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BRIEF CONTENTS PART ONE: OVERVIEW OF DEVELOPMENTAL ISSUES Chapter 1: Assessment and Diagnosis: The Developmental Perspective and Its Implications Chapter 2: Understanding the Development of Psychopathology in Children and Adolescents PART TWO: CLASSIFICATION OF EMOTIONAL AND BEHAVIORAL DISORDERS IN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS Chapter 3: Adjustment Disorders in Children and Adolescents Chapter 4: Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Adolescents Chapter 5: Disruptive Behavior Disorders: Conduct Disorder and Oppositional Defiant Disorder Chapter 6: Anxiety Disorders in Children and Adolescents Chapter 7: Mood Disorders in Children and Adolescents Chapter 8: Substance-Related Disorders Chapter 9: Adolescents and Eating Disorders PART THREE: EFFECTIVE TREATMENT PLANNING Chapter 10: Treatment Planning Guidelines for Children and Adolescents Chapter 11: Case Studies in Treatment Planning References Name Index Subject Index CONTENTS PART ONE: OVERVIEW OF DEVELOPMENTAL ISSUES Chapter 1 Assessment and Diagnosis: The Developmental Perspective and Its Implications Earl J. Ginter and Ann Shanks Glauser A Foundation for Accurate Diagnosis and Effective Treatment: Knowledge of Human Development Unavoidable Reasons for Thinking Developmentally Normal Developmental Deviation Developmental Level Affects Psychosocial and Environmental Factors' Effects Isolating the Normal Problem "In" the Abnormal Condition Knowledge of Human Development Provides the Context to Understand Important Cultural Differences Developmental-Based Treatments/Recommendations Fit the Client The Developmental Matrix: Theory and Research Viable Theories of Human Development Mutate Over Time Physical, Intellectual, Emotional, Behavioral, and Social Aspects of the Developmental Matrix Physical Maps of Development: Contributions of Arnold Gesell, Louise Bates Ames, and Frances L. Ilg The Cognitive Maps of Development: Contributions of Jean Piaget, Lawrence Kohlberg, and Carol Gilligan The Social, Emotional, and Behavioral Maps of Development: Contributions of Erik H. Erikson, John Bowlby, Mary D. Salter Ainsworth, and Albert Bandura The Culmination of Early Developmental Gains: Adolescence as the Developmental Gateway to Adulthood Developmental Models Specific to Diagnosis and Treatment The Life-Skills Model: A Developmental-Based Approach to Assessment and Treatment Examples of Counseling Based on a Life-Skills Approach Research Support Outcome Studies: Developmentally Based Approaches and Revived Growth Closing Remarks Chapter 2 Understanding the Development of Psychopathology in Children and Adolescents 37 Robert R. Erk A Developmental-Systems Perspective on the Significance of Child Psychopathology Common Misperceptions The Prevalence of Psychopathology in Children Mental IllnessMental Illness Begins Early In LifeTerminology Used in Childhood Psychopathology Developmental Theory Applied to Child Psychopathology Important Premises for Children's Mental Health Models for the Development of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders Biological Models Psychological Models Behavioral Models Cognitive Models School Models Family Models Multicultural Models Criticisms of the Multicultural Model An Integrative Approach to Understanding Psychopathology An Integrative Approach in Counseling Practice Applying the Integrative Approach to Psychopathology Calvin: Lashing Out; Why? What Caused Calvin's Problems? An Overview of Calvin's Case Closing Remarks PART TWO: CLASSIFICATION OF EMOTIONAL AND BEHAVIORAL DISORDERS IN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS Chapter 3 Adjustment Disorders in Children and Adolescents Patricia J. Polanski Definition, Diagnostic Features, and Prevalence Causal Factors and Prevention Methods or Procedures of Assessment Differential Diagnosis and Comorbidity Treatment Outcome Research Implications for Practice/Treatment Best Practice Guidelines School and Family Perspectives for Counselors Multicultural Considerations Case Illustration and Sample Treatment Plan Stella Summary/Closing Remarks For More Information Chapter 4 Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Adolescents Robert R. Erk Historical Development Definition, Prevalence, and Diagnostic Features Definition Prevalence Diagnostic Features Causal Factors and Prevention Methods or Procedures for Assessment Comorbidity or Co-occurring