Table of contents for Introduction to environmental engineering and science / Gilbert M. Masters, Wendell Ela.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


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Contents
	Preface	ix
Chapter 1	Mass and Energy Transfer	1
	1.1	Introduction	1
	1.2	Units of Measurement	2
	1.3	Materials Balance	6
	1.4	Energy Fundamentals	21
		Problems	40
Chapter 2	Environmental Chemistry	47
	2.1	Introduction	47
	2.2	Stoichiometry	48
	2.3	Enthalpy in Chemical Systems	52
	2.4	Chemical Equilibria	57
	2.5	Organic Chemistry	70
	2.6	Nuclear Chemistry	76
		Problems	82
		References	86
Chapter 3	Mathematics of Growth	87
	3.1	Introduction	87
	3.2	Exponential Growth	88
	3.3	Resource Consumption	95
	3.4	Population Growth	102
	3.5	Human Population Growth	106
		Problems	120
		References	124
Chapter 4	Risk Assessment	127
	4.1	Introduction	127
	4.2	Perspectives on Risks	128
	4.3	Perception of Risk	132
	4.4	Risk Assessment	133
	4.5	Hazard Identification	134
	4.6	Dose-Response Assessment	146
	4.7	Human Exposure Assessment	157
	4.8	Risk Characterization	162
	4.9	Comparative Risk Analysis	163
		Problems	167
		References	172
Chapter 5	Water Pollution	173
	5.1	Introduction	173
	5.2	Water Resources	175
	5.3	Water Pollutants	181
	5.4	Status of Surface Water Quality	196
	5.5	Biochemical Oxygen Demand	199
	5.6	The Effect of Oxygen-Demanding Wastes on Rivers	210
	5.7	Water Quality in Lakes and Reservoirs	219
	5.8	Groundwater	229
	5.9	Aquifers	231
	5.10	Hydraulic Gradient	234
	5.11	Darcy's Law	237
	5.12	Contaminant Transport	240
	5.13	Cone of Depression	245
	5.14	Capture-Zone Curves	248
	5.15	Control of Groundwater Plumes	254
	5.16	Contaminants in Groundwater	255
	5.17	Groundwater Remediation Technologies	259
		Problems	266
		References	277
Chapter 6	Water Quality Control	281
	6.1	Introduction	281
	6.2	Municipal Water and Wastewater Systems	282
	6.3	The Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA)	284
	6.4	Water Treatment Systems	289
	6.5	Wastewater Treatment	316
	6.6	Hazardous Wastes	333
	6.7	Hazardous Materials Legislation	335
	6.8	Hazardous Waste Treatment Technologies	343
	6.9	Land Disposal	355
		Problems	359
		References	364
Chapter 7	Air Pollution	367
	7.1	Introduction	367
	7.2	Overview of Emissions	368
	7.3	The Clean Air Act	370
	7.4	 Progress in Controlling Emissions and Improving Air Quality	376
	7.5	Criteria Pollutants	380
	7.6	Toxic Air Pollutants	399
	7.7	Air Pollution in the World's Megacities	399
	7.8	Motor Vehicle Emissions	401
	7.9	Stationary Sources	426
	7.10	Air Pollution and Meteorology	438
	7.11	The Point Source Gaussian Plume Model	451
	7.12	Indoor Air Quality	470
		Problems	486
		References	496
Chapter 8	Global Atmospheric Change	501
	8.1	Introduction	502
	8.2	The Atmosphere of Earth	503
	8.3	Global Temperature	505
	8.4	The Greenhouse Effect	515
	8.5	Global Energy Balance	517
	8.6	Carbon Dioxide: The Principal Greenhouse Gas	520
	8.7	The Other Greenhouse Gases and Aerosols	536
	8.8	Radiative Forcing of Climate Change	545
	8.9	Global Warming Potential	552
	8.10	IPCC Assessment Reports	558
	8.11	Stabilizing Greenhouse Gases	566
	8.12	The Oceans and Climate Change	568
	8.13	Changes in Stratospheric Ozone	574
		Problems	588
		References	597
Chapter 9	Solid Waste Management and Resource Recovery	601
	9.1	Introduction	602
	9.2	RCRA Wastes	602
	9.3	Municipal Solid Waste	604
	9.4	Solid Waste Management	606
	9.5	Source Reduction	609
	9.6	Lifecycle Assessment	613
	9.7	Waste Management, Energy, and Greenhouse Gases	619
	9.8	Recycling	624
	9.9	Collection and Transfer Operations	636
	9.10	Materials Recovery Facilities and Economics	646
	9.11	Composting	654
	9.12	Discarded Materials	658
	9.13	Waste-to-Energy Combustion	658
	9.14	Landfills	669
		Problems	677
		References	683
Appendix A Useful Conversion Factors	687
Appendix B Atomic Numbers and Atomic Weights	691
Index		693

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Environmental engineering.
Environmental sciences.