Table of contents for New encyclopedia of Africa / John Middleton, editor in chief ; Joseph C. Miller, editor.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


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entry_topic
Abd al-Qadir
Abeokuta
Abidjan
Abouzeid, Leila
Abu Bakr, Muhammad ibn
Accra
Achebe, Chinua
Adama, Modibbo
Addis Ababa
Ad¿, Sunny
Adulis
Africa, History of the Name
Afrocentrism
Afua Kobi
Agaja
Age and Age Organization
Aggrey, James
Agriculture: Beginnings and Development
Agriculture: Pests and Pest Control
Agriculture: World Markets
Ahidjo, El Hajj Ahmadou
Ahmad, Mahdi Muhammad
Ahmad ibn Ibrahim al-Ghazi (Ahmad Grañ)
Aid and Development: Overview
Aid and Development: Consequences
Aid and Development: Structural Adjustment
Aid and Development: Balance of Payments
Aid and Development: Environmental Impact
Aid and Development: Humanitarian Assistance
Aidoo, Ama Ata
Aksum
Alexandria
Algeria: Geography and Economy
Algeria: Society and Cultures
Algeria: History and Politics
Algiers
Ali, Muhammad
Ali, Mohammed Duse
Allal al-Fassi
Amin Dada, Idi
Amina
Andrianampoinimerina
Angola: Geography and Economy
Angola: Society and Cultures
Angola: History and Politics
Annan, Kofi
Antananarivo
Anthropology, Social, and the Study of Africa
Apartheid
Archaeology and Prehistory: Overview
Archaeology and Prehistory: Tools and Technologies
Archaeology and Prehistory: Stone Age Societies
Archaeology and Prehistory: Historical
Archaeology and Prehistory: Industrial
Archaeology and Prehistory: Marine
Archaeology and Prehistory: Islamic
Archaeology and Prehistory: Christian
Architecture: Domestic
Architecture: Colonial
Architecture: Contemporary
Architecture: Monumental
Architecture: Town Planning
Armah, Ayi Kwei
Art: Overview
Art: Markets
Art, Genres and Periods: Tourist
Art, Genres and Periods: Contemporary
Art, Genres and Periods: Rock Art, Eastern Africa
Art, Genres and Periods: Rock Art, Saharan and Northern Africa
Art, Genres and Periods: Rock Art, Southern Africa
Art, Regional Styles: Central Africa
Art, Regional Styles: Eastern Africa
Art, Regional Styles: Northern Africa
Art, Regional Styles: Southern Africa
Art, Regional Styles: Western Africa
Art, Regional Styles: Egypt
Art, Regional Styles: Ethiopia
Art History and the Study of Africa
Arts: Basketry and Mat Making
Arts: Beads
Arts: Sculpture
Asantewa, Yaa
Asmara
Asmau, Nana
Astronomies
Augustine of Hippo, Saint
Awolowo, Obafemi
Azania
Azikiwe, Benjamin Nnamdi
B¿, Mariama
Baartman, Sara
Baba, Ahmad
Babangida, Ibrahim Gbadamosi
Bamako
Banda, Ngwazi Hastings Kamuzu
Bangui
Banjul
Bantu, Eastern, Southern, and Western, History of (1000 BCE to 1500 CE)
Barghash Ibn Said
Barth, Heinrich
Bashir, Omar Ahmad el-
Bello, Ahmadu
Bello, Muhammad
Ben Barka, Mehdi
Benga, Ota
Benguela
B¿nin: Geography and Economy
B¿nin: Society and Cultures
B¿nin: History and Politics
Benin City
Beti, Mongo
Biko, Steve
Bin Ali, Zine el-Abidine
Bin Shaykh, Tawhida
Bissau
Blantyre
Blyden, Edward Wilmot
Body Adornment and Clothing: Overview
Body Adornment and Clothing: Cosmetics and Body Painting
Body Adornment and Clothing: Fashion
Body Adornment and Clothing: Trade
Bokassa, Jean-B¿del
Botswana: Geography and Economy
Botswana: Society and Cultures
Botswana: History and Politics
Bouabid, Abderrahim
Bouhired, Djamila
Boundaries, Colonial and Modern
Bourguiba, Habib bin Ali
Bouteflika, Abdelaziz
Braide, Garrick Sokari
Brazza, Pierre Paul Fran¿ois Camille Savorgnan de
Brazzaville
Bujumbura
Bulawayo
Burkina Faso: Geography and Economy
Burkina Faso: Society and Cultures
Burkina Faso: History and Politics
Burundi: Geography and Economy
Burundi: Society and Cultures
Burundi: History and Politics
Bushiri ibn Salim
Busia, Kofi A.
