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Contents A Note from the Editor 14 Introduction 15 Part I. Questioning Science: Feminist Critiques of Medical Knowledge and Practice 51 Introduction to Part I 52 1. The Sexual Politics of Sickness 51 Barbara Ehrenreich and Deidre English 2. Delusions in Discourse 70 Alexandra Dundas Todd 3. Body Narratives, Body Boundaries 88 Emily Martin 4. ?Cultural Practice? or ?Reconstructive Surgery?? U.S. Genital Cutting, the Intersex Movement, and Medical Double Standards 96 Cheryl Chase Questions and Comments 115 Part II. Forced Motherhood?: Legal Regulation of Pregnancy and Termination 117 A. Abortion: the Legal Framework 118 Introduction to Part II(A) 119 Subsection 1. Social and Historical Context 123 5. Medicine and Morality in the Nineteenth Century 124 Kristen Luker 6. When Abortion Was a Crime: Women, Medicine and Law in the United States, 1867-1973 140 Leslie J. Reagan 7. Racism, Birth Control, and Reproductive Rights 155 Angela Davis Questions and Comments 170 Subsection 2. The ?Privacy? Formulation and Its Critics 172 8. Roe v. Wade 173 9. Beyond ?A Woman?s Right to Choose??Feminist Ideas About Reproductive Rights 185 Rosalind Pollack Petchesky 10. Harris v. McRae 195 11. Surrogacy as Resistance? The Misplaced Focus on Choice in the Surrogacy and Abortion Funding Contexts 207 Nancy Ehrenreich Questions and Comments 220 Subsection 3. The ?Undue Burden? Test 223 12. Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Casey 224 13. Brief Amici Curiae of the National Council of Negro Women, Inc., et al., in Webster v. Reproductive Health Services 245 Joan Gibbs, Mary M. Gundrum, Rhonda Copelon, Wendy Brown, and Cathy Bell Questions and Comments 257 Subsection 4. The Equality Approach 259 14 Abortion as a Sex Equality Rights: Its Basis in Feminist Theory 260 Reva B. Siegel 15. Brief Aici Curiae of 274 Organizations in Support of Roe v. Wade in Turnock v. Ragsdale, Nos. 88-790 and 99-805 (1989) 287 Kathleen M. Sullivan and Susan R. Estrich Questions and Comments 293 B. Abortion: Special Topics 295 Introduction to Part II(B) 296 Subsection 1. Late-Term Abortion 298 16. Stenberg v. Carhart 299 17. Crossing the Line: the Political and Moral Battle over Late Term Abortion 314 Rigel C. Oliveri Questions and Comments 332 Subsection 2. Minors? Access to Abortion 334 18. Politics and Pregnancy: Adolescent Mothers and Public Policy 335 Deborah L. Rhode 19. Sex Education: Politicians, Parents, Teachers and Teens and Understanding ?Abstinence?: Implications for Individuals, Programs and Policies 352 Cynthia Dailard Questions and Comments 368 Subsection. 3. Wrongful Birth and Selective Abortion 370 20. ?Not Your Garden Variety Tort Reform: Statues Barring Claims for Wrongful Life and Wrongful Birth are Unconstitutional under the Purpose Prong of Planned Parenthood v. Casey? 371 Julie F. Kowitz 21. Disability Rights and Selective Abortion 385 Marsha Saxton Section 4. Reproductive Rights of Women in Prison 401 22. Searching for the State: Who Governs Prisoners? Reproductive Rights? 402 Rachel Roth Questions and Comments 421 Part III. Motherhood Denied: Legal Regulation of Conception 423 Introduction to Part III 424 A. Punitive Policies: Regulation of Conception by Low-Income Women and Women of Color 427 23. Racializing the Nation: From the Declaration of Independence to the Emancipation Proclamation, 1776-1865 428 Rickie Solinger 24. The Social Meaning of the Norplant Condition: Constitutional Considerations of Race, Class and Gender 456 Catherine Albiston 25. The Ideology of Division: Behavior Modification Welfare Reform Proposals 481 Lucy A. Williams Questions and Comments 496 B. Assisted Reproduction: Regulation of ?Surrogacy? and Cloning 498 26. What?s Wrong with a Parenthood Market? A New and Improved Theory of Commodification 499 Marth M. Ertman 27. Race and the New Reproduction 517 Dorothy Roberts 28. Is There a Right to Clone? Constitutional Challenges to Bans on Human Cloning 540 Lori B. Andrews Questions and Comments 561 Part IV. The Disciplining of Mothers: Legal Regulation of Behavior During Pregnancy 563 Introduction to Part IV 564 A. Pregnancy and Fertility Discrimination in the Workplace 566 29. Troupe v. May Department Stores 567 30. Pregnancy, Parenting, and Capitalism574 Ruth Colker 31. Sapphire Bound! 588 Regina Austin Questions and Comments 607 B. Tort and Criminal Liability for Prenatal Behavior 609 32. Stallman v. Youngquist 610 33. Making Reproduction a Crime 620 Dorothy Roberts Questions and Comments 658 C. Court-Ordered Cesarean Sections 661 34. The Colonization of the Womb 662 Nancy Ehrenreich Questions and Comments 685 Permission Acknowledgments 687 About the Contributors 693 Index 000
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
Human reproduction -- Law and legislation -- United States.
Abortion -- Law and legislation -- United States.
Birth control -- Law and legislation -- United States.