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TABLE OF CONTENTS LIST OF TABLES FOREWORD ACKNOWLEDGMENTS INTRODUCTION 1 CHAPTER ONE: MIGRATION PATTERN AND THE DEMOGRAPHICS OF THE OVERSEAS CHINESE IN THAILAND 22 Migration Types of Overseas Chinese 23 Rationale for Chinese Migration to Thailand 25 Waves of Chinese Migration to Thailand 28 Demographic of the Overseas Chinese in Thailand 33 Statistics of Overseas Chinese in Thailand 40 CHAPTER TWO: CHINESE-THAI RELATIONS: FROM THE THIRTEENTH CENTURY TO 1932 46 Overseas Chinese in the Sukhothai Dynasty 47 The Ayudhaya Dynasty 50 The Thonburi Dynasty 53 The Chakri Dynasty 56 CHAPTER THREE: POST-CONSTITUTIONAL THAILAND AND THAI POLICIES: 1932-1975 71 Thai Policies Post-Monarchy: 1932-1975 73 Diplomacy between Thailand and China: 1945-1955 87 Thailand and China Move toward Rapprochement: 1955-1975 94 Mending Relations Following Pibul?s Reign: 1957-1975 100 Analysis of the Thai-Chinese Rapprochement104 CHAPTER FOUR: THAI DOMESTIC POLICIES TOWARD THE OVERSEAS CHINESE IN THAILAND 109 Shifts in Thai Policies: A Historical Perspective 110 Socio-Cultural Factors that Promoted Amicable Relations 112 Explicit Policies Aimed at Chinese Assimilation 115 Immigration and Chinese Business Ownership Regulations 116 Analysis of Pibul?s Assimilation Policies and their Effects on the Chinese 121 Citizenship and Naturalization Regulations, and the Rights of Aliens After Naturalization 129 CHAPTER FIVE: FROM CHINESE TO THAI IDENTITY: HOW BUDDHISM, CHINESE SCHOOLS, AND NEWSPAPERS INFLUENCED ASSIMILATION 139 Natural vs. Forced Migration 140 Natural Assimilation 141 Forced Assimilation 153 Chinese Education 158 The Outcome of the Thai Government Policies toward Chinese Schools 167 The Role of Chinese Newspapers in the Assimilation Process 168 History of Chinese Newspapers in Thailand 169 CHAPTER SIX: BECOMING THAI: EVIDENCE TO SUPPORT THE SKINNERIAN PARADIGM ON CHINESE ASSIMILATION IN THAILAND 181 Surveys 183 Background of the Questionnaire Respondents 184 Identification of Chinese vs. Thai 186 Decline in Chinese Literacy and Chinese Newspaper Subscriptions 204 Chinese Associations in Thailand 208 Religion and Assimilation 215
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
Chinese -- Thailand -- History -- 20th century.
Chinese -- Cultural assimilation -- Thailand.
Thailand -- Relations -- China.
China -- Relations -- Thailand.
Thailand -- Emigration and immigration -- History -- 20th century.