Buthelezi, Mangosuthu
Cabinda, Angola
Cabral, Amílcar Lopes
Cairo
Calabar
Camara Laye
Cameroon: Geography and Economy
Cameroon: Society and Cultures
Cameroon: History and Politics
Canary Islands
Candace
Cape Coast
Cape Colony and Hinterland, History of (1600 to 1910)
Cape Town
Cape Verde: Geography and Economy
Cape Verde: Society and Cultures
Cape Verde: History and Politics
Capitalism and Commercialization: Overview
Capitalism and Commercialization: Privatization
Capitalism and Commercialization: Employment and Unemployment
Carthage
Cartography
Casablanca
Casely-Hayford, Joseph Ephraim
Central African Republic: Geography and Economy
Central African Republic: Society and Cultures
Central African Republic: History and Politics
Ceramics
C¿saire, Aim¿
Cetshwayo
Chad: Geography and Economy
Chad: Society and Cultures
Chad: History and Politics
Childbearing
Children and Childhood: Infancy and Early Development
Children and Childhood: Status and Roles
Children and Childhood: Soldiers
Chilembwe, John
China in African History
Chingulia, Dom Jerónimo
Chitapankwa, Mutale Mutaka
Christianity: Overview
Christianity: Africa and World Christianity
Christianity: African Instituted Churches
Christianity: Missionary Enterprise
Christianity: Coptic Church and Society
Christianity: Ethiopian Church
Civil Society: Forms of
Civil Society: Political Accountability
Cleopatra VII
Climate
Coetzee, J. M.
Cold War
Colenso, John William
Colonial Policies and Practices: Belgian
Colonial Policies and Practices: British Central Africa
Colonial Policies and Practices: British East Africa
Colonial Policies and Practices: British West Africa
Colonial Policies and Practices: Egyptian
Colonial Policies and Practices: French North Africa
Colonial Policies and Practices: French West and Equatorial Africa
Colonial Policies and Practices: German
Colonial Policies and Practices: Italian
Colonial Policies and Practices: Portuguese
Colonial Policies and Practices: Spanish
Colonial Traditions and Inventions
Colonialism and Imperialism: Overview
Colonialism and Imperialism: The African Experience
Colonialism and Imperialism: Concessionary Companies
Communications: Electronic
Communications: Oral
Comoro Islands: Geography and Economy
Comoro Islands: Society and Cultures
Comoro Islands: History and Politics
Conakry
Congo, Democratic Republic of the: Geography and Economy
Congo, Democratic Republic of the: Society and Cultures
Congo, Democratic Republic of the: History and Politics
Congo, Republic of: Geography and Economy
Congo, Republic of: Society and Cultures
Congo, Republic of: History and Politics
Congo Independent State
Congo River
Correia, Mae Aur¿lia
C¿te d'Ivoire: Geography and Economy
C¿te d'Ivoire: Society and Cultures
C¿te d'Ivoire: History and Politics
Creoles
Crowther, Samuel Ajayi
Cummings-John, Constance Agatha
Dakar
Dance: Aesthetics
Dance: Social Meaning
Danquah, Joseph Kwame Kyeretwi Boakye
Dar es Salaam
De Klerk, Frederik Willem
Death, Mourning, and Ancestors
Debt and Credit: International Trade
Debt and Credit: Entrustment
D¿by Itno, Idriss
Decolonization
Demography: Overview
Demography: Fertility and Infertility
Demography: Mortality
Demography: Population Data and Surveys
Desertification, Modern
Desertification, Reactions to, History of (c. 5000 to 1000 BCE)
Diasporas: Overview
Diasporas: Institutions
Diasporas: Music
Diasporas: Religions
Diasporas: Arts
Diasporas: Re-Africanization
Dike, Kenneth Onwuka
Dingiswayo
Diogo, Luísa Dias
Diop, Alioune
Diop, Cheikh Anta
Diouf, Abdou
Disease: Viral and Infectious
Disease: Climate and Disease
Disease: Sexually Transmitted
Disease: Industrial
Disease: HIV/AIDS, Medical Aspects
Disease: HIV/AIDS, Social and Political Aspects
Divination and Oracles
Djebar, Assia
Djibouti, Republic of
Djibouti City
Domitien, Elizabeth
Douala
Douglas Camp, Sokari
Dow, Unity
Dreams and Dream Interpretation
Du Bois, W. E. B.
