Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.
Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.
Contents Preface xv 1 Images, Ideals, and Myths 1 Images and Ideals 6 Family as Haven 7 Family as Fulfillment 7 Family as Encumbrance 7 Images and Reality 8 The Mythical U.S. Family 10 The Myth of a Stable and Harmonious Family of the Past 11 The Myth of Separate Worlds 11 The Myth of the Monolithic Family Form 13 The Myth of a Unified Family Experience 17 The Myth of Family Consensus 18 The Myth of Family Decline as the Cause of Social Problems 20 A New Framework for Understanding Families 22 The Sociological Perspective 22 The Shifting Terrain of Family Studies 23 The Structural Diversity Approach 25 Additional Features of This Book 28 Chapter Review 28 Related Websites 29 2 Preindustrial Families and the Emergence of a Modern Family Form 30 Myths and Realities 30 Family and the New Social History 33 What Is "New" about Family History? 33 Overview of Family History Themes 35 Family Life in Colonial America 39 Macrostructural Conditions and Family Life 39 Family Structure and Household Composition 42 Wives and Husbands 45 Children 48 The Emergence of Modern Family Life 50 Macrostructural Changes and Family Life 50 Agency, Adaptation, and Change 52 Household Size and Composition 54 Wives and Husbands 55 Children 56 Challenging a Uniform Definition of the Family 57 Chapter Review 58 Related Websites 58 3 The Historical Making of Family Diversity 60 Myths and Realities 60 Industrialization and Family Life 63 Macrostructural Transformations 63 Work and Family in Industrial Society 64 Accordion Households 69 Immigration and Family Life 72 The Social Breakdown Perspective 72 Industrial Work and Immigrant Families 74 Racial Control and Family Life 76 New Thinking about Minority Families 76 Race, Labor, and Family Life 77 African American Families in Slavery and Freedom 80 Chicano Families in the Southwest 85 Chapter Review 88 Related Websites 89 4 Economic and Demographic Upheavals in Society and Family Formation 91 Myths and Realities 91 Globalization and the Structural Transformation of the Economy and Families 93 Structural Changes in the United States Because of Globalization 95 The New Economy: What Does It Mean for Families? 96 What Does It Mean to Move Down from the Middle Class? 108 Shifting Family Forms 113 The New Immigration and the Changing Racial Landscape 114 Demographic Trends and Increasing Diversity 117 Structural Diversity of Immigrant Families 118 The Effects of Immigration on Immigrant Families 124 Immigration and Agency 126 The Effects of Immigration on Family Dynamics 126 The Aging of Society 129 The Demographics of an Aging Society 129 The Consequences of an Aging Society on Families and the Elderly 131 Role Transitions 135 Responses by the Elderly: Human Agency 137 The Three Structural Transformations of Society 138 Chapter Review 139 Related Websites 141 5 Class, Race, and Gender 143 Myths and Realities 143 Class, Race, and Gender as Structural Inequalities 144 Class 147 The Cultural Approach 147 The Structural Approach 150 Race 162 Racial-Ethnic Families 165 Structural Inequalities and Racial-Ethnic Families 166 African American Families in the New Century 170 Latino Families in the New Century 175 More Racial Ethnic Diversity in Families: Asians, Native Americans, and Middle Easterners 178 Human Agency and Family Formation 179 Gender 180 The Traditional gender Roles Approach 181 Shortcomings of the Gender Roles Approach 181 The Family as a Gendered Institution 182 Chapter Review 184 Related Websites 185 6 Meshing the Worlds of Work and Family 187 Myths and Realities 187 The Changing Work Patterns of Women, Men, and Teens 189 Women's Employment 189 Men's Employment 193 Teens' Employment 196 Integrating Work and Family 197 Gender Inequality 198 Work Characteristics 200 Family Characteristics 207 Invisible and Unpaid Family Work 210 Gendered Labor in the Household 211 Other Forms of Family Work 215 Coping with Work and Family 216 Family Coping Strategies 216 Family-Supportive Government and Employer Responses 218 Chapter Review 222 Related Websites 223 7 The Social Construction of Intimacy 226 Myths and Realities 226 Heterosexual Courtship and Mate Selection 228 Variations in "Dating" Practices 233 Factors in Mate Selection 235 Structural Influences on Mate Selection 237 Changing Sexual Behavior 238 Society and Sexuality 238 Enlarging the Sexuality Frame 239 The Sexual Revolution 241 Scientific Research on Sexuality 242 AIDS 244 Teen Sexuality 246 Teenage Childbearing 248 Differentiated Forms of Intimacy 251 Gendered Love and Sex 251 Same-Sex Orientation and Intimacy 255 Social Class and Intimacy 256 Race and Intimacy 257 Claiming Control of Intimacy 262 Chapter Review 262 Related Websites 263 8 Contemporary Marriages 265 Myths and Realities 265 Marriage: Private and Public Spheres 267 The Private Nature of Marriage 267 Macro Influences on Marriage 268 Recent Trends 273 Unmarried Adults 273 Age at First Marriage 275 Family Size 276 Racial or Ethnic Mixed Marriages 277 Life Span and Marriage 279 Are There Benefits to Marriage? 