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BRIEF TC Brief Table of Contents List of Tables, Figures, and Boxes Preface to the Second Edition Introduction Part 1 Research Fundamentals 1 Introduction to Research Methods 2 Research Ethics: Doing the Right Thing 3 The Building Blocks of Research 4 Public Administration Research: Theory and Practice 5 Research in Nonprofit Organization Management Part 2 Understanding the Research Process 6 The Eight Steps of the Research Process 7 Selecting a Research Topic 8 Choosing a Research Design 9 Putting Together a Research Proposal Part 3 Quantitative Research Designs and Methods 10 Fundamentals of Quantitative Research 11 Introduction to Sampling 12 Writing Questions and Developing Questionnaires Part 4 Analyzing Quantitative Data 13 Summarizing Data with Descriptive Statistics 14 Using Tables, Charts, and Graphs 15 Exploring Research Hypothesis Concepts 16 Testing Hypotheses About Two or More Groups 17 Identifying Relationships with Correlation and Regression 18 Introduction to Experimental Design 19 Introduction to Nonparametric Statistics 20 Exploring Multivariate Statistics 21 Conducting Statistical Tests with SPSS® Part 5 Qualitative Research Strategies and Methods 22 Introduction to Qualitative Research 23 Research Using the Case Study Approach 24 Research Using the Grounded Theory Approach 25 Research Using the Ethnographic Approach 26 Critical Research: Action Research Approaches 27 Critical Research: Empowerment and Feminist Models Part 6 Analysis and Interpretation of Qualitative Data 28 Analyzing Qualitative Data 29 Analyzing Texts, Documents and Artifacts Part 7 Preparing and Presenting Research Findings 30 Writing the Research Report References Author Index Subject Index About the Author LONG TC Detailed Table of Contents List of Tables, Figures, and Boxes Preface to the Second Edition Introduction Public Administration in Society Research in the Nonprofit Sector Getting Started in Research Purposes for Research Purpose, Scope, and Structure of the Book Conclusion Part 1 Research Fundamentals 1 Introduction to Research Methods Five Reasons to Develop Research Skills Research¿The Scientific Way The Scientific Method Logic and Reasoning in Research The Quantitative Approach to Research The Qualitative Approach to Research The Future of Research Conclusion Additional Reading 2 Research Ethics: Doing the Right Thing The Meaning of Ethics Sources of Our Moral Standards What are Public Administration Ethics? What are Research Ethics? Research with Human Subjects Ethics in the Research Process Conclusion Additional Reading 3 The Building Blocks of Research Ontological Foundations Epistemological Positions Research Frameworks Selecting a Research Strategy Data Collection, Analysis, and Interpretation Methods Conclusion Additional Reading 4 Public Administration Research: Theory and Practice Positivist Research Models Postpositivist Research Models Research Focus in Public Administration Research Topics and Themes Conclusion Additional Reading 5 Research in Nonprofit Organization Management Issues in Nonprofit Research Research in Organizational Leadership Research in Philanthropy Research in Voluntarism Research in Nonprofits and Public Policy Research in Civil Society Conclusion Additional Reading Part 2 Understanding the Research Process 6 The Eight Steps of the Research Process Identify the Research Problem Establish Research Objectives Decide on a Research Strategy Prepare a Research Plan Conduct a Literature Review Gather the Data Analyze and Interpret the Data Prepare and Present Research Findings Conclusion Additional Reading 7 Selecting a Research Topic Selecting a Problem to Study Tasks in Problem Definition Process Selecting a Research Focus Finding Information About a Topic Conclusion Additional Reading 8 Choosing a Research Design Quantitative Designs Three Principal Quantitative Designs Qualitative Designs Three Important Qualitative Designs Combined Research Designs Conclusion Additional Reading 9 Putting Together a Research Proposal Components of a Research Proposal Differences in Quantitative and Qualitative Proposals Conclusion Additional Reading Part 3 Quantitative Research Designs and Methods 10 Fundamentals of Quantitative Research Fundamentals of Measurement Some Statistics Terms and Concepts Is It a Statistic or a Parameter? Statistics Applications Statistics and Communication Statistics in Action Conclusion Additional Reading 11 Introduction to Sampling Sampling Methods Sample Bias and Sampling Error Dealing with Nonsample Error Sample Distributions Conclusion Additional Reading 12 Writing Questions and Developing Questionnaires Some Uses for Questionnaires Advantages of Using Questionnaires Questionnaire Construction Procedure Selecting Types of Questions Developing and Using Scales Conclusion Additional Reading Part 4 Analyzing Quantitative Data 13 Summarizing Data with Descriptive Statistics Four Categories of Descriptive Statistics Measures of Central Tendency Measures of Variability Measures of Relative Position Measures of