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Contents Preface Part I Preparing for a Hiking or Backpacking Adventure Chapter 1 Going Hiking and Backpacking Briget Tyson Eastep and Marni Goldenberg What?s Hiking All About? What?s Backpacking All About? In Between Day Hiking and Backpacking Taking Care of Yourself, Your Companions, and the Environment Where to Go? Conclusion Chapter 2 Getting Fit for Hiking and Backpacking Denise Mitten Fitness Benefits of Hiking and Backpacking Components of Physical Fitness Overall Wellness Matching Fitness to Trips Getting Fit for Backpacking Conclusion Chapter 3 Footwear, Clothing, and Gear Hugh Gibson and Jerel Cowan Basic Rules for Purchasing Gear Feet First Dressing for Outdoors Selecting and Using Day Packs and Backpacks Food and Water: Eating on the Trail First Aid Kit Essentials for the Day Hiker Gear Considerations for Overnight and Longer Trips Gear Function and Maintenance Conclusion Chapter 4 Getting Trail Ready: Finding Your Way Scott Jordan and Christine Cashel Planning the Route Using a Map, Compass, and More Permits and Paperwork Getting to the Trailhead Managing Risk Conclusion Chapter 5 Trail Safety and Survival Skills Bruce Martin and Scott A. Robertshaw Trail Safety Wilderness First Aid Emergencies, Rescues, and Survival Conclusion Part II On the Trail Chapter 6 Hiking Basics Timothy W. Kidd and Jennifer Marie Hazelrigs Walking Techniques Trail Manners Maintaining Energy Levels Strategies for Various Terrains and Environments Descending and Climbing Crossing Streams and Rivers Conclusion Chapter 7 Hiking Adventures Jennifer L. Hinton, Jim Lustig, and Briget Tyson Eastep Types of Hiking Adventures Hiking Environments and Seasons Additional Considerations for Day Hiking Conclusion Chapter 8 Basics of Backcountry Camping Andrew Jerome Bobilya and Brad Daniel Before Camping Selecting a Campsite Factors Involved in Setting Up Camp Cooking Sleeping Breaking Camp Conclusion Chapter 9 Planning Your Backpacking Experience Jack Drury Thinking Through the Planning Process Trip Planning and Length Planning Considerations Special Considerations Conclusion References Resources Success Checks About the Editors About the Contributors Preface Welcome to Hiking and Backpacking. Our goal is to provide an introduction to hiking and backpacking for all users of natural areas. This book is a resource for those participating in day hikes, short backpacking trips, and more extended backpacking expeditions. It also functions as a text in introductory hiking and backpacking courses taught at the university level. This book was written in cooperation with the Wilderness Education Association (WEA). The WEA was founded in 1977 to promote safe and responsible use of backcountry and wilderness areas and to promote the professionalism of outdoor leadership, thereby enhancing the conservation of the wild outdoors. For the past 30 years, the organization has been working to fulfill this mission through a network of affiliate organizations now composed of approximately 50 colleges, universities, and private institutions throughout the United States. The WEA sponsors various educational programs through this affiliate network. These programs use nature?s classroom to teach the knowledge and skills required for responsible recreational use of backcountry and wilderness areas. Human Kinetics looked to the WEA to produce Hiking and Backpacking as part of its Outdoor Adventure series. The authors of this text have considerable experience in practicing and teaching hiking and backpacking as well as wilderness living and travel in general. All of the authors share the WEA?s commitment to promoting safe, responsible recreational use of backcountry and wilderness areas. This shared commitment is based on a great love and passion for wilderness and the outdoors and a subsequent desire to protect and preserve wilderness and natural areas for future enjoyment. Hiking and Backpacking contains nine chapters. Chapter 1 presents an overview of hiking and backpacking as well as information on natural areas and the types of trails found in those areas. It also introduces the principles and practices of Leave No Trace. Chapter 2 contains information on becoming fit for hiking and backpacking, including physical fitness, stretches, nutrition, and level of training. Chapter 3 covers footwear, clothing, and other gear needed for hiking and backpacking adventures. Chapter 4 helps you to get trail ready by introducing information on getting to the trailhead, planning a route, and navigating once you are on the trail. Chapter 5 introduces safety considerations related to hiking and backpacking as well as considerations in confronting emergency and survival situations while on the trail. Chapter 6 introduces basic hiking techniques such as the rest-step, rhythmic breathing, hiking on trail and off trail, ascending and descending steep terrain, and making stream crossings. Chapter 7 covers day hiking considerations such as hiking with children, hiking with dogs, hiking in various types of terrain, and engaging in various types of hikes. Chapter 8 provides information on preparing for the overnight experience, such as rules and regulations for camping, selecting a campsite, and minimizing impact on a campsite. Chapter 9 describes how to plan safe, enjoyable, and environmentally sound wilderness trips of various lengths. In each of the chapters you will find chapter-opening quotes and consumer, safety, technique, and trail tips. The chapter-opening quotes reflect the essence of the information covered in each of the chapters. The book concludes with success checks and lists of references directing you to additional sources of information (such as additional readings and Web sites) on each of the topics covered in this book. You can use the success checks to test your retention of the information covered in the chapters. We hope that you find Hiking and Backpacking to be useful and enjoyable. We also wish you safe and happy adventures on the trail!
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