Early Human Society, History of (c. 50,000 BP to 19,000 BCE)
Eastern Africa and Indian Ocean, History of (1500 to 1800)
Eastern African Coast, History of (Early to 1600)
¿bou¿, Adolphe-F¿lix-Sylvestre
Ecology: Human Roles
Ecology: Modern Issues
Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
Economic History
Economic Systems
Economics and the Study of Africa
Ecosystems: Coastal Environments
Ecosystems: Deserts and Semi-Deserts
Ecosystems: Montane Environments
Ecosystems: Savannas
Ecosystems: Tropical and Humid Forests
Education, School: Overview
Education, School: Anglophone Central and Southern Africa
Education, School: Anglophone Eastern Africa
Education, School: Anglophone Western Africa
Education, School: Francophone Central Africa
Education, School: Francophone Western and Indian Ocean Africa
Education, School: Muslim Africa
Education, University and College: Overview
Education, University and College: Central Africa
Education, University and College: Eastern Africa
Education, University and College: Northern Africa
Education, University and College: Southern Africa
Education, University and College: Western Africa
Egypt, Early: Predynastic
Egypt, Early: Old and Middle Kingdoms
Egypt, Early: New Kingdom
Egypt, Early: Late and Ptolemaic
Egypt, Early: Roman and Byzantine
Egypt, Early: Islamic
Egypt, Modern: Geography and Economy
Egypt, Modern: Society and Cultures
Egypt, Modern: History and Politics
Elmina
Emecheta, Buchi
Energy: Domestic
Energy: Electrification
Energy: Internal Combustion Engine
Energy: Petroleum and Derivatives
Entebbe
Equatorial Guinea: Geography and Economy
Equatorial Guinea: Society and Cultures
Equatorial Guinea: History and Politics
Equiano, Olaudah
Eritrea: Geography and Economy
Eritrea: Society and Cultures
Eritrea: History and Politics
Ethiopia, Modern: Geography and Economy
Ethiopia, Modern: Society and Cultures
Ethiopia, Modern: History and Politics
Ethiopia and the Horn, History of (1600 to 1910)
Ethiopia and Vicinity, History of (600 to 1600 CE)
Ethnicity: Overview
Ethnicity: Central Africa
Ethnicity: Eastern Africa
Ethnicity: Northern Africa
Ethnicity: Southern Africa
Ethnicity: Western Africa
Ethnomusicology and the Study of Africa
Eunuchs
¿vora, Ces ria
Eyadema, Gnassingbe (¿tienne)
Ezana
Family: Organization
Family: Economics
Famine
Fanon, Frantz
Farah, Nuruddin
Farouk, King of Egypt
Fasiladas
Festivals and Carnivals
Fetish and Fetishism
Fez
Film and Cinema
Food: Supplies and Distribution
Food: Nutrition
Food: Marketing
Food: Preparation and Cuisines
Forestry: Overview
Forestry: Central Africa
Forestry: Eastern Africa
Forestry: Southern Africa
Forestry: Western Africa
Freetown
Frontiers
Fuad, King of Egypt
Fugard, Athol
Gabon: Geography and Economy
Gabon: Society and Cultures
Gabon: History and Politics
Gaborone
Galawdewos
Gama, Vasco da
Gambia, The: Geography and Economy
Gambia, The: Society and Cultures
Gambia, The: History and Politics
Games
Gao
Garvey, Marcus Mosiah
Gbagbo, Laurent Koudou
Gender: Overview
Gender: Gender Roles
Geography and the Study of Africa
Geometries
Ghana: Geography and Economy
Ghana: Society and Cultures
Ghana: History and Politics
Gidada, Negasso
Globalization
Gond¿r
Gordimer, Nadine
Gordon, Charles George
Gor¿e
Government: Historical Political Systems
Government: Local
Government: Military
Government: Parliamentary
Government: Presidential
Gowon, Yakubuh
Guinea: Geography and Economy
Guinea: Society and Cultures
Guinea: History and Politics
Guinea-Bissau: Geography and Economy
Guinea-Bissau: Society and Cultures
Guinea-Bissau: History and Politics
Gungunyana
Haile Selassie I
Hamallah of Nioro
Hamp¿t¿ B¿, Amadou
Harar
Harare
Harris, William Wad¿
Hasan, Muhammad Abdallah
Hasan II of Morocco
Head, Bessie Emery
Healing and Health Care: African Theories and Therapies
