Rejection
 Conformity: Peer Pressure in Adolescence
 
From Research to Practice Know When to Fold ?em: The Growing Problem of Online 
Gambling
 Juvenile Delinquency: The Crimes of Adolescence
 
 Review & Apply
DATING, SEXUAL BEHAVIOR, AND TEENAGE PREGNANCY
	Dating: Close Relationships in the 21st Century
		The Functions of Dating
		Dating, Race, and Ethnicity
	Sexual Relationships
		Masturbation
		Sexual Intercourse
	Sexual Orientation: Heterosexuality, Homosexuality, and Bisexuality
		What Determines Sexual Orientation?
	Teenage Pregnancies
	Review & Apply
Epilogue
Looking Back
Key Terms and Concepts
Chapter 13
Physical and Cognitive Development in Early Adulthood
Prologue: A Tale of Two Students
Looking Ahead
PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT 
	Physical Development and the Senses
	Motor Functioning, Fitness, and Health: Staying Well
		Physical Fitness
		Health
Developmental Diversity How Cultural Health Benefits Influence Use of Health Care
	Eating, Nutrition, and Obesity: A Weighty Concern
		Good Nutrition
		Obesity
Careers in Lifespan Development Martin Binks, Behaviroal Health Clinician
	Physical Disabilities: Coping with Physical Challenge
	Stress and Coping: Dealing with Life?s Challenges
		The Origins of Stress
		The Consequences of Stress
		Coping with Stress
		Hardiness, resilience, and coping
The Informed Consumer of Development Coping with Stress
	Review & Apply
COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT
	Intellectual Growth in Early Adulthood
	Postformal Thought
	Perry?s approach to postformal thinking
	Schaie?s Stages of Development
	Intelligence: What Matters in Early Adulthood?
		Practical and Emotional Intelligence
		Creativity: Novel Thought
	Life Events and Cognitive Development
	Review & Apply
COLLEGE: PURSUING HIGHER EDUCATION
	The Demographics of Higher Education
From Research to Practice Does a Racially Diverse College Campus make for a Richer Learning 
Experience?
		
	The Gender Gap in College Attendance
The Changing College Student: Never Too Late to Go to College?
	College Adjustment: Reacting to the Demands of College Life
The Informed Consumer of Development When Do College Students Need Professional Help 
with Their Problems?
	What Do College Students Learn?
	Gender and College Performance
		Benevolent Sexism: When Being Nice Is Not So Nice
Stereotype Threat and Disidentification with School
	Dropping Out of College
	Review & Apply
Epilogue
Looking Back
Key Terms & Concepts
Chapter 14
Social and Personality Development in Early Adulthood
Prologue: Love Without Borders
Looking Ahead
FORGING RELATIONSHIPS: INTIMACY, LIKING, AND LOVING DURING EARLY 
ADULTHOOD
	The Components of Happiness: Fulfillment of Psychological Needs 
	The Social Clocks of Adulthood
		Women?s Social Clocks
	Seeking Intimacy: Erikson?s View of Young Adulthood
	Friendship
	Falling in Love: When Liking Turns to Loving
	Passionate and Companionate Love: The Two Faces of Love
	Sternberg?s Triangular Theory: The Three Faces of Love
Choosing a Partner: Recognizing Mr. or Ms. Right
	Seeking a Spouse: Is Love the Only Thing That Matters?
	Filtering Models: Sifting Out a Spouse
Attachment Styles and Romantic Relationships: Do Adult Loving Styles Reflect Attachment in 
Infancy?
Developmental Diversity Gay and Lesbian Relationships: Men with Men and Women with 
Women
	Review & Apply
THE COURSE OF RELATIONSHIPS
Marriage, POSSLQ, and Other Relationship Choices: Sorting Out the Options of Early 
Adulthood
	What Makes Marriage Work?
Early Marital Conflict
Parenthood: Choosing to Have Children
	Family Size
The Transition to Parenthood: Two?s a Couple, Three?s a Crowd?
	Gay and Lesbian Parents
Staying Single: I Want To Be Alone
From Research to Practice A Majority of American Women Are Lviing Without a Spouse
	