Conditions Implications for Practice/Treatment Treatment Outcome Research: The Collaborative Multimodal Treatment Study of Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (MTA Study) Essential Questions and Answers From The MTA Study Recommended Interventions/Treatments Parent Training and Counseling Teacher Education Individual Counseling Group Counseling Behavioral Interventions Self-Esteem Education Social-Skills Education Family Counseling Best Practice Guidelines School and Family Perspectives The School's Influence The Family's Influence Multicultural Considerations Case Illustration The First Day of Kindergarten for Joey Sample Treatment Plan Closing Remarks For More Information Chapter 5 Disruptive Behavior Disorders: Conduct Disorder and Oppositional Defiant Disorder Robert R. Erk Introduction Definition, Prevalence, and Classification Definition of Conduct Disorder Definition of Oppositional Defiant Disorder Prevalence of Conduct Disorder and Oppositional Defiant Disorder Classification of Conduct Disorder Subtypes Diagnostic Features Essential Features of Conduct Disorder Essential Features of Oppositional Defiant Disorder Causal Factors and Prevention Biological-Genetic Factors Neuroanatomical Factors Personal Factors Family Factors School Factors Peer-Group Factors Prevention Factors Methods or Procedures for Assessment Preassessment Issues Specific Methods and Procedures Interviews Behavior Rating Scales Behavioral Observations Comorbidity or Co-occurring Conditions Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Academic Underachievement Oppositional Defiant Disorder Anxiety Disorders Mood and Depressive Disorders Substance Abuse Juvenile Delinquency Gender Differences Empirically Supported Treatment for Conduct Disorder Treatment Outcome Studies Implications for Practice/Treatment Parent Management Training Teacher Management Training Family Systems Functional Family Therapy Multisystemic Therapy Cognitive-Behavioral Skills Training (Including Problem-Solving Skills) Best Practice Guidelines School and Family Perspectives School Factors Family Factors Multicultural Considerations Case Illustration Conduct Disorder Oppositional Defiant Disorder Closing Remarks For More Information Chapter 6 Anxiety Disorders in Children and Adolescents J. Scott Hinkle Definition, Diagnostic Features, and Prevalence Separation Anxiety Disorder Diagnosis of Separation Anxiety Disorder Panic Disorder and Agoraphobia Diagnosis of Panic Disorder and Agoraphobia Specific Phobia Diagnosis of Specific Phobia Social Phobia Diagnosis of Social Phobia Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Diagnosis of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Diagnosis of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Acute Stress Disorder Diagnosis of Acute Stress Disorder Generalized Anxiety Disorder Diagnosis of Generalized Anxiety Disorder Anxiety Disorder Due to a General Medical Condition and Substance-Induced Anxiety Disorder Diagnosis of Anxiety Disorder Due to a General Medical Condition and Substance-Induced Anxiety Disorder Causal Factors and Prevention Methods for Assessment Comorbidity Implications for Treatment Treatment for Separation Anxiety Disorder Treatment for Panic Disorder and Agoraphobia Treatment for Specific Phobias Treatment for Social Phobia Treatment for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Treatment for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Treatment for Acute Stress Disorder Treatment for Generalized Anxiety Disorder Treatment for Anxiety Disorder Due to a General Medical Condition and Substance-Induced Anxiety Disorder School and Family Perspectives Multicultural Considerations Case Illustration Sample Treatment Plan Closing Remarks For More Information Chapter 7 Mood Disorders in Children and Adolescents Lynn Field, Linda Seligman, and Annette Albrecht Definition and Prevalence Major Depressive Disorder Dysthymic Disorder Bipolar Disorder Cyclothymic Disorder Mood Disorder Specifiers Diagnostic Features Major Depressive Disorder Dysthymic Disorder Bipolar Disorder Causal Factors Family Environment Peer Relationships Parental Depression and Genetic Contributions Neurochemistry Life Events Cognitive Factors Causal Factors Specific to Mania Prevention Assessment Comorbid Disorders Implications for Practice/Treatment Goals of Treatment Treatment Modalities Additional Factors to Consider When Treating Bipolar Disorder Suicide Treatment