Table of contents for Diversity in families / Maxine Baca Zinn, D. Stanley Eitzen, Barbara Wells.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


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Contents	 
Preface 	 xv 
	1	 Images, Ideals, and Myths 	 1
Images and Ideals 	 6
Family as Haven 	 7
Family as Fulfillment 	 7
Family as Encumbrance 	 7
Images and Reality 	 8
The Mythical U.S. Family 	 10
The Myth of a Stable and Harmonious Family of the Past 	 11
The Myth of Separate Worlds 	 11
The Myth of the Monolithic Family Form 	 13
The Myth of a Unified Family Experience 	 17
The Myth of Family Consensus 	 18
The Myth of Family Decline as the Cause of Social Problems 	 20
A New Framework for Understanding Families 	 22
The Sociological Perspective 	 22
The Shifting Terrain of Family Studies 	 23
The Structural Diversity Approach 	 25
Additional Features of This Book 	 28
Chapter Review 	 28
Related Websites 	 29 
	2	 Preindustrial Families and the Emergence of a Modern Family Form 	 30
Myths and Realities 	 30
Family and the New Social History 	 33
What Is "New" about Family History? 	 33
Overview of Family History Themes 	 35
Family Life in Colonial America 	 39
Macrostructural Conditions and Family Life 	 39
Family Structure and Household Composition 	 42
Wives and Husbands 	 45
Children 	 48
The Emergence of Modern Family Life 	 50
Macrostructural Changes and Family Life 	 50
Agency, Adaptation, and Change 	 52
Household Size and Composition 	 54
Wives and Husbands 	 55
Children 	 56
Challenging a Uniform Definition of the Family 	 57
Chapter Review 	 58
Related Websites 	 58 
	3	 The Historical Making of Family Diversity 	 60
Myths and Realities 	 60
Industrialization and Family Life 	 63
Macrostructural Transformations 	 63
Work and Family in Industrial Society 	 64
Accordion Households 	 69
Immigration and Family Life 	 72
The Social Breakdown Perspective 	 72
Industrial Work and Immigrant Families 	 74
Racial Control and Family Life 	 76
New Thinking about Minority Families 	 76
Race, Labor, and Family Life 	 77
African American Families in Slavery and Freedom 	 80
Chicano Families in the Southwest 	 85
Chapter Review 	 88
Related Websites 	 89 
	4	 Economic and Demographic Upheavals in Society and Family Formation 	 91
Myths and Realities 	 91
Globalization and the Structural Transformation of the Economy and Families 	 93
Structural Changes in the United States Because of Globalization 	 95
The New Economy: What Does It Mean for Families? 	 96
What Does It Mean to Move Down from the Middle Class? 	 108
Shifting Family Forms 	 113
The New Immigration and the Changing Racial Landscape 	 114
Demographic Trends and Increasing Diversity 	 117
Structural Diversity of Immigrant Families 	 118
The Effects of Immigration on Immigrant Families 	 124
Immigration and Agency 	 126
The Effects of Immigration on Family Dynamics 	 126
The Aging of Society 	 129
The Demographics of an Aging Society 	 129
The Consequences of an Aging Society on Families and the Elderly 	 131
Role Transitions 	 135
Responses by the Elderly: Human Agency 	 137
The Three Structural Transformations of Society 	 138
Chapter Review 	 139
Related Websites 	 141 
	5	 Class, Race, and Gender 	 143
Myths and Realities 	 143
Class, Race, and Gender as Structural Inequalities 	 144
Class 	 147
The Cultural Approach 	 147
The Structural Approach 	 150
Race 	 162
Racial-Ethnic Families 	 165
Structural Inequalities and Racial-Ethnic Families 	 166
African American Families in the New Century 	 170
Latino Families in the New Century 	 175