Review & Apply
WORK: CHOOSING AND EMBARKING ON A CAREER
	Identity During Young Adulthood: The Role of Work
Picking an Occupation: Choosing Life?s Work
	Ginzberg?s Career Choice Theory
Holland?s Personality Type Theory
	Gender and Career Choices: Women?s Work
	Why Do People Work? More Than Earning a Living
		Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation
		Satisfaction on the Job
The Informed Consumer of Development Choosing a Career
	Review & Apply
Looking Back
Epilogue
Key Terms and Concepts
Chapter 15
Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle Adulthood
Prologue: Fit for Life
Looking Ahead
PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT
	Physical Transitions: The Gradual Change in the Body?s Capabilities
	Height, Weight, and Strength: The Benchmarks of Change
	The Senses: The Sights and Sounds of Middle Age
		Vision
		Hearing
	Reaction Time: Not-so-slowing Down
	Sex in Middle Adulthood: The Ongoing Sexuality of Middle Age
		The Female Climacteric and Menopause
From Research to Practice The Dilemma of Hormone Therapy: No Easy Answer
		The Psychological Consequences of Menopause
		The Male Climacteric
	Review & Apply
HEALTH
	Wellness and Illness: The Ups and Downs of Middle Adulthood
Developmental Diversity Individual Variation in Health: Ethnic and Gender Differences
	Stress in Middle Adulthood
	The A?s and B?s of Coronary Heart Disease: Linking Health and Personality
		Risk Factors for Heart Disease
		Type A?s and Type B?s
	The Threat of Cancer
		Routine Mammograms: At What Age Should Women Start?
		Psychological Factors Relating to Cancer: Mind Over Tumor?
	
 Review & Apply
 
COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT
	Does Intelligence Decline in Adulthood?
		The Difficulties in Answering the Question
		Crystallized and Fluid Intelligence
Reframing the Issue: What Is the Source of Competence During Middle 
Adulthood?
	The Development of Expertise: Separating Experts from Novices
	Memory: You Must Remember This
		Types of Memory
 Memory Schemas
 
Becoming and Informed Consumer of Development Effective Strategies for Remembering
	Review & Apply
Epilogue
Looking Back
Key Terms and Concepts
Chapter 16
Social and Personality Development in Middle Adulthood
Prologue: A Winding Journey to Success
Looking Ahead
PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT
Two Perspectives on Adult Personality Development: Normative-Crisis Versus Life 
Events
	Erikson?s Stage of Generativity-Versus-Stagnation
		Building on Erikson?s Views: Vallliant, Gould, Levinson
		The Midlife Crisis: Reality or Myth?
	Developmental Diversity Middle Age: In Some Cultures It Doesn?t Exist
 Stability Versus Change in Personality
 Stability and Change in the Big Five Personality Traits
 Happiness Across the Life Span
	Review & Apply
RELATIONSHIPS: FAMILY IN MIDDLE AGE
	Marriage
		The Ups and Downs of Marriage
From Research to Practice After the Vows: Changes in marital Satisfaction Over Time
		Divorce
		Remarriage
	Family Evolutions: From Full House to Empty Nest
		Boomerang Children: Refilling the Empty Nest
		The Sandwich Generation: Between Children and Parents
	Becoming a Grandparent: Who, Me?
	Family Violence: The Hidden Epidemic
		The Prevalence of Spousal Abuse
		The Cycle of Violence
Becoming an Informed Consumer of Development Dealing with Spousal Abuse
		Spousal Abuse and Society: The Cultural Roots of Violence
	
 Review & Apply
WORK AND LEISURE
	Work and Careers: Jobs at Midlife
	Challenges of Work: On-the-Job Dissatisfaction
		Burnout
 Unemployment: The Dashing of the Dream
	Switching?and Starting?Careers at Midlife
Speaking of Development, Cathy Goodwin, Career Advisor
Developmental Diversity Immigrants on the Job: Making It in America
	Leisure Time: Life Beyond Work
	Review & Apply
Looking Back
Epilogue
Key Terms and Concepts
Chapter 17
Physical and Cognitive Development in Late Adulthood
Prologue: Cycling Through Late Adulthood
Looking Ahead
PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT IN LATE ADULTHOOD
	Aging: Myth and Reality
		The Demographics of Late Adulthood
		Ageism: Confronting the Stereotypes of Late Adulthood
	Physical Transitions in Older People
		Outward Signs of Aging
		Internal Aging
	Slowing Reaction Time
	The Senses: Sight, Sound, Taste, and Smell
		Vision
		Hearing
		Taste and Smell
	Review & Apply
HEALTH AND WELLNESS IN LATE ADULTHOOD
	Health Problems in Older People: Physical and Psychological Disorders
		Common Physical Disorders
		Psychological and Mental Disorders
		Alzheimer?s Disease
Becoming an Informed Consumer of Development Caring for People with Alzheimer?s Disease
	Wellness in Late Adulthood: The Relationship Between Aging and Illness
 Promoting Good Health
 Sexuality in Old Age: Use It or Lose It
	Approaches to Aging: Why Is Death Inevitable?
		Genetic program theories of aging
		Wear-and-tear theories of aging
		Reconciling the theories of aging
		Life Expectancy: How Long Have I Got?
 Postponing Aging: Can Scientists Find the Fountain of Youth?
Developmental Diversity Gender, Race, and Ethnic Differences in Average Life
Expectancy: Separate Lives, Separate Deaths
	Review & Apply
COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT IN LATE ADULTHOOD
 Intelligence in Older People
 Recent Conclusions about the Nature of Intelligence in Older People
From Research to Practice Exercising the Aging Brain
 Memory: Remembrance of Things Past?and Present
 	Autobiographical Memory: Recalling the Days of Our Lives
 	Explaining Memory Changes in Old Age
 Learning in Later Life: Never Too Late to Learn
 
