Table of contents for Cardiopulmonary anatomy & physiology : essentials for respiratory care / Terry Des Jardins.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


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CONTENTS
List of Tables - xi
Foreword - xiii
Preface - xv
Acknowledgments - xxiii
How to Use This Text - xxv
	SECTION ONE	1
The Cardiopulmonary System-The Essentials
Chapter 1
The Anatomy and Physiology of the Respiratory System	3
The Airways - 7
The Upper Airway - 7
The Lower Airways - 23
The Sites of Gas Exchange - 36
The Pulmonary Vascular System - 39
The Lymphatic System - 43
Neural Control of the Lungs - 44
The Lungs - 46
The Mediastinum - 50
The Pleural Membranes - 50
The Thorax - 51
The Diaphragm - 52
Chapter Summary - 61
Review Questions - 62
Chapter 2
Ventilation	67
Pressure Differences Across 
the Lungs - 68
Role of the Diaphragm in Ventilation - 72
Positive Pressure Ventilation - 74
Elastic Properties of the Lung and Chest Wall - 76
Dynamic Characteristics of the Lungs - 92
Ventilatory Patterns - 104
How Normal Intrapleural Pressure Differences Cause Regional 
Differences in Normal Lung Ventilation - 109
The Effect of Airway Resistance and Lung Compliance on 
Ventilatory Patterns - 110
Overview of Specific Breathing Conditions - 112
Chapter Summary - 116
Clinical Applications - 119
Review Questions - 122
Clinical Application Questions - 125
Chapter 3
The Diffusion of Pulmonary Gases	127
Gas Laws-Review - 128
The Partial Pressures of Atmospheric Gases - 130
The Ideal Alveolar Gas Equation - 132
The Diffusion of Pulmonary Gases - 133
Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide Diffusion Across the Alveolar-
Capillary Membrane - 134
Gas Diffusion - 138
Perfusion-Limited Gas Flow - 141
Diffusion-Limited Gas Flow - 142
How Oxygen Can Be Either Perfusion Or Diffusion Limited - 
145
Chapter Summary - 147
Clinical Applications - 147
Review Questions - 150
Clinical Application 
Questions - 152
Chapter 4
Pulmonary Function Measurements	153
Lung Volumes and Capacities - 154
Pulmonary Mechanics - 158
How the Effects of Dynamic Compression Decrease Expiratory 
Flow Rates - 168
Chapter Summary - 172
Clinical Applications - 173
Review Questions - 177
Clinical Application 
Questions - 179
Chapter 5
The Anatomy and Physiology of the Circulatory System	181
The Blood - 182
The Heart - 188
The Pulmonary and Systemic Vascular Systems - 195
Pressures in the Pulmonary and Systemic Vascular Systems - 
200
The Cardiac Cycle and Its Effect on Blood Pressure - 201
The Distribution of Pulmonary Blood Flow - 205
Chapter Summary - 219
Clinical Applications - 220
Review Questions - 223
Clinical Application 
Questions - 225
Chapter 6
Oxygen Transport	227
Oxygen Transport - 228
Oxygen Dissociation Curve - 233
Oxygen Transport Calculations - 245
Hypoxia - 258
Cyanosis - 261
Polycythemia - 262
Chapter Summary - 263
Clinical Applications - 263
Review Questions - 268
Clinical Application Questions - 270
Chapter 7
Carbon Dioxide Transport and Acid-Base Balance	271
Carbon Dioxide Transport - 272
Carbon Dioxide Elimination at 
the Lungs - 275
Carbon Dioxide Dissociation Curve - 276
Acid-Base Balance and Regulation - 279
The Role of the PCO2/HCO32/pH Relationship in Acid-Base 
Balance - 290
Chapter Summary - 310
Clinical Applications - 312
Review Questions - 315
Clinical Application Questions - 319
Chapter 8
Ventilation-Perfusion Relationships	321
Ventilation-Perfusion Ratio - 321
Chapter Summary - 330
Clinical Applications - 331
Review Questions - 334
Clinical Application Questions - 335
Chapter 9
Control of Ventilation	337
The Respiratory Components of the Medulla Oblongata-The 
Respiratory Centers - 338
The Influence of the Pontine Respiratory Centers on the 
Respiratory Components of the Medulla Oblongata - 340
Monitoring Systems That Influence the Respiratory 
Components of the Medulla Oblongata - 342
Reflexes That Influence 
Ventilation - 349
Chapter Summary - 352
Clinical Applications - 352
Review Questions - 355