More Racial Ethnic Diversity in Families: Asians, Native Americans, and Middle Easterners 	 178
Human Agency and Family Formation 	 179
Gender 	 180
The Traditional gender Roles Approach 	 181
Shortcomings of the Gender Roles Approach 	 181
The Family as a Gendered Institution 	 182
Chapter Review 	 184
Related Websites 	 185 
	6	 Meshing the Worlds of Work and Family 	 187
Myths and Realities 	 187
The Changing Work Patterns of Women, Men, and Teens 	 189
Women's Employment 	 189
Men's Employment 	 193
Teens' Employment 	 196
Integrating Work and Family 	 197
Gender Inequality 	 198
Work Characteristics 	 200
Family Characteristics 	 207
Invisible and Unpaid Family Work 	 210
Gendered Labor in the Household 	 211
Other Forms of Family Work 	 215
Coping with Work and Family 	 216
Family Coping Strategies 	 216
Family-Supportive Government and Employer Responses 	 218
Chapter Review 	 222
Related Websites 	 223 
	7	 The Social Construction of Intimacy 	 226
Myths and Realities 	 226
Heterosexual Courtship and Mate Selection 	 228
Variations in "Dating" Practices 	 233
Factors in Mate Selection 	 235
Structural Influences on Mate Selection 	 237
Changing Sexual Behavior 	 238
Society and Sexuality 	 238
Enlarging the Sexuality Frame 	 239
The Sexual Revolution 	 241
Scientific Research on Sexuality 	 242
AIDS 	 244
Teen Sexuality 	 246
Teenage Childbearing 	 248
Differentiated Forms of Intimacy 	 251
Gendered Love and Sex 	 251
Same-Sex Orientation and Intimacy 	 255
Social Class and Intimacy 	 256
Race and Intimacy 	 257
Claiming Control of Intimacy 	 262
Chapter Review 	 262
Related Websites 	 263 
	8	 Contemporary Marriages 	 265
Myths and Realities 	 265
Marriage: Private and Public Spheres 	 267
The Private Nature of Marriage 	 267
Macro Influences on Marriage 	 268
Recent Trends 	 273
Unmarried Adults 	 273
Age at First Marriage 	 275
Family Size 	 276
Racial or Ethnic Mixed Marriages 	 277
Life Span and Marriage 	 279
Are There Benefits to Marriage? 	 280
The Benefits of Marriage 	 281
The Benefits of Marriage Reconsidered 	 282
Micro Aspects of Marriage 	 286
Marital Success 	 286
Communication in Marriage 	 290
The Sexual Relationship in Marriage 	 292
Power and Decision Making in Marriage 	 294
Reconstructing Gender Roles: Building an Egalitarian Marriage 	 298
The Future of Marriage: Changing or Dying? 	 299
Chapter Review 	 301
Related Websites 	 302 
	9	 Parents and Children 	 303
Myths and Realities 	 303
The Social Construction of Parenting 	 305
The Social Construction of Childhood 	 308
Demographic Patterns 	 314
Fertility 	 314
Voluntary Childlessness 	 317
Infertility and New Technologies 	 319
Delayed Childbearing 	 324
Family Composition 	 325
The Impact of Children on Marriage 	 330
The Transition to Parenthood 	 331
The Benefits of Parenthood 	 332
The Costs of Parenthood 	 333
Gendered Parenting 	 334
The Impact of Parents on Children and of Children on Parents 	 336
The Structure of the Family Embedded in a Larger Network of Influences 	 338
Family Structure 	 338
Extrafamilial Factors 	 340
Parents and Children in Dual-Earner Families 	 342
Maternal Employment and Time with Children 	 343
Social Supports for Working Parents 	 343
Single Parents and Their Children 	 346
Reprise: The Duality of Parenting 	 349
Chapter Review 	 350
Related Websites 	 352 
	10	 Violence in Families 	 354
Myths and Realities 	 354
Families in a Violent Society 	 356
U.S. Violence Rates in Comparative Perspective 	 356
Institutionally Sanctioned Violence 	 357
Violence in the Media 	 358
Customs and Beliefs 	 360
Violence and the Social Organization of the Family 	 360