280 The Benefits of Marriage 281 The Benefits of Marriage Reconsidered 282 Micro Aspects of Marriage 286 Marital Success 286 Communication in Marriage 290 The Sexual Relationship in Marriage 292 Power and Decision Making in Marriage 294 Reconstructing Gender Roles: Building an Egalitarian Marriage 298 The Future of Marriage: Changing or Dying? 299 Chapter Review 301 Related Websites 302 9 Parents and Children 303 Myths and Realities 303 The Social Construction of Parenting 305 The Social Construction of Childhood 308 Demographic Patterns 314 Fertility 314 Voluntary Childlessness 317 Infertility and New Technologies 319 Delayed Childbearing 324 Family Composition 325 The Impact of Children on Marriage 330 The Transition to Parenthood 331 The Benefits of Parenthood 332 The Costs of Parenthood 333 Gendered Parenting 334 The Impact of Parents on Children and of Children on Parents 336 The Structure of the Family Embedded in a Larger Network of Influences 338 Family Structure 338 Extrafamilial Factors 340 Parents and Children in Dual-Earner Families 342 Maternal Employment and Time with Children 343 Social Supports for Working Parents 343 Single Parents and Their Children 346 Reprise: The Duality of Parenting 349 Chapter Review 350 Related Websites 352 10 Violence in Families 354 Myths and Realities 354 Families in a Violent Society 356 U.S. Violence Rates in Comparative Perspective 356 Institutionally Sanctioned Violence 357 Violence in the Media 358 Customs and Beliefs 360 Violence and the Social Organization of the Family 360 Intimate Partner Violence 361 Violence Against Women 362 Contexts for Intimate Partner Violence 364 Types of Partner Violence 368 Does She Leave or Stay? 371 Domestic Violence in Same-Sex Relationships 374 Child Abuse and Neglect 375 What Is Child Abuse? 376 Incidence of Child Abuse 377 Contexts for Child Abuse 377 Consequences of Child Abuse 382 Incest 383 Incidence of Incest 383 Explanations for Incest 384 Consequences of Incest 384 Sibling Abuse 385 Battered Elders 385 What Is Elder Abuse? 386 Incidence of Elder Abuse 386 Contexts for Elder Abuse 387 Macro and Micro Linkages 388 Agency 389 The Women's Movement 389 The Battered Women's Shelter Movement 389 Assessing Progress 389 Chapter Review 390 Related Websites 391 11 Divorce and Remarriage 393 Myths and Realties 393 Divorce Rates 394 Trends in Divorce 394 Factors Correlated with Divorce 397 Predicting the Divorce Rate: Up or Down? 405 The Prediction of a Declining or Leveling of the Divorce Rate 405 The Prediction of a Rising Divorce Rate 406 The Consequences of Divorce for Spouses and Children 408 "His" Divorce 409 "Her" Divorce 410 Adjustment after Divorce for Ex-Spouses 414 Children and Divorce 415 Remarriage after Divorce 420 Statistical Facts about Remarriage 420 The Uniqueness of Remarriage 422 The Outcomes for Stepchildren 429 The Special Case of Remarriage among the Elderly 429 The Politics of Divorce 430 Is Marriage a Failed Institution? 432 Chapter Review 432 Related Websites 433 12 Emergent Families in the Global Era 435 Myths and Realities 435 The Rise in New Family Arrangements 437 Families in Transition 437 The Global Revolution in Family Life 438 How to Think about Family Diversification 440 Single Life 443 The Singles Population 444 Gender, Race, and Class 446 Experiencing Single Life 448 Heterosexual Cohabitation 448 The Rise of Cohabitation 449 Who Are Cohabitors? 450 Gender, Class, and Race 451 Is Cohabitation a Prelude to Marriage or a Substitute for Marriage? 452 Same-Sex Partners and Families 454 Who Is Gay and What Are Gay Families? 455 Gay Couples and Families 457 The Domestic Partner Movement 461 Families Separated by Time and Space 463 Transnational Families 463 Commuter Marriages and Other Long-Distance Relationships 466 Chapter Review 469 Related Websites 470 13 Family Policy for the Twenty-First Century 473 Myths and Realities 473 The Ideological Fault Lines 475 The Conservatives 475 The Progressives 478 The Government's Limits on the Definition of Marriage 479 The Government and Reproductive Rights 483 Contraceptives 483 Abortion 485 Welfare 489 The Shrinking Welfare State 489 The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) of 1996 489 Is Welfare Reform Working? An Assessment After Ten Years 493 The Conservative Solution: Marriage 494 The Progressive Solution: A Stronger Safety Net 496 Working Parents 497 Parental Leave 498 Child Care 499 Work-Related Policies and Gender Inequality 500 Meeting the Needs of Disadvantaged Children 501 Poor Children at Risk 501 The Societal Response to Disadvantaged Children 504 Funding Programs to Help Disadvantaged Children 509 Principles to Guide Family Policy: An Immodest Proposal 510 Chapter Review 513 Related Websites 514 Glossary 517 Bibliography 525 Credits 000 Name Index 000 Subject Index 000
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
Family -- United States.
United States -- Social conditions -- 1980-.