Correlation Understanding Distributions Conclusion Additional Reading 14 Using Tables, Charts, and Graphs Making Sense out of Ungrouped or "Raw" Data Presenting Data in Tables Building a Stem-and-Leaf Diagram Communicating with Charts and Graphs Final Reminders about Graphics Conclusion Additional Reading 15 Exploring Research Hypothesis Concepts Types of Research Hypotheses The Null Hypothesis Making Inferences About Populations Hypothesis Testing in Action Testing for a Normal Distribution Conclusion Additional Reading 16 Testing Hypotheses About Two or More Groups The Meaning of Statistical Significance Interpreting Results with p-values Goodness-of-Fit Tests Two-Group Hypothesis Tests Comparing Groups with ANOVA Three Versions of ANOVA Conclusion Additional Reading 17 Identifying Relationships with Correlation and Regression The Meaning of Correlation Purposes for Correlation Analysis The Link Between Correlation and Regression The Coefficient of Determination The Regression Analysis Procedure The Standard Error of the Estimate Conclusion Additional Reading 18 Introduction to Experimental Design Considerations in Experimental Design Types of Experimental Designs The Meaning of Multivariate Statistics Multiple Regression Analysis Constructing a Multiple Regression Model Key Considerations in Experimental Design Conclusion Additional Reading 19 Introduction to Nonparametric Statistics Basic Assumptions for Statistics Nonparametric Versions of Parametric Tests One-Sample Nonparametric Tests Nonparametric Tests for Differences Nonparametric Relationship Tests Conclusion Additional Reading 20 Exploring Multivariate Statistics Multiple Regression Analysis Introduction to Multiple Analysis of Variance (Manova) Managing Large Data Bases with Factor and Cluster Analysis Predicting with Discriminant Analysis Multiple Analysis of Variance (MANOVA) Conclusion Additional Reading 21 Conducting Statistical Tests with SPSS® The SPSS® Opening Screen Entering and Naming Variables and Values Entering Data Processing Data Putting SPSS to Work Bivariate Descriptive Statistics Conclusion Additional Reading Part 5 Qualitative Research Strategies and Methods 22 Introduction to Qualitative Research Qualitative Research Strategies Which Strategy Is "Best"? Qualitative Research in Public Administration Research Without Limits Analyzing and Interpreting Qualitative Data Conclusion Additional Reading 23 Research Using the Case Study Approach Defining the Case Study Purposes for Case Studies Designing Case Studies Steps in the Case Study Method The Case Study in Public Administration Research Guidelines for Preparing Case Studies Conclusion Additional Reading 24 Research Using the Grounded Theory Approach The Beginnings of Grounded Theory Two Approaches to Grounded Theory The Seven Stages of Grounded Theory Steps in the Grounded Theory Research Process Grounded Theory in Public Administration Research Grounded Theory and Public Policy Conclusion Exercises Additional Reading 25 Research Using the Ethnographic Approach A Brief History of Ethnography Ethnography. Ethology, and Ethnography The Activities of Modern Ethnographers The Art and Science of Modern Ethnography Doing Ethnographic Field Work Ethnography in Public Administration Research Ethnography in Nonprofit Management Research Researching Organizational Culture Conclusion Exercises Additional Reading 26 Critical Research: Action Research Approaches Five Models of Action Research Action Research and Critical Theory Key Themes in Action Research Phases of Planned Change Goals of Action Research Examples of Action Research Conclusion Exercises Additional Reading 27 Critical Research: Empowerment and Feminist Models Empowerment Research The Empowerment Research Process The Feminist Research Model Conclusion Exercises Additional Reading Part 6 Analysis and Interpretation of Qualitative Data 28 Analyzing Qualitative Data What are Qualitative Data? Components of Qualitative Data Analysis Bringing Order to Data The Qualitative Data Analysis Process Reporting Qualitative Research Results Computer Analysis of Qualitative Data Conclusion Suggested Reading 29 Analyzing Texts, Documents and Artifacts Analysis of Texts as Data The Literature Review: A Key Research Activity Research with Archival Data Performing Meta-Analysis Research Hermeneutic Analysis of Text Materials Semiotics: The Analysis of Signs and Symbols Content, Narrative, and Discourse Analysis Examining Material Culture and Artifact Analysis Conclusion Additional Reading Part 7 Preparing and Presenting Research Findings 30 Writing the Research Report Structuring the Research Report Sections of the Final Report Style and Format in Research Writing Endnotes, Footnotes and In-Text citations Major Bibliographic Styles Some Additional Style Manuals Style Requirements for Public Administration A Closing Reminder Conclusion Additional Reading References Author Index Subject Index About the Author
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
Public administration -- Research -- Methodology.
Nonprofit organizations -- Management.