Intimate Partner Violence 	 361
Violence Against Women 	 362
Contexts for Intimate Partner Violence 	 364
Types of Partner Violence 	 368
Does She Leave or Stay? 	 371
Domestic Violence in Same-Sex Relationships 	 374
Child Abuse and Neglect 	 375
What Is Child Abuse? 	 376
Incidence of Child Abuse 	 377
Contexts for Child Abuse 	 377
Consequences of Child Abuse 	 382
Incest 	 383
Incidence of Incest 	 383
Explanations for Incest 	 384
Consequences of Incest 	 384
Sibling Abuse 	 385
Battered Elders 	 385
What Is Elder Abuse? 	 386
Incidence of Elder Abuse 	 386
Contexts for Elder Abuse 	 387
Macro and Micro Linkages 	 388
Agency 	 389
The Women's Movement 	 389
The Battered Women's Shelter Movement 	 389
Assessing Progress 	 389
Chapter Review 	 390
Related Websites 	 391 
	11	 Divorce and Remarriage 	 393
Myths and Realties 	 393
Divorce Rates 	 394
Trends in Divorce 	 394
Factors Correlated with Divorce 	 397
Predicting the Divorce Rate: Up or Down? 	 405
The Prediction of a Declining or Leveling of the Divorce Rate 	 405
The Prediction of a Rising Divorce Rate 	 406
The Consequences of Divorce for Spouses and Children 	 408
"His" Divorce 	 409
"Her" Divorce 	 410
Adjustment after Divorce for Ex-Spouses 	 414
Children and Divorce 	 415
Remarriage after Divorce 	 420
Statistical Facts about Remarriage 	 420
The Uniqueness of Remarriage 	 422
The Outcomes for Stepchildren 	 429
The Special Case of Remarriage among the Elderly 	 429
The Politics of Divorce 	 430
Is Marriage a Failed Institution? 	 432
Chapter Review 	 432
Related Websites 	 433 
	12	 Emergent Families in the Global Era 	 435
Myths and Realities 	 435
The Rise in New Family Arrangements 	 437
Families in Transition 	 437
The Global Revolution in Family Life 	 438
How to Think about Family Diversification 	 440
Single Life 	 443
The Singles Population 	 444
Gender, Race, and Class 	 446
Experiencing Single Life 	 448
Heterosexual Cohabitation 	 448
The Rise of Cohabitation 	 449
Who Are Cohabitors? 	 450
Gender, Class, and Race 	 451
Is Cohabitation a Prelude to Marriage or a Substitute for Marriage? 	 452
Same-Sex Partners and Families 	 454
Who Is Gay and What Are Gay Families? 	 455
Gay Couples and Families 	 457
The Domestic Partner Movement 	 461
Families Separated by Time and Space 	 463
Transnational Families 	 463
Commuter Marriages and Other Long-Distance Relationships 	 466
Chapter Review 	 469
Related Websites 	 470 
	13	 Family Policy for the Twenty-First Century 	 473
Myths and Realities 	 473
The Ideological Fault Lines 	 475
The Conservatives 	 475
The Progressives 	 478
The Government's Limits on the Definition of Marriage 	 479
The Government and Reproductive Rights 	 483
Contraceptives 	 483
Abortion 	 485
Welfare 	 489
The Shrinking Welfare State 	 489
The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) of 1996 	 489
Is Welfare Reform Working? An Assessment After Ten Years 	 493
The Conservative Solution: Marriage 	 494
The Progressive Solution: A Stronger Safety Net 	 496
Working Parents 	 497
Parental Leave 	 498
Child Care 	 499
Work-Related Policies and Gender Inequality 	 500
Meeting the Needs of Disadvantaged Children 	 501
Poor Children at Risk 	 501
The Societal Response to Disadvantaged Children 	 504
Funding Programs to Help Disadvantaged Children 	 509
Principles to Guide Family Policy: An Immodest Proposal 	 510
Chapter Review 	 513
Related Websites 	 514 
Glossary 	 517
Bibliography 	 525
Credits 	 000
Name Index 	 000
Subject Index 	 000 

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Family -- United States.
United States -- Social conditions -- 1980-.