Healing and Health Care: Hospitals and Clinics
Healing and Health Care: Islamic Medicine
Healing and Health Care: Medical Practitioners
Healing and Health Care: Medicine and Drugs
Heritage, Cultural: Management and Preservation
Heritage, Cultural: Trade
Historiography: Western and African Concepts of
Historiography: European
Historiography: Islamic
Historiography: Oral
History, World: Africa in
History and the Study of Africa
History of Africa: To Seventh Century
History of Africa: Seventh to Sixteenth Century
History of Africa: Sixteenth to Nineteenth Century
History of Africa: Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries
Horton, James Africanus Beale
Houphou¿t-Boigny, F¿lix
Household and Domestic Groups
Huddleston, Trevor
Human Evolution: Patterns of Evolution
Human Evolution: Origins of Modern Humans
Human Evolution: Human Biological Diversity
Human Rights
Hydrology
Ibadan
Ibn Battuta, Muhammad ibn Abdullah
Ibn Khaldun, Abd al-Rahman
Idris, Ahmad ibn
Ife (Ile-Ife)
Ilori, Adam Abdullahi al-
Immigration and Immigrant Groups: African American
Immigration and Immigrant Groups: Arab
Immigration and Immigrant Groups: Chinese
Immigration and Immigrant Groups: European
Immigration and Immigrant Groups: Indian
Immigration and Immigrant Groups: Lebanese
Independence and Freedom, Early African Writers
Indian Ocean, Africa, History of (1000 BCE to 600 CE)
Initiation: Overview
Initiation: Clitoridectomy and Infibulation
Interlacustrine Region, History of (1000 BCE to 1500 CE)
Interlacustrine Region, History of (1500 to 1900)
International Monetary Fund
Islam: Overview
Islam: Northern Africa
Islam: Western Africa
Islam: Eastern and Central Africa
Islam: Southern Africa
Islam: Sufi Orders
Islam: Islamism
Islam: Modernism
Ivory
Ja Ja, King
Jenn¿ and Jenn¿-jeno
Johannesburg
Johnson, Samuel
Johnson-Sirleaf, Ellen
Joseph, Helen
Judaism in Africa
Kabarega
Kabila, Laurent Desir¿, and Joseph
Kadalie, Clements
Kagame, Alexis
Kagwa, Apolo
Kahena
Kakungulu, Semei Lwakirenzi
Kalahari Desert
Kampala
Kanemi, Muhammad al-Amin al-
Kano
Kano, Alhaji Aminu
Kateb, Yacine
Kaunda, Kenneth
Keita, Fodeba
Keita, Salif
Kenya: Geography and Economy
Kenya: Society and Cultures
Kenya: History and Politics
Kenyatta, Jomo
Kerma
Khama, Seretse
Khama, Tshekedi
Khama III
Khartoum
Kibaki, Mwai
Kigali
Kimbangu, Simon
Kimpa Vita, Dona Beatriz
King Lists and Chronologies
Kings and Kingdoms
Kingship
Kinjikitile
Kinshasa
Kinship and Affinity
Kinship and Descent
Kisangani
Kiwanuka, Joseph
Knowledge: Overview
Knowledge: Traditional
Kok, Adam, III
Kongo, Angola, and Western Forests, History of (1500 to 1880)
Koumbi-Saleh
Kourouma, Ahmadou
Kruger, Paul
Kufuor, John
Kumasi
Kuti, Fela
La Guma, Alex
Labor: Child
Labor: Conscript and Forced
Labor: Domestic
Labor: Industrial and Mining
Labor: Migration
Labor: Plantation
Labor: Trades Unions and Associations
Labor: Transport
Ladysmith Black Mambazo
Lagos
Lake Chad Societies
Lakwena, Alice
Lalib¿la
Land: Tenure
Land: Reform
Language: Choice in Writing
Language: Government and Mission Policies
Language: Slang
Language: Sociolinguistics
Languages: Overview
Languages: Afro-Asiatic
Languages: Arabic
Languages: Creoles and Pidgins
Languages: Khoesan and Click
Languages: Malayo-Polynesian
Languages: Niger-Congo
Languages: Nilo-Saharan
Languages: Surrogates
Law: Overview
Law: Anglophone Central Africa
Law: Anglophone Eastern Africa
Law: Anglophone Western Africa
Law: Burundi, Congo, and Rwanda
Law: Francophone Western, Equatorial, and Indian Ocean Africa
Law: Islamic
Law: Lusophone Africa
Law: Southern Africa
Leakey, Louis and Mary
Lenshina, Alice
Leo Africanus
Lesotho: Geography and Economy
Lesotho: Society and Cultures
Lesotho: History and Politics
Lewis, Samuel
Liberia: Geography and Economy
Liberia: Society and Cultures