 Review & Apply
Epilogue
Looking Back
Key Terms and Concepts
Chapter 18
Social and Personality Development in Late Adulthood
Prologue: Late Love
Looking Ahead
PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT AND SUCCESSFUL AGING
	Continuity and Change in Personality During Late Adulthood
Ego-Integrity-Versus-Despair: Erikson?s Final Stage
Peck?s Developmental Tasks
Levinson?s Final Season: The Winter of Life
Coping with Aging: Neugarten?s Study
Life Review and Reminiscence: The Common Theme of Personality Development
Age Stratification Approaches to Late Adulthood
Developmental Diversity How Culture Shapes the Way We Treat People in Late Adulthood
	Does Age Bring Wisdom?
	Successful Aging: What Is the Secret?
		Disengagement Theory: Gradual Retreat
		Activity Theory: Continued Involvement
		Continuity Theory: A Compromise Position
Selective Optimization with Compensation: A General Model of Successful Aging
	Review & Apply
THE DAILY LIFE OF LATE ADULTHOOD
	Living Arrangements: The Places and Spaces of Their Lives
		Living at Home
		Specialized Living Environments
		Institutionalism and Learned Helplessness
	Financial Issues: The Economics of Late Adulthood
	Work and Retirement in Late Adulthood
From Research to Practice Retirement: Looking Back and Looking Forward
		Older Workers: Combating Age Discrimination
		Retirement: Filling a Life of Leisure
Becoming an Informed Consumer of Development Planning For?and Living?a Good 
Retirement
Review and Apply
RELATIONSHIPS: OLD AND NEW
	Marriage in the Later Years: Together, Then Alone
		Dealing with Retirement: Too Much Togetherness?
		Caring for an Aging Spouse
		The Death of a Spouse: Becoming Widowed
	The Social Networks of Late Adulthood
		Friendship: Why Friends Matter in Late Adulthood
		Social Support: The Significance of Others
	Family Relationships: The Ties that Bind
		Children
		Grandchildren and Great-Grandchildren
	Elder Abuse: Relationships Gone Wrong
	Review & Apply
Epilogue
Looking Back
Key Terms & Concepts
Chapter 19
Endings: Death and Dying
Prologue: Choosing Death
Looking Ahead
DYING AND DEATH ACROSS THE LIFESPAN
	Defining Death: Determining the Point at Which Life Ends
	Death Across the Life Span: Causes and Reactions
		Death in Infancy and Childhood
		Death in Adolescence
		Death in Young Adulthood
		Death in Middle Adulthood
 Death in Late Adulthood
 
Developmental Diversity Differing Conceptions of Death
 Can Death Education Prepare Us for the Inevitable?
Review & Apply
CONFRONTING DEATH
	Understanding the Process of Dying: Are There Steps Toward Death?
		Denial
		Anger
		Bargaining
		Depression
		Acceptance
		Evaluating K¿bler-Ross?s Theory
	Choosing the Nature of Death: Is DNR the Way to Go?
		Living Wills
		Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide
	Caring for the Terminally Ill: The Place of Death
Speaking of Development Dina C. Bianga, Hospice Nurse
Review & Apply
GRIEF AND BEREAVEMENT
	Mourning and Funerals: Final Rites
		Cultural Differences in Grieving 
	Bereavement and Grief: Adjusting to the Death of a Loved One 
From Research to Practice Moving On: Surving the Loss of a Long-Time Spouse
		Differentiating Unhealthy Grief from Normal Grief
		The Consequences of Grief and Bereavement
Becoming an Informed Consumer of Development Helping a Child Cope with Grief
Review & Apply
Epilogue
Looking Back
Key Terms and Concepts

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Developmental psychology -- Textbooks.