Response and Relapse Treatment Outcome Research School and Family Perspectives School Family Multicultural Considerations Best Practice Guidelines Sample Treatment Plan Summary/Closing Remarks For More Information Chapter 8 Substance-Related Disorders Nick Piazza Introduction Definition and Prevalence Diagnostic Features Substance Dependence Core Characteristics of Substance Dependence Tolerance, Withdrawal, and Compulsive Use Course Specifiers Substance Abuse Substance Intoxication Substance Withdrawal DSM-IV-TR Diagnostic Limitations Diagnostic Orphans and Diagnostic Imposters Causal Factors and Prevention Biological Risk Factors Genetics and Neurotransmission Genetic Markers Environmental Risk Factors Males and Females Prevention Individual Approaches to Prevention Family Approaches to Prevention Programs for Minorities and Women Environmental Approaches to Prevention School-Based Approaches to Prevention.School- Methods or Procedures of Assessment Screening Instruments Assessment Instruments Comorbidity or Co-occurring Conditions Empirically Supported Treatment The Process of Change Principles of Effective Treatment Treatment Planning Modality Level of Care Duration Polysubstance Abuse The Planning Process Outcome Research Prevention Treatment and Intervention 12-Step Approaches Behavioral and Cognitive-Behavioral Approaches Family-Based Approaches Therapeutic Communities Social Factors Family Factors Cultural and Community Factors Personality Risk Factors Males Females Family Perspectives for Counselors Family Factors Enabling vs. Empowering Multicultural Considerations Case Illustration Sample Treatment Plan Best Practice Guidelines Summary/Closing Remarks For More Information Chapter 9 Adolescents and Eating Disorders Gina Scarano-Osika and Kathleen Maloney Diagnosis and Prevalence Diagnostic Features Population and Prevalence Eating Disorders in Males Comorbidity or Co-occurring Conditions Growth, Hormonal Disturbance, and Infertility Obesity Medical Complications and Fatalities Psychiatric Disorders Methods and Procedures of Assessment Clinical Interviews Self-Report Questionnaires Self-Monitoring Causal Factors and Treatment Outcomes: Empirical Studies Family Relationships Sociocultural Factors and Body Image Disturbance Onset of Puberty Stress, Trauma, and Coping Treatment Outcome Studies Implications for Practice /Treatment The Treatment Team Nutritionist Psychiatrist Physician Specialized Inpatient Treatment or Partial-Hospitalization Programs Consultant Outpatient Mental Health Treatment Psychosocial History and Diagnostic Impressions Treatment Planning Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Family Therapy and Interpersonal Skill Building Best Practice Guidelines Primary Prevention: School and Public Perspectives Multicultural Considerations Case Illustration Sample Treatment Plan Closing Remarks For More Information Additional Information PART THREE: EFFECTIVE TREATMENT PLANNING Chapter 10 Treatment Planning Guidelines for Children and Adolescents Gary G. Gintner Introduction Turning Problems into Goals Developing a Comprehensive Problem List Goal Setting Decisions About the Structure and Type of Treatment Level of Care Therapeutic Modality Practice Guidelines Tailoring Interventions to Client Characteristics Matching Treatments to the Level of Change Matching Interventions to the Stage of Change Developmental Considerations Multicultural Issues Personality Factors Sample Treatment Plan Case Background Case Conceptualization Sample Treatment Plan for Ken Case Outcome Closing Remarks Chapter 11 Case Studies in Treatment Planning Gary G. Gintner Introduction Traumatic Loss Case Background Diagnostic Issues Case Conceptualization Treatment Planning Issues Case Outcome A Girl With Conduct Disorder Case Background Diagnostic Issues Case Conceptualization Treatment Planning Issues Case Outcome AD/HD and Parental Resistance to Stimulant Medications Case Background Diagnostic Issues Case Conceptualization Treating Planning Issues Adolescent Depression and Suicidality Case Background Diagnostic Issues Case Conceptualization Treatment Planning Issues Case Outcome Polysubstance Dependence Case Background Diagnostic Issues Case Conceptualization Treatment Planning Issues Case Outcome Concluding Comment References Name Index Subject Index
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
Mentally ill children -- Counseling of.
Mental Disorders -- therapy.
Counseling -- methods.