Liberia: History and Politics
Libraries
Libreville
Libya: Geography and Economy
Libya: Society and Cultures
Libya: History and Politics
Lilongwe
Linguistics, Historical
Linguistics and the Study of Africa
Literacy
Literature: Overview
Literature: Epics and Epic Poetry
Literature: Islamic
Literature: Modern Poetry
Literature: Oral
Literature: Popular Literature
Literature: Proverbs and Riddles
Literature: Translation
Literature: Women Writers, Northern Africa
Literature: Women Writers, Sub-Saharan Africa
Literature and the Study of Africa
Literatures in African Languages: Arabic
Literatures in African Languages: Berber
Literatures in African Languages: Ethiopic
Literatures in African Languages: Hausa
Literatures in African Languages: Islamic
Literatures in African Languages: Malagasy
Literatures in African Languages: Somali
Literatures in African Languages: South African Languages
Literatures in African Languages: Swahili
Literatures in African Languages: Yor¿b 
Literatures in European Languages: Afrikaans
Literatures in European Languages: Anglophone Central and Southern 
Africa
Literatures in European Languages: Anglophone Eastern Africa
Literatures in European Languages: Anglophone Western Africa
Literatures in European Languages: Francophone Central Africa
Literatures in European Languages: Francophone Indian Ocean Africa
Literatures in European Languages: Francophone Northern Africa
Literatures in European Languages: Lusophone
Livestock: Domestication
Livestock: Species
Livingstone, David
Lobengula
Lom¿
Lopes, Henri
Luanda
Lubumbashi
Lugard, Frederick John Dealtry
Lumumba, Patrice
Lusaka
Luthuli, Albert John Mavumbi
Maathai, Wangari
Macaulay, Herbert Samuel Heelas 
rbert Samuel Heelas
Macaulay, Thomas Babington
Macaulay, Zachary
Machel, Gra¿a
Machel, Samora Moises
Madagascar: Geography and Economy
Madagascar: Society and Cultures
Madagascar: History and Politics (1895-2006)
Madagascar: Early Settlement
Madagascar: Religion in
Madagascar and Western Indian Ocean, History of (Early to 1500)
Madagascar and Western Indian Ocean, History of (1500 to 1895)
Maghili, Muhammad ibn Abd al-Karim al-
Maherero, Samuel
Mahfouz, Naguib
Maiduguri
Makeba, Miriam
Malawi: Geography and Economy
Malawi: Society and Cultures
Malawi: History and Politics
Mali: Geography and Economy
Mali: Society and Cultures
Mali: History and Politics
Mami Wata
Mandela, Nelson
Mandela, Winnie
Mansa Musa
Mapondera, Paitando Kadungure
Maputo
Maranke, John
Margai, Milton Augustus Striery
Marrakesh
Marriage Systems
Masekela, Hugh
Maseru
Masks and Masquerades: Northern Africa
Masks and Masquerades: Sub-Saharan Africa
Massawa
Mathematics
Mauritania: Geography and Economy
Mauritania: Society and Cultures
Mauritania: History and Politics
Mauritius: Geography and Economy
Mauritius: Society and Cultures
Mauritius: History and Politics
Mbabane
Mbeki, Thabo
Media: Overview
Media: Book Publishing
Media: Cinema
Media: Comic Art
Media: Journalism
Media: Language
Media: Politics
Media: Radio and TV
Media: Religion
Mekki, Aicha
Menelik II
Mengistu, Haile Mariam
Mensah, E. T.
Mernissi, Fatima
Metals and Minerals: Resources
Metals and Minerals: Metallurgy
Metals and Minerals: Iron
Metals and Minerals: Copper and Alloys
Metals and Minerals: Gold and Silver
Military Organizations: History of
Military Organizations: National Armies
Military Organizations: Colonial Armies
Military Organizations: Guerrilla Forces
Military Organizations: Mercenaries
Military Organizations: Militias
Mirambo
Mkapa, Benjamin
Mobutu Sese Seko
Modernity and Modernization: Antimodern and Postmodern Movements
Mogadishu
Mohammed, Bibi Titi
Mohammed V
Moi, Daniel arap
Mombasa
Mondlane, Eduardo Chivambo
Money: Overview
Money: Colonial Currencies
Money: Commodity Currencies
Money: Exchange Rate Systems
Mongella, Gertrude I.