Clinical Application Questions - 357
Chapter 10
Fetal Development and the Cardiopulmonary System	359
Fetal Lung Development - 360
Placenta - 362
Fetal Circulation - 365
Birth - 368
Control of Ventilation in the 
Newborn - 370
Clinical Parameters in the Normal Newborn - 371
Chapter Summary - 373
Clinical Applications - 373
Review Questions - 376
Clinical Application Questions - 377
Chapter 11
Aging and the Cardiopulmonary System	379
The Effects of Aging on the 
Respiratory System - 381
Pulmonary Gas Exchange - 385
Arterial Blood Gases - 385
The Effects of Aging on the
Cardiovascular System - 387
Chapter Summary - 391
Review Questions - 391
	Section Two	395
Advanced Cardiopulmonary Concepts and 
Related Areas-The Essentials
Chapter 12
Electrophysiology of the Heart	397
The Five Phases of the Action 
Potential - 399
Properties of the Cardiac Muscle - 400
Chapter Summary - 404
Review Questions - 405
Chapter 13
The Standard 12-ECG System	407
The Standard 12-ECG System - 408
Normal ECG Configurations and Their Expected Measurements 
(Lead II) - 415
Chapter Summary - 420
Review Questions - 422
Chapter 14
ECG Interpretation	425
How to Analyze the Waveforms - 426
Common Cardiac Dysrhythmias - 430
Chapter Summary - 451
Review Questions - 451
Chapter 15
Hemodynamic Measurements	457
Hemodynamic Measurements Directly Obtained by Means of the 
Pulmonary artery Catheter - 457
Hemodynamic Values Computed from Direct Measurements - 459
Chapter Summary - 466
Clinical Applications - 466
Review Questions - 469
Clinical Application Questions - 471
Chapter 16
Renal Failure and Its Effects on the Cardiopulmonary System
	473
The Kidneys - 474
The Nephrons - 476
Blood Vessels of the Kidneys - 478
Urine Formation - 478
Urine Concentration and Volume - 481
Regulation of Electrolyte 
Concentration - 483
Role of the Kidneys in Acid-Base 
Balance - 484
Blood Volume - 484
Renal Failure - 486
Cardiopulmonary Disorders Caused by Renal Failure - 489
Chapter Summary - 491
Clinical Applications - 491
Review Questions - 494
Clinical Application 
Questions - 496
Chapter 17
Sleep Physiology and Its Relationship to the 
Cardiopulmonary System	497
Types of Sleep - 500
Normal Sleep Cycles - 507
Functions of Sleep - 511
Circadian Rhythms - 511
Normal Sleep Patterns - 512
Factors Affecting Sleep - 513
Common Sleep Disorders - 513
Normal Cardiopulmonary 
Physiology During Sleep - 516
Chapter Summary - 519
Review Questions - 521
	Section Three	523
The Cardiopulmonary System During Unusual Environmental 
Conditions
Chapter 18
Exercise and Its Effects on the Cardiopulmonary System	525
Ventilation - 526
Circulation - 531
Interrelationships Between Muscle Work, Oxygen Consumption, 
and Cardiac Output - 535
The Influence of Training on the Heart and Cardiac Output - 
535
Stroke Volume versus Heart Rate in Increasing Cardiac 
Output - 536
Body Temperature/Cutaneous Blood Flow Relationship - 538
Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation - 539
Chapter Summary - 540
Review Questions - 540
Chapter 19
High Altitude and Its Effects on the Cardiopulmonary System
	543
High Altitude - 543
Other Physiologic Changes - 549
Chapter Summary - 551
Review Questions - 551
Chapter 20
High-Pressure Environments and Their Effects on the 
Cardiopulmonary System	553
Diving - 553
Hyperbaric Medicine - 557
Chapter Summary - 560
Review Questions - 560
Glossary - 563
Appendices - 583
	I	Symbols and Abbreviations - 583
	II	Units of Measurement - 587
	III	Poiseuille's Law - 593
	IV	DuBois Body Surface Chart - 597
	V	Cardiopulmonary Profile - 599
	VI	PCO2/HCO32/pH Nomogram - 601
	VII	Calculating Heart Rate by Counting the Number of 
Large ECG Squares - 603
	VIII	Answers to Review Questions in Text - 605
Bibliography - 613
Index - 619

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Cardiopulmonary system -- Physiology.
Cardiopulmonary system -- Anatomy.
Respiratory therapy.
Respiratory Physiology.
Respiratory System -- anatomy & histology.
Cardiovascular Physiology.
Cardiovascular System -- anatomy & histology.