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Contents Part I In Perspective Chapter 1: Therapeutic Modalities: What They Are and Why They Are Used Defining and Classifying Therapeutic Modalities Maximizing the Effectiveness of Therapeutic Modalities Selecting a Therapeutic Modality Rehabilitation and Therapeutic Modalities A Systems Approach to Rehabilitation The Psychology of Rehabilitation Preparation for Using Therapeutic Modalities Chapter 2: General Application Procedures Application Approaches The Five-Step Application Procedure Chapter 3: Injury Record Keeping The Purpose of Keeping Records Using Records and Forms Part I Review Questions Part II Orthopedic Injury, Immediate Care, and Healing Chapter 4: Tissue Response to Injury: Inflammation, Swelling, and Edema The Inflammatory Response An Orthopedic Injury Model Secondary Injury Swelling: Hemorrhaging and Edema Chapter 5: Immediate and Post-Acute Care Application Procedures RICES: The Prescription for Immediate Care The Theoretical Basis for RICES The Physics and Physiology of Cryotherapy Cryotherapy Application Principles Compression Application Principles Electrical Stimulation During Immediate Care Application of RICES The Use of Crutches Medicated Ice for Abrasions Chapter 6: The Healing Process The Repair of Injured Tissue The Phases of Repair Healing Modifiers Part II Review Questions Part III Pain and Orthopedic Injuries Chapter 7: Understanding Pain and Its Relationship to Injury What Is Pain? A Brief Review of Neuroanatomy and Neurophysiology Orthopedic Injury Pain Nociception and Nocioceptors Theories About Pain Drugs and Pain Relief Post-Gate Pain Theories Pain Management Chapter 8: Relieving Orthopedic Injury Pain The Philosophy and Principles of Pain Relief The Placebo Effect and Pain Relief Sources of Orthopedic Injury Pain Direct vs. Indirect Pain Treatment Tools for Relieving Pain Monitoring and Assessing Pain Relief During Rehabilitation Part III Review Questions Part IV Electrotherapy Chapter 9: Principles of Electricity for Electrotherapy A Common Language The Basics of Electricity Electrical Equipment The Generation of Electricity Output Current Characteristics Tissue Responses to Electrical Stimulation Therapeutic Uses of Electrical Stimulation Chapter 10: Application Procedures: Electrotherapy Electrotherapy Applications: An Overview Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation for Pain Relief Application of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) Interferential Current Therapy for Pain Relief Application of Interferential Current (IFC) Therapy Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation Application of Neuromusclar Electrical Stimulation (NMES) Iontophoresis for Transcutaneous Drug Delivery Application of Iontophoresis for Transdermal Drug Delivery High-Volt Pulsed Current Stimulation for Wound Healing Application of High-Volt Pulsed Current (HVPC) Stimulation Microcurrent Electrical Nerve Stimulation Part IV Review Questions Part V Therapeutic Heat and Cold Chapter 11: Principles of Heat for Thermotherapy Defining Thermotherapy Transferring Heat To and From the Body The Therapeutic Use of Heat Radiant Energy and Electromagnetic Waves Thermal Effects of Electromagnetic Waves Applying Radiation Acoustic Waves Chapter 12: Application Procedures: Superficial Thermotherapy Superficial Thermotherapy Application of Whirlpool Application of Hot Packs Application of Paraffin Bath Application of Infrared Lamp Other Superficial Heating Devices Chapter 13: Cryotherapy Beyond Immediate Care Cryotherapy: Not Just Immediate Care The Physiological Effects of Cold Application Cold-Induced Vasodilation: Facts and Fallacies Heat vs. Cold: When and Why Cryotherapeutic Techniques for Transition and Subacute Care Comparing Heat and Cold for Rehabilitation Chapter 14: Application Procedures: Post-Immediate Care Cryotherapy Transition and Subacute Care Cryotherapy Techniques Application of Cryokinetics for Joint Sprains Application of Cryostretch for Muscle Injuries Application of Combined Cryostretch and Cryokinetics Application of Connective Tissue Stretch Application of Lymphedema Pumps Chapter 15: Ultrasound Introducing Therapeutic Ultrasound Clinical Therapeutic Ultrasound Components of an Ultrasound Device The Physics of Ultrasound Treatment Parameters Application Techniques Recording Treatment Parameters Thermal Effects Nonthermal Effects Clinical Applications of Therapeutic Ultrasound Phonophoresis Using Ultrasound and Other Modalities Collectively Treatment Precautions and Concerns Challenges to the Efficacy of Therapeutic Ultrasound Application of Therapeutic Ultrasound Chapter 16: Diathermy Introducing Diathermy Types of Diathermy Continuous and Pulsed Shortwave Diathermy Physiological Effects of Diathermy Optimal Tissue Temperatures Treatment Time Clinical Applications of Shortwave Diathermy Diathermy Treatment Contraindications and Precautions The Advantages of PSWD Over Ultrasound Application of Diathermy Part V Review Questions Part VI Other Modalities Chapter 17: Therapeutic Massage Massage as a Therapeutic Modality Facts and Misconceptions About Massage Indications and Contraindications Therapeutic Massage Versus a Rubdown Common Strokes Used in Sports Massage Myofascial Release Massage Lubricants Application of Therapeutic Massage Chapter 18: Spinal Traction Cervical Pain and Lumbar Pain The Intervertebral Disk Traction as a Therapeutic Modality The Physiological Effects of Traction Guidelines Prior to Applying Traction Indications for Traction Contraindications for Traction Commonly Used Traction Devices Cervical Traction Lumbar Traction Treatment Parameters Application of Spinal Traction Chapter 19: Laser and Light Therapy Light Therapy Characteristics of Lasers Characteristics of LEDs and SLDs Lasers in Medicine Treatment Parameters Application of Light Therapy Ultraviolet Radiation Part VI Review Questions Part VII Putting It All Together Chapter 20: Differential Application of Therapeutic Modalities Differential Application of Modalities Limiting Factors to Therapeutic Modality Use Chapter 21: Case Studies Clinical Case Studies Possible Treatment Regimens Part VII Review Questions Appendix: Answers to Review Questions Glossary
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
Orthopedic surgery -- Patients -- Rehabilitation.
Physical Therapy Modalities.
Orthopedic Procedures -- methods.