Monrovia
Moors in African History
Morocco: Geography and Economy
Morocco: Society and Cultures
Morocco: History and Politics
Morocco, History of (1000 to 1900)
Morocco and Sub-Saharan Africa
Moshoeshoe I
Mozambique: Geography and Economy
Mozambique: Society and Cultures
Mozambique: History and Politics
Mswati II
Mubarak, Husni
Mugabe, Robert
Muhammad VI
Mukhtar, Sidi al-
Museums: History
Museums: Memory
Museveni, Yoweri
Music: Overview
Music: Structures
Music: Islamic
Music, Modern Popular: Overview
Music, Modern Popular: Central Africa
Music, Modern Popular: Eastern Africa
Music, Modern Popular: Egypt
Music, Modern Popular: Ethiopia
Music, Modern Popular: Northern Africa
Music, Modern Popular: Southern Africa
Music, Modern Popular: Western Africa
Musical Instruments
Muslim Northern Africa, History of (641 to 1500 CE)
Mutebi II
Mutesa I
Mvemba Nzinga
Mwanga, Kabaka
Myth and Cosmology
Mzilikazi
Nairobi
N'Ait Atiq, Mririda
Names and Naming
Namibia: Geography and Economy
Namibia: Society and Cultures
Namibia: History and Politics
Nandi
Nasser, Gamal Abdel
Nationalism
N'Djamena
N'Dour, Youssou
Neocolonialism
Neto, Agostinho
Ngugi wa Thiong'o
Niamey
Niani
Niger: Geography and Economy
Niger: Society and Cultures
Niger: History and Politics
Niger River
Nigeria: Geography and Economy
Nigeria: Society and Cultures, Northeast Nigeria
Nigeria: Society and Cultures, Northwest Nigeria
Nigeria: Society and Cultures, Southeast Nigeria
Nigeria: Society and Cultures, Southwest Nigeria
Nigeria: Society and Cultures, Central Nigeria
Nigeria: History and Politics, Northern Nigeria
Nigeria: History and Politics, Southern Nigeria
Nile River
Njinga Mbandi Ana de Sousa
Njoya, Ibrahim Mbombo
Nketia, J. H. Kwabena
Nkrumah, Francis Nwia Kofi
Nongovernmental Organizations
Nongqawuse
Northeastern Africa, Classical Period, History of (1000 BCE to 600 CE)
Northern Africa: Historical Links with Mediterranean
Northern Africa: Historical Links with Sub-Saharan Africa
Northwestern Africa, Classical Period, History of (1000 BCE to 600 CE)
Nouakchott
Nubia
Nujoma, Samuel Shafiishuna
Number Systems
Nwapa, Flora
Nyerere, Julius Kambarage
Obasanjo, Olusegun
Obote, Milton
Odundo, Magdalene
Ogot, Grace
Ogunde, Hubert Adedeji
Olympio, Sylvanus Epiphanio
Organization of African Unity
Osei Bonsu
Osei Tutu
Oshitelu, Josiah
Ottoman Northern Africa, History of (1500 to 1850)
Ouidah
Paton, Alan
Peasants: Overview
Peasants: Central Africa
Peasants: Eastern Africa
Peasants: Southern Africa
Peasants: Western Africa
Pereira, Aristides Maria
Perry, Ruth Sando
Person, Concepts of
Philip, John
Philosophy
Philosophy and the Study of Africa
Photography: Aesthetics and Social Significance
Photography: History
Photography: Photojournalism
Pilgrimages, Islamic
Plaatje, Sol
Plantation Economies and Societies
Plants: Domestication
Plants: Imported Species
Plants: Varieties and Uses
Pohamba, Hifikepunye
Pointe-Noire
Political Science and the Study of Africa
Political Systems: States
Political Systems: Chieftainships
Political Systems: Islamic
Popular Culture: Central Africa
Popular Culture: Eastern Africa
Popular Culture: Northern Africa
Popular Culture: Political Ideology
Popular Culture: Southern Africa
Popular Culture: Western Africa
Port Harcourt
Port-Louis
Porto Novo
Postcolonialism
Prehistory: Central Africa
Prehistory: Eastern Africa
Prehistory: Ethiopia and the Horn
Prehistory: Sahara and Northern Africa
Prehistory: Southern Africa
Prehistory: Western Africa
Prempeh, Agyeman
Pretoria
Production Strategies: Overview
