Table of contents for Therapeutic modalities : the art and the science / Kenneth L. Knight, David O. Draper.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.

Part I	 In Perspective 
Chapter 1: Therapeutic Modalities: What They Are and Why They Are Used
	Defining and Classifying Therapeutic Modalities
	Maximizing the Effectiveness of Therapeutic Modalities
	Selecting a Therapeutic Modality
	Rehabilitation and Therapeutic Modalities
	A Systems Approach to Rehabilitation
	The Psychology of Rehabilitation
	Preparation for Using Therapeutic Modalities 
Chapter 2: General Application Procedures 
	 Application Approaches
	The Five-Step Application Procedure
Chapter 3: Injury Record Keeping
	 The Purpose of Keeping Records
	Using Records and Forms
Part I Review Questions 
Part II	 Orthopedic Injury, Immediate Care, and Healing
Chapter 4: Tissue Response to Injury: Inflammation, Swelling, and Edema
		The Inflammatory Response
		 An Orthopedic Injury Model 
		 Secondary Injury
		 Swelling: Hemorrhaging and Edema
Chapter 5: Immediate and Post-Acute Care Application Procedures
	RICES: The Prescription for Immediate Care
	The Theoretical Basis for RICES 
	The Physics and Physiology of Cryotherapy
	Cryotherapy Application Principles
	 Compression Application Principles
	 Electrical Stimulation During Immediate Care
	Application of RICES
	The Use of Crutches
	Medicated Ice for Abrasions
Chapter 6: The Healing Process 
	The Repair of Injured Tissue
	The Phases of Repair
	Healing Modifiers
Part II Review Questions 
Part III Pain and Orthopedic Injuries
Chapter 7: Understanding Pain and Its Relationship to Injury
	What Is Pain?
	 A Brief Review of Neuroanatomy and Neurophysiology
	 Orthopedic Injury Pain
	 Nociception and Nocioceptors 
	Theories About Pain
	 Drugs and Pain Relief
	 Post-Gate Pain Theories
	 Pain Management
Chapter 8: Relieving Orthopedic Injury Pain
	The Philosophy and Principles of Pain Relief
	The Placebo Effect and Pain Relief
	Sources of Orthopedic Injury Pain
	Direct vs. Indirect Pain Treatment
	Tools for Relieving Pain
	Monitoring and Assessing Pain Relief During Rehabilitation
Part III Review Questions 
Part IV Electrotherapy
Chapter 9: Principles of Electricity for Electrotherapy
	A Common Language
	The Basics of Electricity
	Electrical Equipment
	The Generation of Electricity
	Output Current Characteristics
	Tissue Responses to Electrical Stimulation
	Therapeutic Uses of Electrical Stimulation
Chapter 10: Application Procedures: Electrotherapy
	Electrotherapy Applications: An Overview
	Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation for Pain Relief 
	Application of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS)
	Interferential Current Therapy for Pain Relief 
	Application of Interferential Current (IFC) Therapy
	Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation
	Application of Neuromusclar Electrical Stimulation (NMES)
	Iontophoresis for Transcutaneous Drug Delivery 
	Application of Iontophoresis for Transdermal Drug Delivery
	High-Volt Pulsed Current Stimulation for Wound Healing
	 Application of High-Volt Pulsed Current (HVPC) Stimulation
	 Microcurrent Electrical Nerve Stimulation
Part IV Review Questions 
Part V	 Therapeutic Heat and Cold
Chapter 11: Principles of Heat for Thermotherapy
	Defining Thermotherapy
	 Transferring Heat To and From the Body
	 The Therapeutic Use of Heat
	 Radiant Energy and Electromagnetic Waves
	 Thermal Effects of Electromagnetic Waves
	 Applying Radiation 
	 Acoustic Waves
Chapter 12: Application Procedures: Superficial Thermotherapy
 Superficial Thermotherapy
 Application of Whirlpool
 Application of Hot Packs 
 Application of Paraffin Bath
 Application of Infrared Lamp
 Other Superficial Heating Devices
Chapter 13: Cryotherapy Beyond Immediate Care
 Cryotherapy: Not Just Immediate Care
 The Physiological Effects of Cold Application
 Cold-Induced Vasodilation: Facts and Fallacies
 Heat vs. Cold: When and Why
 Cryotherapeutic Techniques for Transition and Subacute Care
 Comparing Heat and Cold for Rehabilitation
Chapter 14: Application Procedures: Post-Immediate Care Cryotherapy
 Transition and Subacute Care Cryotherapy Techniques
 Application of Cryokinetics for Joint Sprains
 Application of Cryostretch for Muscle Injuries
 Application of Combined Cryostretch and Cryokinetics
 Application of Connective Tissue Stretch
 Application of Lymphedema Pumps 
Chapter 15: Ultrasound
 Introducing Therapeutic Ultrasound
 Clinical Therapeutic Ultrasound
 Components of an Ultrasound Device
 The Physics of Ultrasound
Treatment Parameters
Application Techniques
Recording Treatment Parameters
Thermal Effects
Nonthermal Effects
Clinical Applications of Therapeutic Ultrasound
Using Ultrasound and Other Modalities Collectively
Treatment Precautions and Concerns
Challenges to the Efficacy of Therapeutic Ultrasound
Application of Therapeutic Ultrasound
Chapter 16: Diathermy
Introducing Diathermy
Types of Diathermy
Continuous and Pulsed Shortwave Diathermy
Physiological Effects of Diathermy
Optimal Tissue Temperatures
Treatment Time
Clinical Applications of Shortwave Diathermy
Diathermy Treatment Contraindications and Precautions
The Advantages of PSWD Over Ultrasound
Application of Diathermy
Part V Review Questions 
Part VI Other Modalities
Chapter 17: Therapeutic Massage
Massage as a Therapeutic Modality
Facts and Misconceptions About Massage
Indications and Contraindications
Therapeutic Massage Versus a Rubdown
Common Strokes Used in Sports Massage
Myofascial Release
Massage Lubricants
Application of Therapeutic Massage 
Chapter 18: Spinal Traction
Cervical Pain and Lumbar Pain
The Intervertebral Disk
Traction as a Therapeutic Modality
The Physiological Effects of Traction
Guidelines Prior to Applying Traction
Indications for Traction
Contraindications for Traction
Commonly Used Traction Devices 
Cervical Traction
Lumbar Traction
Treatment Parameters
Application of Spinal Traction 
Chapter 19: Laser and Light Therapy
 Light Therapy
Characteristics of Lasers
 Characteristics of LEDs and SLDs
Lasers in Medicine
Treatment Parameters
Application of Light Therapy
 Ultraviolet Radiation 
Part VI Review Questions 
Part VII Putting It All Together
Chapter 20: Differential Application of Therapeutic Modalities
	Differential Application of Modalities
	Limiting Factors to Therapeutic Modality Use
Chapter 21: Case Studies
Clinical Case Studies
 Possible Treatment Regimens
Part VII Review Questions 
Appendix: Answers to Review Questions

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Physical therapy.
Orthopedic surgery -- Patients -- Rehabilitation.
Physical Therapy Modalities.
Orthopedic Procedures -- methods.