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CONTENTS: Preface by Stephen Toulmin: How Reason Lost its Balance Introduction 1. A Discourse on the Sciences Boaventura de Sousa Santos The Dominant Paradigm The Crisis in the Dominant Paradigm The Emergent Paradigm PART ONE NEITHER TRUCE NOR SURRENDER: ARE THE SCIENCES WARS OVER? 2. Pathways to Cosmopolitan Knowledges: In the Aftermath of the Discourse on the Sciences João Arriscado Nunes Changing the epistemological debate All natural-scientific knowledge is social-scientific All knowledge is self-knowledge All knowledge is local and total All scientific knowledge aims at becoming common sense An anachronistic and out-of-place polemics 3. Whither the "Two Cultures": Another Volley in the "Science Wars" Richard E. Lee 4. On Wars and Revolutions Peter Wagner Science and the question of representation Science and its critics: a recurring debate Science and its applications: science-inspired transformations of the world Varieties of epistemic certainty Epistemology and critique: knowledge as regulation and knowledge as emancipation 5. Scientific Authority and the Post Euclidean Revolution in Mathematics Joan Fujimura The "science wars" Constructivism in science studies Scientific authority and the posteuclidean revolution in mathematics Canons and "purity" control in 19th-Century geometry Discipline and authority in science Parody as social control Conclusion: crafting knowledge in science and anthropology 6. The Structures of Knowledge, or How Many Ways May We Know Immanuel Wallerstein 7. Becoming Civilized: Beyond the Great Divide Isabelle Stengers The move of Archimedes and the Chinese smile In the same boat As a matter of fact, we're not so different from the others... The five horizons of research Bringing the networks to politics? Democratizing democracy? 8. The Self, Psychoanalysis and Epistemology Leonard Kaplan and Frank Summers PART TWO COMPLEX, CREATIVE AND SITUATED INTERROGATIONS: SCIENCE IN ACTION 9. Science and Human Well-Being: Toward a New Way of Structuring Scientific Activity Hugh Lacey Science as value free Impartiality, autonomy, neutrality Three moments of scientific activity Scientific activity Scientific understanding Strategy: constraints on theories, criteria for selection of data; what possibilities to investigate Mutually reinforcing relations between adopting a strategy and holding values Three moments of scientific activity; possible roles for values at them Comment on the controversy about Um discurso sobre as ciências A new way of structuring scientific activity Reciprocity of the natural and social sciences Additional theses Concluding remark 10. E.P. Wigner and the Foundation of Quantum Physics Olival Freire Jr. Introduction A controversy on the foundations of the quantum theory E.P. Wigner's ideas and leadership Wigner versus Rosenfeld, Daneri, Loinger and Prosperi or the breakdown of Kopenhagen's monocracy The fate of Wigner's thesis about the role of consciousness in quantum physics Anachronisms in some interpretations of Wigner's ideas 11.The Rhetoric of Science in Darwin's On the Origins of Species Anna Carolina Regner Introduction Aristotle's rhetoric and Darwin's science Darwin's argumentation Conclusion 12. On the Borders: Science as it is done João Ramalho Santos A narrative on reproduction Science while being done Dialogues without borders Conclusion PART THREE GLOBAL COGNITIVE JUSTICE: RECONSTRUCTING KNOWLEDGES AND WORLD MAKING 13. Actors, Networks and New Knowledge Producers: Social Movements and the Paradigmatic Transition in the Sciences Arturo Escobar Introduction: The Paradigmatic Transition Re-visited Networks, Meshworks, and Anti-Globalization Social Movements Meshworks in practice. A brief Colombian example Conclusion 14. Reconstructing Unruly Ecological Complexity: Science, Interpretation and Critical, Reflective Practice Peter Taylor Problems of Boundedness in Modeling Ecological Systems, Two cases The construction of complexity The hidden complexity of simple models Strategies of Modeling Social-personal-scientific correlations Heterogeneous construction Ecologists mapping their own sociality A framework to keep tensions active and productive Epilogue: Flexible Engagement 15. The Demise of Critical Theory in Economics Francisco Louçã The neo-classical revolution Incomplete modernization Politics and science in the foundation of econometrics Mobilization against war and capital In the aftermath of war Modernization and modernism 16. Between Cosmology and System: The Heuristics of a Dissenting Imagination Shiv Visvanathan The Sugar-Food Alcohol Nexus MCRC's FADs The Energetics of Paper Deficiencies of the first kind Deficiencies of the second kind 17. Subjects or Objects of Knowledge? International Consultancy and the production of knowledge in Mozambique Maria Paula Meneses Colonial and post-colonial unequality among knowledges Consultancy as an extreme globalized localism Alternatives 18. The Splendors and Miseries of "Science". Coloniality, Geopolitics of Knowledge and Epistemic Pluri-Versality Walter Mignolo From epistemic totalitarianism to the "paradigm of a prudent knowledge for a decent life" The discovery of "coloniality" and the emergence of "an other paradigm" The geopolitics of the "scientific revolution," its gender and racial privileges The Racialization of the "Third World": Natural Resources, Culture and Indigenous Knowledges Concluding Remarks 19. Beyond Eurocentrism: Systematic Knowledge in a Tropical Context. A Manifesto Orlando Fals Borda and Luis E. Mora-Osejo Introduction Hypotheses about the context The problems with Eurocentrism Different paradigms on an equal foot Complexity and social experience in the Tropics Need for endogenesis National creativity and the sum of different knowledges An autonomous science policy Participatory university 20. From an Epistemology of Blindness to an Epistemology of Seeing Boaventura de Sousa Santos Introduction Knowledge-as-regulation and knowledge-as-emancipation The representation of limits The determination of relevance The determination of degrees of relevance The determination of identification The impossibility of duration The determination of interpretation and evaluation Toward an epistemology of seeing
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
Science -- Philosophy.
Social sciences -- Philosophy.
Knowledge, Theory of.
Conduct of life.