Production Strategies: Agriculture
Production Strategies: Plow Farming
Production Strategies: Hunting and Gathering
Production Strategies: Pastoralism
Production Strategies: Mining, Modern
Production Strategies: Artisan Production
Production Strategies: Peripatetic Production
Prophetic Movements: Central Africa
Prophetic Movements: Eastern Africa
Prophetic Movements: Southern Africa
Prophetic Movements: Western Africa
Prostitution
Psychology and the Study of Africa
Qadhdhafi, Muammar
Quaque, Philip
Queens and Queen Mothers
Rabat and Sal¿
Rabemananjara, Jacques
Rabih bin Fadlallah
Radama I
Ramphele, Mamphela
Ranavalona, Mada
Ransome-Kuti, Olufunmilayo
Ravalomanana, Marc
Rawlings, Jerry
Refugees
Religion and Ritual
Religion and the Study of Africa
Research: Overview
Research: Biological Sciences
Research: Social Sciences
Research: Historical Resources
Research: Research Funding
Research: Scholarly Ethics
R¿union
Rhodes, Cecil John
Rouch, Jean
Rwabugiri
Rwanda: Geography and Economy
Rwanda: Society and Cultures
Rwanda: History and Politics
Saad, Siti binti
Saadawi, Nawal el-
Sadat, Anwar al-
Sahara Desert: Geography and History
Sahara Desert: Caravan Routes
Said bin Sultan
Saint Helena
Saint-Louis
Salih, Tayeb
Salt
Samba, Ch¿ri
Sanusi, Muhammad ibn &ayn;Ali al-
Sao Tom¿ e Príncipe: Geography and Economy
Sao Tom¿ e Príncipe: Society and Cultures
Sao Tom¿ e Príncipe: History and Politics
Sarbah, John Mensah
Saro-Wiwa, Ken
Sassou-Nguesso, Denis
Savimbi, Jonas
Schnitzer, Eduard
Schreiner, Olive
Secret Societies
Sekhukhune I
Semb¿ne, Ousmane
Senegal: Geography and Economy
Senegal: Society and Cultures
Senegal: History and Politics
Senghor, L¿opold S¿dar
Serote, Mongane
Sexual Behavior
Seychelles: Geography and Economy
Seychelles: Society and Cultures
Seychelles: History and Politics
Shaaban Robert
Shaka Zulu
Shembe, Isaiah
Shyaam aMbul aNgoong
Sierra Leone: Geography and Economy
Sierra Leone: Society and Cultures
Sierra Leone: History and Politics
Sijilmasa
Slave Trades: Atlantic, Central Africa
Slave Trades: Atlantic, Western Africa
Slave Trades: Indian Ocean
Slave Trades: Northeastern Africa and Red Sea
Slave Trades: Northern Africa and Sahara
Slavery and Servile Institutions: Overview
Slavery and Servile Institutions: Anthropological Perspectives
Slavery and Servile Institutions: Colonial
Slavery and Servile Institutions: Sudan
Smuts, Jan Christiaan
Sobhuza I and II
Socialism and Postsocialisms
Soga, John Henderson
Soils
Somalia: Geography and Economy
Somalia: Society and Cultures
Somalia: History and Politics
Sony Labou Tansi
South Africa, Republic of: Geography and Economy
South Africa, Republic of: Society and Cultures
South Africa, Republic of: History and Politics (1850-2006)
Southeastern Africa, History of (1600 to 1910)
Southern Africa, History of (1000 BCE to 1600 CE)
Soyinka, Wole
Spirit Possession: Mediumship
Spirit Possession: Modernity
Sports: Overview
Sports: Football
Stanley, Henry Morton
Stevens, Siaka
Stimulants and Intoxicants: Overview
Stimulants and Intoxicants: Alcohol
Stratification, Social
Sudan: Geography and Economy
Sudan: Society and Cultures
Sudan: History and Politics
Sudan: Wars
Sudan, Eastern, History of (1500 to 1880 CE)
Sudan, Western and Central, History of (1500 to 1880 CE)
Sundjata Ke¿ta
Sunni Ali
Susenyos
Suzman, Helen
Swaziland: Geography and Economy
Swaziland: Society and Cultures
Swaziland: History and Politics
Symbols and Symbolism: Overview
Symbols and Symbolism: Animal
Taboo and Sin
Tafawa Balewa, Abubakar
Tangier
