Table of contents for Investing in Russia, the Ukraine, Latvia, Lithuania and Kazakhstan / Gil Feiler and Alexandre Garese.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


Counter
Contents
List of Tables		10
Acknowledgements		12
Executive Summary		13
Chapter 1 Investing in Russia	16
Political Background	17
Political Structure	17
Key Figures	17
Political Developments and Foreign Relations	18
Economic Review	19
Overview	19
Energy	21
Business Environment	23
Overview	23
Privatization	24
Banking	25
Currency	26
Taxation and Customs	27
Free Special Economic Zones	28
Labor and Wages	29
Foreign Direct Investment	30
Marketing Goods and Services	31
Joint Ventures	31
Franchising	33
Marketing Strategies	33
Establishing a Business	33
Promotion and Advertising	34
Choosing a Distribution Channel	34
Pricing	35
Legal Review	35
Judiciary	35
Rights and Restrictions for Foreign Investors	36
Intellectual Property	36
Due Diligence	37
Expropriation	37
Standardization and Certification	37
Business Ethics	38
Investment Opportunities	39
Oil and Gas	39
Telecommunications	39
Computer Hardware and Software	40
Agriculture	40
Agricultural Machinery	41
Construction Equipment	41
Medical Equipment	42
Pharmaceuticals	43
Automobiles and Car Parts	43
Aircraft Parts	44
General Information	44
Language	44
Local Customs	44
Communication Services	45
Residency	45
Transportation	45
Accommodations	46
Safety	46
Chapter 2 Investing in Ukraine	49
Political Background	50
Political Structure	50
Key Figures	50
Political Developments and Foreign Relations	50
Economic Review	52
Background, Forecasts and Risks	52
Business Environment	54
Overview	54
Privatization	56
Major Trade Partners, Products and Trends	57
Banking	57
Currency	58
Taxation and Customs Duties	59
Free/Special Economic Zones	60
Labor and Wages	61
Foreign Direct Investment	61
Marketing Goods and Services	63
Establishing a Business	63
Local Distribution Networks	64
Marketing Strategies	64
Pricing	65
Legal Review	66
Judiciary	66
Rights and Restriction for Foreign Investors	66
Intellectual Property	67
Standardization and Certification	68
Business Ethics	69
Investment Opportunities	69
Construction and Regeneration	69
Pharmaceuticals and Medical Equipment	70
Agriculture and Agricultural Machinery	70
Pesticides	71
Food Processing and Packaging Equipment	71
Airport Equipment and Services	71
Security and Safety Equipment	72
Automotive Parts	72
Computer Software, Services and Accessories	73
IT and Telecommunications	73
Power Generation	74
Gas and Oil Field Machinery	74
Environmental Goods and Services	74
Leisure and Tourism	75
Retail	75
Public Procurement	75
General Information	76
Language	76
Local Customs	76
Visas	76
Transportation	77
Chapter 3 Investing in Latvia	79
Political Background	80
Political Structure	80
Key Figures	80
Political Developments and Foreign Relations	80
Economic Review	81
Background and Projections	81
Business Environment	83
Overview	83
Privatization	85
Banking	85
Currency	87
Taxation and Customs	87
Free/Special Economic Zones	89
Labor	89
Wages	90
Major Trade Partners and Products	91
Foreign Direct Investment	92
Marketing Goods and Services	92
Local Distribution Networks	92
Business Entity Options	93
Promotion and Advertising	95
Legal Review	95
Judiciary	95
Rights and Restrictions for Foreign Investors	96
Licensing	98
Intellectual Property	99
Business Ethics	100
Investment Opportunities	100
Telecommunications	100
Computers and Peripherals	101
Computer Services	101
Drugs/Pharmaceuticals	102
Forestry/Woodworking Equipment	102
Sporting Goods and Toys	103
General Information	103
Language	103
Communication Services	103
Medical Services	104
Residency	104
Transportation	104
Chapter 4 Investing in Lithuania	106
Political Background	107
Political Structure	107
Key Figures	107
Political Developments and Foreign Relations	107
Economic Review	108
Background and Projections	108
Business Environment	111
Accession to the European Union	111
Privatization	112
Imports and Exports	112
Leading Sectors	112
Investor Incentives	114
Banking	114
Currency	115
Taxation and Customs Duties	116
Free/Special Economic Zones	117
Labor and Wages	117
Foreign Direct Investment	118
Investments Abroad	119
Marketing Goods and Services	119
Joint Ventures and Incorporation	119
Marketing Strategies	121
Transportation of Goods	121
Establishing a Business	122
Promotion and Advertising	122
Legal Review	122
Judiciary	123
Rights and Restrictions for Foreign Investors	123
Protective Laws on Foreign Investments	124
Intellectual Property	125
Due Diligence	126
Expropriation	126
Bureaucracy and Business Ethics	126
Investment Opportunities	127
Telecommunication	127
Internet Technology	128
Power and Renewable Energy	128
Environmental Goods and Services	129
Construction and Regeneration	130
Agriculture	130
Public Procurement	130
General Information	131
Language	131
Local Customs	131
Communication Services	131
Residency	131
Transportation	132
Chapter 5 Investing in Kazakhstan	134
Political Background	134
Political Structure	135
Key Figures	135
Political Developments and Foreign Relations	135
Economic Review	136
Background and Predictions	136
Business Environment	137
Overview	137
Banking	139
Currency	140
Foreign Direct Investment	141
Taxation and Customs	141
Trade Barriers	142
Free/Special Economic Zones	143
Labor	143
Marketing Goods and Services	144
Establishing a Business	144
Distribution Channels	145
Promotion and Advertising	145
Pricing	146
Legal Review	147
Judiciary	147
Intellectual Property	148
Licensing	148
Standardization	149
Business Ethics	150
Investment Opportunities	150
Mining Industry	150
Environmental Goods and Services	150
Oil and Gas Industries	151
Power Generation	152
Medical Equipment	153
Agriculture	153
Food Processing and Packaging Machinery	154
Building Industry	155
Telecommunications	156
General Information	157
Communication Services	157
Local Customs	157
Visas and Residency	157
Selected Bibliography		160
Index

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Investments, Foreign -- Former Soviet republics.
Former Soviet republics -- Economic conditions -- 1991-.