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Contents Executive Summary The ACS in Brief General Guidelines for ACS Use Overarching Recommendations Additional Recommendations 1 Introduction 1-A Panel Charge 1-B Historical Background 1-B.1 Evolution of the Long-Form Sample 1-B.2 Why Seek an Alternative to the Long-Form Sample? 1-B.3 Evolution of the ACS 1-C Issues for the Panel 1-D Overview of Report PART I: Using the American Community Survey 2 Essentials for Users 2-A ACS Design Basics 2-A.1 Population Coverage (Universe) 2-A.2 Residence Rules 2-A.3 Content and Reference Periods 2-A.4 Sample Design and Size 2-A.5 Data Collection 2-A.6 Data Product 2-A.7 Data Processing¿1-Year Estimates 2-A.8 Data Processing¿3-Year and 5-Year Period Estimates 2-B ACS Benefits 2-B.1 Timeliness and Frequency 2-B.2 Data Quality 2-C ACS Challenges 2-C.1 Period Estimates 2-C.2 Sampling Error 2-D Summary Assessment 3 Working with the ACS: Guidance for Users 3-A Federal Agency Uses 3-A.1 Allocation of Federal Funds 3-A.2 Determination of Median Incomes for Counties 3-B State Agency Uses 3-B.1 Allocating State Funds to Localities 3-B.2 Strategies for using ACS Data in State Fund Allocations 3-B.3 Example of a Sample Updating Procedure 3-C Local Government Uses 3-C.1 Large City applications of the ACS 3-C.2 Small Jurisdiction Applications of the ACS 3-C.3 Special Case of Seasonal Populations 3-D Transportation Planning Uses 3-D.1 Using the ACS 1-Year PUMS Files 3-D.2 Using the ACS TAZ Data 3-D.3 Conclusion on Using the ACS for Transportation Planning 3-E Academic Research Uses 3-E.1 Using Summary files for Research 3-E.2 Using PUMS Files for Research 3-F Media and General Public Uses 3-F.1 Using ACS Profiles and Rankings 3-F.2 Comparisons with Other Data Sources 3-G What Happens in a Decennial Year? 3-H Preparing to Use the ACS 3-H.1 General Guidelines for ACS Use 3-H.2 Suggestions for Users During the Ramp-up Period PART II: Technical Issues 4 Sample Design and Survey Operations 4-A Sampling Operations for Housing Units 4-A.1 Developing the Initial Sample 4-A.2 Initial Sampling Rates 4-A.3 Subsampling for CAPI Follow-up 4-A.4 MAF Concerns and Recommendations 4-A.5 Sample Design Concerns 4-B Data Collection for Housing Units 4-B.1 Mode of Collection 4-B.2 Residence Rules 4-C Group Quarters Sampling and Data Collection 4-C.1 Group Quarters and the MAF 4-C.2 Sample Design for Group Quarters 4-C.3 Data Collection for Group Quarters 4-C.4 Concerns about Group Quarters 4-C.5 Recommendation for Group Quarters 4-D Data Preparation 4-D.1 Confidentiality Protection 4-D.2 Collapsing Tables for Large Sampling Errors 4-D.3 Inflation Adjustments 4-D.4 Tabulation Specifications 4-D.5 Data Quality Review 5 The Weighting of ACS 1-Year Period Estimates 5-A Overview 5-B The 1-Year Nine-Step Weighting Process 5-B.1 Base Weights 5-B.2 Variation in Monthly Response Factor 5-B.3 Noninterview Factors 1 and 2 5-B.4 Mode Bias Noninterview Factor 5-B.5 Housing Unit Control Factor 1 5-B.6 Population Control Factor 5-B.7 Housing Unit Control Factor 2 5-B.8 Adjustments to Eliminate Extreme Weights 5-B.9 Rounding of Weights 5-B.10 Recommendation 5-C Housing Unit Controls 5-D Population Controls 6 Weighting and Interpreting ACS Multiyear Estimates 6-A Alternative Estimands from Multiyear Data 6-A.1 Single-Year Estimands from Multiyear Data 6-A.2 Multiyear Period Estimand from Multiyear Data 6-B Multiyear Period Estimation 6-C Estimation of Change Over Time 6-C.1 Interpreting Estimates of Change Between Multiyear Period Estimates 6-C.2 Precision of Estimates of Change Between Multiyear Period Estimates 6-C.3 Conclusions 6-D Effects of Changes in Population Size and Characteristics PART III: Education, Outreach, and Future Development 7 Important Next Steps 7-A Educating Data Users About the ACS 7-A.1 Key Elements of the Education Strategy 7-A.2 Providing a Foundation for the Basics 7-A.3 Building a Network for Education, Outreach , and Feedback 7-A.4 Working with the Media 7-A.5 Recommendations on user Education, Outreach, and Feedback 7-B Data Quality Monitoring 7-B.1 nonsampling Error Measures 7-B.2 Sampling Errors 7-C Priorities for Assessment and Improvement of Survey Quality 7-C.1 Quality Profile 7-C.2 Methods Panels 7-C.3 The Panel¿s Priorities for Assessment 7-D A Vision for the Future 7-D.1 Small-area Estimates 7-D.2 Seasonal and Multiple Residences 7-D.3 Surveying Rare Populations 7-D.4 Improving Population Estimates 7-D.5 Improving Survey Estimates 7-D.6 Recommendation for Future Research and Development References Appendixes A List of Abbreviations and Acronyms B Controlling the American Community Survey to Intercensal Population Estimates F. Jay Breidt C Alternatives to Moving Averages for the American Community Survey F. Jay Breidt D Biographical Sketches of Panel Members and Staff
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
American community survey.
Household surveys -- United States.
United States -- Census.