Tanzania: Geography and Economy
Tanzania: Society and Cultures
Tanzania: History and Politics
Taylor, Charles Gahnhay
Taytu, Empress
Technological Specialization Period, History of (c. 19.000 to 5000 BCE)
Tempels, Placied
T¿touan
T¿wodros
Textiles
Theater: Anglophone Central and Eastern Africa
Theater: Anglophone Western Africa
Theater: Francophone Africa
Theater: Northern Africa
Theater: Southern Africa
Thuku, Harry
Tijani, Ahmad
Timbuktu
Time Reckoning and Calendars
Tinubu, Madame
Tippu Tip
Togo: Geography and Economy
Togo: Society and Cultures
Togo: History and Politics
Tombalbaye, Fran¿ois-Ngarta
Tour¿, Amadou Toumani
Tour¿, Samori
Tour¿, S¿kou
Tourism
Tracey, Hugh
Trade, National and International Systems
Transportation: Overview
Transportation: Air
Transportation: Caravan
Transportation: Railways
Transportation: River
Transportation: Shipping and Ports
Travel and Exploration: Arab
Travel and Exploration: Chinese
Travel and Exploration: European (Pre-1500)
Travel and Exploration: European (1500 to 1800)
Travel and Exploration: European (Since 1800)
Tribe and Tribalism
Tripoli
Truth Commissions
Tshombe, Mo¿se Kapenda
Tubman, William Vacanarat Shadrach
Tunis
Tunisia: Geography and Economy
Tunisia: Society and Cultures
Tunisia: History and Politics
Turabi, Hasan Abd Allah al-
Tutu, Desmond Mpilo
Tutuola, Amos
Uganda: Geography and Economy
Uganda: Society and Cultures
Uganda: History and Politics
Umar ibn Said Tal (al-Hajj)
United Nations: Africa in the United Nations
United Nations: United Nations in Africa
Urbanism and Urbanization: Overview
Urbanism and Urbanization: Prehistoric
Urbanism and Urbanization: Historic
Urbanism and Urbanization: Independence Era
Urbanism and Urbanization: Housing
Uthman dan Fodio
Van Riebeeck, Jan
Verwoerd, Hendrik Frensch
Vodún
Walata
Warfare: Overview
Warfare: Civil Wars
Warfare: Colonial
Warfare: Internal Revolts
Warfare: Liberation
Warfare: National and International
Water and Irrigation
Western Africa, Forest Region, History of (1000 to 1880)
Western and Saharan Africa, History of (600 to 1600 CE)
Western Desert and Margins, History of (1000 BCE to 600 CE)
Western Sahara
Wildlife: Preservation and Destruction
Wildlife: National Parks
Wildlife: Hunting, Sport
Windhoek
Witbooi, Hendrik
Witchcraft: Overview
Witchcraft: Witchcraft and Christianity
Witchcraft: Witchcraft and Islam
Witchcraft: Witchcraft and Politics
Witchcraft: Witchcraft and Prophetism
Witchcraft: Witchcraft and Wealth
Women: Overview
Women: Women and Islam in Northern Africa
Women: Women and Islam in Sub-Saharan Africa
Women: Women and Non-Islamic Religion
Women: Women and Slavery
Women: Women and the Law
Women: Women and Theater
Women: Women and Trade
Women: Women and Urbanism
Women: Women in African History
Women: Widows
World Bank
World War I
World War II
Writing Systems: African Scripts
Writing Systems: African Languages in Arabic Scripts
Writing Systems: African Languages in Roman Scripts
Writing Systems: Egyptian
Writing Systems: Ethiopic
Yamoussoukro
Yaound¿
Youth: Overview
Youth: Rural
Youth: Urban
Youth: Movements
Youth: Gangs
Youth: Soldiers
Youth: Youth and Islam
Zambezi River
Zambia: Geography and Economy
Zambia: Society and Cultures
Zambia: History and Politics
Zanzibar
Zanzibar City
Zanzibar Sultanate
Zara Yaiqob
Zayani, Moha ou Hammou
Zimbabwe: Geography and Economy
Zimbabwe: Society and Cultures
Zimbabwe: History and Politics
Zimbabwe, Great
Zomba
Zubayr, Rahma Mansur al-

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Africa -- Encyclopedias.